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War In Europe Slides
 

War In Europe Slides

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    War In Europe Slides War In Europe Slides Presentation Transcript

    • Road to World War II
      • Limitations of the League of Nations
      • Preparations for war: Autarky & Rearmament
      • Bloodless conquests: Anschluss & the Sudetenland Crisis & Czechoslovakia
      • Reactions of the West: Appeasement Policy
      • The Nazi-Soviet Pact & Invasion of Poland
      • Evaluation: Causes of Conflicts
    • The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • Source B 1. In what ways are these 2 sources different in their portrayal of the League of Nations (5) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
      • Obstacles:
      • Key players missing: US
      • Suspects excluded: Germany, USSR
      • Divided views: Japan, Britain & France
      • Lacked authority: mandate, money and military force
      • Conflict Resolution
      • Collective Security
      • Agreements:
      • Washington Naval Conference 1922
      • Locarno Treaties 1925
      • Kellog-Briand Pact 1928
      • Limitations:
      • Key players missing: US
      • Suspects excluded: Germany, USSR
      • Divided interests: Japan, Britain & France
      • Lacked authority: mandate, money and military force
      The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • Limitations of the League: Japan in Manchuria 1931-33 Italy in Abyssinia, 1935-36 The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts 2. Can you believe what Source C says about the League of Nations? (6)
    • 3. What is Source D trying to say about Nazi Germany? (6) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
      • Hitler’s Aims:
      • Overturn Versailles
      • German unification
      • Lebensraum
      • Hitler’s Tactics:
      • Disarmament Conference 1933
      • Withdrawal from LON 1933
      • Anglo-German Naval Treaty 1935
      • Rome-Berlin Axis
      • Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan
      • 1935 Saar plebiscite: 90% for Germany
      • Reoccupation of Rhineland: 98% supported
      • Hitler’s Conclusion:
      • League too weak
      • Britain sympathetic
      • France gutless to go alone
      • Germany can press for more
      The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
      • Anschluss 1938: Union with Austria
      • Assassination of Dollfuss by Nazi Party members in Austria
      • Appointment of Schuschnigg
        • pressured to appoint more Nazi members
        • In return for Austrian independence
        • Organised plebiscite on Austrian independence
      • Replaced by Nazi member Seyss-Inquart
        • Invited German troops into Austria to restore law and order
        • Austria made province of Germany
        • Nazi claimed 99% in favour of Anschluss
      • The Sudeten Crisis
      • Sudeten Germans demanded separation from Czechoslovakia
      • leaves Czechoslovakia vulnerable to Germans’s demand for Lebensraum
      The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
      • Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain
      • Meetings with Hitler:
      • Berchtesdagen (15 Sep)
      • Hitler insisted on unifying Sudeten Germans
      • Chamberlain agreed to hand over areas where >50% are Germans
      • Requested for France and Czechoslovakia to accept compromise
      • Bad Godesburg (22 Sep)
      • Hitler insisted on entire Sudetenland
      • Chamberlain rejected demands
      • prepared UK & France for war
      • requested Mussolini to dissuade Hitler
      • Munich Conference
      • Hitler, Chamberlain, Mussolini & Daladier
      • Agreed to transfer Sudetenland to Germany;
      • Czechoslovakia not consulted
      • Anglo-German Declaration: to resolve all conflicts through peaceful means
      • Results of Munich
      • Germany
      • Britain & France
      • Czechoslovakia
      • USSR
      The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • 4. How far do Sources A and D show that Hitler is to be blamed for the war in Europe? (8) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
      • Mar 39
      • Destruction of Czechoslovakia
      • occupied Bohemia & Moravia; took Memel from Lithuania
      • France & Britain ended Appeasement; pledged to defend Poland
      • May 39
      • Poland the last frontier
      • Hitler demanded the return of Polish Corridor & Danzig
      • Signed Pact of Steel with Mussolini
      • Aug 39
      • The Nazi-Soviet Pact
      • Hitler wants to avoid a 2-front war
      • Stalin wants Poland, mistrusts France & Britain, wants to break encirclement by Anti-Comintern Pact
      • Sep 1940
      • The Tripartite Pact : Rome-Berlin Axis + Japan
      The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • 5. To what extent was Hitler’s decision to conquer Europe motivated by the desire to command its economic resources. (12) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • 5. To what extent was Hitler’s decision to conquer Europe motivated by the desire to command its economic resources. (12) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • 6. Was Nazi anti-Semitism the most important reason for the German invasion of eastern Europe? (13) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
    • The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts