What is a generation?“Peer personality”- shared events in formativeyears (ages 10-18) have impact“We are what we experienced together” “ A generation is also defined as a series of birth cohorts who share a common location in history and a common peer persona that reflects their collective identity as well as a sense of having shared experiences” (Strauss in Lowery, 2001)
Current Generations Birth YearsO Civic (“GI”)- 1901-1924O Adaptive (“Silent”)- 1925-1942O Idealist (“Boomer”)- 1943- 1960O Reactive (“Gen X”)- 1961-1981O Civic (Millennials or Gen Y)- 1982-2002O Adaptive (Homeland, Gen Z)- 2003- current
A Timeline of Generations of College Students*Note: Those born from 2003 – present are now being considered part of the “Homeland Generation,” the next Adaptive generation
Millennials…aka…• Echo Boom • Generation Tech• Generation Y • Boomer Babies• Generation Next • Generation Why?• Digital Generation• Net Generation • Generation.com• Y2 Kids • Generation 2000• Generation 9/11 • Generation XX• Tell All • The Therapy Generation Generation 6
Critical events, factors, trends in their formative years (1992 – present)• 9/11/2001 (The Fourth • Bush vs. Gore Election Turning?) • Wars (Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq,• Clinton, Bush, & Obama etc.)• School Violence (Columbine, • Death of Princess Diana Virginia Tech, Northern Illinois, • OJ Simpson Trial etc.) • Rodney King Riots• Terrorism and Tragedies • Monica Lewinsky scandal (Tsunami, Katrina, Haiti, etc.) • Capture of Saddam Hussein• Computers • Death of Osama bin Laden• The Internet • Government overthrows in Egypt, Libya, etc.• Social Networking • Economic collapses• McGwire, Sosa, and Bonds • The “Occupy” Movement • Polarization of society 7
Characteristics of MillennialsMainly from the CIRP (CooperativeInstitutional Research Program) study doneby HERI (Higher Education ResearchInstitute) at UCLA
AcademicsPhilosophy for educationChallengesO Arrive late, skip, or leave earlyO Sleep in class or are bored in classO Spend less than 10 hours per week studyingO Text/Tweet/Surf in ClassO Disrupt class with cell phone use
Social ActivismO Civic Minded O More volunteerism in high school O Local and Global
PressureO Overwhelmed and depressedO Physical Appearance/ModestyO Ambitious and driven to achieve O 76% rate their drive to achieve above average O 73% see chief benefit of college as increasing earning power
Parental Involvement“The ways students learned to fend forthemselves developmentally-by building upproblem-solving skills and coping skills-have been undermined with the attention tosupporting them and the immediate contactwith parents at all times.”(Denise Hayes, President of theAssociation for University and CollegeCounseling Center Dirs.)
Social LifeO Too busyO Fear intimacyO Avoid traditional dating (travel in groups/packs)O Casual sexual relationships (not emotional)
TechnologyO Advanced competencyO Frustrations with other generations
High ExpectationsO Expect high (often unrealistic) “customer service”O Expectations of faculty, staffO Want things right now (or 5 minutes ago!)
Team-orientedO Like to work in groupsO Travel in packs
Follow the rulesO Not linked with moralityO About not getting caught O 70% of college students admit to cheating at least once (Center for Academic Integrity)
Group WorkMillennials LOVE working in groups!! Task:If you could redefine the millennialgeneration, what would you keep and whatwould you throw away?
The Lost Generationhttps://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=42E2fAWM6rA
Civic-mindedO Return to this part of the generation cycleO Believe they can change the worldO Optimistic about future
Now what?How can we work with other generationsand help them understand us?
ReferencesLowery, J.W. (2001). The millennials come to campus: John Wesley Lowery talks to William Strauss. About Campus, Jul. – Aug., 6-12.Pryor, J.H. (2010). The American freshman: National Norms forFall 2010. Los Angeles: Higher Education Research Institute,UCLA.Spencer, E. (2011). Understanding and working with themillennials. Blacksburg, VA.Strauss, W. & Howe, N. (1992) Generations: The history ofAmerica’s future, 1584 to 2069. New York: Morrow.Strauss, W., & Howe, N. (1997). The fourth turning: An Americanprophecy. New York: Broadway Books.
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