Greek Gods

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  • 1. TOPICS Chaos The Titans Theogony Deocalion’s Flood
  • 2. Greek Mythology – 1st Part The CHAOS
  • 3. The CHAOS *According to the Hesiod's Theogony (around 700 BC), in the beginning there was Chaos as a primeval state of existence. *Chaos was the primal emptiness- a dark, silent, formless and infinite oddity with no trace of life. *Out of Chaos, Mother Earth Gaea first came to existence. Full of life and power, Gaea created high mountains, low lands, rivers, lakes and seas.
  • 4. The CHAOS *Soon Chaos created Tartarus, the embodiment of the Underworld who built his home deep below the World of Gaea. Gaea and Tartarus united and created Typhoeus(Typhoon), an appalling, fire breathing dragon with hundred heads. *Then, love appeared out of Chaos, in the form of Eros. Eros was the most handsome of all greek gods and invincible by nature.
  • 5. The CHAOS * Chaos also gave birth to Erebus, the symbolization of the dark silence, and Nyx, the embodiment of the night. *With the intervention of Eros, Erebus and Nyx united and Nyx created Aether (the Atmosphere) and Hemera (the Day).
  • 6. FAMILY TREE OF THE FIRST GREEK GODS
  • 7. Greek Mythology – 2nd Part THE FIRST GREEK GODS The Titans of Ancient Greece * The Titans were a race of primordial, powerful deities that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. The Titans were created by Gaea, the goddess of the Earth and Uranus, the god of the Heaven who embraced Gaea strongly with his starry coat. Gaea and Uranus became the first divine couple of the World.
  • 8. THE FIRST GREEK GODS The Titans of Ancient Greece * The Titans were the first to dwell in Mount Olympus in Ancient Greece, but were overthrown and expelled to the lower basement of Hades, the Tartarus, after their defeat in a huge battle with the Olympian Gods, known as Titanomachy.
  • 9. The Superior Titans Gaea Mother Earth Uranus Ruler of the Heaven and the Sky The Main Titans Atlas Titan of Astronomy Prometheus Titan of Wisdom and Forethought
  • 10. Titan Couples Cronus Ruling Titan and Father of the Olympian Gods Rhea Mother of the Olympian Gods
  • 11. Titan Couples Coeus The Titan of Intelligence Phoebe The Titaness of Brilliance and the Moon
  • 12. Titan Couples Hyperion Titan of Light and Observation Theia Titaness of Sight
  • 13. Titan Couples Oceanus The Ruler of the Waters and the Seas Tethys The Titaness of the Wet Element and the Oceans
  • 14. Further Titans Crius Titan of Leadership and Domestic Animals Iapetus Titan of Mortality
  • 15. Further Titans Mnemosyne Titaness of Memory Themis Titaness of Law, Justice and Order
  • 16. Greek Mythology – 3rd Part The THEOGONY * The ancient Greek mankind, trying to explain certain metaphysical phenomena and anxieties, invented amazing myths concerning the Cosmogony (the creation of the World) and the Theogony (the birth of the Gods). Thus, the ancient Greek people created their own splendid, yet human-like world of gods, justifying the various abstract significances like Love, Birth or Death.
  • 17. The THEOGONY *The origins of the gods of ancient Greek religion are described in the Theogony, the famous poem which was composed by the Greek writer Hesiod around 700 BC, and the Library of Apollodorus. The creation of the gods needs to be divided into four parts.
  • 18. The THEOGONY The Coming into Existence of Chaos * First there was Chaos, a rough unordered mass of things, also considered as a void. Chaos was followed by Gaea (Earth) and Eros(Desire), who came to cancel every logical thought or act. Gaea then brought Uranus (the Heaven), the infinite Pontus (the Sea) with his raging waves and high mountains full of forests to the world.
  • 19. The THEOGONY The Castration of Uranus
  • 20. The THEOGONY The Castration of Uranus * Uranus' task was to surround and cover Gaea with his starry coat, however, it very soon came to a union between Uranus and Gaea and they became the first divine couple in the world. * Gaea bore Uranus twelve Titans: the deep Oceanus, Coeus, Crius,Hyperion, Iapetus, Thei a, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, the goldenwreathed Phoebe the charming Tethys, and Cronus, who was the youngest of all.
  • 21. The THEOGONY The Castration of Uranus * Furthermore, she produced three one-eyed creatures called Cyclopes (Brontes, Steropes and heady Arges), as well as three hundred-handed creatures called Hecatonchires. * Uranus was fearful of his children overthrowing him, so he pushed his children back one by one into the womb of Gaea. His wife Gaea was in deep grief and sorrow over the loss of her own children, so in the end she decided to hand a sickle to her son Cronus, the youngest of the Titans, in order to castrate his father.
  • 22. The THEOGONY The Castration of Uranus * Furthermore, she produced three one-eyed creatures called Cyclopes (Brontes, Steropes and heady Arges), as well as three hundred-handed creatures called Hecatonchires. * Uranus was fearful of his children overthrowing him, so he pushed his children back one by one into the womb of Gaea. His wife Gaea was in deep grief and sorrow over the loss of her own children, so in the end she decided to hand a sickle to her son Cronus, the youngest of the Titans, in order to castrate his father.
