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Australian Aborigines: People scattered across the
continent living as hunters and gatherers. 300 clans, 250
languages and 700 dialects. All share the belief of
Discovered by the Dutch in the
early 1600’s.But it was Englishman James Cook
who claimed Australia for Britain in 1770.
used the country as a
penal colony and a total of
160,000 people came to
Australia as convicts.
Europeans sold the land
of Aborigines and killed
thousands of them to claim land.
Finally in 1901 that the whole of
Australia came under 1 constitution.
ANZAC Day 25th
Commemorating the death of those
who died in Gallipoli.
…Some more History
Ned Kelly- Most Infamous Outlaw.
Died at 25 in 1880.
Australia is in the Southern
Because it is south of the equator, the seasons
in Australia are the opposite of those in
Taiwan: it’s winter in Australia when it’s
summer in Taiwan.
- It’s the 6th biggest country in the world.
- It’s an island, surrounded by water.
- It’s the smallest continent in the world.
Australia is composed of 5 States and 2
Western Australia, Northern Territory,
Queensland, South Australia, New South Wales,
Victoria + Tasmania
ACT ie. Australian Captial
Where are the majority of important cities in
The capital city is
The biggest city is Sydney,
where there is the famous
Sydney Opera House.
OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES
Since the 1 January 1901, the six
old colonies came under one
federation, and the
Commonwealth of Australia was
formed. There are three branches
in the government:
The capital city is Canberra, located in the
Australian Capital Territory.
There are three major
The Australian Labor
The Liberal Party
The National Party.
Australia‘s foreign relations driven by close
associations with the UNITED –STATES
Australia has a strong desire to develop
relationships with Asia and the Pacific
Australia is also a member of the Commonwealth of
Nations. Australia has pursued the cause of
international trade liberation. Australia is a founding
member of the United Nations and maintains an
international aid programme under which 60
countries receive assistance.
Australia is rich in mineral resources,
notably bauxite, coal, diamonds, gold,
iron ore, mineral sands, natural gas,
nickel, petroleum, and uranium.
Readily cultivable farmland is at a
premium because much of the land is
Religion is freedom of choice
61.1% Christian - 25.3% Roman Catholic
22.3 % No Religion- (humanism, atheism, agnosticism and
7.2 %Non-Christian religions- 2.5 % Buddhist
The remaining 9.4% did not report.
Education and Health Care
-School is Compulsory from ages
5-16 years old.
-16-17 required to attend school
or participate in some kind of
-Australia is among one of the
most expensive places to attend
Australia has the fourth highest
life expectancy in the world after
Iceland, Japan and Hong Kong.
Life expectancy in Australia in
2010 was 79.5 years for males
and 84.0 years for females.