Australia

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Australia

  1. 1. AustraliaAustralia
  2. 2. Fast FactsFast Facts Population- 23,110,916 Area- 7,692,024 km2 Prime Minister – Kevin Rudd Language- English
  3. 3. THE AUSTRALIAN FLAG Union Flag 6th British colony. The Commonwealth 7 pointed star represents the 7 territories. Southern cross symbolizes the constellation.
  4. 4. The Coat of Arms
  5. 5. Australian Aborigines: People scattered across the continent living as hunters and gatherers. 300 clans, 250 languages and 700 dialects. All share the belief of Dreamtime.
  6. 6. Discovered by the Dutch in the early 1600’s.But it was Englishman James Cook who claimed Australia for Britain in 1770. Britain 1st used the country as a penal colony and a total of 160,000 people came to Australia as convicts. Europeans sold the land of Aborigines and killed thousands of them to claim land. Finally in 1901 that the whole of Australia came under 1 constitution. HISTORY
  7. 7. ANZAC Day 25th of April- Commemorating the death of those who died in Gallipoli. …Some more History Ned Kelly- Most Infamous Outlaw. Died at 25 in 1880.
  8. 8. Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere. Because it is south of the equator, the seasons in Australia are the opposite of those in Taiwan: it’s winter in Australia when it’s summer in Taiwan. LOCATION
  9. 9. - It’s the 6th biggest country in the world. - It’s an island, surrounded by water. - It’s the smallest continent in the world.
  10. 10. Australia is composed of 5 States and 2 Territories: Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria + Tasmania ACT ie. Australian Captial Territory
  11. 11. Where are the majority of important cities in Australia?
  12. 12. The capital city is Canberra. CITIES The biggest city is Sydney, where there is the famous Sydney Opera House.
  13. 13. OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES Melbourne PerthAdelaide Brisbane
  14. 14. Climates Arid Dessert Lush Forest Snowcapped Mountains
  15. 15. Fauna Kangaroo Koalas Echidna Platypus Reptiles Birds
  16. 16. Mc Laren Valley - South Australia
  17. 17. 12 Apostles - Victoria
  18. 18. Great Barrier Reef - Queensland
  19. 19. Uluru - Northern Territory
  20. 20. Sydney- Bondi Beach
  21. 21. Political Issues  Since the 1 January 1901, the six old colonies came under one federation, and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed. There are three branches in the government:  the legislature:  The executive:  The judiciary: The capital city is Canberra, located in the Australian Capital Territory. Canberra  There are three major political parties:  The Australian Labor Party  The Liberal Party  The National Party.
  22. 22. Relations Australiaforeign countries  Australia‘s foreign relations driven by close associations with the UNITED –STATES  Australia has a strong desire to develop relationships with Asia and the Pacific  Australia is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Australia has pursued the cause of international trade liberation. Australia is a founding member of the United Nations and maintains an international aid programme under which 60 countries receive assistance.
  23. 23. The currency is the Australian dollar.
  24. 24. Trade links : agricultural
  25. 25. Resources  Australia is rich in mineral resources, notably bauxite, coal, diamonds, gold, iron ore, mineral sands, natural gas, nickel, petroleum, and uranium. Readily cultivable farmland is at a premium because much of the land is desert. Iron ore
  26. 26. Religion Religion is freedom of choice 61.1% Christian - 25.3% Roman Catholic 17.1 %Anglican 22.3 % No Religion- (humanism, atheism, agnosticism and rationalism) 7.2 %Non-Christian religions- 2.5 % Buddhist 2.2 %Islam 1.3%Hinduism 0.5 %Judaism The remaining 9.4% did not report.
  27. 27. Education and Health Care -School is Compulsory from ages 5-16 years old. -16-17 required to attend school or participate in some kind of vocational training. -TAFE -Australia is among one of the most expensive places to attend University. Australia has the fourth highest life expectancy in the world after Iceland, Japan and Hong Kong. Life expectancy in Australia in 2010 was 79.5 years for males and 84.0 years for females. Medicare
  28. 28. Sydney Opera and Harbour Bridge
  29. 29. Australian Art
  30. 30. Some Famous Australians
  31. 31. Australian Cuisine
  32. 32. Cuisine
  33. 33. Sports are a very big part of Australian Culture. surfing swimming cricket Australian Football Tennis Rugby
  34. 34. End

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