Assistive technology k billingsPresentation Transcript
Assistive Technology Kelly Billings
Working with students with special needs offers a challenging, but exciting opportunity for teachers to expand their teaching abilities and to help further students’ educational goals.
Individualized Education Program-describes the yearly goals set for a child who has learning difficulties or who has been identified as special needs, and highlights any special student support or assistive technology that will be required to meet the individual goals.
“ Kids with delayed skills or disabilities might be eligible for special services that provide individualized education programs in public schools” (Bachrach 2011).
Parents and educators work together to develop the IEP.
“ An Assistive Technology Device is defined as ‘any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customized, that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities” (IDEA 300.5).
Assistive Technology (AT) helps to promote the independence of the learner by assisting them in performing tasks they are in-able to perform or can only perform with great difficulty. AT provides enhancements, changed methods, or the interaction needed to accomplish such tasks.
Seat the student in an area that bests eliminates distractions.
Give the student a scheduled task sheet which clearly outlines the information and tasks to be covered, and the order they should be completed.
Eliminate excessive visual distractions and clutter.
Keep directions and lectures concise without excess explanations.
Allow the student to utilize chewing gum, and cushy seat, or a stress ball for the student to manipulate.
Allow a proctor to read the test orally to the student.
Encourage the student to “race against the clock” to complete their tasks on time.
Remind students of time intervals when tasking tests or completing timed tasks.
Record the instructions onto a tape or CD the student can take home or replay as needed to refresh their memory of the instructions.
Post instructions to assignments on a class blog or website that students can refer to repeatedly.
Use word processing software to color-code, highlight, and bold instructions on assignments to emphasize key points or instructions. Likewise, allow the student to use a laptop or computer to type instructions or assignments, where they can utilize highlighting tools for their own notes.
Use a computer or stereo to play soft background music without lyrics to encourage concentration.
Mind-mapping internet resources such as www.bubbl.us that can help students sort out their thought processes.
Multimedia versions of textbooks that can provide greater sensory involvement than text on a page.
ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY-AUDITORY DISABILITY
Seat the student towards the front of the room.
Speak slowly and clearly when addressing the class.
Eliminate excess background noise.
Provide typed out instructions for assignments. Do not just rely on oral explanations.
Hearing Assistive Technology Systems (HATS)-”…devices that can help you function better in your day-to-day communication situations. HATS can be used with or without hearing aids or cochlear implants to make hearing easier ﾑ a nd thereby reduce stress and fatigue” ( www.asha.org 2011).
FM Systems-device used to help eliminate background noise or to help adjust the volume of the primary speaker.
Telecommunication Devices-allows students to o receive phone calls using technology attached to the phone that has a small keyboard and screen for typing. While this device is not used regularly in the classroom, it is the most widely known device today” (Nebylov 2011).
Captioning-allow spoken word on any multimedia clips to be translated into text.
Assistive Technology-Mild Learning Disabilities
Create a structured outline of notes for students to fill in the blanks themselves. Allows students to focus on finding key words instead of writing lengthy notes and passages themselves.
Allow students to respond verbally rather than just by written exam or assignments.
Give oral presentations and instructions.
Make sure printed materials are large print, concise, and a simple not busy visual design.
Allow extra time for test taking.
Pair graphics with text on printed materials.
Allow students to type assignments in Word Processing software that will alert them to spelling and grammatical errors.
Use video cameras, tape recorder, or digital recorder to record the class session to be viewed multiple times and at a later date.
Use Word Processing software to print out large print versions of assignments.
Provide multimedia CD ROM, DVD, or audio versions of textbooks that can provide auditory and visual imagery tools.
Provide portable spell checkers, auditory dictionaries and thesaurus to allow students to look up the spelling and pronunciation of words.
READING PROBLEMS/DISABILITIES . (n.d.). Tools For Life Georgia > Home . Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://www.gatfl.org/LearningDisabilitiesGuide/READINGPROBLEMSDISABILITIES.aspx(2004), T. M. (n.d.). Strategies for Teaching Youth with ADD and ADHD. LD OnLine . Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://www.ldonline.org/article/Strategies_for_Teaching_Youth_with_ADD_and_ADHD
Assistive technology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technology
Hearing Assistive Technology. (n.d.). American Speech-Language-Hearing Association | ASHA . Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://www.asha.org/public/hearing/treatment/assist_tech.htm
Nebylov, A. V., Johnson, M. A., & Hersh, M. A. (n.d.). Assistive Technology For Students With Hearing Impairments - The Special Ed Wiki. About This Wiki - The Special Ed Wiki . Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://sped.wikidot.com/assistive-technology-for-students-with-hearing-impairments
Ramp Up to Access: Assistive Technology. (2000, March 23). UTS Web Server . Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~wilbur/access/assistive.html
Sec. 300.5 Assistive technology device.. (n.d.). ED.gov . Retrieved June 20, 2011, from idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/,root,regs,300,A,300%252E5,