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Qs2 um en_02_procure_to_pay
 

Qs2 um en_02_procure_to_pay

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    Qs2 um en_02_procure_to_pay Qs2 um en_02_procure_to_pay Document Transcript

    • Openbravo QuickStart 2 User Manual Chapter 2 – Procure to Pay v2.0.1 Permission is granted by Openbravo, S.L.U. to Openbravo Business Partners to modify (including adapt, translateand/or extend) and reproduce this work for internal purposes, and reproduce and distribute the original or adaptedwork to their clients having an active subscription to the Openbravo Professional Edition, provided such clients are under obligations of confidentiality towards the Openbravo Business Partner and may not redistribute the work to third parties. All other rights are reserved. Introduction ....................................................................................... 2 Abstract Business Process .................................................................. 2 Roles Involved .................................................................................... 3 Configuration ...................................................................................... 4 Taxes ............................................................................................... 4 Payment Terms .................................................................................. 0 Vendors ............................................................................................ 4 Product Categories ............................................................................. 5 Purchase Products and Prices ............................................................... 6 Step by Step ....................................................................................... 7 Manage Requisition............................................................................. 7 Request Quotations ............................................................................ 8 Receive Quotation Proposal.................................................................. 8 Analyze Quotation Proposal.................................................................. 8 Create PO (Purchase Order) ................................................................. 8 Creating PO from Scratch ................................................................. 8 Retrieving Lines from a Previous Purchase Order.................................10 Creating Lines from Purchase History ................................................11 Send Purchase Order ......................................................................... 12 Sending Paper Copy by Mail or Fax....................................................13 Sending Email ................................................................................ 13 Manage Pending Orders...................................................................... 14 Receive ............................................................................................ 15 Creating the Goods Receipt Automatically ..........................................15 Creating the Goods Receipt Manually .................................................17 Attaching Supplier Shipment Information ...........................................18 Inspect ............................................................................................ 18 Update Inventory .............................................................................. 18 Register Asset................................................................................... 19 Manage Pending Invoices ................................................................... 19 Enter Invoice .................................................................................... 19 Creating an Invoice Directly from a Goods Receipt ..............................19 Creating an Invoice from Pending Lines to be Invoiced.........................21 Attach Supplier Invoice Information ..................................................22 Creating an Invoice Manually............................................................ 22 Monitor Payments.............................................................................. 24
    • Accounting ........................................................................................ 24 Posting of a Purchase Invoice .............................................................. 24IntroductionThis workflow manages the life-cycle of a purchase process, from the moment finance staffrequests orders goods to the supplier, to the moment the finance staff receives the invoice.Abstract Business ProcessThe abstract Procure to Pay business process is defined by the following diagram:
    • The process can be summarized in these steps: • Managing requisitions (not done in Openbravo ERP) • Requesting and managing quotations • Ordering the goods • Receiving the goods ◦ Updating inventory • Receiving supplier invoicesRoles InvolvedThe following roles are required to be used in order to complete this process:
    • • Finance - in charge of ordering required goods and paying for them • Material Management - in charge of receiving ordered goods and placing them into storage • Company Admin - role used for configuring various elementsConfigurationSome configuration needs to be done before various parts of the process can be fullyexecuted: • Taxes • Payment terms • Payment methods • Vendors • Product categories • Purchase products and pricesTaxesThe Company Admin role should be used.Tax categories and rate should have already been pre-configured by the Openbravoconsultant and with the use of a localization pack.Payment TermsThe Company Admin role should be used.Payment terms should have already been pre-configured by the Openbravo consultant uponimplementation.Payment MethodsThe Company Admin role should be used.Payment methods should have already been pre-configured by the Openbravo consultantupon implementation.VendorsPractically any role can be used to administer vendors.Vendors and their contracts are defined within the Master Data Management || BusinessPartner window, using the [Vendor/Creditor] tab:
    • Product CategoriesThe Company Admin role should be used.Product categories are a good way to • group products together by type, context, etc • predefine accounting configurations on the level of a product category • do summarized reports per categoryTo define them, use the Master Data Management || Product Setup || ProductCategories window:Note: A product cannot be created without assigning it to a specific product category.
