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Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
Khonumthung journal July 2013
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Khonumthung journal July 2013

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Khonumthung journal July 2013 Chin Newspaaper

Khonumthung journal July 2013 Chin Newspaaper

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  • 1. July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 LOCAL News Journal KHONUMTHUNG 3 2013 - 2014 ynmoifESpfawmh paeygjyD/ eHeufwkdif; jzLpdrf; ausmif;0wfpkHeJ@ pDpD&D&D ausmif;oGm;aewJh u av;i,fawGukd =unfh&wm pdwf=unfEl;p&m/ ausmif;om; rdbawGrsm; b,favmufaysmf vkduf=u rvJ/ okd@aomf olwkd@ta=umif;ukd qkdcsifwm r[kwfyg/ aus;vufrSm arG;jyD; wESpfvkyfrS wESpfpm; b0 aus; vuf aecsif;rdb jynfolawG&Jh ausmif; ae&G,fom; orD; awGta=umif;ukd t"du a&;csif wmyg/ rdbqkdwm om;/orD;twGufyJ touf&Sif=u wm uvm;/ om;orD;awG pmawmfapa=umif; rdb rsufESm yGifhapwJh om;orD;awG jzpfapa=umif; bk&m; w&m;ukd zufjyD; touf&SifwJh om;orD;jzpfap a=umif; ukd,fhom;orD; ab; &ef cyfodrf; uif;a0;ap a=umif; pojzifh pojzifh 'l;axmuf qkawmif;&wm tcgcg/ om;orD;ukd rcspf wJh rdb qkdwm &Sdr,frxifyg/ pum;ykH&Sdw,f/ om;orD;raumif; rdbacgif;wJh/ rdbacgif;qkdvkd h bmukd nGef;csifovJ/ rdbvkyfol&Jh todynm/ twwfynm/ tawG;tac:/ Om%f &nf Om%faoG;eJ@ ukd,fusifhp&kduf/ pdwfaepdwfxm; awGukd nGef;csif wmyg? rdbqkdwm om;orD; tm;vkH;ukd aumif;pm;apcsif=u wmcsnf;yg/ okd@aomf rdbvkyfwJholrSm txufyg t&nf tcsif;awGeJ@ rjynhfrSD,if om;orD;ukd oGefoif qkH;rbkd@/ a&S@aqmifvrf;jyzkd@qkdwm vG,frSm awmh r[kwfbl;/ 'gqkd,if aus;vufawm olawmifom; t,f'Dwmh tmabmft,f'Dwmh tmabmft,f'Dwmh tmabmft,f'Dwmh tmabmft,f'Dwmh tmabmf om;orD;raumif; q&mhacgif;om;orD;raumif; q&mhacgif;om;orD;raumif; q&mhacgif;om;orD;raumif; q&mhacgif;om;orD;raumif; q&mhacgif; csif; rdbjynfolawG aum 'gawGeJ@ jyD;jynfhpkH=uovm; om; orD;awGukd a&Shaqmifvrf;jyjyD; oGefoifEkdifrnfh t&nf tcsif; awG&Sd=uovm;/ om;orD;ukd oGefoifzkd@ t&nf tcsif;ukd tav;csdefwJh csdefcGifu b,fzufukd tav; om aeoenf;? ukd,fhawG@wckr#a0csifw,f/ uav;i,fwOD; ausmif;vrf; zufqDuae jyKH;rsufESm tjynfheJ@ tara& tara& om; pmar;yGJrSm yxr&w,f qkdjyD; tdrfukd tajy;a&muf vm w,f/ tdrfvJa&mufa&mh/ ol@taru bmvJ yxr &w,f qkdwmuwJh/ ol@om;u eHygwf (1) tqifhav vkd@/ ol@tar u b,fvkdajymw,frSwfovJ/ eifholi,fcsif; aum eHygwf b,favmufvJvkd@ar;w,f/ om;u olu eHygwf( 10) tqifh&w,fvkd@ tajym olrsm;om;orD; awGtqifheHygwf ( 10) wkd@ (11) wkd@ &aewJh tcsdefrSm eifu eHygwf (1) ukd && aumif;vm;/ eifnhHw,fqkdjyD; &kdufygava&mh/ “u” uav;i,f cspfpzG,f/ “c” ca&ukH; rav;jykH; qkdwJh tajccH ynmavSum;xpfuae pvmcJhjuwJh rdbacgif; (tawG; ac:/ t&nf tcsif;/ Om%f&nfOm%faoG;)u =uD;jyif;vmwJh aus;vufaeausmif;om;av;awG&Jh ynma&; [m ajym csifp&mawmifraumif;ygqkdwmxuf ajymp&mawmif r&Sd awmhygvkd@yJ ajymyg&ap/ okd@aomf tem*gwfcsif;ausmif;om; uav;i,fawG twGuf ynmtvif;a&mif&zkd@ xGufaygufawmh &Sdygw,f/ oGefoifqkH;rrnfhpum;vkH;awmif r&Sd&SmwJh rdbawG&Jh om;orD;awG ynma&; ckdukd;&m[m olwkd@ynmekd@&nfukd wkduf au|;aewJh ausmif;q&mawGyg/ csif;aus;vufa'o ausmif;om;i,fawG&Jh wck wnf;aom xGufayguf[m ausmif;q&m/ ausmif;q&mrawGyg/ okd@aomf ausmif;q&m/ q&mr awGrSef ayrJh apwem/ *&k%m/ tepfemqkdwJh emokH;em eJ@ jynfh0wJh jrwf q&mjzpfzkd@u tc&m tusqkH;vkd@ qkdcsifw,f? nae 4;00 em&D ausmif;qif;csdef &Gmw&Gm t0ifrSm ausmif; qif;vmwJh rlvwef; ausmif;om;i,fawGeJh oGm; wkd;rdw,f/ ausmif;0wfpkHqkdwm r&Sd/ zifESpfzuf rsufrSefwyf abmif;bDwkd/ ESyfcsD; wGJavmif;/ ausmif; vG,ftdwf xJrSm tzkH;r&Sd axmifhvdrf ausmif;okH;pmtkyfawGeJ@ ausmif;om; i,fawG/ usawmf wcsuf awmh &,frdw,f/ olwkd@xJu uav;i,fwcsKd@ukd usawmfar;=unfhw,f/ 'Dae@ bmawG oifovJvkd@ “ om;wkd@'Dae@pmroifbl;/ eHeufykdif;rSm q&mru emrnfpm&if;ac:w,f/ aemufjyD; q&mrtwGuf a&cyfay;w,f/ aemufjyD; ausmif;q&m=uD;ukd tvSnfhus ESdyf ay;&w,f/ naeykdif;rSmawmh ausmif;a&ShrSm upm;=uw,f/” csif;awmifrSm “ om;orD;raumif;/ rdbacgif;” aqmifyk'fxuf “om;orD;raumif; q&mhacgif;” qkdwJh aqmifyk'f u csif;awmif rSm vufawG@usygw,f/ apwem/ *&k%m/ tepfem qkdwJh emokH;emeJ h jynfh0wJh ausmif; q&m/ q&mrawG csif;awmifrSm ay:xGef;ygapvkd h qENjyK,if; ...... rwlyDwGif EkdifiHom; pDppfa&;uwfjym;twGuf aomif;csDay;ae&rwlyDwGif EkdifiHom; pDppfa&;uwfjym;twGuf aomif;csDay;ae&rwlyDwGif EkdifiHom; pDppfa&;uwfjym;twGuf aomif;csDay;ae&rwlyDwGif EkdifiHom; pDppfa&;uwfjym;twGuf aomif;csDay;ae&rwlyDwGif EkdifiHom; pDppfa&;uwfjym;twGuf aomif;csDay;ae& ckdekrf;okefowif; 12 ZGef 2012- jrefrmEkdifiHwGif EkdifiHa&;jyKjyifajymif; vJr_rsm;ay:aygufvmjyD;aemufykdif; oufqdkif&m tm%mydkifrsm;rS EdkifiHom; pDppfa&;uwfjym; (rSwfykH wif) udk tcrJh jyKvkyfay;r_rsm;&Sdaeaomfvnf; jrefrm EkdifiH. tqif;&JqkH; jynfe,f[k owfrSwfcH&onfh csif; jynfe,f/ rwlyDjrdK@rSmrl usyfaiG wpfaomif; txd ay; ae&a=umif; pkHprf; od&Sd&onf? “ usaemf rae@u v0u&kH;ukd oGm;rSwfykHwif oGm; vkyfwm/ ykdufqH 10000 ay;&w,f” [k EkdifiH om;pDppfuwfjym; vkyfol aus;vufa'o vli,f wpfa,mufu ajymonf? v0u&kH;0efxrf;rsm;onf rSwfyHkwifjyKvkyfolrsm; tm; tvSLaiGoabmjzifh apwem&Sdoavmuf aiGxnfhcdkif;aomfvnf; tenf;qHk; usyfaiGwpf aomif; rxnfhygu wpfywf apmifhckdif;onf[k od& onf? “ cifAsm;&Jh rSwfykHwifvkyfr,fh taxmuftxm;awGukd rif;wyf c&kdif&kH; ykd@&tkH;r,fqkdvkd@ usawmf e,fu vmwm qkdawm rapmifhEkdifawmbl;/ tJ'geJ@yJ olwkd@ awmif;ovkd ay;&awmfw,f” [k 4if;u ajymonf? csif;jynfe,fonf jrefrmEdkifiHwGif qif;&JrGJawr_ pHE_ef; 70 &mckdifESLef;atmufusa&mufaeaoma=umifh tpkd;& 0efxrf;rsm;onfvnf; ,ckvkd v'fpm;r_rsm;&Sdaejcif; jzpfaevdrfhr,f[k ajymp&m&SdayrJh EkdifiHawmf tpkd;&u 0efxrf; vpm tvkHtavmufwkd;jrSifhay;xm;wJhwGuf qif;&JrGJawr_ESifh roufqkdifa=umif; ajymqkdolrsm;vnf; &Sdae=uonf? rwlyDjrdK@cH wpfOD;u” 'Dv0u0efxrf;awGvkyf&yfukd =um; odwm =umjyD? usyf 5000 ay;&if c&kdifykd@&tkH;rSmwJh/ usyf 10000 ay;&ifawhm rSwfykHwifukd csufcsif;xkwfay;r,f qkdwmrsKd;u vkH;0ukd rjzpfoifhbl;/ ‘g rormr_yJ/ rw&m;& bl;As” [k ajymoGm;onf? rwlyD v0u 0efxrf;rsm;. vkyf&yfonf aumif;rGefaom tpkd;&/ oef@&Sif;aom tpkd;& jzpfvma&; =udK;yrf;vkyf aqmifae aom orRwOD;odef;pdefESifh zDvmqef@usifaea=umif; a'ocH EkdifiHa&;orm;wpfOD;u rSwfcsufjyK onf? vuf&Sd rwlyD v0u jrdK@e,f OD;pD;rSL; OD;atmifausmfpkd;onf &ckdifjynfe,frS 2011 ESpfuwnf;u rwlyDokd@ ajymif;a&$h vmoljzpfonf? tvm;wl csif;jynfe,ftwGif; tpkd;&Xme toD;oD;&Sd 0efxrf;rsm;twGif; v'fay;v'f,lr_ tenf;ESifh trsm; &Sdae ao;a=umif;vnf; od&onf?
