Road to World War II <ul><li>Limitations of the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Preparations for war: Autarky & Rearma...
The League  of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Cau...
Source B 1. In what ways are these 2 sources different in their portrayal of the League of Nations (5) The League  of Nati...
<ul><li>Obstacles: </li></ul><ul><li>Key players missing: US </li></ul><ul><li>Suspects excluded: Germany, USSR </li></ul>...
Limitations of the League: Japan in Manchuria 1931-33 Italy in Abyssinia, 1935-36 The League  of Nations Autarky and Armam...
The League  of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Cau...
3. What is Source D trying to say about Nazi Germany? (6) The League  of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sude...
The League  of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Cau...
<ul><li>Hitler’s Aims: </li></ul><ul><li>Overturn Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>German unification </li></ul><ul><li>Lebens...
<ul><li>Anschluss 1938: Union with Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Assassination of Dollfuss by Nazi Party members in Austria </...
Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain The League  of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudet...
Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain The League  of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudet...
<ul><li>Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings with Hitler: </li></ul><ul><li...
4. How far do Sources A and D show that Hitler is to be blamed for the war in Europe? (8) The League  of Nations Autarky a...
<ul><li>Mar 39 </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of Czechoslovakia  </li></ul><ul><li>occupied Bohemia & Moravia; took Memel f...
5. To what extent was Hitler’s decision to conquer Europe motivated by the desire to command its economic resources. (12) ...
5. To what extent was Hitler’s decision to conquer Europe motivated by the desire to command its economic resources. (12) ...
The League  of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Cau...
6. Was Nazi anti-Semitism the most important reason for the German invasion of eastern Europe? (13) The League  of Nations...
The League  of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Cau...
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War In Europe Slides

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War In Europe Slides

  1. 1. Road to World War II <ul><li>Limitations of the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Preparations for war: Autarky & Rearmament </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodless conquests: Anschluss & the Sudetenland Crisis & Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Reactions of the West: Appeasement Policy </li></ul><ul><li>The Nazi-Soviet Pact & Invasion of Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation: Causes of Conflicts </li></ul>
  2. 2. The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  3. 3. Source B 1. In what ways are these 2 sources different in their portrayal of the League of Nations (5) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  4. 4. <ul><li>Obstacles: </li></ul><ul><li>Key players missing: US </li></ul><ul><li>Suspects excluded: Germany, USSR </li></ul><ul><li>Divided views: Japan, Britain & France </li></ul><ul><li>Lacked authority: mandate, money and military force </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Collective Security </li></ul><ul><li>Agreements: </li></ul><ul><li>Washington Naval Conference 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>Locarno Treaties 1925 </li></ul><ul><li>Kellog-Briand Pact 1928 </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations: </li></ul><ul><li>Key players missing: US </li></ul><ul><li>Suspects excluded: Germany, USSR </li></ul><ul><li>Divided interests: Japan, Britain & France </li></ul><ul><li>Lacked authority: mandate, money and military force </li></ul>The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  5. 5. Limitations of the League: Japan in Manchuria 1931-33 Italy in Abyssinia, 1935-36 The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  6. 6. The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts 2. Can you believe what Source C says about the League of Nations? (6)
  7. 7. 3. What is Source D trying to say about Nazi Germany? (6) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  8. 8. The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  9. 9. <ul><li>Hitler’s Aims: </li></ul><ul><li>Overturn Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>German unification </li></ul><ul><li>Lebensraum </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s Tactics: </li></ul><ul><li>Disarmament Conference 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal from LON 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Anglo-German Naval Treaty 1935 </li></ul><ul><li>Rome-Berlin Axis </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan </li></ul><ul><li>1935 Saar plebiscite: 90% for Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Reoccupation of Rhineland: 98% supported </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s Conclusion: </li></ul><ul><li>League too weak </li></ul><ul><li>Britain sympathetic </li></ul><ul><li>France gutless to go alone </li></ul><ul><li>Germany can press for more </li></ul>The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  10. 10. <ul><li>Anschluss 1938: Union with Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Assassination of Dollfuss by Nazi Party members in Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Appointment of Schuschnigg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pressured to appoint more Nazi members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In return for Austrian independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organised plebiscite on Austrian independence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Replaced by Nazi member Seyss-Inquart </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invited German troops into Austria to restore law and order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria made province of Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazi claimed 99% in favour of Anschluss </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Sudeten Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Sudeten Germans demanded separation from Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>leaves Czechoslovakia vulnerable to Germans’s demand for Lebensraum </li></ul>The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  11. 11. Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  12. 12. Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  13. 13. <ul><li>Appeasement: Avoid war at all cost – Neville Chamberlain </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings with Hitler: </li></ul><ul><li>Berchtesdagen (15 Sep) </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler insisted on unifying Sudeten Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Chamberlain agreed to hand over areas where >50% are Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Requested for France and Czechoslovakia to accept compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Bad Godesburg (22 Sep) </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler insisted on entire Sudetenland </li></ul><ul><li>Chamberlain rejected demands </li></ul><ul><li>prepared UK & France for war </li></ul><ul><li>requested Mussolini to dissuade Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Munich Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler, Chamberlain, Mussolini & Daladier </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to transfer Sudetenland to Germany; </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia not consulted </li></ul><ul><li>Anglo-German Declaration: to resolve all conflicts through peaceful means </li></ul><ul><li>Results of Munich </li></ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Britain & France </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>USSR </li></ul>The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  14. 14. 4. How far do Sources A and D show that Hitler is to be blamed for the war in Europe? (8) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  15. 15. <ul><li>Mar 39 </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>occupied Bohemia & Moravia; took Memel from Lithuania </li></ul><ul><li>France & Britain ended Appeasement; pledged to defend Poland </li></ul><ul><li>May 39 </li></ul><ul><li>Poland the last frontier </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler demanded the return of Polish Corridor & Danzig </li></ul><ul><li>Signed Pact of Steel with Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 39 </li></ul><ul><li>The Nazi-Soviet Pact </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler wants to avoid a 2-front war </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin wants Poland, mistrusts France & Britain, wants to break encirclement by Anti-Comintern Pact </li></ul><ul><li>Sep 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>The Tripartite Pact : Rome-Berlin Axis + Japan </li></ul>The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  16. 16. 5. To what extent was Hitler’s decision to conquer Europe motivated by the desire to command its economic resources. (12) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  17. 17. 5. To what extent was Hitler’s decision to conquer Europe motivated by the desire to command its economic resources. (12) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  18. 18. The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  19. 19. 6. Was Nazi anti-Semitism the most important reason for the German invasion of eastern Europe? (13) The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts
  20. 20. The League of Nations Autarky and Armament Anschluss & the Sudeten Crisis The Appeasement Policy The Nazi-Soviet Pact Causes of Conflicts

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