Plastic
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A little presentation about plastic industry and revolution.

A little presentation about plastic industry and revolution.

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    Plastic Plastic Presentation Transcript

    •  
      • The history of plastics goes back more than 100 years.
      • Their usage over the past century has enabled society to make huge technological
      • advances to take us towards the new Millennium.
      • Pre-20th Century Although we think of plastic as a modern invention, there have
      • always been "natural polymers" such as amber, tortoiseshell and horn.
      • These materials behaved very much like manufactured plastics and were often put
      • to similar uses to today's materials - for example, horn, which becomes transparent
      • and pale yellow when heated, was used to replace glass in the 18th century.
      • It was the game of billiards that provided the unlikely cause for its eventual
      • commercial success.
      • The American Hyatt brothers were attempting to develop a substitute for the ivory
      • billiard ball and in so doing came up with a process for manufacturers using a
      • nitrate cellulose composition.
      • Celluloid was thus born and was patented in 1870 .
      • Bakelite - a hard, dark plastic - was discovered by Leo Baekeland, a Belgian-born
      • chemist in 1907 and was the first truly synthetic plastic to be patented.
      • Bakelite brought plastics into consumers' lives in a variety of ways.
      • Its excellent insulating properties made it an ideal material for hairdryers, radio
      • cabinets, ashtrays and cameras.
      • In 1922 a German chemist, Hermann Staudinger, made a discovery which would
      • change the whole face of the plastics industry.
      • Through working with synthesized rubber, he found that plastics are made from
      • chains of thousands of molecules linked together, known as "superpolymers" - a
      • find which prompted the invention of many new plastics.
      • 1922 - first spectacles molded in cellulose acetate (in France)
      • World War II meant a huge boost for plastics.
      • The production of plastics which are still used widely today - such as polyethylene,
      • polystyrene, polyester, PET and silicones - all grew during the wartime period.
      • Nylon, the first totally man-made fiber, had been discovered at the end of the 20s,
      • but was not put to great use until the 40s.
      • PVC really took off during this decade and into the 1950s.
      • The 1950s The 50s saw the growth of decorative laminates such as Formica, first
      • popular in the United States where they were used widely in espresso bars and
      • dinettes.
      • A first for the car industry: 1956 saw the major use of plastics in car body design
      • when the roof of a Citroen DS was made from unsaturated polyester reinforced
      • with fiberglass.
      • During the 50s plastics became a major force in the clothing industry.
      • Polyester, Lycra and nylon were easy to wash, needed no ironing and were often
      • cheaper than their natural alternatives and, as a result, were hugely popular with
      • consumers tired of the tyranny of housework.
      • 1960 saw the first use of PVC to bottle mineral water.
      • The first domestic items made from molded polypropylene were developed from
      • 1963 onwards - including combs, lemon squeezers and bottle stoppers.
      • The explosion in global communications during the 80s and 90s has been made
      • largely possible through the use of plastics.
      • Equipment such as computers, fiber optic cables and telephones all use plastics
      • widely in their design to provide strength, light weight, insulation and flexibility.
      • Transport also has started using plastics more widely.
    • Fada Radio model 652, "The Temple", 1946
    • Wind-up Toy Baby, 1960s Teddy Bear, 1960s
    • Olivetti Lettera 31 Typewriter, 1965 Rubik Cube, 1980s
    •