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Errors 1st Year Students At E.D., Hulis, Vnu Make With Ending Sounds And Strategies To Overcome Using Communicative Teaching Pham Cam Chi   Extra
 

Errors 1st Year Students At E.D., Hulis, Vnu Make With Ending Sounds And Strategies To Overcome Using Communicative Teaching Pham Cam Chi Extra

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    Errors 1st Year Students At E.D., Hulis, Vnu Make With Ending Sounds And Strategies To Overcome Using Communicative Teaching Pham Cam Chi   Extra Errors 1st Year Students At E.D., Hulis, Vnu Make With Ending Sounds And Strategies To Overcome Using Communicative Teaching Pham Cam Chi Extra Document Transcript

    • Phạm Thị Cẩm Chi- 051E4, HULIS, VNU I hereby state that I: Pham Thi Cam Chi, class 051E4, being a candidate for the degree of Bachelor of Arts (TEFL) accept the requirements of the college relating to the retention and use of Bachelor’s Graduation Paper deposited in the library. In terms of these conditions, I agree that the origin of my paper deposited in the library should be accessible for the purposes of study and research, in accordance with the normal condition established by the librarian for the care, loan or reproduction of the paper. Signature: Pham Thi Cam Chi May, 2009
    • Errors 1st year students at E.D., HULIS, VNU make with ending sounds and strategies to overcome using communicative teaching. TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgement Abstract List of tables, figures and charts CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION....................................................................1 1.1. Statement of the problem and rationale of the study.....................1 1.2. Aim of the study.............................................................................2 1.3. Scope of the study..........................................................................3 1.4. Methodology..................................................................................3 1.4.1. Design.........................................................................................3 1.4.2. Population...................................................................................3 1.4.3. Data collection instruments and procedure................................4 1.4.4. Data analysis procedure.............................................................4 CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW........................................................ 6 2.1. English pronunciation................................................................... 6 2.1.1. Standard English Pronunciation................................................. 6 2.1.2. English sounds........................................................................... 8 2.1.2.1. Vowel sounds................................................................... 8 2.1.2.2. Consonant sounds............................................................. 9 2.1.2.3. English ending sounds...................................................... 11 2.2. Vietnamese ending sounds........................................................... 14 2.3. Pronunciation errors..................................................................... 16 2.3.1. What is pronunciation error...................................................... 16 2.3.2. Ending sounds errors................................................................ 18 2.4. Communicative Language Teaching........................................... 20
    • Phạm Thị Cẩm Chi- 051E4, HULIS, VNU CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY................................................................. 23 3.1. Subjects....................................................................................... 23 3.2. Data collection procedure........................................................... 24 3.3. Data analysis procedure.............................................................. 25 CHAPTER 4: RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS........................................... 27 4.1. Errors concerned with ending sounds of first year students in E.D, HULIS, VNU........................................................... 27 4.1.1. Final consonants errors............................................................. 27 4.1.1.1. Reduction and substitution.............................................. 29 4.1.1.1.1. Errors with single final consonant................................ 29 4.1.1.1.2. Errors with final clusters.............................................. 36 4.1.1.2. Insertion errors................................................................ 39 4.1.2. Linking sounds errors............................................................... 40 4.2. Strategies to overcome using communicative teaching method..42 4.2.1. Suggestions when using CLT................................................... 43 4.2.1.1. CLT is used along with teachers' instruction.................. 43 4.2.1.2. Groups work must be used effectively............................ 47 4.2.1.3. Authentic native-nonnative communicating in class....... 47 4.2.1.4. Prediction of students' errors........................................... 48 4.2.2. CLT activities to deal with final sounds errors........................ 49 CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION....................................................................... 53 REFERENCES.................................................................................. 56 APPENDICES
