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MEMORY The process by which we recollect prior experiences, information, and skills learned in the past.
3 KINDS OF MEMORY <ul><li>Episodic – from events </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flashbulb – specific events </li></ul></ul></ul...
3 PROCESSES OF MEMORY <ul><li>Encoding – translating information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
OTTFFSSENT <ul><li>You have 30 seconds to memorize these letters. </li></ul>
HOW DID YOU REMEMBER? <ul><li>Write down as many letters as you can remember </li></ul><ul><li>How many did you get? </li>...
OTTFFSSENT <ul><li>How can you remember these letters?] </li></ul><ul><li>Visual – see them as a picture </li></ul><ul><li...
3 STAGES OF MEMORY <ul><li>Sensory – 1 st  recording </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term – working, right now </li></ul><ul><ul><...
FORGETTING AND MEMORY IMPROVEMENT <ul><li>Recognition  - identify </li></ul><ul><li>Recall  - bring back to mind </li></ul...
AMNESIA <ul><li>Infantile Amnesia – forgetting of early events </li></ul><ul><li>Anterograde Amnesia – trauma; no new memo...
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY <ul><li>Drill and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Relate to what you already know </li></ul><ul><li>Unusu...
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Memory

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Transcript of "Memory"

  1. 1. MEMORY The process by which we recollect prior experiences, information, and skills learned in the past.
  2. 2. 3 KINDS OF MEMORY <ul><li>Episodic – from events </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flashbulb – specific events </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Generic – general knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Procedural – procedures (skills) </li></ul>
  3. 3. 3 PROCESSES OF MEMORY <ul><li>Encoding – translating information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acoustic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic – “relating to meaning” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance Rehearsal - repeating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elaborative Rehearsal - relating to previous info </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Retrieval </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Context-Dependent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State-Dependent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. OTTFFSSENT <ul><li>You have 30 seconds to memorize these letters. </li></ul>
  5. 5. HOW DID YOU REMEMBER? <ul><li>Write down as many letters as you can remember </li></ul><ul><li>How many did you get? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you remember the letters? </li></ul>
  6. 6. OTTFFSSENT <ul><li>How can you remember these letters?] </li></ul><ul><li>Visual – see them as a picture </li></ul><ul><li>Acoustic – say them to yourself or out loud </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>O nly T iny T ots F eel F riendly… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OTT her Ff lowers SENT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O ne T wo T hree F our F ive… </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 3 STAGES OF MEMORY <ul><li>Sensory – 1 st recording </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term – working, right now </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primacy and Recency Effect – 1 st and last in a series </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chunking - organize and manage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interference – new info. appears and is then replaced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reconstructive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schemas – mental representations that we form of the world by organizing bits of information into knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. FORGETTING AND MEMORY IMPROVEMENT <ul><li>Recognition - identify </li></ul><ul><li>Recall - bring back to mind </li></ul><ul><li>Relearning – don’t remember what you knew </li></ul><ul><li>Decay – fading away </li></ul><ul><li>Repression – forgetting without knowing </li></ul>
  9. 9. AMNESIA <ul><li>Infantile Amnesia – forgetting of early events </li></ul><ul><li>Anterograde Amnesia – trauma; no new memories </li></ul><ul><li>Retrograde Amnesia – can’t remember leading up to the tragic event </li></ul>
  10. 10. IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY <ul><li>Drill and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Relate to what you already know </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual associations </li></ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul><ul><li>Mnemonic devices – systems for remembering info. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HOMES </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roy G. Biv </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
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