    • Purchase Products and PricesThe Finance role should be used.Purchase products need to be configured prior to any procurement is done.Note: each product that is being purchased needs to have a price in at least one purchaseprice list in order to be selectable in any transactional document like a purchase order or apurchase invoice.To create a product, use the Master Data Management || Product window and create anew record:Fields to note: • Search Key - ID or key name to identify the product • Name - full name of the product • Tax Category - assign a predefined tax category to the product. Selecting this product in an order or an invoice line will automatically use this tax for the calculation. • UOM - basic unit of measure of the product (also called SKU). Selecting this product in an order or invoice line will automatically preselect this UOM. • Attribute Set - The attribute set that should be selected for the product. The attribute can be a lot, a serial number or an specific attribute like size, color... • Attribute Set Value - The value for the attribute set selected.
    • • Use Attribute Set Value As - If attribute values are set in the product it is possible to set how to use those values on the transactions done using the product. At this moment there are 3 different possibilities: ◦ Default: This means that the attribute set value defined will be defaulted in each of the transactions. ◦ Overwrite Specification: This means that the attribute set value will specify completely the product. ◦ Specification: This means that the attribute set value will specify completely the product. The attribute set value will always have this value and no other value will be allowed for it. • Cost type - Cost calculation configuration for this productThen, move to the [Price] and enter the price for this product into an existing purchaseprice list (this needs to have been created previously):Fields to note: • Price list version - Select the price list version of the purchase price list • Standard price - The price for which the product will be bought • List price - vendors list price used to calculate the discountNote: A company can purchase an sell the same product. In this case, the product shouldhave two prices, one assigned to the sales and one to the purchase price list.Step by StepManage Requisition
    • This process is not supported by the QuickStart 2 edition of Openbravo ERP out of the box.However, the consultant can turn this functionality on on request.Request QuotationsManaging requests for quotations to the supplier is not directly supported by the OpenbravoERP. The options offered are: • Manage the quotation process outside Openbravo ERP • Create a new document type in purchase order window, and manage quotations as separate purchase order documents (a consultants assistance will be required in this case)Receive Quotation ProposalSee Request Quotations section of this document.Analyze Quotation ProposalSee Request Quotations section of this document.Create PO (Purchase Order)The Finance role should be used.Creating PO from ScratchIn order to enter a purchase order, use the Procurement Management || Transactions|| Purchase Order document to create a new one:Fields to note: • Document No. - Automatically generated purchase order document number that can be changed by hand • Order Reference - Suppliers order number. Update it when you receive this data from the supplier.
    • • Delivery Notes - Any note to the supplier you would like to appear in the printing form. • Business Partner - select the vendor to order goods from • Order Date - date of the purchase order • Warehouse - receiving warehouse for this orderThen, move to the [Lines] and enter the products that are being ordered:Fields to note: • Product - the product to be ordered • Ordered Quantity - quantity of the product ordered • Net Unit Price - the price charged per product unit. This information will be automatically retrieved from the Standard Price in the purchase price list inherited by the [Header] from the vendor selected. It can be manually changed. • Tax - tax rate automatically set according to product definition. It can be manually changed. • Line Net Amount - Quantity time Unit Price calculation before taxesCreate additional lines if needed.When finished entering lines, switch back to the [Header] and complete the purchaseorder. Note the Total Net Amount (order price before taxes) and the Total GrossAmount (order price after taxes):
    • Retrieving Lines from a Previous Purchase OrderCreate a new record inside the Procurement Management || Transactions || PurchaseOrder window:Once the required information is filled, save the record. Click the Copy from Order button:
    • In this new window, open the search by clicking the icon next to the Order field and use thefilters to select any historical purchase order and press OK:Note: This search shows both sales and purchase orders so notice the Sales Transactioncolumn that specifies if a line is a sales transaction or a purchase one.By going to the [Lines] you will notice that the lines of the selected purchase order wereinserted there. You can now manually change any information (quantity, amount, unit price)or add more lines.Creating Lines from Purchase HistoryUse the Procurement Management || Transactions || Purchase Order document tocreate a new one:
    • Once the required information is filled, save the record. Click the Copy Lines button tobring up the following window showing products that have been purchased from the supplierin the past:Select the lines/products to be copied into the purchase order, change the Last Price thatwill become the Unit Price and the Quantity to required ones and confirm with OK.Finally, complete the sales order by clicking the Complete button. See that the DocumentStatus changed to Completed.Send Purchase OrderThe Finance role should be used.