  • 2. 4 - KHONUMTHUNG News Journal LOCAL NEWS July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 xufatmuf tm%mjydKifr_a=umifh vlxk 400 ausmf tpmjywfvyfzG,f&Sdxufatmuf tm%mjydKifr_a=umifh vlxk 400 ausmf tpmjywfvyfzG,f&Sdxufatmuf tm%mjydKifr_a=umifh vlxk 400 ausmf tpmjywfvyfzG,f&Sdxufatmuf tm%mjydKifr_a=umifh vlxk 400 ausmf tpmjywfvyfzG,f&Sdxufatmuf tm%mjydKifr_a=umifh vlxk 400 ausmf tpmjywfvyfzG,f&Sd ckdEkrf;okefowif; 01 Zlvkdif 2013/ jynfe,f ESihf jrdK@e,ft=um; tm%m jydKifr_a=umifh csif;jynfe,frwlyDjrdK@e,f/ a&ZGmjrdK@e,fcGJ twGif; &GmAm; (bD) &Gm rS vlxk 400 ausmf ,ae@xd 2013 ckESpftwGuf awmif,m rsKd;rcsao;a=umif; od& onf? a&ZGmjrdK@e,fcGJtwGif; &GmAm; ( bD) ESifh pmvfaxmif &Gm a'ocHwkd@onf ,ckESpftwGif; &GmAm;(bD)&Gm om;wkd@ ckwfvkyf xm;onfh awmif,me,fajrvkr_ukd txuf tm%mykdif ESpfzGJ@rS jywfom;pGm ajz&Sif;ray; aoma=umifh &GmAm;a'ocHvl xkonf ,ae@xd awmif,mrsKd; (pyg;/ ajymif; zl;)rcsEkdif=ujcif;jzpfonf? “ usawmfwkd@[m txufqkH;jzwfcsuftwkdif; tJ'D e,fajrrSm ,mckwfjyD; ,mrD;&_d@zkd@ tvkyfrSm oufqkdif &m rwlyDjrdK@ e,f/ a&ZGmjrdK@e,fcGJrS tm%mykdif awGu ,mrD; r&_d@zkd@ trdef@ay;vmw,f/ 'gayrJh jynfe,f cGifhjyK csuft& ,mrD;udk &_d@cJhw,f/ 'gayrJh jrdK@e,fu rsKd;rcszkd@eJ@ ,if; jyoemtay:ar v 24 &ufae@rSm uGif;qif;r,f ajym w,f/ ckxd bmrS raqmif&Gufbl;” [k &GmAm; (bD )rS ausmif; q&m tjidrf; pm;wOD;u ajym onf? tqkdyg ,me,fajrykdifqkdifvkdr_twGuf ESpfzuf a'ocHrsm; onf 1976 ckESpfwGifw=udrf/ 2011 ckESpfwGif w=udrf ESpf=udrf w&m;pGJqkdcJh=u&m oufqkdif&mu ESpf=udrfpvkH; &Gm;Am; (bD)ukd ykdifqkdifckwfvkyfcGifhay;xm;cJh onf? &GmAm; (bD) &GmwGif tdrfajc 35 &SdjyD; vlOD;a& 400 ausmf aexkdifcJh=uonf/ a&ZGmjrdK@e,fcGJ &GmAm; ( bD ) tygt0if a'ocHrsm;onf tpma&pm jywfvyfr_a=umifh tJef*sDtkd. taxmuftyHhjzifh rdom;pk 0rf;a&;ukd ajz&Sif;ae=uonf? tcGefaqmifjyD;opfrsm;tay: tpkd;& wyfrawmf tcGefaumuftcGefaqmifjyD;opfrsm;tay: tpkd;& wyfrawmf tcGefaumuftcGefaqmifjyD;opfrsm;tay: tpkd;& wyfrawmf tcGefaumuftcGefaqmifjyD;opfrsm;tay: tpkd;& wyfrawmf tcGefaumuftcGefaqmifjyD;opfrsm;tay: tpkd;& wyfrawmf tcGefaumuf ckdekrf;okefowif; 26 ZGef 2013 ckESpf- ,ckESpf rwfvuwnf;u csif;jynf e,f tdEdN, - jrefrme,fpyf/ wD;wdefjrdK@e,f xif;av/ ZdrfyD;/ ZdrfoJ aus;&Gm ywf0ef;usiftwGif; opfckwf vkyfcGifh twGuf tcGefaqmifjyD;aom opfxkwfvkyf aeolrsm;t ay: e,fajrcHppfwyfu opfo,fum; wpD; v#if usyfaiG waomif;pD tcGefaumufcHaea=umif;od& onf? oufqkdif&m opfawmOD;pD;XmewGif opfxkwfvkyfcGifh vkdifpif &&Sdxm;onfh opfukefonfwkd@onf v$qGJ ysOfrsm; ukd wzuf rDZkdrf&rfokd@ 407 um;jzifh wifykd@ae onf ukd wGef;ZHjrdK@e,fDarkhai wyfpcef;/ wm0efus cr& 304 rS trnfrod Akdvf=uD;wOD; OD;aqmifonfh ppfom; awGu usyfaiG waomif;pD aumufcHaeonf[k opf ukefonfwOD;u ajymonf? “ tcGefraqmif,if w&m;r0ifopfckd;xkwfr_eJ@ odrf;qnf; vkd@&w,f/ vkdifpif&Sdwmr&Sdwmu wykdif;yg/ wzuf EkdifiHukd opfawG o,faewJh tr_u &Sdw,fqkdjyD; aiGaumuf w,f” [k opfukefonfu ajymonf? opfukefonfrsm;onf a'oxGuf xif;&l;/ tjcm; opfrmrsm;ukd wzufrDZkd&rfjynfe,f usefzkdif;jrdK@ okd@o,faqmif jyD; xif;&l;ysOf wukA &lyD; 250 ( usyfaiG 3700) / tjcm;opfrm wukAv#if &lyD; 700 E_ef;jzifh jyefvnfa&mif; cs=uonf? “ wae@rSm 407 opfo,fum; 10 pD;E_ef; wifoGif;ae wmyg/ ppfwyfxHrSm wae@ usyfaiG 50000 ESLef; 0ifae wmyaygh “ [k 4if;opfukefonfuqufajymonf? tvm;wl taemufajrmufwkdif;ppfXmecskyf/ uav;jrdK@ tajcpkduf cv& 89 u Akdvf=uD; ausmfaZ,seJ@tzGJ@onf ZGefv 16 &ufae@u xefwvefjrdK@e,f a=umifxD;,m; &Gmu yl; vsefESif;ydkifqdkifaom EGm; 6 aumifukd ivef&Gm wGifzrf;qD;jyD; usyfaiG ESpfodef;( 200000) eJ@ a&G;,lapcJh onf? xkd@tjyif csif;jynfawmifykdif; rwlyDjrdK@e,f vkdifvif;yD wyfpcef;rS vuf&Sd wm0efustpkd;&ppfwyfrsm;onf a'o cHrsm;. O,mOfjcH&Sd [if;oD;[if;&Gufrsm;ukd ckd;,lae=u a=umif;vnf; od&onf? The Khonumthung News Journal rdwfqufjcif;rdwfqufjcif;rdwfqufjcif;rdwfqufjcif;rdwfqufjcif; The Khonumthung News Journal trnf emr ukd jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiHtaemufzufa'o/ csif;jynf e,f awmifykdif; uefyufvufjrdK@e,f&Sd jrefrmEkdifiH wGif wwd, tjrifhqkH;awmifjzpfonfh0dwkd&d,awmif (Mount. Victoria) ukd tpGJjyKonf/ a'otac: acgEl;pkrfawmif (Khawnutsum) jrefrm bmomjzifh ewfr awmif [k t"dy`g,f &onf? Khonumthung News Group ukd 2002 ckESpf wGif tdEdN,-jrefrme,fpyf tajcpkduf csif;vli,fwpku pwifzGJ@ pnf;cJh=u+yD; txl;ojzifh EdkifiHwuma&muf csif; a&;&mowif; ESifh txl;ojzifh csif;jynf e,ftwGif; jzpfysuf aeaom owif;rsm;udk tGefvdkif;uaewqifh 10 ESpfausmf a&;om; xkwfa0cJhygonf? xkd@tjyif jynfytajcpkduf wkdif;&if;om;rD'D,m (11) zGJ@jzifh pkzGJ@xm;aom Burma News International (BNI) pwifzGJ@pnf;pOfwGif yg0ifcJh+yD; ,ckcsdefxd (BNI) tzGJ@ 0ifvnf;jzpfonf? jrefrmEkdifiHwGif 'Drkdua&pD zGH@jzdK;wkd;wufa&; ESifh vGwfvyf aom owif;rD'D,m ay:aygufa&;/ jynfwGif;jidrf; csrf;a&; wnfaqmufEkdifa&;wkd@ukd &nf&G,fcsuftjzpf xm;&SdjyD; vGwfvyfaomowif;rD'D,mrsm;rS owif;rSefrsm;azmf xkwfjcif; tm;jzifh tpkd;&ESifh jynfolt=um; ,kH=unfrSL wnfaqmufjyD; wkdif;jynftusKd;pD;yGm;ukd o,fykd;EkdifrSm jzpfonf[k ,kH =unf onf? EkdifiHa&;acwfa&pDa=umif;t& jrefrmEkdifiHwGif 2010 ckESpf aemufykdif; 'Drkdua&pDtkyfcsKyfa&;pepfpwifusifhokH;vm onf ESifhtrSs jynfwGif;wGif owif; *sme,f xkwfa0cGifh w&m;0if&yf wnfEkdif&ef jynfytajcpdkuf tjcm;owif;Xmersm; enf;wl 2012 ckESpfrS pwifjyD; }udK;yrf;cJhygonf? ,ckESpf 2013 ckESpfrwfv (25) &ufae@wGif jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEkdifiH jyef=um;a&;Xmeu The Khonumthung News Journal tm; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif w&m;0if xkwfa0jzef@csD&ef ,m,DcGifhjyKvkduf+yD;aemuf 2013 ckESpfarvrS p+yD; The Khonumthung News Journal ukd vpOf ykHrSefxkwf a0vsuf&Sdonf/ The Khonumthung News Journal tm;ay;zwf&SLol/ t}uHay;oltm;vHk;tay: txl; aus;Zl; wif&Sda=umif;yg? tpOfav;pm;vsuf t,f'DwmcsKyft,f'DwmcsKyft,f'DwmcsKyft,f'DwmcsKyft,f'DwmcsKyf
