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  • Secular: river cut the canyon over millions of yearsChristian: the great flood cut a gorge
  • Equator is about 24,902 miles long
  • Ch 1 sec 1

    1. 1. IntroductiontoGeography
    2. 2. • Geography – The study of the earth • World population – 7.2 billion
    3. 3. Perspective – how we view things • Secular geography – Word developed by “accident” called evolution
    4. 4. • Christian Perspective – Uses the Bible – “…thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou presevest them all…” Nehemiah 9:6
    5. 5. Grand Canyon
    6. 6. Continents from LARGEST to smallest 1. Asia 2. Africa 3. North America 4. South America 5. Antarctica 6. Europe 7. Australia
    7. 7. Oceans from LARGEST to smallest 1. Pacific Ocean – Deepest – Contains the Mariana Trench (the deepest point on earth)
    8. 8. 2. Atlantic Ocean 3. Indian Ocean – Warmest ocean 4. Arctic Ocean – Coldest ocean – Most shallow
    9. 9. Latitude and Longitude
    10. 10. LATITUDE • Measure distance north or south of equator
    11. 11. • Equator divides earth into 2 hemispheres: Northern and Southern Hemispheres
    12. 12. LONGITUDE • Also called Meridians • Measure distance east or west of the Prime Meridian
    13. 13. • The Prime Meridian divides the earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres
    14. 14. • International Date Line – Helps determine time
    15. 15. Landforms 1. Mountains – Have peak and steep, sloping sides
    16. 16. 2. Hills – Rounded tops
    17. 17. 3. Plateaus – Broad, flat tops with canyons cutting through them
    18. 18. 4. Mesa – Flat tops, but smaller than plateau – Spanish for “table”
    19. 19. 5. Buttes – Like a mesa, but are smaller
    20. 20. 6. Valleys – Have rivers or streams running through them
    21. 21. 7. Plains – Flat, rolling lands – Good for growing crops
    22. 22. 8. Delta – Triangular shaped landform where a river fans out into smaller streams
    23. 23. 9. Peninsulas – Extensions of land with water on three sides
    24. 24. 10. Island – Water completely surrounds it
    25. 25. 11. Isthmus – Narrow strip of land connecting landmasses
    26. 26. Hydrologic Cycle • Movement of moisture from oceans to the land and back to the oceans

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