    • Sending Paper Copy by Mail or FaxPrint the purchase order to a PDF file by clicking the printer icon in the toolbar. Print it andsend it by fax or mail to the supplier.Sending EmailClick the e-mail icon inside the toolbar:Fill in the receivers e-mail, and the e-mail data. Attach another file if required and send theemail:
    • Manage Pending OrdersThe Material Management role should be used.To review pending orders to be received, go to Procurement Management ||Transactions || Pending Goods Receipt form, and use the filters to narrow down thesearch for pending orders:
    • The orders that are pending and match the criteria entered will be shown:Note: Pending order lines are grouped by business partner and purchase order documentnumber.ReceiveThe Material Management role should be used.Upon reception of goods, a Goods Receipt document is filled out and there is several waysof doing so.Creating the Goods Receipt AutomaticallyTo create a goods receipts from a pending purchase order, go to ProcurementManagement || Transactions || Pending Goods Receipt form, and use the filters tofind the correct purchase order:
    • Select the lines received, correct the quantity of individual products if required and entermandatory fields as the Reception date and the Destination Warehouse Bin:Click on the Process button.If the product(s) selected do not require an attribute (color, size, lot...) the system willcreate a goods receipt document in Completed status and will show the user thecorresponding document number:If the products selected do require an attribute (color, size, lot...) the system will create agoods receipt document in Draft status and will show the user that document numberasking the user to navigate to that goods receipt and enter the attributes for those productsbefore completing the document:
    • If this is the case, navigate to the document in Procurement Management ||Transactions || Goods Receipt window, and in [Lines] tab, insert the attribute for therequired lines. Save the edited lines and complete the document back in the [Header] tab.Creating the Goods Receipt ManuallyImagine we have a pending order of a supplier called Obelix. We receive the goods and wewant to enter the information in the system so the warehouse inventory count is updated.Go to Procurement Management || Transactions || Goods Receipt and create a newrecord.Fields to note: • Business partner - the vendor from whom we have received the goods • Movement Date - date when the goods enter the warehouse • Order reference - vendors shipment document number • Warehouse - warehouse that is receiving the shipmentClick the Create Lines From button to pop a new dialog that enables the user to select apending order related to the business partner just entered:Select a pending order from that supplier. Pending products to be received from theselected pending purchase order will be shown:
    • Select the lines/products that arrived and correct any information if needed. Remember tofill the attribute field if the product requires them. Once finished, click OK.Make sure the selected lines have been inserted in the document by navigating to the[Lines]:Complete the document back in the [Header].Attaching Supplier Shipment InformationWhile creating the Goods Receipt document or after it is completed, one can enter thesuppliers shipment number into the Order Reference. This way both the internaldocument and the supplier reference number will be linked for further inspection.Then suppliers shipment document can also be scanned and attached to the goods receiptdocument in Openbravo ERP by clicking the paper clip icon and adding the scan file.InspectThere is no specific process in Openbravo ERP that supports inspection. We advise thefollowing: • Use document and line Description fields to enter any notes regarding arrived goods • Use storage bins to separate goods that are ready for use from the faulty one or one waiting for inspection. See Wall to Wall Accuracy Physical Count chapter of the user manual for more information on how to create storage bins and move goods.Update InventoryInventory is automatically updated upon completion of the Goods Receipt documentexplained earlier.
