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Cemetery Preservation Beginners Workshop

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PowerPoint presentation from Jeannie Regan-Dinius, Director of Special Initiatives, DNR-DHPA

PowerPoint presentation from Jeannie Regan-Dinius, Director of Special Initiatives, DNR-DHPA

Published in: Education

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Transcript

  • 1. A Grave Matter in Indiana
  • 2.
    • Part of our cultural landscape
    • The size, ornamentation, and documentation of European sites varies
    • Native American Sites vary by time period, cultural group, and family beliefs
  • 3.  
  • 4. Legal Protection of Cemeteries
  • 5. Cemeteries Today
    • Today more and more of these lost cemeteries in Indiana have been unearthed because of the sprawl construction.
    • Accidental discoveries occur.
    • Constituents are more and more concerned about this and have begun lobbying.
    • Convinced legislature to pass laws.
  • 6. Indiana Laws
      • IC 14-21-1-13.5
      • Authorizes the Department of Natural Resources – Division of
      • Historic Preservation and Archaeology to conduct a survey
      • program of every cemetery and burial ground in Indiana
  • 7. GOAL
    • It is estimated that there are 20,000 sites in the state.
    • Only one staff member given the responsibility to work on this project.
    • Therefore, need to rely on volunteers.
  • 8. GOALS
    • Location
    • Location
    • Location
    • Did I mention, location?
    • Art/architecture
    • General religion
    • General ethnicity
    • Condition
    • Resources
  • 9. Why DNR?
    • 1966 Historic Preservation Act
    • Responsibilities
    • DHPA
  • 10. Cemetery Registry Form
  • 11. SHAARD
    • Online database of historic resources in Indiana.
    • For cemeteries, have “A” – “Ripley” in the database (other counties past “Ripley” are also in) with more every day
    • Always looking for more and corrected information/data.
    • www.in.gov/dnr/historic/4505.htm
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. Indiana Laws
      • IC 14-21-1-7
      • Defines human remains
      • IC 14-21-1-24 and IC 35-43-1-2.1
      • Makes it illegal to farm or conduct animal husbandry in a cemetery
  • 20.
      • IC 14-21-1-26.5
      • A person may not disturb the ground within 100 feet of a burial ground for the purpose of excavating or covering over the ground or erecting, altering or repairing any structure without having a development plan approved by DHPA
  • 21. Indiana Laws
      • IC 14-21-1-27
      • A person finding human remains must notify DHPA within two days. Reburial will in in compliance with state laws.
      • IC 14-21-1-28
      • Makes it illegal to disturb the ground for the purpose of discovering or removing artifacts, burial objects, grave markers, or human remains without a plan with the DHPA.
  • 22. Probing Requirements
    • WRITTEN landowner permission
    • Training
    • Application per cemetery
    • 6 Inch depth
    • Not for graves or burials – for tombstones ONLY
    • It’s good for one year with a possibility of a year extension.
  • 23. Things to remember about probing
    • Before beginning to probe, repair all possible stones with pieces found in the cemetery. The piece missing might simply be stacked in the corner of the cemetery.
    • The probe should be solid-tipped and be blunt-ended; no hollow-core probes. Do not use longer probes as they may penetrate the coffin chambers and contact human remains. Despite common belief, historic graves are rarely as deep as six feet.
    • Create a systematic probing approach; random probing will not help find stones.
    • Identify the most likely place there were stone would be located (i.e. near the head of the grave).
    • Have an understanding of grave orientation. Most historic graves are oriented east-west with the head to the west.
  • 24.  
  • 25.
    • Cleaning stones
    • Mowing or other maintenance
    • Repairs
    • Digging hole for placement of new base
    • Taking stone out of ground if you can see it.
    Don’t Need DHPA Permit For
    • To stick a rod, stick, bar, trowel - ANYTHING in the ground to find a tombstone or grave marker that cannot be seen from above ground
    You Do Need a DHPA Permit to
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28. Indiana Laws
      • IC 14-21-1-29
      • If you find an artifact, notification of our department must be within two days.
      • IC 14-21-2
      • Discusses removal of grave memorial with a new stone must be reported to the County Recorder; Makes selling grave artifacts illegal
  • 29. Indiana Laws
      • IC 14-21-3
      • Before a person buys property containing a cemetery, the current owner must record the deed in the recorder's office with CEMETERY in bold, capital letters on the bottom of the deed
      • IC 23-14-26
      • Discusses the creation of Cemetery Commissions at the county level
  • 30. Indiana Laws
      • IC 23-14-57
      • Describes how cemeteries and human remains are disinterred
      • IC 6-1.1-6.8
      • A person with a cemetery on his/her land may have the value of the land (where the cemetery is located) accessed for $1.00 per acre.
      • IC 23-14
      • Defines a cemetery, discusses care of cemeteries in use, surveys of cemeteries, and other aspects of cemeteries in use.
  • 31. Indiana Laws
      • IC 23-14-68
      • Care of Cemetery by Township
      • *In Existence before February 28, 1939
      • *Taxes are not paid on the property
      • *Not managed by any viable organizations
      • *Cemeteries without funds for maintenance
      • Defines what the Township Trustee must do
        • *Reset and straighten all monuments
        • *Level and seed the ground
        • *Construct fences
        • *Destroy detrimental plant, noxious weed, and rank vegetation
  • 32.
      • IC 35-43
        • Criminal Mischief - allows for a person to be convicted under the criminal mischief law if they vandalize a cemetery
      • To see the entire law, go to http://www.in.gov/legislative/iac/
      • put in the code and the law will be displayed
  • 33. Finding cemeteries
    • Witching
    • Ground penetrating radar
    • Archaeology
    • Depressions
    • Physical Evidence
    • Creeping myrtle/natural environment
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38.  
  • 39. What is the best way to record the location of a cemetery?
  • 40. TOPOS
  • 41. Soil Maps
  • 42. Historic Maps
  • 43. Written/Deeds
  • 44. GIS/GPS
  • 45. Definitions
    • GIS – geographic information systems
    • GPS – global positioning systems
  • 46. Signs
  • 47. Preservation Issues
  • 48. Long Standing Issues
  • 49.  
  • 50. No Documentation
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53. Money
  • 54.  
  • 55.  
  • 56.  
  • 57. Knowledge
  • 58.  
  • 59.  
  • 60.  
  • 61.  
  • 62.  
  • 63.  
  • 64.  
  • 65. Other Concerns
  • 66.  
  • 67.  
  • 68. Cemetery Projects
    • Making sure it is in SHAARD
    • Readings of tombstones
    • History of individuals
    • Flags on veterans’ graves
    • Websites
    • Cleaning up yard
    • Signs at the cemetery
    • Preservation
  • 69. What not to do in the cemetery?
    • Trespass – getting to site
    • Probing (without permit)
    • Moving of stones
    • Taking of stones
    • Improper cleaning methods
    • Vandalize
      • Shaving cream
      • Chalk
      • Peanut butter
  • 70.  
  • 71.  
  • 72. Jeannie Regan-Dinius 317/234-1268 [email_address] www.in.gov/dnr/historic