    • Errors 1st year students at E.D., HULIS, VNU make with ending sounds and strategies to overcome using communicative teaching. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to express my gratitude to all those who gave me support and advice to complete this paper. Firstly, I want to thank the English Department of Hanoi University of Languages and International Studies for giving me permission to carry out this paper in the first instance. I am deeply indebted to my supervisor Khoa Anh Viet, MA from HULIS, VNU whose precious comments, stimulating suggestions and encouragement helped me a lot during the time of writing of this thesis. I have furthermore thanks to John Woods, MA from University of Central Oklahoma, USA and Katie Monk, BA from ILA English teaching center, Vietnam for their stimulating support and valuable hints. Finally, these special thanks should be given to my family and friends, without whose support and encouragement, the preparation of this thesis would not have been possible.
    • Phạm Thị Cẩm Chi- 051E4, HULIS, VNU ABSTRACT Nowadays when English is becoming more and more popular as an international language, it is an important duty of education that users of English should communicate successfully with the target language. To develop learners' oral communication, Communicative Language Teaching is applied, which, however, leads to the neglect of pronunciation in EFL class. Many teachers have complained and many learners have self-criticized about their pronunciation. Among the pronunciation errors occur in Vietnamese learners, this paper aims to deal with ending sounds errors of first year students in Vietnam National University, Hanoi University of Languages and international Studies, English Department. This is also the typical errors of Vietnamese students. Data were collected randomly from 35 students from four different classes through observation and recordings. After classifying synthesizing the data, the finding point out that first year students tend to omit, replace the final consonants or add an additional sound to the end of words. As these errors are typical for first year students, the paper also provides some suggestions for teaching pronunciation using the current trend's method: communicative teaching.
    • Errors 1st year students at E.D., HULIS, VNU make with ending sounds and strategies to overcome using communicative teaching. LIST OF TABLES, FIGURES, CHARTS AND ABBREVIATIONS TABLES Table 1: Table of consonant sounds Table 2: Table 2: sounds that cause less difficulty Table 3: English consonants that often cause errors from the findings Table 4: Realizations of errors with single final consonants Table 5: Component of coda clusters FIGURES Figure 1: Vowel chart (John, 1998:23) Figure 2: Sample teaching aid for role play Figure 3: sample of sound pictures CHARTS Chart 1: Types of errors Chart 2: Times that times common errors took place with each sound Chart 3: Sounds inserted at final position ABBREVIATIONS CLT: Communicative Language Teaching EFL: English as Foreign Language
    • Phạm Thị Cẩm Chi- 051E4, HULIS, VNU Appendix 1: checklist for observation Checklist for observation Date: Time: Group: Place: Duration of tape recording: Subject: Lesson: Total number of Subjects: Speakers Targeted sounds Mispronounced words Repetition times
    • Errors 1st year students at E.D., HULIS, VNU make with ending sounds and strategies to overcome using communicative teaching. Appendix 4: Sample finding from recordings FINDING FROM CLASSROOM OBSERVATION Date: 09/04/2009 Time: 9.50 - 11.30 AM Subject: S4.E44/09 Targeted Mis- pronounced Types of errors Repetition sounds words Reduction Insertion Substitution times 1.Consonan t sounds: /t  reach γ 1 /t/ debt γ 1 don't γ 3 profit γ 1 chart γ 1 rate γ 2 /k/ stock γ 2 /v/ save γ 1 five γ 2 /z/ farmers γ 1 2.Consonan t clusters /mp/ slump γ 1 / k/ bank γ 2 /nt/ point γ 2 222   world γ 1 /st/ lowest γ 1 first γ 2
    • Phạm Thị Cẩm Chi- 051E4, HULIS, VNU must γ 3 fast γ 1 /kst/ effects γ 1 3. Linking sounds ending /t/ habit of 1 Appendix 3: Sample finding from observation FINDING FROM CLASSROOM OBSERVATION Date: 13/04/2009 Time: 9.50 - 11.30 AM Subject: S8.E44/13
    • Errors 1st year students at E.D., HULIS, VNU make with ending sounds and strategies to overcome using communicative teaching. Targeted Mis- pronounced Types of errors Repetition sounds words times Reduction Insertion Substitution 1.Consonan t sounds: /l goal γ 2 whole γ 1 /t/ hate γ 1 /k/ like γ 2 /z/ emphasize γ 1 2.Consonan t clusters /lv/ involve => γ 1 invold /kst/ next /nekst/ => γ 2 /nek/ 3. Linking sounds ending /v/ have a 1 ending /l/ all about 1 ending /d/ end of 1 ending /d/ would you 2 ending /s/ absence of 1 Appendix 2: Sample finding from ovservation FINDING FROM CLASSROOM OBSERVATION Date: 13/04/2009 Time: 9.50 - 11.30 AM Subject: S12.E24/13
    • Phạm Thị Cẩm Chi- 051E4, HULIS, VNU Targeted Mis- pronounced Types of errors Repetition sounds words times Reduction Insertion Substitution 1.Consonan t sounds: /t might γ 1 don't γ 2 quite γ wright γ /z/ ways γ 1 case γ 2 /s/ sequence γ 1 2.Consonan t clusters /nt/ account γ 1 agreement γ 1 /ts/ parts γ 3 /ns/ silence γ 1 /st/ request lack /t/ γ 1 / / accomplished γ 1 /kst/ next γ 3 /nts/ represents γ 1 3. Linking sounds ending /d/ it is 3 ending /s/ office on 1 as you 1