  • 3. ckdEkrf;okefowif; 27 ZGef 2013- csif;jynfe,fawmifykdif; rwlyDjrdK@ay:wGif vifa,musFm;jzpfolu ZeD;tm; owfjzwf onfhtr_ wck ZGefv 26 &ufae@ujzpfyGm;cJhonf? rwlyDjrdK@ pefabmif&yfuGufwGifaexkdifjyD; yef;&Hvkyf ief;jzifh toufarG;0rf;ausmif;jyKaeol OD;oef;pkd; (yckuULZmwd) u ZeD; a':yy qkdoludk xkd;=udwf&dkuf ESuf&m rS ajcvGefvufvGefjzpfum ZGefv 26 &ufae@ eHeufykdif;wGif jynfol@ aq;&kHY aoqkH;oGm; jcif;jzpf onf? tcif;jzpfyGm;yHkrSm ZGefv 22 &ufae@nwGif vifr,m; ESpfa,mufpvkH; t&ufrl;&mrS pum;rsm;&efjzpf=ujyD; rwlyDjrdK@wGif vifu r,m;owfjzwfr_jzpfyGm;rwlyDjrdK@wGif vifu r,m;owfjzwfr_jzpfyGm;rwlyDjrdK@wGif vifu r,m;owfjzwfr_jzpfyGm;rwlyDjrdK@wGif vifu r,m;owfjzwfr_jzpfyGm;rwlyDjrdK@wGif vifu r,m;owfjzwfr_jzpfyGm; vifa,m usFm;jzpfolu ZeD;jzpfolukd jyif;jyif;xef xef&kdufESufcJhonf[kod&onf? &dkufESufonfh 'g%f&ma=umifh tdyf,mrS rxEkdifawmh aom a':yyudk vifjzpfol OD;oef;pkd;udk,fwdkif rwlyD+rdK@ay: jynfol@ aq;&Hk odk@ ydk@aqmifjyD; twGif;vlem tjzpf aq;uk or_cH ,lcdkif;cJh&mrS ZGefv 26 &ufae@eHeufydkif;wGif aoqHk;cJh onf? “ aoqkH;ol&Jh ezl;/ aemufaph eJ@ ESLwfcrf;awGrSm aoG;awG ayusHjyD;a,mifukdif;aew,f” [k tavmif;ukd oGm;=unfh onfh *sdrf;&kdvJef;u ajymonf? aoqkH;oltavmif;tm; cGJpdyf&mwGif OD;acgif;aemufaph ta=umrsm; jywfoGm;a=umif;/ xkdokd@ ta=umrsm; jywf oGm;jcif;rSm aemufaphwGif &&Sdonfh ‘g%f&ma=umifhjzpfonf [k ppfaq;awG@&Sd=uonf? OD;oef;pkd;tm; e,fajrcHjynfol@&JawGu xdef;odrf; xm;=u jyD; trdrJh uav;i,f ESpfOD;rSmrl aep&mtdrf/ aqGrsKd; r&Sdawmh ojzifh zcifESifhtwl tcsKyfcef;xJrSm tdyf=u&onf[k od&onf? 13 ZGef 2013- csif;jynfe,f pD;yGm;a&; ESifh pDrHudef; 0ef=uD; Pu RamMang OD;aqmifrSLjzifh +yD;cJhonfh arv 27 &ufae@u [m;cg; c&kdif&kH;wGif e,fpyfa'o pD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&;or*~ (Federa tionChambersof Commerce ) ukd zGJ@pnf;vkduf=ua=umif; owif;&&Sd onf? aejynfawmfrS e,fpyfa'o ukef oG,fa&;OD;pD;Xme vufaxmuf nGef=um;a&;rSL; Major Aung Win OD;aqmifrSLjzifh csif;jynfe,f xefwvef+rdK@wGif ,ckESpf {+yDv (1) &ufae@u e,fpyfukefoG,fa&; pcef; opfzGifh vSpfjcif;&Jh tusKd; qufjzpfonf? FCC ac: pD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&; or*~udk [mcg;/ zvrf;/ xefwvef+rdK@e,frsm;rS yk*~Kdvf (5) OD;pD pkpkaygif; 15 OD;jzifh atmufygtwkdif; a&G;cs,f zGJ@pnf; =uonf[k a'oxkwf owif;wGif azmfjyxm;onf? “ vkyfief;tao;pdyfukd b,fawmhtaumift xnfazmfrnfqkdwm ra&;qGJ&ao;bl;? jrefrmhpD;yGm; a&;ESifh ukefoG,fa&; ( Union of Myanmar Federation Chambers of Commerce and Industry) tzGJ@0iftjzpf yg0ifzkd@wifjyoGm; rSmjzpf w,f” [k tzGJ@0ifwOD;u ajym onf? tqkdyg 15 OD; tzGJ@onf e,fpyfa'o ukefoG,fa&; pcef;ukd xefwvef+rdK@t0if0wGif wnfaqmuf&ef jyifqif =u a=umif; od&onf? csif;jynfe,ftygt0if tdEdN, - jrefrme,fpyf ukefoG,fa&; ukd ppfukdif;wkdif;twGif; wrl; - rkd;a&; ESifh csif;jynf e,ft wGif; &d'f– ZdkcGg;xm;&fwkd@ wGif zGifh vSpfcJh+yDjzpf+yD; xefwvef e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;pcef;onf wwd,ajrmuf zGifhvSpf cJhjcif; jzpfonf? ,ckvrf;a=umif;onf csif;jynfe,f zvrf; - [m;cg; - xefwvefrS wDtkdacsmif;ukd jzwfNyD; wzuf rDZkd&rfjynf e,f+rdK@awmf tkdifaZmfvf okd@0ifoGm;rnfjzpfonf? FCC ac: pD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&; or*~ tzGJ@0ifrsm;rSm – (1) Pu Van Hu,Chairman (Hakha) (2) Pu Hrang Lawm Thang, Vice Chairman (Falam) (3) Pu Van Nawl, Vice Chairman (Thantlang) (4) Pu Ci Han, General Secretary (Hakha) (5) Pu Ngun Peng,AGS (Thantlang) (6) Pu Za He, AGS (Falam) (7)PuThawngVung,Treasurer(Ha kha) (8) Pu Ba Su , (Falam) (9) Pi Biak Chin Sung, (Than tlang) (10) Pu Khual hum,Auditor(Falam) (11) Pu Hmun Thang, Member (Than tlang) (12) Pu Chum Ling, Member (Hakha) (13) Pu Ram Cung, Member(Hakha) 14) Pu Hlawng Hre Lian , Member (Falam) (15) Pu Ram To, Member (Than tlang) csif;jynfe,fwGif e,fpyfa'o pD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&; or*~ zGJ@pnf;csif;jynfe,fwGif e,fpyfa'o pD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&; or*~ zGJ@pnf;csif;jynfe,fwGif e,fpyfa'o pD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&; or*~ zGJ@pnf;csif;jynfe,fwGif e,fpyfa'o pD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&; or*~ zGJ@pnf;csif;jynfe,fwGif e,fpyfa'o pD;yGm;ukefoG,fa&; or*~ zGJ@pnf; ckdEkrf;okefowif; July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 LOCAL News Journal KHONUMTHUNG 5 “ aoqkH;ol&Jh ezl;/ aemufaph eJ@“ aoqkH;ol&Jh ezl;/ aemufaph eJ@“ aoqkH;ol&Jh ezl;/ aemufaph eJ@“ aoqkH;ol&Jh ezl;/ aemufaph eJ@“ aoqkH;ol&Jh ezl;/ aemufaph eJ@ ESLwfcrf;ESLwfcrf;ESLwfcrf;ESLwfcrf;ESLwfcrf; awGrSm aoG;awG ayusHjyD;awGrSm aoG;awG ayusHjyD;awGrSm aoG;awG ayusHjyD;awGrSm aoG;awG ayusHjyD;awGrSm aoG;awG ayusHjyD; a,mifukdif; aew,f”a,mifukdif; aew,f”a,mifukdif; aew,f”a,mifukdif; aew,f”a,mifukdif; aew,f” ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Khonumthung owif;*sme,fwGifaMumjimtrsKd;rsKd;xnfhoGif; Ekdifygonf/ þ*sme,fonf csif;jynfe,f 6 NrKdUe,f? uav;uabmf ESifh &efukefNrKdUrsm;wGif jzefUa0vsuf&Sdonf/ qufoG,fvdkygu... 0900507310 & 09400305261 email addresses: khonumthung@yahoo.com thetni@gmail.com jschhangte@gmail.com
  • 4. qvdkif;a&mbwf? ? orRw odef;pdef OD;aqmif wJh jrefrmtpdk;& ESifh w&kwfukyR%DwckjzpfwJh North Mining Investment Company wkd@ csif;jynfe,f txufydkif; wD;wdefjrdK@e,ftwGif; ajrGawmif zm;awmifrSm xGuf&SdwJh eDu,f / oH a&m&mowWKawG wl;azmf xkwfvkyfzdk@ oabmwlnDxm;csuft& r=um cifrSmbJ ukyR%Dbufu owWKwl;azmfa&; vkyfief;awG pwifzG,f&Sd aeygw,f/ 'DajrGawmif zm;awmif eDu,f pDrHudef;[m ,cif vGefcJhwJh 2006 ckeSpfcefhuwnf;u w&kwf ydkif uifbdk ukyR%Du prf;oyfwl;azmfcJhbl;ayrJh jyefvnf&yfqkdif; cJhygw,f? ,ck Zijin Mining Group ESifh Wan bao Mining ukyR%Dwdk@ yl;aygif;+yD;North Mining Investment Company qdkwJhtrnfemreJ@ ‘DpDrHudef;udk jyefvnftaumift xnf azmfzdk@ orRw OD;odef;pdef tpdk;&eJ@ 2012 ckESpf =o*kwf vwkef;u oabmwlnD cJh=uwmyg/ Canbao ukyR%D[m vuf yHawmif; awmifa=u;eDpDrHudef;udk wl;azmfaewJh ukyR%Dygw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm &Sif;vif;r_r&Sdwmu pDrHudef;umvjzpf ygw,f/ ukyR%Dbufujzpfjzpf/ tpdk;& bufujzpfjzpf vlxkxH yGifh yGifhvif;vif; csjywmr&SdcJhyg? 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vkdvSsif}uHq enf;vrf;&/ temrcHvSsif tomrpH&qdkwJh aqmifyk'fawG[m &dk;&Sif; ayrJh wOD;csif;pD&Jh b0 twGuf tvGefav; eufwJh pum; ykHawG jzpfygw,f/ tusifhpm&dwœ ydkif;udkawmh 'Dvkdyg/ b,f olr jyKrdrdrSLaygh/ acwfpepf}uD; wpfckwnf;udk bJ vufndK; xdk;tjypfykHcsvdk@vnf; r&ygbl;/ ar;/ar;/ar;/ar;/ar;/ / &yfa0;uae ausmif;vmwufwJh csif;ausmif;/ &yfa0;uae ausmif;vmwufwJh csif;ausmif;/ &yfa0;uae ausmif;vmwufwJh csif;ausmif;/ &yfa0;uae ausmif;vmwufwJh csif;ausmif;/ &yfa0;uae ausmif;vmwufwJh csif;ausmif; om;ausmif;olawGudk bmawGrsm; wdkufwGef;csifygovJ/om;ausmif;olawGudk bmawGrsm; wdkufwGef;csifygovJ/om;ausmif;olawGudk bmawGrsm; wdkufwGef;csifygovJ/om;ausmif;olawGudk bmawGrsm; wdkufwGef;csifygovJ/om;ausmif;olawGudk bmawGrsm; wdkufwGef;csifygovJ/ wuUokdvf/aumvdyfqkdvkd@ rnfrnf&& r&Sdao; wJh trdcsif;jynfudk udk,fpm;jyK+yD; jynfe,fjcm;rSm ynm ukefoG,fa&;jyKwJh ukd,fpm;vS,fawGvkd@ rdrdudk,fudk cH,l& r,f/ rdrda'ownfaqmufa&;/ rdrdvlrsdK;ysdK; axmi fjrSifh wif a&;eJ@ ywfoufvm&if ppfrSefwJh t&nf tcsif;&Sdvm 8 - KHONUMTHUNG News Journal INTERVIEW July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 Dr. T. 