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Memory
 

Memory

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    Memory Memory Presentation Transcript

    • MEMORY The process by which we recollect prior experiences, information, and skills learned in the past.
    • 3 KINDS OF MEMORY
      • Episodic – from events
          • Flashbulb – specific events
      • Generic – general knowledge
      • Procedural – procedures (skills)
    • 3 PROCESSES OF MEMORY
      • Encoding – translating information
        • Visual
        • Acoustic
        • Semantic – “relating to meaning”
      • Storage
        • Maintenance Rehearsal - repeating
        • Elaborative Rehearsal - relating to previous info
      • Retrieval
        • Context-Dependent
        • State-Dependent
        • Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon
    • OTTFFSSENT
      • You have 30 seconds to memorize these letters.
    • HOW DID YOU REMEMBER?
      • Write down as many letters as you can remember
      • How many did you get?
      • How did you remember the letters?
    • OTTFFSSENT
      • How can you remember these letters?]
      • Visual – see them as a picture
      • Acoustic – say them to yourself or out loud
      • Semantic
        • O nly T iny T ots F eel F riendly…
        • OTT her Ff lowers SENT
        • O ne T wo T hree F our F ive…
    • 3 STAGES OF MEMORY
      • Sensory – 1 st recording
      • Short-term – working, right now
        • Primacy and Recency Effect – 1 st and last in a series
        • Chunking - organize and manage
        • Interference – new info. appears and is then replaced
      • Long-term
        • Capacity
        • Reconstructive
        • Schemas – mental representations that we form of the world by organizing bits of information into knowledge
    • FORGETTING AND MEMORY IMPROVEMENT
      • Recognition - identify
      • Recall - bring back to mind
      • Relearning – don’t remember what you knew
      • Decay – fading away
      • Repression – forgetting without knowing
    • AMNESIA
      • Infantile Amnesia – forgetting of early events
      • Anterograde Amnesia – trauma; no new memories
      • Retrograde Amnesia – can’t remember leading up to the tragic event
    • IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
      • Drill and Practice
      • Relate to what you already know
      • Unusual associations
      • Links
      • Mnemonic devices – systems for remembering info.
            • HOMES
            • Roy G. Biv