TENSES OF VERB
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TENSES OF VERB

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TENSES OF VERB Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Verb TenseVerb Tense Tense denotes the time of the actionTense denotes the time of the action indicated by a verb. The time is notindicated by a verb. The time is not always the same as that indicated by thealways the same as that indicated by the name of the tense.name of the tense.
  • 2. 6 Types6 Types Verb Tenses Present Past Future Future Perfect Past Perfect Present Perfect
  • 3. Present TensePresent Tense  Present tense may expressPresent tense may express action which is going on at theaction which is going on at the present time or which occurspresent time or which occurs always, repeatedly, or habitually.always, repeatedly, or habitually.  Examples: HeExamples: He seessees the train.the train. HeHe eatseats cereal for breakfastcereal for breakfast every day.every day.
  • 4. Past TensePast Tense  Past tense expresses actionPast tense expresses action completed at acompleted at a definitedefinite time intime in the past.the past.  Examples: HeExamples: He wrotewrote the letterthe letter yesterday. Sheyesterday. She livedlived to be 90to be 90 years old.years old.
  • 5. Future TenseFuture Tense  Future tense expresses actionFuture tense expresses action which will take place in the future.which will take place in the future.  It uses the helping verbsIt uses the helping verbs willwill oror shall*shall* and the present tense form ofand the present tense form of the verb).the verb).  Examples: HeExamples: He will sendwill send the letterthe letter tomorrow. Itomorrow. I shall waitshall wait here until youhere until you return.return.  * Traditionally,* Traditionally, shallshall is used for 1is used for 1stst person andperson and willwill for 2for 2ndnd and 3and 3rdrd persons.persons.
  • 6. Present Perfect TensePresent Perfect Tense  Present perfect tense expressesPresent perfect tense expresses action completed at the present timeaction completed at the present time (perfect means complete) or begun(perfect means complete) or begun in the past and continuing into thein the past and continuing into the present.present.  This tense uses the helping verbsThis tense uses the helping verbs hashas andand havehave and the past participleand the past participle of the verb.of the verb.  Examples:Examples:  HeHe has writtenhas written a letter to his uncle.a letter to his uncle. (completed action)(completed action)  The WaltonsThe Waltons have livedhave lived here for sevenhere for seven years. (continuing)years. (continuing)
  • 7. Past Perfect TensePast Perfect Tense  Past perfect tense expressesPast perfect tense expresses action completedaction completed beforebefore certaincertain time in the past. (This is thetime in the past. (This is the beforebefore-past tense.)-past tense.)  It uses the helping verbIt uses the helping verb hadhad andand the past participle of the verb.the past participle of the verb.  Example: SheExample: She had writtenhad written thethe letter before I saw her.letter before I saw her.
  • 8. Future Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Tense  Future perfect tense expressesFuture perfect tense expresses action which will be completedaction which will be completed before a certain time in thebefore a certain time in the future. (This is thefuture. (This is the beforebefore-future-future tense)tense)  It uses the helping verbsIt uses the helping verbs willwill havehave oror shall haveshall have and the pastand the past participle of the verb.participle of the verb.  Example: HeExample: He will have finishedwill have finished the paper before next Friday.the paper before next Friday.
  • 9. Verb FormsVerb Forms Verb Forms Regular Irregular
  • 10. Regular VerbsRegular Verbs  Regular verbs form their pastRegular verbs form their past tense and past participle bytense and past participle by adding –ed or –d to theiradding –ed or –d to their present tense form.present tense form.  More than 95% of all EnglishMore than 95% of all English verbs are regular.verbs are regular.  Regular verbs cause fewRegular verbs cause few problems in speaking andproblems in speaking and writing.writing.
  • 11. Regular verbs and theirRegular verbs and their Principal PartsPrincipal Parts PrincipalPrincipal Parts:Parts: Verb:Verb: PresentPresent TenseTense PresentPresent ParticipleParticiple PastPast TenseTense PastPast ParticipleParticiple To callTo call call,call, callscalls callingcalling calledcalled (have)(have) calledcalled To dustTo dust dust,dust, dustsdusts dustingdusting dusteddusted (have)(have) dusteddusted
  • 12. Irregular VerbsIrregular Verbs  Irregular verbs can form theirIrregular verbs can form their past tense and past participlepast tense and past participle forms in various way.forms in various way.  These forms cause even nativeThese forms cause even native speakers innumerablespeakers innumerable problems.problems.  The most irregular verb of all isThe most irregular verb of all is the verbthe verb to beto be..  Another irregular verb that isAnother irregular verb that is important for its use with otherimportant for its use with other verbs is the verbverbs is the verb to haveto have..
  • 13. Four Principal/Main PartsFour Principal/Main Parts PrincipalPrincipal Parts:Parts: Verb:Verb: PresentPresent TenseTense PresentPresent ParticipleParticiple PastPast TenseTense PastPast ParticipleParticiple To BeTo Be be, am,be, am, are, isare, is beingbeing was,was, werewere (have)(have) beenbeen To HaveTo Have have,have, hashas havinghaving hadhad (have)(have) hadhad
  • 14. Other Common Irregular VerbsOther Common Irregular Verbs and their Principal Partsand their Principal Parts PrincipalPrincipal PartPart VerbVerb PresentPresent TenseTense PresentPresent ParticipleParticiple Past TensePast Tense PastPast ParticipleParticiple To seeTo see see,see, seessees seeingseeing sawsaw (have)(have) seenseen To doTo do do, doesdo, does doingdoing diddid (have)(have) donedone To flyTo fly fly, fliesfly, flies flyingflying flewflew (have)(have) flownflown To runTo run run,run, runsruns runningrunning ranran (have)(have) runrun
  • 15. ConjugationConjugation  A conjugation of a verb is theA conjugation of a verb is the correct arrangement of its formcorrect arrangement of its form through its tenses, persons, andthrough its tenses, persons, and numbers.numbers.  PersonPerson means the speaker, themeans the speaker, the person spoken to, and theperson spoken to, and the person or thing spoken of.person or thing spoken of.  NumberNumber means singular ormeans singular or plural.plural.
  • 16. Conjugation of the verb:Conjugation of the verb: to beto be TenseTense SingularSingular PluralPlural PresentPresent I amI am You areYou are He, she, it isHe, she, it is We areWe are You areYou are They areThey are PastPast I wasI was You wereYou were He wasHe was We wereWe were You wereYou were They wereThey were FutureFuture I shall beI shall be You will beYou will be He will beHe will be We shall beWe shall be You will beYou will be They will beThey will be Present PerfectPresent Perfect I have beenI have been You have beenYou have been He has beenHe has been We have beenWe have been You have beenYou have been They have beenThey have been Past PerfectPast Perfect I had beenI had been You had beenYou had been He had beenHe had been We had beenWe had been You had beenYou had been They had beenThey had been Future PerfectFuture Perfect I shall have beenI shall have been You will have beenYou will have been He will have beenHe will have been We shall have beenWe shall have been You will have beenYou will have been They will have beenThey will have been