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  • 7. rSLdpm;rdvkd@ armifESr ESpfOD; aoqkH;rSLdpm;rdvkd@ armifESr ESpfOD; aoqkH;rSLdpm;rdvkd@ armifESr ESpfOD; aoqkH;rSLdpm;rdvkd@ armifESr ESpfOD; aoqkH;rSLdpm;rdvkd@ armifESr ESpfOD; aoqkH;cdkEkrf;okefowif; 14 ZGef 2013 - csif;jynfe,f rwlyD+rdK@e,f / axmifvef aus;&GmwGif awmwGif;tavhusaygufonfh rSLdyGifh pm; rdaom a=umifh armifESrESpfOD;aoqkH;cJhonfh jzpf&yfwck arv aemufqHk;ywfu jzpfyGm;cJhonf/ axmifvef&Gmae rdom;pkwpkrS awmwGif;tavhus aygufonfh rSLdudk [if;vsmtjzpf csufjyKpm;aomuf =u&mrS 4if;rdom;pkxJu t}uD;qkH;om;ESifh ti,fqkH; orD; aoqkH;oGm;jcif;jzpfonf[k a'ocHwOD;u ajymonf/ “ jzpfykHrSm rdom;pk tm;vkH;rSLd[if;pm;tjyD;rSm acgif;rl; +yD; owdvpfoGm;=uw,f/ 'geJ@ ti,fqkH; orD;av; qkH;oGm;w,f/ orD;av;qkH;jyD; ESpf&uf=umrS rdom;pk tm;vkH;ukd rwlyDaq;&kHvmwif=uw,f/ aq;&kHrSmyJ 13 ESpft&G,f t=uD;qkH;om;qkH;oGm;w,f” [k rwlyD vli,f acgif;aqmifwOD;u ajymonf/ usef rdom;pkrsm;ukdrl aq;&kHu ta&;ay: ukorSLcH,l ae}u+yD; tajctaee*kdykHrSefjzpfvm=u+yD[k oluquf ajymonf/ jynfol@v$wfawmfu twnfjyKvkdufonfh ykHESdyfjcif;ESihf xkwfa0jcif; vkyfief;Oya'rl=urf;jynfol@v$wfawmfu twnfjyKvkdufonfh ykHESdyfjcif;ESihf xkwfa0jcif; vkyfief;Oya'rl=urf;jynfol@v$wfawmfu twnfjyKvkdufonfh ykHESdyfjcif;ESihf xkwfa0jcif; vkyfief;Oya'rl=urf;jynfol@v$wfawmfu twnfjyKvkdufonfh ykHESdyfjcif;ESihf xkwfa0jcif; vkyfief;Oya'rl=urf;jynfol@v$wfawmfu twnfjyKvkdufonfh ykHESdyfjcif;ESihf xkwfa0jcif; vkyfief;Oya'rl=urf; BNI uef@uGufuef@uGufuef@uGufuef@uGufuef@uGuf ckdEkrf;okefowif; 09 Zlvkdif 2013 wkdif&if;rD'D,m 11 zGJ@jzifh pkzGJ@xm;onfh (Burma News International- BNI) u jynfol@ v$wfawmfrS t wnfjyK vkdufonfh ykHESdyfjcif;ESifh xkwfa0 jcif;vkyfief;Oya'rl=urf;tm; Zlvkdifv 4 &ufae@u uef@uGufvkdufonf? ,if;udpPESifh ygwfouf+yD; tqkdyg Oya'[m tpdk;& jyef=um;a&; 0ef}uD;Xmeudk owif;XmeawG&Jh rSwfyHkk wifcGifhtm; xdef; csKyfcGifhay;vdkufjcif;jzpfa=umif;/ ,ck vkd xdef;csKyfcGifh ay;vkdufjcif;[m owif;vGwfvyfcGifhukd t}uD;tus,f xdckdufap a=umif; bDtJeftkdif Deve lopment Officer eef;azmha* u ajym onf? yHkESdyfjcif;eJ@ xkwfa0jcif; vkyfief; Oya'onf owif; rD'D,mrsm;tm; wenf;wzHHkjzifh xdef;csKyfjcif;om jzpf aoma=umifh TOya'rsKd; rvkdtyfa=umif; uef@uGuf vkdufjcif;jzpfonf/ “owif;rD'D,mawGtwGuf oD;jcm; rSwfyHkwifwmrsKd; rvdktyfzl; xifygw,f/ +yD;awmh tck Oya'a=umifh wkdif; &if;om; rD'D,mawGudk wdkif;&if;om; jynfe,f awG rSm ta=umif;trsKd;rsdK;jyjyD; a'oqdkfif&m tm%m ydkifawG u ydkrdk xdef;csKyf vmEkdifwJh twGuf wdkif;&if;om; rD'D,m awG zGH@+zdK; wdk;wufrl tydkif;udk ydkrdkjyD; xdcdkufedkif w,fvdk@ jrifygw,f” [k tzGJ@0ift,f'Dwm wOD;jzpfol ukd cdkifjrwfausmfu ajymonf? tvm;wl jrefrm *sme,fvpfuGef,uf (MJN) uvnf; ykHESdyfjcif;ESifh xkwfa0jcif;vkyfief; Oya'rl=urf; twnfjyKjcif; tay: uef@uGufa=umif; Zlvkdifv 5 &ufae@u oabmxm;xkwfjyefcJhonf/ r=umao;onfh ESpfawGu tpkd;&. owif;rD'D,m vGwfvyfcGifhtwGuf ajzavSsmhay;jcif;rsm;tay: EkdifiH wumtpkd;&/ tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;rS taumif;zufrS &_jrif =uaomfvnf; rwfv 28 &ufpGJjzifh xkwfjyefcJhonfh ykHESdyfjcif;ESifh xkwfa0jcif; vkyfief;qkdif&m Oya' rl=urf; onf owif;rD'D,m vGwfvyfcGifhukd wenf; enf;jzifh xdckdufapEkdifonfjzpfojzifh uef@uGuf vkdufjcif;jzpf onf? ,if;Oya'rl=urf;wGif yHkeSdyfpufrsm;udk rSwfyHkwifapjcif;/ rSwfyHkwifoufwrf; owfrSwfjcif;rsm;onf yHkESdyf owif;rD'D,m. vGwfvyfcGihfudk wzufvSnhf xdef; csKyf&ef }udK;yrf;r_wpfckjzpf+yD; owif;rD'D,m vGwfvyf cGifhtwGuf aemufjyefoGm;onfh qkwf,kwfr_ vuQ %m wpf&yfjzpfa=umif; jynfol vlxk. vGwfvyfpGm xkwfazmfcGifhESifh od&SdydkifcGifhudk uef@owf vdkufjcif; jzpf a=umif; MJN u &_jrifonf [k qkdonf? tqkdyg rdom;pkonf rSLd[if;pm;tjyD; o&ufoD; ESifh awm ozef;oD;ukd xyfrHpm;=uaoma=umifh tpm rwnfhjzpfjyD; tpmtqdyfoifhjcif;jzpfrnf[k aq;&kH 0efxrf;awGu aumufcsufcsajymqkd=uonf/ ,if;rSLdrsKd;onf awmifykd@rSLdr[kwfyJ awmxJwGif tavh usaygufonfh pm;rSLdwrsKd;jzpfa=umif; csif;awmifwGif awmifykd@rSLd/ opfacgif;rSLd/ 0g;awmrSLd ponfhtoD;oD;&Sd =u+yD; rkd;OD;umvwGif aygufavh&Sdonf/ tiftm;opftiftm;opftiftm;opftiftm;opftiftm;opf - wpfyGifhESpfyGifh oJyGifhrsm;pGm/ pkaygif;vmaomf ueœm&}uD;/ ar#mfwac:? - wpfcsyfESpfcsyf tkwfcsyfrsm;pGm/ aygif;pkvmaomf wkdufwmaqmuftkH/ bkHysHqifhqifh tvGefjrifh? - wpfyifeSpfyif opfyifrsm;pGm/ pkaygif;vmaomf r[m+rdKifawm/ vGef&_arm? - wpfpufESpfpuf rkd;pufrsm;pGm/ aygif;pkvmaomf ajymaomyifv,f/ tajymus,f? - wJGaomvufrsm;/ ckdifckdifxm;avmh wkd@rsm;aygif;pk/ nDnGwfr_aqmif vlhabmifopfqD/ ta&mufcsDoGm;? - ckdifaom pdwfrsm;/ rmrmxm;avmh 'Drkdua&pD/ aumifxnfazmfoGm; pGrf;yum;onf/ jynfom;wkd@rsm; tiftm;opf? qvkdif;wDyefvkdif;(yx0D0if) 9 - KHONUMTHUNG News Journal LOCAL NEWS July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3
  • 8. July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 FEATURE News Journal KHONUMTHUNG 10 jzpfjyD; 'DajrGawmif zm;awmifudk wl;azmfrS xrif;pm;&rSm r[kwfbl;vdk@ OD;a'gifvsefuyfu qufajymygw,f/ “ 'DajrGawmif}uD;wl;rS rxif;pm;&r,fr[kwfygbl;/ a&S; wkef;uwnf;u usaemfwdk@v,f,m vkyfief;awGeJ@ xrif; pm;ae=uwmbJ/ 'Dawmifudk wl;vdkufwmeJ@ wjydKif euf usaemfwdk@ &Gma&$@ &r,f? 'kuQrsKd;pHkcH&r,fqdkwm usaemfwdk@ }udKodaew,f/ bmyJjzpfjzpf 'DpDrHudef; rvkyf wm taumif;qHk;jzpfr,f” vdk@ajymygw,f/ ukyR%Dbufuae pDrHudef;pwifvmjyDqdk&if ajrGawmif? zm;awmifajc&if;rSm&SdwJh v,f,m awG[m tcsdefrSD ysKd;usJ vdk@&rSmr[kwfawmhbJ &Gmom;awG t"du tm;xm;ae& wJh v,f,mvkyfief;awG ysufpD;oGm;jyDqdk&if a'ocHrsm; iwf ukef}ur,fvdk@ oluqufajymygw,f/ “ 'DpDrHudef;[m a'ozGH@+zdK;a&;r[kwfbl;/ 'Dawmifudk wl;vdkufwmeJ@ a'ocHawG csufcsif; 'kuQa&muf ukef=u r,fqdkwm usaemfwdk@}udKjrifxm;ygw,f/ bmvdk@qdkawmh tcsdefrSDysKd;rusJedkifawmhbl;/ v,frxGefekdifawmhbl;? 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  • 9. 