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The geography of food

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Food consumption

Food consumption

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The geography of food The geography of food Presentation Transcript

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    • A song produced in UK to raise money for the people suffering in the Ethiopian famine in 1984-85.
    • A song produced in USA to raise money for African famine relief
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  • Increase in consumption of healthy food Increase in consumption of larger variety of food
    • Many people are consuming foods found to have health benefits such as olive oil
    • More people are also consuming organic foods although it is more expensive
    • This is due to increasing affluence and the ease of obtaining health-related information form the internet which makes people more health-conscious
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    • Due to globalisation, people are exposed to different types of food around the world
    • Modified food (fusion) to cater to needs of people in certain areas
    • Due to rising affluence and purchasing power so they travel more and taste different foods
    • People also get more education so they are more open-minded to try new foods
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  • Changes in consumption of carbohydrates Increase in consumption of non-staple food
    • Carbohydrates make up a smaller proportion of daily diet due to increased variety of non-staple food
    • Preference for cereals (wheat, rice and corn) instead of roots and tubers (sweet potatoes, yams and cassava)
    • Consumption of non-staple food such as meat and fish increases
    • Increase in proportion of proteins and fats
    • This could be due to the introduction of fast food restaurants which sells food rich in protein and fats
    • AFFORDABILITY
    • ACCESSIBILITY
    • SECURITY
    • Depends on purchasing power
    • People in DCs have higher income so they have higher purchasing power hence they can buy enough food and a variety to enjoy
    • Non-staple food are more expensive than staple food so only people with more purchasing power can afford them
    Increase wages  Afford better food
      • Japan: major importer of tropical fruits from China, Philippines and Indonesia
      • USA: world’s largest consumer of coffee with most imports coming from Central and S. America
    • Is this good for the LDCs?
      • So how people meet this demand?
        • More farmland in the LDCs once used for growing staple crops for local consumption are now used to grow non-staple food for export instead
      • Do not earn much from the exported goods
      • Affordability/ Economic power
    • Transport facilities
      • Facilitates food distribution
    • Food outlets
      • Urban areas have more supermarkets and food chains which offer a large variety of food
    • Globalisation
      • Expansion of food business to foreign market
    • Trade
      • Presence of trade barriers and sanctions
    • NATURAL FACTORS
    • Disasters such as floods, droughts, earthquakes and hurricanes (eg. Katrina)
    • Spread of diseases such as bird flu and mad cow disease results in animals dying or culled as a result of the infection
    • HUMAN FACTORS
    • War and conflicts destroys livestock and crops
    • Farmers may also abandon their fields to escape
    • STARVATION
    • MALNUTRITION
    • OBESITY
    • Caused by shortage of food (< 1000 kcal a day)
    • Due to lack of food or fats for energy production, the body burns muscle tissues resulting in them becoming skeletally thin
    • Results in permanent organ damage and death
    • Caused by imbalanced amount of nutrients over a period of time due to lack of eating
    • Can be caused by low harvest or low purchasing power
    • Can also be due to eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia
    • Gets less resistant to illnesses and may cause permanent damage to organs and death
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    • Vitamin B1: Beriberi
    • Vitamin C: Scurvy
    • Vitamin D: Rickets
    • Proteins: Kwashiorkor
    • Iron: Anaemia
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    • Consumption of too much nutrients than what the body can use which is stored as fats
    • More common in DCs than LDCs due to higher calorie intake
    • May lead to health conditions such as high blood pressure and heart disease
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  • consumes 12000 calories a day size XXXXXXXL Spends $750 on food a week
  • needs a scooter to move around cannot walk more than 7 m needed 30 medics to deliver her daughter