    • Register AssetPlease refer to the Asset Acquisition to Dispose chapter for information on this process.Once the asset is registered in the application link it to the product using the Product fieldinside the Financial Management || Assets || Asset window. This step is notmandatory, but will help the user as navigating from the asset to the actual product usedfor procuring the asset.Manage Pending InvoicesThere is currently no support in Openbravo ERP to review purchase orders and goodsreceipts pending to be invoiced.Enter InvoiceThe Finance role should be used.Creating an Invoice Directly from a Goods ReceiptUse the Warehouse Management || Transactions || Goods Receipt window and findthe receipt in question. See the Generate Invoice from Shipment button:Click the button and confirm the dialog:
    • Note: You can also change the price list used for the pricing at this point.After confirming the dialog, the success message should be shown, indicating the number ofthe invoice that has been generated:Navigate to the Procurement Management || Transactions || Purchase Invoice andfind the invoice that has been generated. Make any corrections or add more lines ifnecessary and complete it since it will be left in Draft status otherwise:Notice the payment plan that has been generated by the Purchase Invoice insidethe [Payment Plan]:This scheduled payment will be outstanding, indicating that you owe money to the vendor.
    • Creating an Invoice from Pending Lines to be InvoicedGo to Procurement Management || Transactions || Purchase Invoice window createa new record:Fields to note: • Order Reference - supplier invoice number • Business partner - the supplier • Invoice Date - date when the invoice is entered in the system • Accounting Date - date that defines the date of the general ledger posting and the fiscal period it belongs to • Payment Method - Payment method associated to the invoice. This value will be inherited from the supplier, but can be changed. • Payment Terms - Payment terms associated to the invoice. This value will be inherited from the supplier, but can be changed.Save the record. Click the Create Lines From button:Select a purchase order or a goods receipt that is pending to be invoiced from that supplier:
    • Once a pending document to be invoiced is selected, its pending lines (products) willautomatically be displayed to be selected. Select the ones that were invoiced in thesuppliers invoice and click OK. Selected lines will be entered automatically into the [Lines]tab where they can still be modified or new lines added:Also make sure each line has been linked to the original purchase order and the goodsreceipt lines. This way, the whole flow of documents connected and navigable.Complete the document back in the [Header].Attach Supplier Invoice InformationA scan of the original suppliers invoice document can be attached to the purchase invoiceinside Openbravo ERP using the paper clip icon in the toolbar.Creating an Invoice ManuallySometimes there is no purchase order or a goods recept available from which to create theinvoice, for example when purchasing services. In this case, the purchase invoice needs tobe created manually from scratch. To do so use the Procurement Management ||Transactions || Purchase invoice window again and create a new record:
    • Save the record and switch to [Lines]. Create as many records here as there are productsinvoiced:Fields to note: • Product - product or service invoiced by the supplier. • Attribute set Value - product attribute if needed (normally, manually invoices do not require products with attributes). • Quantity - quantity of the product invoiced. • Unit Price - price per product unit. This field is retrieved from the product information although can be changed.
    • • Tax - Tax that will apply to this product in this invoice line. This field is retrieved from the product information although can be changed. • Line Net amount - Quantity of the line * Unit Price.Save the record. Create new lines if needed. When finished, go to [Header] and Completethe document.Monitor PaymentsUse the Sales Management || Transactions || Purchase Invoice window to monitorthe payment status quickly.Several fields to invoice header to display payment information: • Total paid - Amount paid for the selected invoice. • Outstanding Amount - Amount pending to be paid for the selected invoice. • Days till due - Number of days left to reach the next maturity date. If it is a negative value it reflects number of over due days. • Due Amount - Total amount that has already reached the maturity date. • Payment complete - Flag indicating if an invoice is fully paid. • Last calculated on date - Date on which this info was last calculated.AccountingThere is no specific accounting procedure or configuration that this process requires apartfrom the regular Business Partner and Product configuration.Posting of a Purchase InvoiceWhen a purchase invoice is posted the general ledger entry is the following:The accounts of the post are retrieved according to this configuration: • Vendor Liability account inside the [Vendor Accounting] tab of the Master Data Management || Business partner window • Tax Credit inside the [Accounting] tab of the Financial Management || Accounting || Setup || Tax Rate window
    • • Product Expense account inside the [Accounting] tab of the Master Data Management || Product window