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  • 11. 13 - KHONUMTHUNG News Journal NATIONAL NEWS July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 jrefrmhynma&; vlwdkif;twGufjzpfapzdk@a':pkajym=um;jrefrmhynma&; vlwdkif;twGufjzpfapzdk@a':pkajym=um;jrefrmhynma&; vlwdkif;twGufjzpfapzdk@a':pkajym=um;jrefrmhynma&; vlwdkif;twGufjzpfapzdk@a':pkajym=um;jrefrmhynma&; vlwdkif;twGufjzpfapzdk@a':pkajym=um; 30/ 06/ 2013- ynma&;[m tcGifhxl;cH vlwef;pm; wpktwGuf rjzpfapbJ wdkif;&if;om;awG pkaygif; aexdkif wJh jrefrmEkdifiHrSm ynm[m vlwkdif;twGuf jzpfap &r,fvdk@ trsKd;om; 'Drdkua&pDtzGJ@ csKyf OuUX a':atmif qef;pk=unf u ajym=um; cJhygw,f/ ynmudk twlwuG oif=um;rSL u ae wdkif;&if;om;awG =um; tjyeftvSef tav;xm;rSLawG &vmapedkif a=umif;eJ@jrefrmekdifiHrSm ynmudk vGwfvyfpGm oif,ledkif cGifh&Sdzdk@vnf; vdktyfw,fvdk@qdk ygw,f/ ZGefv 29 &ufuae 30 &uftxd aejynf awmfrSm 2 &uf=umusif;yaewJh Empowering HigherEducation vdk@ac:wJh jrefrmekdifiH tqifhjrifh ynma&; qdkif&m aqG;aEG;yGJ rSm a':atmifqef;pk=unf u tckvdkajym =um; cJhwmyg/ ynma&;[m vlwdkif;twGufjzpfzdk@vdkjyD; vGwfvyfpGm oif,ledkifcGifh&Sd&r,fhtjyif tajymif;tvJtwGuf ynma&; jzpfzdk@ vdkovdk tem*wfjrefrmekdifiHtwGuf &nf&G,fwJh ynma&;rsKd;ygjzpfzdk@ vdkw,fvdk@ tydkif; av;ydkif; cGJajym=um; oGm;ygw,f/ tqifhjrifhynma&;eJh ywfoufwJh aqG;aEG;yGJudk jAdwdoSs aumifpDuae }uD;rSl;usif;ywmjzpfjyD; aqG;aEG;yGJrSm trsKd; om; 'Drdkua&pDtzGJ@csLyf A[dktvkyftrSLaqmif tzGJ@0if OD;[efomjrifh/ ynma&;uGef,uf u a'gufwm odef;vGif/ ynma&;Xmeu a'gufwmrsLd;jrifh/ a’gufwm csrf;ndrf;eJh edkifiHwumynm&SifawG/ jynfwGif; ynm&SifawGeJh NGO awG wufa&mufae=uygw,f/ AGDtdkat (jrefrmydkif;) PR pepf aqG;aEG;a&; wifjycsuf jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmf y,fcspepf aqG;aEG;a&; wifjycsuf jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmf y,fcspepf aqG;aEG;a&; wifjycsuf jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmf y,fcspepf aqG;aEG;a&; wifjycsuf jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmf y,fcspepf aqG;aEG;a&; wifjycsuf jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmf y,fcs 01/ 07/ 2013 - vmr,fh 2015 ckESpf a&G;aumufyGJrSm PR ac:tcsKd;us ukd,fpm;jyKpepfudk usifhoHk;oihf/ roihf aqG;aEG;zdk@ trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkygwDu wifjyxm;wmudk jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmfuae 'Duae@ y,fcs vdkufygw,f/ 'Dpepf[m jynfaxmifpkv$wfawmf&Jh enf;Oya'eJ@ rnDnGwfwJhtwGuf v$wfawmfrSm raqG;aEG;Ekdifa=umif; jynf axmifpkv$wfawmf em,u OD;ciffatmifjrifhu 'Duae@ jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmf tpnf;ta0;rSm ajz =um;cJh wmyg/ “jynfaxmifpk a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUXxHu pmjzifhay;ydk@xm;wJh a&G;aumuf wifajrSmufyHkpepf ajymif;vJa&;eJ@pyfvsOf;IaqG;aEG;qHk;jzwfay;yg&ef wifjy rSKta=umif;t&monf v$wfawmfqdkif&m vkyfief;pOf rsm; t& oufqdkif&mjynfaxmifpktqifh tzGJ@tpnf; uaomf4if;/ v$wfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwpfOD; uaomf4if;/ v$wfawmftpnf;ta0;wGif v$wfawmf qdkif&mOya' enf;Oya'rsm;eJ@tnD tqdkwifoGif; vrf;ay: trsm;okH; emrnfawGjzpfwJh Spice, Meow – Meow , Bath Salk pwJh rl;,pf aq;0g;awG[m tEœ&m,fenf;jyD; aysmfp&maumif;wJh rl;,pfaq; 0g; jzpfw,fqkdjyD; vli,fawG ,kHrSm; oHo, jzpfapEkdif w,fvkd@ ODC u ajymygw,f/ 2012 ckeSpf ukvor*~ rl;,pfaq;0g; tpD&ifcHpmt& urBmhrl;,pfaq;0g; okH;pGJrSL pkpkaygif; 74 &mckdifESLef;ukd xkwfvkyfcJhwJh tmz*efepPwefEkdifiHu eHygwf 1 rSm &SdaecJh ovkd tckESpf 2013 rSmvnf; eHygwf 1 tjzpf quf&Sdae aqG;aEG; cGifhawmif;cHjyD; qufvufaqmif&Guf&rnfh ta=umif;t&mjzpfygw,f/ v$wfawmfqdkif&mOya' enf;Oya'rsm;eJ@ udkufnDrSK r&Sdygojzifh jynfaxmifpk v$wfawmftaejzifh txufyg jynfaxmifpka&G; aumufyGJaumfr&Sif OuUX&Jh ay;ydk@pmESifh owif;xkwfjyef csufyg ta=umif;t&mrsm;ESihf pyfvsOf;Iqufvuf aqmif&Guf&efr&Sdyg” 'DtcsKd;us ukd,fpm;jyKpepfudkNDF trsKd;om; 'Drdkua&pD tiftm;pkygwDuae 2015 a&G;aumufyGJrSm toHk;jyKEkdifzdk@ a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifukd wifoGif;cJh wmjzpfygw,f/ tJ'Dpepfudk trsKd;om;'Drdkua&tzGJ@csKyfeJ@ wdkif;&if;om; EkdifiHa&;ygwD tawmfrsm;rsm;u raxmufcHcJh=uayrJh wcsKd@ygwDawGuawmh oabmwl axmufcH=u wmawG&dS ygw,f/ (RFA – jrefrmydkif;) wkef;yg/ jrefrmEkdifiHuawmh tmz*ef taemuf u 'kwd,vkdufaeygw,f/ jrefrmEkdifiH[m pkdufysKd;ekdifwJh ajrtus,ft0ef; 23 &mckdifESLef;ukd rl;,pfaq;0g; pkdufysLd;zkd@ tokH;jyKaejyD; urBmh bdef;jzL xkwfvkyfrSL&Jh 10 &mckdifESLef;ukd xkwfvkyf aewmvnf; jzpfyg w,f/ (ADtdkat – jrefrmydkif;) pmrsufESm (11) bdef;pdkufysdK;rSK jrefrm'kwd,vdkuf). tqufpmrsufESm (11) bdef;pdkufysdK;rSK jrefrm'kwd,vdkuf). tqufpmrsufESm (11) bdef;pdkufysdK;rSK jrefrm'kwd,vdkuf). tqufpmrsufESm (11) bdef;pdkufysdK;rSK jrefrm'kwd,vdkuf). tqufpmrsufESm (11) bdef;pdkufysdK;rSK jrefrm'kwd,vdkuf). tquf
  • 12. July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 FEATURE News Journal KHONUMTHUNG 14 ta0;rS tm&HkcHjcif;ta0;rS tm&HkcHjcif;ta0;rS tm&HkcHjcif;ta0;rS tm&HkcHjcif;ta0;rS tm&HkcHjcif; (Remote Sensing) ta=umif;ta=umif;ta=umif;ta=umif;ta=umif; wpfaphwpfa=umif;wpfaphwpfa=umif;wpfaphwpfa=umif;wpfaphwpfa=umif;wpfaphwpfa=umif; Pakokku University &efukefwuUodkvf/ yx0D0ifXmewGif 2013ckESpf/ azaz:0g&Dv(22&ufae@rS (31) &ufae@xd zGifhvSpfaom Remote Sensing oifwef;odk@ yckuULwuUodkvf/ yx0D0ifXmerS pma&;olESifh q&mOD;wifarmifvGifwdk@ wufa&muf cJh=uygonf/ jrefrmjynfwpfjynfvkH; wuUodkvf toD;oD;&Sd yx0D0ifXmerSq&mq&mr udk,fpm; vS,f ESpfa,mufpDvnf; tqdkygoifwef; odk@yg0if wufa&muf=uygonf/ 2012-2013ckESpf/ wuUokdvf ynmoifESpfwGifom 'kwd,ESpf/ yx0D 0if bmom&yftwGuf Module No.Geog: 2104 (Fundamentals of Remote Sensing) bmom&yftjzpf First Semester wGifp wifjyXmef;aom bmom&yftopf wpfckjzpf ygonf/ oifwef;wGif rSwfom;avh vmpkaqmif; orSsudk yx0D0ifrsdK; qufopf wuUokdvf ausmif; olausmif;om;rsm; twGuf&nfpl;+yD; Tbmom&yf ta=umif;t& wpfaphwpf a=umif;rSs avhvmo d&SdEdkif atmif jrefrmrSK jyKum a&;om;azmfjyvdkufjcif; jzpf ygonf/ Remote Sensing . t"dy`g,fudk t&ifazmfjyvdkygonf/ ta0;rStm&kHcH pl;prf;avhvm jcif; (Remote Sensing) qdkonfrSm avhvm pl;prf;vdkonfht&m0wÎKudk ae&ma'o (okd@r[kwf) tjzpftysufwpfckESifh wdkufqdkif xdawG@ r_r&Sdaom u&d,mwpfckrS zrf;,l&&dSonfh Data rsm;udk avhvmqef;ppfI odyH`enf;us