Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
تكنيك الروشتاخ
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

تكنيك الروشتاخ

1,016

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,016
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 0‫اﻟﺮورﺷﺎخ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻨﯿﻚ‬ ‫ﻟﺪﻟﯿﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺼﺮف‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﺼﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ‬‫دﯾﻔﯿﺪﺳ‬ ‫ﻫﯿﻠﯿﻦ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻮﺑﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮوﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻟﯿﻒ‬‫ﻮن‬‫ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻔﺘﺎح‬ ‫ﺣﺴﯿﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮر‬‫ﺍﻹﺳﻘﺎﻃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺔ‬)1(PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 2. 1‫ﺍﳌﻜﺮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﲟﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭﺍﺕ‬2003PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 3. 2PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 4. 1‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺭﺱ‬‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬.........................................................................................................1‫اﻟﻤﺘﺮﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﯾﻢ‬...................................................................................................2‫اﻷول‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬....................................................................................................4‫ﺗﻜﻨﯿﻚ‬‫اﻟﺮورﺷﺎخ‬............................................................................................4‫اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬...................................................................................................9‫ﺗﻘﻮﯾﻢ‬‫اﻟﺸﺨﺼﯿﺔ‬:‫ﻧﻈﺮﯾﺔ‬‫وﻃﺮﯾﻘﺔ‬...........................................................................9‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬.................................................................................................12‫إﺟﺮاءات‬‫اﻟﺘﻄﺒﯿﻖ‬.........................................................................................12‫اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬.................................................................................................22‫ﺗﺼﺤﯿﺢ‬‫اﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺎت‬‫وﺗﻘﺪﯾﺮ‬‫اﻟﺪرﺟﺎت‬...................................................................22‫اﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬...............................................................................................55‫ﺟﺪوﻟﺔ‬‫اﻟﺪرﺟﺎت‬‫ﺑﺼﺤﯿﻔﺔ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﯿﯿﻢ‬.........................................................................55‫اﻟﺴﺎدس‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺼﻞ‬...............................................................................................62‫ﺗﻔﺴﯿﺮ‬‫ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬‫اﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎر‬......................................................................................62‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮﺟﻊ‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﺳﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮاﺟﻊ‬.................................................................................85‫اﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮاﺟﻊ‬...............................................................................................88‫ﻋﺮﺑﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮاﺟﻊ‬.................................................................................................88‫اﻟﻤﻼﺣﻖ‬.......................................................................................................89PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 5. 2‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﺴﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬Projection‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺃﺤﺩ‬‫ﻤﻴﻜﺎﻨﺯﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬‫ﺘﻌﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻓﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺨﻼﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﺸﻌﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻗﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺭﺒﻁﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﺒﺎﺒﻬﺎ‬‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻠﻙ‬.‫ﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﺎﺌل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻤﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﺎﻤﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺘﻔﺕ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬‫ﺘﺤﺭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﺸﻌﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺭﻗﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬(Freud, 1931; Freud,1946;Gregory, 1992).‫ﻭﻜ‬‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻘﺎﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻭﻋﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁﻴﺔ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺎﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺸﺎﺥ‬،‫ﺒﻨﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻜﻤﺎل‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬،‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺏ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀﻫﺎ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺝ‬‫ﻜﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬(Gregory, 1992).‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻫﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻜﻠﻴﻨﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻘﺎﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻤﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻌل‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺜﺒﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﺩﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺄﺨﺫ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺯﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻅل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺒﻭﺘﺔ‬(Gregory, 1992).‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺍﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 6. 3‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻴﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻌل‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬-‫ﻜﻠﻭﺒﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻭﻟﺘﺯﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﻴﻔﺩﺴﻭﻥ‬-‫ﺘﻔﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻜﺴﻨﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺼﻐﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺯل‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺭﺓ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺯل‬.‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺼﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬)‫ﺩﻴﻔﺩﺴﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻭﺒﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬(‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺭﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺴﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻬﻭﻟﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺴﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬‫ﺒﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﻤﻭﺫﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬(Beck, 1952)‫ﻭﺁﺨﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻭﺒﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،(Klopfer, et al, 1960).‫ﻫﻭﻟﺘﺯﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺘﺒﺎﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬(Holtzman, 1961)،‫ﻻﻜﺴﻨﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﺼﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬(Exner,1978)‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻘﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺨﺭﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﻴﺴ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻟﻴل‬‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻨﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻨﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻬل‬‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺭﺠﻤﺔ‬)،‫ﻭﺁﺨﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻼل‬1965(‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﺩﺍ‬ ،‫ﺴﻬﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻ‬ ،‫ﻜﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻗل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻠﻐﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺯﻴﺩ‬.‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﻬﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺠﻭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎل‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 7. 4‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺘﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻨﻴﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺠﻊ‬‫ﺘﻜﻨﻴﻙ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻﺕ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻑ‬‫ﻟﻠﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻜﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺩﺍﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺍﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬.‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻫﺭﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬Hermann Rorschach‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،1921‫ﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻁﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻷﻟﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺤﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺘﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻲ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺨﻴﺹ‬Psychodiagnostik(Psychodiagnosis)."‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭ‬‫ﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻬﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬1922‫ﻴﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬38‫ﻋﺎﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻜﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻭﺒﺭﻫﻭﻟﺯﺭ‬Oberholzer‫ﻨﺸﺭ‬،‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺠﻤﺕ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺠﻠﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬1924.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻟﻴﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬Levy‫ﺒﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬Beck‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬‫ﺍﻭﺒﺭﻫﻭﻟﺯﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻤﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﻬﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺎﻭﻨﻴﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻤﺠﻠﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬.‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﻁﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻜﻠﻭﺒﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭ‬Klopfer‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻗﺎﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺩﻴﻔﺩ‬‫ﺴﻭﻥ‬Davidson‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬.‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺱ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬1936‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﺤﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺸﺭ‬Rorschach Research Exchange.‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬1939‫ﺇﻨﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬"‫ﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬"‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺅﺴﺴﺔ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺩﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬.‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬1948‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬"‫ﺍﻹﺴﻘﺎﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻨﻴﻜﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻌﻴﺔ‬Society for Projective Techniques"،‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻭل‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬"‫ﺍﻹﺴﻘﺎﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻴﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬Journal of Projective Techniques".PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 8. 5‫ﻭ‬‫ﺼﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻨﻴﻙ‬:‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻊ‬‫ﻟﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬‫ﻟﺒﻘﻌ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﺒﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﺎﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎ‬،‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻼﺯﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﻟﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﺇﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻼﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬.‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬.q‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)I(:‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﻟﻭﻨﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤﺘﻨﺎﻅﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺜﻨﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﻁﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺍﻹﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺎﺭﺝ‬.‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺘﺸﺭﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬‫ﺒﺄﺠﺴﺎﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻐﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬.‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻫﺎ‬‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﺭﻭﻓﻴل‬.‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)II(:‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻟﻭﻨﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺩﺍﺨﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤﻌﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺯﺍﻫ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬‫ﻲ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺯ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﺒﺩﻻ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻓﻭﻗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻯ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺩﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 9. 6q‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)III(:‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺘﻴﻥ‬‫ﻟﻭﻨﺕ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻓﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁﺎﻥ‬‫ﻴﻘﻊ‬ ،‫ﺒﻘﻌﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﻓﻭﻗﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺒﻘﻌﺘﻴﻥ‬‫ﻟﻭﻨﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺘﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬.‫ﻟﻠﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺤﻲ‬‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺭﺒﻁﺔ‬.‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬‫ﻓﻨﺎﺩﺭﺍ‬‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)IV(:‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻤﺎﺴﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﻟﻭﻨﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﻟ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻔﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬.‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻜﺯﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻭﺤﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﻠﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯ‬‫ﺍﻷﺒﻭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﻤﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬)‫ﺍﻷﺏ‬.(‫ﺘﺩﻓﻊ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺭﻭﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺴﺠﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺭﺍﺀ‬.‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻜﺯﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻕ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺫﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻴﺔ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻏﻁﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺜﻌﺎﺒﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻰ‬‫ﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﻤﻭﺯ‬.q‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺔ‬)V(:‫ﺘﺘﺴﻡ‬‫ﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﻀ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺡ‬‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬‫ﻓﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻠﺔ‬‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬.‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬"‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﺨﻔﺎﺵ‬"‫ﻗﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬)‫ﺭﺅﻭ‬‫ﺱ‬،‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺴﻴﻘﺎﻥ‬.(..PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 10. 7q‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﺩﺴﺔ‬)VI(:‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬.‫ﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬‫ﻭﺘﺭﻜﻴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬.،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬،‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻠﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﻤﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬‫ﺤﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬)‫ﺠﻨﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯ‬(‫ﺒﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،)‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺱ‬.(‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻤﺯ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)VII(:‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻐﻠﺏ‬‫ﻋﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬.‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺤﻲ‬‫ﺸﻜﻠﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻟﻸﻨﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺴﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﺒﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻷﻡ‬.(‫ﻴﺩﺭﻙ‬‫ﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬4‫ﻭ‬8‫ﺴﻨﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺩﺨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﻨﺯل‬‫ﻴﺅﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻸﻡ‬.‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬‫ﺘﻭﺤﻲ‬‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎل‬‫ﺇﻨﺎﺙ‬‫ﺒﺄﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﻭﺭ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺘﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺭﺍﺌﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺩﺨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺤﺏ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻤﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)IVII(:‫ﺘﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻁﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺘﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﻭﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺴﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯﺓ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬‫ﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﻤﺘﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)IX(:PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 11. 8‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻤﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﻟﺘﺩﺍﺨل‬،‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﺢ‬.‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺭﻓﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﻭﻜﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬،‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﻭﻟﻌل‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﻭﻋﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴﺎﺤﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺯﺀ‬،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻴﺔ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)X(:‫ﺒﺎﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺯﻋﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻰ‬،‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺤﺔ‬."‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬.‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺩﺭﺍ‬‫ﺎﻟﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﺒ‬‫ﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬"‫ﺍﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬)‫ﺨﻀﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬(‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻁﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬‫ﺴﺭﻁﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺭﻗﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻘﻊ‬‫ﺃﺭﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﻌﺎﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺯﺀ‬."PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 12. 9‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬:‫ﻭﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻅﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬،‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻴﻌﻜﺱ‬‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻴﻜﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻅﺎﺌﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺒﻐﻤﻭﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺒﺭﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻌﺘﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﻭﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻨﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬.‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﺩﺍﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻜ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﻴﺅﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻱ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻓﺎﻨﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﻜﻠﻴﻨﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻠل‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻜﻭﻨﻪ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺒﺅ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻜﻠﻴﻨﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺎﻟﺞ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬‫ﻋﻤﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺱ‬،‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬‫ﻅ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻜﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺼﺏ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻠﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺅﺜﺭ‬.‫ﻭﻴﻤﺜل‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬‫ﻋﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﻟﺴﻠﻭﻜﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺠﻬﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺫﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻨﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻨﺸﺎﻁﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅ‬‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻭﺘﻌﺠ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﺌﻠﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﺩﺩﺍﺘﻪ‬‫ﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬.‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺩﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺸﺎﺥ‬‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﺘﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﻭﺇﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩ‬‫ﻴﺴﺘﻐﺭﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 13. 10‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬‫ﻴﻜﺸﻔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎ‬‫ﺥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻨﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬Cognitive and Intellectual Aspects‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬Affective or Emotional Aspects،‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬Ego Functioning.‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬.q‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬‫ﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬:•‫ﻭﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬Intellectual Status and Functioning) :‫ﺃﻡ‬ ،‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﻤﺘﺫﺒﺫﺒﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ،‫ﻀﻌﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ،‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁﺔ‬.(•‫ﻨﻤﻁ‬)‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬Manner of Approach) :‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘﻲ؛‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺭﺍﺌﻲ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺩﻻﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺠﻲ؛‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬.(•‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺓ‬Power of Observation) :‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﻤﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻫل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺎﺕ؛‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻊ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬‫؟‬(•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺼﺎﻟﺔ‬Originality of Thinking) :‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻫل‬ ،‫ﺍﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻫل‬ ،‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ؟‬.(•‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‬Productivity) :‫ﺒﺴﻬﻭﻟﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﻫل‬ ،‫ﺜﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺘﺎﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻫل‬ ،‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻫل‬.