Andrew Carnegie- Scottish immigrant that worked his way From 1862 to up through society 1900 nearly and eventually 600,000 families owned the Carnegie took advantage of Steel Company Soddy Homes- House the Homestead which at one point made of stacks of prairie Act and moved manufactured nearly turf. Animals borrowed West. These all of the worlds in them but the houses families were steel. were fireproof and known as cheap to make. Homesteaders. 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865The Homestead Act was a African Americanslaw enacted that provided Sand Creek Massacre known as “Exodusters”160 acres in the west to move west from the occurs in the great plainsany citizen who was head deep south in region as U.S. troops areof household and would conclusion to the ordered by General S.R.cultivate the land for five Homestead Act. Curtis to slaughter a tribe ofyears. This law led to Cheyenne Indians forsettlers claiming private returning to their oldproperty previously reservation. The attack atreserved for native dawn on November 29,americans. 1864 killed over 150 inhabitants
The Oliver Kelley started the Transcontinental Tammany Hall- Patrons of Husbandry, an Railroad was Democratic completed in 1869, organization for farmers political machine liking the Atlantic that became popularly in New York City and Pacific coasts of known as the Grange and led by Boss the United States. Tweed. encouraged families to This railroad allowed Overcharged promote the economic well- taxpayers for nationwide being of the community transportation that projects and agriculture. united the country. throughout the city so they could gain some profit. 1886 1867 1868 1869 1870Buffalo Soldiers-Name given to Sitting Bull- Patronage- Sincethe all black Leader of the the beginning ofregiments of the Hunkpapa Sioux the 19th centuryU.S. Calvary. tribe. Killed by presidents hadName was police after that complained aboutinvented by the believed he was the problem ofnative Americans organizing a givingtribes they fought. group of Indians government jobs to overthrow the to people who police and had helped a government candidate get elected.
Urbanization- Therewas a suddengrowth in populationof the large cities aspeople moved thereto live for cheaper. Greenbacks- Credit Mobilier- A Political party scandal in 1872 established in 1874 which the Union that supported the Pacific Railway sold production and use stock to politicians in of government return for favors. issued currency. 1871 1873 1875 Andrew Carnegie- Single handedly Long Drive- relayed messages Cowboys Ellis Island- transported cattle that unsnarled a Immigration station over a 3 month trek tangle of freight and in New York City. selling some of them passenger trains. He One of the largest along the way. was the first stations in the U.S.. industrial moguls to Mostly Europeans make his own passed through fortune. here. Immigrants had to pass a series of health exams to be admitted into the country.
Nez Perce- tribe of Poll tax- native Americans in Requirement to the pacific voters stating theyThomas Edison- northwest. The tribe had to pay anFamous inventor battled but annual tax in orderand developer of the eventually to vote. Most blacksfirst research lab. He surrendered to the were too poor toalso developed the US Calvary in 1877 afford thislight bulb and marking thespreading electricity somewhat end tothroughout the battles betweennation. natives and the US government. 1876 1877 1878 1880 Karl Marx- GermanAlexander Graham Chief Joseph- leader Philosopher that Literacy Test- ThereBell- Inventor of the of the Nez Perce opposed socialism were many votingtelephone tribe that and communism. He restrictions in the surrendered to the believed the working period of time. Most US in Montana. class and poor states denied blacksTelephone- Device the right to vote . should help controlinvented to verbally Some states even society this methodspeak with someone George Eastman- required a literacy was known aa long distance away American inventor test to see how well Marxism.through a headset. that invented the someone could read Kodak camera, a which would camera using determine if they flexible film that could vote or not. could easily be unloaded and the pictures be developed
Gilded Age- Era of William Randolph post civil war time Hearst- Wealthy that saw a rapid of businessman that growth in the owned multiple economy and major newspapers population. One of and printed the biggest jumps in exaggerated tales to American History. attract readers. 1881 1883 1885 Robber Baron- TermJim Crow Laws- used for wealthy Ragtime- A style ofSegregation laws businessmen who music that combinedpassed to deny unethically and African AmericansAfrican Americans of immorally obtained spiritual tunes andtheir rights and their wealth. European which wasseparate them from loud and promotedwhites. dancing freely. This lead to many other types of music.
Jane Adams- most prominent reformer Ida B. Wells- An of the era that educated black helped turn focus to woman that worked the care of children hard to move herselfGrange- Also known and welfare. up in the social classas Patrons of and believed theHusbandry. Made to U.S. governmentset up coops and was content onsupport railroad hindering blacksconditions to rural from beingfarm communities. successful. 1886 1888 1890 Graft- Illegal use of Ghost Dance- AWilliam Jennings political influence to ritual that theBryan- Nebraska make money. prophet Bisioux,Congressman that Politicians would brought up a lot ofdelivered the overcharge for controversy withfamous “cross of projects. Americans.gold speech” andalso ran forPresident in thedemocrats in 1896. Haymarket Affair- In an 1886 worker strike in Chicago an unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at a police force killing 8 people.
Booker T. Washington – Great leader for blacks who represented former slaves and equal rights. He strongly spoke out against segregation for the African Americans. 1891 1893 1895 William McKinley- Pullman Strike- APopulist- A Republican major strike betweensupporter of the nominee for labor unions and thesystem of Populism Omaha Platform- President in 1896 U.S. Railways whenin which the Convention held in who supported the wages were cut andcommon peoples Omaha, Nebraska gold system for the work daysneeds are favored for the Populist party early parts of his lengthened. Strikeover the wealthy and which stated their campaign. Won was at one pointelite. beliefs and presidency as the 250,000 people established their 25th president. strong and Labor platforms. day was established in conclusion to this. Strikers damaged a lot of property.
John D. Rockefeller- Established an oil company, joined with competing W.E.B. Dubois- First African companies and trust American to receive agreements. 19051901 Monopoly- United States of Steel was one of the most common companies to form a monopoly.