avhvmpl;prf;jcif; yifjzpfonf (Lilles sand & Kiefer)/ t&kd;pif;qkH;ajym&vSsif Remote Sensing onf avhvmpl;prf;vdkonfh t&m0wÎKtm; trSef wu,fxdawG@jcif;r&SdbJ owif;tcsuftvuf rsm;tm; &,lonfh enf;ynmyif jzpfygonf/ tm umoacwf tapmydkif;1950 ckESpfrsm;wGif ody`H ynm&Sifrsm;onf urBmajrtm; avhvmapmifh =unfh&ef Remote Sensing ud&d,mrsm; wyfqifxm;aom +*dKvfwkrsm;tm; tmumoxJ odk@v$ifhwifEkdifcJh=uonf/ yxrqkH; rdk;av0 o+*dKvf wkjzpfaom TIOS (Television Infrared Observation Satellite) tm; rdk;av0oESifh &moDOwkudk apmifh =unfhcef;rSef;Ekdif&ef 1960ckESpfY v$ifhwif EkdifcJh=uonf/ xdktcsdefrSp+yD; vlom;wdk@ onf urBm ajrtm;vSnfhywf&ef +*dKvfwkaxmif aygif;rsm;pGmudk v$ifhwifEdkifcJh=u+yD; avxk/ a&xk/ ajrxk/ ZD0xkwdk@udk pOfqufrjywf ta0;rSpl; prf;avh vmEdkifcJh=uonf/ Remote Sensing onfvlom;wdk@ . tjrifpGrf;tm;ra&muf&SdEdkifaom v_dif;tvsm; rsm;. pGrf;&nfrsm;/ jrifEdkifaom a&mifjcnfwef; (visible) teDatmufa&mifjcnf (infrared) rdkufc&kda0h (microwave) ponfwdk@udkwdkif; wmEdkifjcif;/ }uD;rm; us,fjyef@aomyx0D0ifa'owpfcktwGuftcsdefESifh tnDwdk;wufajymif;vJaeaom owif;tcsuftvuf rsm;tm;ukefusp&dufoufompGmjzifhvsifjrefpGm&&SdEdkifaom enf;vrf;jzpfjcif;/ vlolraygufa&mufEdkifaoma'orsm; (Oyrm-tE Wmwduwdkuf/ tarZkHa'o)wdk@rS tcsuf tvufrsm;&&SdEdkifaom wpfckwnf;aom enf;vrf;jzpf jcif;/ tao;pdwf uGif;qif;avhvmjcif;rjyKbJ ukefusp&dwf oufomI vsifjrefaomenf;vrf;jzifh vG,fulpGm wGuf csufEdkif+yD; GIS( Geographical Infor mation System) enf;ynmtm;jzifh tjcm;yx0D0if ta=umif; t&mrsm;udk aygif;pyfay;Edkifjcif; ponftm;jzifh ajrmufrsm; pGm tokH;0ifaom bmom&yf wpfck jzpfayonf/ tmumorS &kduf,lxm;aom aumif;uif"gwfykH um;csyf wpfcsyfonf pum;vkH;aygif;rsm;pGmudk azmfaqmif ay; Edkifygonf/ vlom;wdk@onftqdkygaumif;uif "gwfykHrsm;rSowif; tcsuftvufrsm;&,l&mY arG;&myg jrifEdkifpGrf;tifjzifh razmf xkufEdkifbJ &_yfaxG;aponf/ tjrif tm&kH&_yfapaomjrifuGif;rsm;udk uGefysLwmy&kd*&rfrsm;udk tokH;jyKjcif;jzifh TpGrf;yum; udkxyfyGm;apEdkifaom vkyfief;rsm;udk vlom;wdkYonf vGefpGmvkyfaqmif EdkifpGrf; &dSvSonf/ xdk ha=umifhyifvsif aumif;uif "gwfykHwpfykHonf trSefyifpum;vkH;axmifcsDaom t"ddy`g,fudkaqmifonf [k qdk=ujcif;jzpfonf/ Taumif; uif"gwf ykHrsm;udk tokH; jyKEkdif&eftwGuf todtjrifESifh pGrf;&nfwdk;wufap&ef rsm;pGm}udK;pm;&ygrnf/ xdk@ a=umifhyifvSsif Remote sensing enf;ynmrsm;udk tokH;jyK+yD; Data pkaqmif;jcif;onf tjcm;enf;vrf;ykHpHrsm;jzifh Data rsm;pk aqmif;jcif;ESifh E_dif;,SOfvSsif rsm;pGmaom tusdK; aus;Zl;rsm; &&Sdapygonf/ Land sat +*dKvfwk "gwfykHk rsm; (False color composite,spatial reso lution=10m) pepfwGif jrpfvufwuf/ acsmif; vuf wufrsm;udk (tjyma&mif)/ taqmuftOD; rsm;udk (pdrf;jyma&mif)ESifh opfyifopfawm rsm;udk(teD a&mif) tjzpf jrifEdkif+yD; a&ESifhpdkuf ysdK;oD; ESHrsm; =um;&Sd tem; owfrsOf;udkyifjrifEdkifayonf/ (True color composite, spatial reso lution=1m) wGifrlopf yifwpfyifcsif;/ taqmuftOD; wpfckcsif;pDudkyif ydkrdkIt ao;pdwfjrifEdkif ayonf/ xdk@a=umifh +*dKvfwk"gwfykHrsm;onf {&d,m}uD;rm; aomae&mwpfck. Owktvdkuf tcsdeftvdkuf ajymif;vJ r_jzpfpOfrsm;udk avhvm&mwGif pOfqufrjywf apmifh=unfh avhvmjcif;onf tvGefw&mta&;}uD;vSayonf/ ueOD; wGif +*dKvfwkrsm;udk ZvaA'ynm&Sifrsm;u wdkifzkH; rkefwdkif;rsm;. tajcaeESifh vrf;a}umif;udk cef@rSef;apmifh =unfh&ef twGuf tokH;jyK=uygonf/ xdk@tjyifRemote Sensing enf;ynm onf a&v$rf;rdk;aom {&d,mt us,ft0ef;udk wdkif;wm apmifh=unfh&eft wGufomru u,fq,fa&;vkyf ief;rsm;udkyg xda&mufpGm aqmuf&Guf Edkif&efESifh a&v$rf;rdk;r_ 'g%fcH& aom ukef;ajrESif tajccHt aqmuftOD;rsm;. yrm%rsm;udk cef@rSef;wGuf csuf&eft wGufvnf; tokH;jyKyg onf/ owif;tcsuftvufrsm;pkaqmif;jcif; (Data Acquisition) jyKvkyf&mwGif urBmajrudk 4if;. ywfvrf; twdkif; vSnfhywfaeaom+*dKvfwkwpfpif;rSm tm&kHcHu&d ,m (Sensor) &Sd+yD; 4if;tm&kHcHud&d,monf urBmajr rsufESm jyifrSxyfqifh tvif;jyef+yD; ysH@ESH@aom tvif;yrm %udk tao;pdwf zrf;,ljcif;tm;jzifh owif;t csuft vuf rsm;udk &&Sdonf/ urBmajr. qJGiiftm;onf A[dkcGef tm; udk[efcsufnDapaoma=umihf Remote Sensing ud&d,mrsm;ygaom +*dKvfwkwpf pif;onf ywfvrf;wpfck wnf;wGif tcsdef=umjrifhpGm wnf&SdaeEdkif ygonf/ +*dKvfwk (Air bourns) rsm;onf v. wGef;tm;r&dS aomav xk. tjyifzufwGif &Sdaom a=umifh tDem;&Sm; Oya't& +*dKvfwkwpfpif;. tjrifESKef; onf udef;aojzpf I urBmajr udk ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm =um onfhwdkif atmif ywfvrf;wpfckjzifh vSnfhywfEdkif ygonf? tm&kHcHud&d,monf vSsyfppfoHvdkuf a&mifpOf (Electromagnetic Spectrum) . pGrf;tiftajcae udk wdkif;wmaom ud&d,mjzpf+yD; 4if;pGrf;tifrsm;udk ud&d,mwpfckjzifhywfI&aom oauFwtjzpfodk@ ajymif;v Jay;onf/ xdk@a=umifh +*dKvfwk (Airborne) wpfckpDonf tmumo,mOf (Platform) wpfckjzpf+yD; 4if;onf urBmajrrSvm onfh tvif;jyefaom/ tvif;v$wfaom tvif;ysH@aom (visible light)/ teDatmufa&mifjcnf (infrared) / tvif;,dkifjcif;ESifh vSsyfppfoHvdkuf a&mifpOfrsm;. pGrf;tifyrm%udk wdkif;wm&eftwGuf tm&kHcHud&d,mrsm;(sensors)udk o,faqmifxm; onf/ tm&kHcHud&d,mwpfckcsif;pDonf tvif;a&mifpOfwef; . ao;i,faom tpdwftydkif;rsm;udkom ykHazmfay;Edkif ojzifh ykH&dyfzrf;ud&d,m (Sensor) wpfckpDwGif tm&kHcH ud&d,m tajrmuftrsm;udk wyfqifxm;=uonf/ Remote Sensing twGuf vSsyfppf oHvdkuf pGrf;tif (Electromagnetic energy) ESifh jzmul;jcif; (reflection) wdk@. odom txif &Sm;qkH;aom pGrf;tift &if;tjrpfrSm aea&mifjcnfyifjzpf onf/ Remote Sensing device (ta0;rS tm&kHcHpl;prf;avhvmr_ ud&d,m)rSm aea&mifjcnfrS jzmxGuf vmaom a&mifjcnf (radiation) rsm;udk pl;prf;avhvmEdkif&ef uGsEfkyfwdk@vl om;rsm;twGuf rsufvkH;yif jzpfonf/ aea&mifjcnfrSvmaomjrifawG@Edkifonfh tvif; wef; rsm; (visible light) udk zrf;,l +yD; ywf0ef;usifrS omref rsufpdjzifh jrifEdkifaompGrf;tif (visible energy) pmrsufESm (18) odk hpmrsufESm (18) odk hpmrsufESm (18) odk hpmrsufESm (18) odk hpmrsufESm (18) odk h