  • 23. The THEOGONY The Castration of Uranus * Cronus castrated his father while he was sleeping; the blood from Uranus was collected by Mother Earth Gaea and she produced Erinyes (Furies), Giants and Nymphs. Cronus then threw his father's genitals into the sea, around which foams developed, that started in the island of Kythera and then slowly made their way to the island of Paphos, in modern Cyprus. In Paphos, the foams transformed into Aphrodite, the Olympian goddess of Love and Beauty.
  • 24. The THEOGONY The Great Escape of Zeus from the Threat of Cronus *Soon afterwards, Cronus rescued his brothers and sisters and shared the World (the Cosmos) with them. Then, Cronus married his sister Rhea and together they created children who would later on become the Olympian gods. * However, Cronus became fearful as well so he started to swallow his own children, just like his father.
  • 25. The THEOGONY The Great Escape of Zeus from the Threat of Cronus * Rhea was highly discomforted, so, in her attempt to save her youngest child, Zeus, she tricked her husband by giving a huge stone to swallow. Rhea then sent Zeus to the Greek island of Crete in order to protect him.
  • 26. The THEOGONY The Victorious Battle of the Olympian Gods against the Titans (Titanomachy) * Zeus grew up in the island of Crete. He was fed by the goat Amaltheia and the Nymphs took good care of him. Doves brought him ambrosia from far away to eat and an eagle brought him nectar to drink. When he reached manhood, as prophesied, Zeus rescued his five elder brothers and sisters and then started a war against his father and the Titans. This war is also known as also known as the "Titanomachy".
  • 27. The THEOGONY The Victorious Battle of the Olympian Gods against the Titans (Titanomachy) * In this battle, Zeus succeeded in overthrowing Cronus, casting him and the other Titans into the depths of the Underworld. A huge battle with the Giants followed, where the Olympian Gods excelled... and then time had come for the Olympian gods to rule the world!
  • 28. Greek Mythology – 4th Part Deucalion's Flood
  • 29. Deucalion's Flood * When Prometheus stole fire from the King of the gods Zeus and gave it to humans, humans were no longer afraid of the cold and slowly they started progressing. However, instead of being good people, they turned out to be bad and unfair.
  • 30. Deucalion's Flood * Furiously, the King of the gods Zeus one day decided to destroy the human race. But in Thessaly, in Central Greece, there lived the son of Prometheus, Deucalion, and his wife Pyrrha. Those people were good and righteous and Zeus felt pity for them and didn't want them to die.
  • 31. Deucalion's Flood * So he asked from Deucalion to build an ark. Deucalion obeyed, and when he built the ark and gathered all the necessary supplies, he entered the ark with his wife. Zeus then opened the heavens and it rained so much that all the land of Greece transformed into a sea.
  • 32. Deucalion's Flood * For nine days and nine nights, Deucalion's ark was wandering around, until finally it stopped at the top of Mount Parnassus. Suddenly, the rain stopped, and Deucalion with Pyrrha stepped out of the ark and made sacrifices to thank Zeus for saving them.
  • 33. Deucalion's Flood * But, obviously, they were very sad and cried, because the world they were now living in was lonely... Zeus felt sorry for the couple, so he sent his messenger Hermes to grant them a wish. The couple asked for people.
  • 34. Deucalion's Flood * "Go back and throw stones", he told them and so they did. The stones that Deucalion threw became men and those of Pyrra became women . This way, once again a new race of men was created. The first stone thrown by Deucalion became a man called Hellen (Hellinas). According to the legend, from Hellen and his descendants the Greek people (the "Hellenes") originate.
  • 35. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses * The Olympian gods were the main gods of Ancient Greece. After overthrowing their ancestors, the Titans, the Olympian gods became the rulers of the World (Cosmos), representing the civilization of the world. The Olympian gods majestically and democratically dwelled on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece, built by the Cyclopes. The leader of the Olympian gods was Zeus. a
  • 36. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses * The gods were born and grew just like human beings, some of them even married, however they were unaging and death never came to them. They lived inside human-like bodies with an ethereal fluid called ichor running through the veins. They had passions and human weaknesses and were many times at fault, but were then obliged to take the full responsibility of their actions.
  • 37. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses *Greek myths always refer to the twelve Gods of Mount Olympus, but actually, in total there were more Olympian Gods in Greek Mythology. However, there were never more than twelve at one time. The four alternative gods were Hestia, Hades, Dionysus and Demeter, depending on the location.
  • 38. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses Aphrodite The sensual goddess of Love and Beauty Apollo The youthful god of the Sun and the Music
  • 39. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses Ares Artemis The fierce god of War The wild goddess of the Hunt
  • 40. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses Athena Demeter The sophisticated goddess of Wisdom and Arts The natural goddess of the Harvest
  • 41. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses Dionysus Hades The joyful god of Wine The gloomy god of the Underworld
  • 42. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses Hephaestus Hera The illfavored god of Metallurgy The mature goddess of the Family
  • 43. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses Hermes Hestia The cunning god of the Trade The calm goddess of the Hearth
  • 44. Olympian Greek Gods & Goddesses Poseidon Zeus The moody god of the Seas The superior King of the Gods and Ruler of Mankind
  • 45. Reported By: •Kimberly Dela Cruz •John Louie Edep
  • 46. Thank You