  • 13. July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 INTERNATIONAL News Journal KHONUMTHUNG 15 rDZrDZrDZrDZrDZdk&rfjynfe,fwGif jrefrmekdifiHom;wcsKd@ xyfrHarmif;xkwfzG,f&Sddk&rfjynfe,fwGif jrefrmekdifiHom;wcsKd@ xyfrHarmif;xkwfzG,f&Sddk&rfjynfe,fwGif jrefrmekdifiHom;wcsKd@ xyfrHarmif;xkwfzG,f&Sddk&rfjynfe,fwGif jrefrmekdifiHom;wcsKd@ xyfrHarmif;xkwfzG,f&Sddk&rfjynfe,fwGif jrefrmekdifiHom;wcsKd@ xyfrHarmif;xkwfzG,f&Sd cdkEkrf;okefowif; 23 ZGef 2013- tdEdN,EkdifiH ta&S@ajrmufbuf wGif wnf&SdjyD; csif;jynfe,f ESifh e,fedrdwfcsif;xdpyfaeaom rDZdk&rfjynf e,fwGif w&m;r0ifaexdkif=uonfh jrefrmEkdifiHom;wcsKd@udk tpdk;&r[kwfaom tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;u xyfrHarmif; xkwf zG,f&Sdonf[k pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/ rDZdk&rfjynfe,f +rdK@awmf tdkifaZmvfrS rdkif 50 cef@a0; aom Kolasib c&dkif Mualkhang aus;&GmwGif w&m;r0if aexdkif=uaom jrefrmEkdifiHom; csif;vlrsKd; rsm;udk ZGef 30 &ufae@aemufqHk;xm;jyD; aus;&GmrS xGufcGgoGm;=u&ef ,if;aus;&Gm&Sd rDZdk;vli,frsm; toif;( YMA) ? rDZdk;ouf=uD;toif; ( MUP) ESifh aus;&GmaumifpDtzGJ@ ( VCP) wdk@u trdef@xkwf jyefxm;jcif;jzpfonf/ Mualkhang aus;&Gm&Sda'ocH YMA, MUP, VCP wdk@u Joint Action Committee(JAC) udkzGJ@pnf;jyD; ,if;aumfrDwDu w&m;r0if aexkdifaom jrefrmEkdifiHom;rsm; armif;xkwfrnfhudpPudk OD;aqmifonf [kod&onf/ ,if;aus;&GmwGif w&m;r0ifaexdkifolrsm;tm; armif; xkwf&ef JAC rS qHk;jzwf&onfh ta=umif;&if;rSm Mual khang aus;&GmwGif vGefcJhaom 3 ESpfcef@up+yD; jrefrmEkdifiH om;rsm; vma&mufaexkdif=uuwnf;u t&ufcsuf vkyf ae=u a=umif;/ aemifwcsdefwGif rDZdkvlrsKd;rsm;twGuf =uD;rm;aomtEœ&m,fjzpfapvmEkdifonfhtwGuf ,ckvdkvkyf aqmif& jcif; jzpfonf[k rDZdk&rfjynfe,f &kyfoHvdkif;wckjzpfonfh Zonet Special Report wGifazmfjyxm;onf/ tdrfajc 50 cef@&Sdaom Mualkhang aus;&GmwGif w&m;r0ifaexdkifol jrefrmEkdifiHom;csif;vlrsKd;rsm; tdrfajc 16 cef@&Sdonf[kod&onf/ armif;xkwfcH&rnfhta&;ESifh ygwfoufvsuf ,if;aus;&Gm wGif 15 ESpfausmf aexdkifvmcJhol csif;trsKd;orD;wOD;u “usrwdk@ b,fvdkvkyf=urvJ pOf;pm;vdk@udkr&awmhbl;/ 'DrSmbJ i,fi,fuwnf;upjyD; aexdkifvmwmqdk awmh jrefrmEkdifiH&Jh rSwfyHkwifvJ r&Sdbl;av/ rDZdk&rfjynfe,f&Jh EkdifiHom;pDppfa&;u'fvJ usrwdk@vkyfzdk@ t=udrf=udrf}udK;pm; ayr,fh r&cJhygbl;” [k ajymonf/ tdEdN,EkdifiH zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya't& tdEdN,EkdifiHwGif 10 ESpfausmf}um qufwdkuf aexkdifjyD;ol EkdifiHjcm; om;w a,mufonf tdEdN,EkdifiHom; cH,lydkifcGifh&Sdonf[k od&onf/ odk haomfvnf; rDZdk&rfjynfe,frSmrl jrefrmEkdifiHrS ajymif;a&G@vm=ujyD; rDZdk&rfwGif 10 ESpfausmf=um aexkdifjyD; oljzpfayr,fhvnf; a'ocH tm%m ydkifrsm;u EkdifiHom;cH ,lcGifh/ EkdifiHom;pDppfa&;u'frsm; jyKvkyfcGifhrjyKa=umif; vnf;od&onf/ ,ckarmif;xkwfcH&rnfh jrefrmedkifiHom; csif;vlrsKd;rsm;onf Mualkhang aus;&GmteD;w0dkufwGif v,f ,m vkyf ief;/ O,OfjcHapmifhvkyfief; ESifh tjcm;aom or&kd;us ,m vkyfief;udkom vkyfudkif ae=u olrsm;[k od&onf/ rDZdk&rfjynfe,fwGif jyD;cJhonfh {jyDvuvnf; jrefrmEkdifiHrS csif;vlrsKd;trsm;pkaexdkifaomSaikhumphai aus;&GmrS 4if;wdk@aetdrfrsm;udk Vaphai vlxkrS rD;&dSK@ onfh jzpf&yftjyif arvu Rangvamual ESifh Phun chawng aus;&Gm&Sdt&ufcsuf vkyfa&mif;csol rsm;tygt0if w&m;r0ifaexdkifaom jrefrmEkdifiHom; rsm; udk Central Young Mizo Association (CYMA) u armif;xkwfcJhjyD;jzpfonf/ a'vDwGif csif;ol&Jaumif; qvdkif;wifarmifOD; atmufarhbG,f tcrf; tem;usif;ya'vDwGif csif;ol&Jaumif; qvdkif;wifarmifOD; atmufarhbG,f tcrf; tem;usif;ya'vDwGif csif;ol&Jaumif; qvdkif;wifarmifOD; atmufarhbG,f tcrf; tem;usif;ya'vDwGif csif;ol&Jaumif; qvdkif;wifarmifOD; atmufarhbG,f tcrf; tem;usif;ya'vDwGif csif;ol&Jaumif; qvdkif;wifarmifOD; atmufarhbG,f tcrf; tem;usif;y cdkEkrf;okefowif; 26 ZGef 2013- jrefrmEkdifiHausmif;om;ordkif;wGif yxrOD;qHk; }udK;ay;owfjzwfjcif;cH&aom csif;ol&J aumif; qvkdif; wifarmifOD; usqHk;jcif; atmufarh bG,ftcrf;tem;udk tdEdN,EkdifiH e,l;a'vD+rdK@ BCRC cef;rwGif csif;ausmif;om; or*~tzGJ@u OD;aqmifjyD; ,ae@usif;ycJh=uonf/ ,ae@ZGefv 26 &ufae@onf AdkvfcsKyfae0if; OD;aqmif aom rqv wygwDtm%m&Sifpepf qef@usifa&; qENjyyGJ rsm;udk OD;aqmifrSLa=umifh zrf;qD;cHcJh&jyD;}udK; ay;owfjzwfcH&onfh owœaA' ausmif;om; qvdkif;wifarmifOD; usqHk;onfh 37 ckESpfajrmufjynfh onfh aejzpfonf/ ol@&Jh &J&ifhrSL/ r[kwfrcHpdwf"gwfudk *k%fjyKonfhtaejzifh qvdkif;wifarmifOD;atmufarhbG,ftcrf;tem;udk usif;y& jcif;jzpfonf[k csif;ausmif;or*~acgif;aqmif udkqefESif;vsefu ajymonf/ “ ol@&Jh &J&ifhjcif;udkk *k%fjyKwJhtaeeJ@ atmufarhbG,f tcrf;tem;udk usif;y&wm jzpfygw,f? jyD;awmh jrefrmjynfxJrSmjzpfjzpf/ jynfyrSmjzpfjzpf ol@&Jh ta=umif;udk odyfjyD;awmh rodwJhvlawGtrsm; }uD;&Sd w,f? 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  • 14. 16 - KHONUMTHUNG News Journal FEATURE NEWS July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 CCD qdkonfrSm tvif;a&mif tenf; trsm;tay: rlwnf+yD;ajymif;vJEdkifpGrf;&Sdaom tvGefw&mrSao; i,fvS onfh Silicon Chip jym; av;yifjzpfygonf/ ,if;onftvif;a&mifudk zrf;,l+yD; vSsyfppfqdkif&mt csufjypepf tjzpf odk@ tvif;a&mif. jyif;tm;yrm%tay:rlwnfI ta&mifajymif;vJr_ jzpf apygonf/ ,ae@acwf uifr&mtrsm;pk. sensor rsm;onf oef;csDaom (Pixels) rsm;jzifh jyKvkyf xm;ygonf/ y k H & d y f w p f c k . 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pGrf;tifrsm;udk pkaqmif; Edkifap&ef ESifh rSwfwrf;wifxm;Edkif&eftwGuf Sensor udk tokH;jyKjcif;jzpfonf/ xdk Sensor rSrSwfxm;aom vSSsyfppfoH vdkufpGrf;tifudk Electronic ykHpHt& ajrjyifpcef;odk@ xkufv$wf ay;+yD; 4if; data tcsuftvufrsm;udk ajrjyifpcef;rS zrf;,l&&Sdum vdktyfaom Processing vkyf aqmifr_ jyKvkyfI Stellite Image udk &&Sdyg onf/ xdkodk@tm;jzifh urBmhrsufESmjyifrS tvif;jyef vmaom vSSsyfppfoHvdkufwGifyg0ifonfh teDa&mif/ tpdrf;a&mif/ teDatmufa&mifjcnfrsm;udk aygif;pyf zJG@pnf;xm;aom Satellite Images rsm;udk pmrsufESm (14) rS tqufpmrsufESm (14) rS tqufpmrsufESm (14) rS tqufpmrsufESm (14) rS tqufpmrsufESm (14) rS tquf &&Sdygonf/ 4if;ykH&dyfrsm;udk =unfh+yD; odyH`ynm&Sifrsm;u urBmhajrjyif. t&m0wÎKrsm;wnf&Sdaer_ESifh ajymif;vJ r_rsm;udk avhvmygonf/ ta0;rS tm&kkHcHrIjyKvkyf&mwGif Data tcsuftvufrsm;rS owif;tcsuftvufrsm; &,l EkdifrIudk em;vnf&ef twGuf vSdKif;tvsm;ESifh }udrfESKef; tm;jzifh azmfjyaom vSsyfppfoHvdkufjzmxGufjcif;. 0daoovuQ%mrsm;udk em;vnf &efvdktyfygonf/ ta0;rS tm&kHcHpepftwGuf tokH;0ifaom vSSsyfppf oHvdkufa&mifjcnfvSdKif; 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r&Sday/ Remote Sensing tcsuftvufrsm;rS uGsEfkyf wdk@. rsufvkH;rsm;jzifh od&dScHpm;Edkif&efta&mifrsm;aygif;pyf zJG@pnf; xm;aom ykH&dyfwpfcktjzpfodk@ zefwD;&mwGifvSsyfpyfoHvdkuf a&mifpOf (EMS) rSodjrifcHpm;EdkifpGrf;&Sdaom tydkif; rsm;jzpf onfh teDa&mif/ tpdrf;a&mifESifh tjyma&mif (RGB) rsm;udk tokH;jyKrnfjzpfonf/ ta&mifwpfckudk Data tcsuftvuf tjzpf owfrSwfEdkifygonf/ Remote Sensing enf;ynmjzifh+*dKvfwk "gwfykH ay:wGif&Sdaom ajrjyifay:&Sd 0daoovuQ%mrsm;udk t"dy`g,f jynfh0aom owif;tcsuftvufrsm;tjzpf rsufjriftm;jzifh ykHazmf&ygrnf (odk@r[kwf) cJGjcrf;pdwfjzmavh vm&ygrnf/ ykHazmf jcif; udk cJGjcrf;pdwfjzmaom ynm&SifrS uGefysLwmudk tokH;jyKI aqmif&Guf&ygrnf/ 4if;vkyfief;pOfwGif xdkyk*~Kdvf. em;vnfr_ pGrf;&nfESifh qkH;jzwfcsufonfrsm;pGmta&;ygygonf/ xdk@a=umifh Remote Sensing enf;ynmjzifh Satellite Images t&nfaoG;rsm;udk tao;pdwf cJGjcrf;pdwfjzm avhvmEdkifjcif;a=umifh pdkufysdK;a&;u¾rsm;/ opfawmu¾rsm;/ blrdaA'/ a&ydkif;qdkif&m bmom&yf (Hydrology) ukef;ajrzkH;v$rf;r_ESifh ukef;ajrtokH;csr_ (Land cover and Land use)/ ork'N&mESifh urf;&dk; wef;rsm;/ obm0 ywf0ef; usifxdef;odrf;jcif;vkyfief;rsm;udk apmifh=unfhavhvmEdkifjcif;/ ajrrsufESmoGifjyifwnfaqmufykHESifh taetxm; qef;ppfavhvmEdkifjcif;/ aus;vuf/ +rdK@jy ajymif;vJ jcif;rsm;udk vlom;rsm;tusdK;twGuf aumif;pGm apmifh=unfh avhvm aqmif&Guf Edkifjcif;wdk@a=umifh Remote Sensing bmom&yfonf aemifrsdK;qufopf vli,frsm;twGuf ydk+yD; ta&;ygaom bmom&yf wpfckjzpfa=umif; a&;om;azmfjyvdk jcif;jzpfygonf/ Passive Remote Sensing Active Remote Sensing
  • 15. July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 HEALTH & IT News Journal KHONUMTHUNG 17 reuf tdyf,mxcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihfreuf tdyf,mxcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihfreuf tdyf,mxcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihfreuf tdyf,mxcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihfreuf tdyf,mxcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihf (0rf;xJ tpmr&Sdcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihf)(0rf;xJ tpmr&Sdcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihf)(0rf;xJ tpmr&Sdcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihf)(0rf;xJ tpmr&Sdcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihf)(0rf;xJ tpmr&Sdcsdef iSufaysmoD; pm;oihf rpm;oihf) tcsKd@aom vlrsm;[m iSufaysmoD;ukd AdkufqmaewJh tcsdef tpmajyap&ef pm;wwf=uygw,f? tcsKd@usawmh tqDus ap&ef &nf&G,fcsufjzihf iSuf aysmoD;udk tdyf,m xcsdefrSm rSD0J wwf=uygw,f? trSefawmh iSufaysmoD;qkdwm tpmpm;jyD;wJh tcgrS pm;oihfwJh oGm;&nfpm wpfrsKd; jzpfygw,f? EkdifiHwumrS aq;ynm&Sif okawoe tzGJ@rsm;u trsKd;rsKd; tajzxkwf =uygw,f? awG@&Sdcsuf 1?awG@&Sdcsuf 1?awG@&Sdcsuf 1?awG@&Sdcsuf 1?awG@&Sdcsuf 1? iSufaysmoD;[m r*~eDqD,rf"mwf =uG,f0ygw,f? 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  • 16. 18 - KHONUMTHUNG News Journal SPORTS July 2013 - Vol.1 No.3 refcsufpwm,ledufwuf abmfvkH;toif;. upm;orm; wdkufppfrSL; Wayne Rooney &Jh tem*wfc&D; ra&&mrao csmjzpf aeao;aumif; toif;vufaxmufenf;jy Mike Phelan u Zlvdkif 3 &ufae@wGif xkwfazmfajymqdkcJhonf/ Rooney &Jh a&S@vmr,fhtem*wfc&D;twGuf toif;. refae*sm jzpfol David Moyes u 'DtywfwGif; awG@qHkjyD; qHk;jzwfcsufcsEdkifzdk@ aqmif&GufoGm;r,fvdk@vnf; xyfrHod&ygw,f/ jyD;cJhwJh 2012-2013 ckESpf Barclays Premier L e a g u e abmfvHk;&moDukefcgeD;wGif refcsufpwm,ledufwuf t o i f ; u d k pGef@cGgcsifw,fvdk@ajymwJh t*Fvefwdkuf Wayne Rooney onf refcsufpwm,ledufwuf toif;uae em;csifayrJh ,ledufwuf enf;jytopfjzpfaom David Moyes u toif;uaexGufroGm;&ef ajym qdkcJhonf? Rooney udpPeJ@ ygwfoufjyD; ra&&mraocsmjzpf aeao;wJh tcsdefrSm bm pD vdkemtoif; wdkufppfrSL;topfjzpfol bm&mZD;EdkifiHom; ref,ltoif;wdkufppfrSL; Wayne Rooney &Jhtem*wfra&&m Neymar uvnf; Rooney udk bmpDvdkemtoif;odk@ 0ifvm&ef zdwfac:cJhygw,f? “ Rooney [m ig av;pm;wJh upm;orm;wOD;yg/ abmfvHk;orm; taumif;qHk;emrnfpm&if;0ifwOD; vnf;jzpf ovdk ig ol eJ@ twlwl upm;csifw,f” vdk Neymar u ,ckvdkajymwmyg? tckvdk Wayne Rooney &Jh taetxm; rwnfjidrfao;wmukd tcGifhaumif;,ljyD; EdkifiH Club toD;oD;rS zdwfac:jcif; cH&aumif; od&jyD; refcsufpwm,ledufwuftoif; enf;jyopf David Moyes rSvnf; ,ledufwuft oif;rS rxGuf &ef tm;ay;oGm;r,fvdkajymygw,f/ Rooney onf Everton toif;wGif upm;cJhpOf David Moyes vuf atmufwGif upm;cJhzl;onf/ refcsufpwm,ledufwuftoif;rS xGufroGm;zkd [ef@wm;Edkif r,fvdk@ trsm;u oHk;oyf=uonf/ Rooney udk Chelsea,Arsenal, Manches- ter City, PSG, Barcelona, Monaco, Bayern Munich toif; awGu vkdcsifae=uonf? Zlvdkif 1 &ufae@ r e u f y d k i f ; w G i f bm&mZD;EdkifiH&Sd M a r a c a n a abmfvHk;uGif;wGif ,OfjyKdifupm;cJhaom Confederations Cup aemufqkH; AdkvfvkyGJ}uD;udk pydeftoif; ESifh bm&mZD;toif; wdk@ ,Of+yKdifupm;cJh=u&m bm&mZD;toif;u pydeftoif;udk 3 *dk; *dk;r&Sdjzifh tEdkif&cJhonf? yGJpOf 29 vHk;vHk; &HSK;yGJr&Sdaom Oa&myabmfvHk;csefyD,H ESifh urBmhzvm;abmfvHk;csefyD,H/ Confederations qkudk 3 ESpfqufwdkuf&,lEdkifcJhaom pydef (Spain) abmfvHk;toif;onf b&mZD;vf (Brazil) abmfvHk;toif;tm; *dk;jywf jzifh &SLH;edrfhcJhjcif;jzpfonf? ,if;AdkvfvkyGJpOfwGif yxrydkif;yGJpOf p p c s i f ; ESpfrdepftvGefrSm b&mZD;vfwdkufppfrSL; Fred u yxr*kd; oGif;,lcJhjyD; 'kwd, * d k ; u d k a w m h yxrydkif;yGJpOfjyD;cgeD; 44 rdepfrSm yGJpOfwavSsmuf ajcpGrf;jyupm;EdkifcJhonfh b&mZDvf; ESifh bmpDvdkem wdkufppfrSL; Neymar u oGif;,lcJhonf/ aemufqHk; wwd,*dk;udkawmh yxr*dk;udk oGif;,lcJhaom Fred uyJ 'kwd, ydkif; wGif xyfrHoGif;,lcJhwmjzpfw,f/ pydeftoif;onf 'kwd,ykdif;yGJpOfwGif &&Sdxm;onfh Pen- alty *kd; twGuf pydefaemufcHvl Sergio Ramos u roGif;,lEdkifcJhvdk@ yGJpOfwckvHk; ajymif;vJoGm;ww,fvkd@ ajym&rSmyg/ aemufjy D; rdepf 68 wGif pydefaemufcHvl Gerard Pique teDuyf xdwmuvnf; pydeftoif;twGuf arSsmfvifhcsufr&SdawmhyJ b&mZD;toif;u tvG,fwul tEdkif&,loGm;wmyg? ,if;AdkvfvkyGJ0ifa&muf,SOf+yKdifEdkifzdk@twGuf Semi-final yGJpOfwGif Brazil u Uruguay (O&kauG;) toif;udk 2 *dk; 1 *dk; jzifh tEdkif&cJhwmjzpfjyD; pydeftoif;u tDwvD (Italy) toif;udk Pen- alty tqHk;tjzwf 7 *dk; 6 *dk; jzifh tEdkif&cJhwmjzpfonf? Confederations Cup wwd,qktwGuf Italy (tDwvD) toif; ESifh Uruguay toif;wdk@ ,Of+yKdifu pm;cJh=u &m yGJpOfwavSsmuf 2 *dk; pD oa&usaoma=umifh Penalty tqHk;tjzwf 3 *dk; 2 *dk; jzifh tDwvDtoif;u tEdkifif& oGm;cJhonf? Confederations Cup wGif taumif;qHk; qk q G w f c l ; & , l c J h a o m upm;orm;rsm;rSm - taumif;qHk;upm;orm;tjzpf Neymar (Brazil) Golden Ball Iniesta (Spain) Silver Ball Paulinho (Brazil) Bronze Ball *dk;oGif;trsm;qHk; (Top Scorer) - Fernando Torres (Spain) 5 *dk; jzifh Golden Boot taumif;qHk;*kd;orm;qk (Best goalkeeper) - Julio Cesar (Brazil) Golden Glove taumif;qHk;toif;qkH; FIFA Fair Play Trophy - pydef (Spain) toif; 2013 Confederations Cup

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