(•‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺴﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬Breadth of Interests:)‫ﺜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻫل‬ ،‫ﻀﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬‫؟‬‫ﻫل‬‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬‫ﻫل‬ ،‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬‫ﺘﺤﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬‫ﺍﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ؟‬.(q‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺏ‬:•‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻐﻤﺔ‬General Emotional Tone) :‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫل‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻨﺴﺤﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬..‫ﺍﻟﺦ؟‬.(•‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬Feelings about self) :‫ﻫل‬‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬.(PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 14. 11•‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﻭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻊ‬Responsiveness to People) :‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﺴﺤﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻪ‬.(•‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻀﻐﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬Reaction to Emotional Stress) :‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺴﺭﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻀﺎﻏﻁﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻬﻴﺎﺭ‬.(•‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺯﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﺒﻁ‬Control of Emotional Impulses)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺩﻭﺍﻓﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺯﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻀﺒﻁ‬‫؟‬.(q‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬:•‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺓ‬Ego Strength) :،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬،‫ﻤﺩﺭﻜﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒﻬﺎ؟‬ ‫ﻭﺜﻘﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬.(•‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﻉ‬Conflict Areas) :‫ﻴﻌﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ؟‬‫ﺃﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻠﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺭﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺭﺍﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﻜﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬….‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺦ‬.(•‫ﺍﻟﺩﻓﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬Defenses) :‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺇﻨﻜﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﻗﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ؟‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﻬﺠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻓﻌﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺦ؟‬.(‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻜﻠﻴﻨﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬)‫ﺍﻹﺴﻘﺎﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬(‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻤﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬Continuum‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺭﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﻤﻔﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬.‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺴﻘﺎﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺱ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻅﺎﺌﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻨﺎﻤﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬‫ﻬﺘﻡ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻜﺎﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬.‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬/‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺒﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎل‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺘﻭﺤﺔ‬‫ﻭﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬.‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻫل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻜﻠﻴﻨﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬‫ﺼﺩﻗﻪ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 15. 12‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬q‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﻤﺭﻴﺤﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻋﻭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺭﺨﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻹﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺤﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺓ‬‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺘﻭﻓﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺨ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬‫ﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺩﻭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻜﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺠﻠﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻀل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺘﻌﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺄﺨﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺼﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬‫ﺘﺴﻤﺢ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻨﻔﻌﺎﻻﺘ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬.q‫ﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬.•‫ﻤﺼﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬.•‫ﺴ‬‫ﺘﻭﻗﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﺔ‬.•‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬.•‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺠﺎﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺭﻍ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 16. 13‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺓ‬‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬‫ﺴﻭﺃ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬)‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬Performance Proper(‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﻭﺠﺏ‬)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬Inquiry(‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﺘﺴﻤﺕ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺒﻐﻤﻭﺽ‬‫ﻴﺴﺘﺩ‬‫ﻋﻲ‬‫ﺇﻴﻀﺎﺡ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬‫ﻩ‬‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬.‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺜل‬Analogy(‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻘﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬‫ﺘﺴ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴﻼﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﻋﺩ‬‫ﺘﻘﻴ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺒﺸ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺍﺘﻪ‬‫ﺃﺩﻕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬.‫ﻜﻤ‬‫ﺒﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻘل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬Limits(،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﻠﻭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺭ‬.‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻓﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬Performance Proper،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻭﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬:•‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻊ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 17. 14•‫ﻗﺼﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻡ‬"‫ﻭﻀﻐﻁﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺜﻨﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬.‫ﻓﺘﺤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻤﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻨﺤﺼل‬."•،‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬.‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺹ‬"‫ﻭﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬.،‫ﺃﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺜﻨﻲ‬‫ﺘﻔﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬‫؟‬"•‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺼﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻘﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬)‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺩﻻل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻑ‬.(•‫ﺒﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺴﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺤﺴﻥ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬.•‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻴﺩ‬‫ﻻﻨﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬‫ﻭﻴﺘﻨﺎﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﺘﻨﺘﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬.q‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬‫ﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺠﺏ‬‫ﺘﺴﺠ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ل‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬:•‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬.(•‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬‫ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺒﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻤﻥ‬.•‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺭﻴﻙ‬‫ﺕ‬)∧،<،∨،>(‫ﺭﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺱ‬‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﺍﻭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻀﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺒﺩﻗﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬‫ﻭ‬,‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﻜﺘﻔﻰ‬‫ﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬)∂(‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻻﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﻭﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺒﻭﻋﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺈﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬)∂∧(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬.•‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻭﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻌﺎل‬ ‫ﺭﺩﻭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬) .....‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺭﺠﻡ‬.(PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 18. 15q‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺨل‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻴﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺄﻜﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬،‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺠﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻤل‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬‫ﻤﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﺭ‬‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬،،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺠﻴل‬‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻴﻀﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻬﺎﺀ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﺭﺍﺽ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻲ‬.‫ﻓ‬ ،‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﺩﺨ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﻁﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻘﺩ‬‫ل‬.‫ﺘﺩﺨﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬.•‫ﺍﻻﺴ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺄل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺄ‬‫ﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻷﻤﺭ‬‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺭﻭﻙ‬."•‫ﻴﺒﺩﺃ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬."•‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺘﺭﺤﺔ‬"‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺨﺒﺭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬."•‫ﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬"‫ﺍﻷﺸﺨﺎﺹ‬‫ﻴﺭﻴﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻔﻜﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬‫ﻴﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺴﺎﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬.‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬."‫ﻴﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬"‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻁﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬."•‫ﻴﻨﺒﻬ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺒﺎﻥ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬"‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬"‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬"‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻌﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ،"‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻘﻴﺩ‬".PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 19. 16‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬q‫ﺃﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﻘل‬Inquiry‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬‫ﻜﻴﻔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘﻪ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺘﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺭﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺹ‬.،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﺇﺸﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺘﺤﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﻪ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﻠﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺘﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻓﻌﻪ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻉ‬.q‫ﺇﺠﺭﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺩﺃ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬.‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬....(‫ﺴﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬"‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺼﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺎﺒﺘﻙ‬‫ﻟﻙ‬‫؟‬."‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬"‫ﻤ‬‫ﺎﺯ‬‫ﻗﺎﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬."‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬"‫ﺍﺒﻠﻐﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺌﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﻅﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬".q‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬Inquiry Aspects‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬Inquiry for Location:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬(‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 20. 17‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺌﻠﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻔﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻴﻥ‬‫؟‬".‫ﻴﺘﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻔﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻤﺤﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺒﻁﻠﺏ‬‫ﺭﺴﻤﻬﺎ‬.•‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬Inquiry for determinants:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﻀﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬.‫ﻭﺘﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻹﻨﺠﺎﺯ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬.‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺄل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺩﻓﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻜﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬"‫ﺨﻔﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬.‫ﺨﻔﺎﺸﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؟‬".‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎ‬‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬،‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬"‫ﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬.‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴﺘﻪ‬‫؟‬"،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻨﻁﺒﻕ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬"‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬‫ﺩﻡ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؟‬."‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻁﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬"‫ﺴﺠﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬.‫ﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﺴﺠﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬‫؟‬."•‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬Inquiry for Content:‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﻴﺎ‬‫ﻟﻭﻀﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬،‫ﻩ‬‫ﺘﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﻁﺭﺡ‬‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻴﻀﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺤﺔ‬،‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬""‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ؟‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬".q‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻤﻔﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﺠﺏ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠل‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺩﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺎﺒﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﻑ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻌﺭﻀﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 21. 18‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻠﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺩﺃ‬‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬Analogy‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﺸل‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﻘﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺘﻤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬.‫ﻭﺘﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻬل‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺎﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻟﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺜ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﻟﻔﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺒﺎﻩ‬‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻤﺎﺜل‬‫ﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬.‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻏﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﺹ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬"‫ﻜﻔﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬."‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫؟‬"،‫ﻗﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬"‫ﺭﺠﻼ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ؟‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬•‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻕ‬Testing the Limits‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺎﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻘﺼﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻭﺭﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬‫ﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺃﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻜﻤﺎل‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺃﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﻜﺎﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬(...‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺯ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬.‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺴﻠﻭﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬.•‫ﺘﺘ‬‫ﻁﻠﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻴﻊ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﻨﻘﺎﻁ‬‫ﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺼﻌﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺘﺩﺉ‬.•‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻜﻠﻴﻨﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 22. 19•‫ﻴﺠ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺩﺭﺝ‬.‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﻴﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬"‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬"‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻓ‬‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺈﺫﺍ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬‫؟‬"‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﺴﺘﻤﺭ‬‫ﻓﺸل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(VIII)‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻘﺎ‬"‫ﻴﺘﺤﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺴﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬".‫ﻋﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﻴﺴ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﻴﺏ‬‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬"‫ﻴﺠﻌل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻜﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻭﻥ‬‫؟‬"‫ﺇﺫ‬ ،‫ﻴﺴﺎﻋﺩ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺨﻔﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻹ‬‫ﺍﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﻜﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬q‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﺔ‬:‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﻁﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻋﻘﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺄﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻀﻁﺭﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﻔﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﺒﻭﻥ‬‫ﻋﻘﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻀﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺭﺡ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻜﺜ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺎﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺭ‬(50)‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻫﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺅﺍل‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬"‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ؟‬."‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺒﻌﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺸﻌﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺘﻭﺠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺒﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬‫ﺃﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 23. 20‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺒﺩﺍﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻤﻜﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬:‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺼﺢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺩﻋﻲ‬‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻨﺎﻤﻴﻜﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﺍﻋﻲ‬:‫ﻴﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺍﻋﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ‬‫ﻟﺩﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬:‫ﻭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺸﺎﺒﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻭﻫﻜﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻭﻡ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺩﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﻨﺎﻤﻴﻜﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍﺕ‬.•‫ﻴﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬/‫ﻴﻜﺭﻩ‬:‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻴﻜﺭﻫﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬:‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺌﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻘﻕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻜﻠﻴﻨﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬.‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺙ‬ ‫ﻷﻏﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻓﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﻟﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻓﻴﺎﺕ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬:‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬Special Symbols‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬.‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬‫ﻔﺎﺼﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻡ‬.‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﺭ‬‫ﺠﻤﻴﻌﻬﺎ‬‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻴﻨﻁﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،:PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 24. 21•‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺼﻠﺔ‬)،(:‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬‫ﺍﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﻴﺭﺓ‬)‫ﺃﺼﻴﻠﺔ‬.(•‫ﺍﻟﺴﻬﻡ‬)(:‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﺒﺘﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺭﻴﻪ‬‫ﺭﻓﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺈﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻔﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺱ‬Brace)}{(:‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬Semi-independent‫ﺍﻻﺴ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻌﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺤﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻡ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 25. 22‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻌﻨﻲ‬"‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺩﺭﻜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬."‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺎ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬(‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺼﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬‫ﺘﻐﻠﺏ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﺠﺏ‬ ،‫ﻨﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻤﻭﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬:•‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻰ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬‫ﻋﺎﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻕ‬‫؟‬•‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﻌل‬ ‫ﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻰ‬•‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻌل‬)‫ﻓﻜﺭﺓ‬(‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﻀﺎﺤﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺴﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫؟‬•‫ﺭﻓﻀﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬‫؟‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺤل‬)‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩ‬‫ﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(‫ﻫﻤﺎ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﺓ‬.•‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬:‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬:1.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬Specifications‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬.2.‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬(‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻠﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 26. 233.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻓﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺘﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬.4.‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬•‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬Location:•‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬Determinants:•‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬Content:•‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﺓ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻭﻋﺔ‬(‫ﻭﺍﻷﺼﺎﻟﺔ‬Popularity and Originality:•‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬Form Level:‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬Scoring for Location‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬.q‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬(W)‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻤل‬‫ﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬WholeResponses.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬(W~)‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘل‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻠﺜﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬Cut-off-whole responses.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬(DW)‫ﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﺘﺩﺨﺎل‬Confabulatory Whole Responses.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬( W)‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 27. 24q‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘ‬‫ﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻍ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬(D)‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬LargeUsual Detail Responses.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬(d)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬Small Usual Detail Responses.•‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬Unusual Detail Responses‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻤﺯ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻤﺯ‬(Dd)‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬dr‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬.2.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(di)‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬.3.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(de)‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬.4.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(dd)‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺩﺍ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬(S)‫ﺃﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬)‫ﻓﺭﺍﻍ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬Multiple Scores‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﺓ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬.2.‫ﻤﻨﻔﺼﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺌﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬.3.‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﻜﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬.4.‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻭل‬‫ﺠﺯﺌﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬.•‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬‫ﻗﻊ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬(D,D-W)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬(D, D)‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺌﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬(W)‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.(PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 28. 25q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)I(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻁ‬.D2:‫ﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬.D3:‫ﺍﻟﺨﻔﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D4:‫ﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D5:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬.D6:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺠﻲ‬.:d2‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬.:d3‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(Upper)‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺨﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻴﻪ‬.:d4‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻤﺔ‬(Uppermost).:d5‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬(Uppermost).:d6‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬.:d7‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:W،W ~:‫ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺋﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬(D1)‫ﺍﳉﺎﻧﺒﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻨﺎﺣﲔ‬(D2).PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 29. 26q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)II(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬.D2:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D3:‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D4:‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬.:d2‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬.:d3‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬(‫ﻟﻠﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬d2.:d4‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬(W)،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬(D):‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬(d)‫ﻜﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻲ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 30. 27q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)III(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D2:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬‫ﻟﻠﺫﻴل‬.D3:‫ﺒﺄﻜﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D4:‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D5:‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D6:‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D7:‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D8:‫ﺒﻜﺎﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D9:‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(Bottom)‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:d2‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻤﺔ‬Top.(:d3‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬.(‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:D8:‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺤﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻜﻼﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻰ‬(D5)‫ﺒﻤﻼﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻜﺄﺭﺠل‬.‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺫﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺤل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﺒﻼ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬(P)‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬.D1:‫ﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻕ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬....‫ﺍﻟﺦ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 31. 28q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)IV(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﺍﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻁ‬.D2:‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬.D3:‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D4:‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬d2.D5:‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬(Upper)‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬.:d2‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(Uppermost)‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻅﻠل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭ‬.:d3‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬)‫ﺍﻷﺒﻌﺩ‬Outermost.(:d4‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(Lowermost).‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬:‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻨﻕ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻜﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺤﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻗﺎﺕ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 32. 29q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)V(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D2:‫ﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻨﻰ‬(Bottom).:d2‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻓﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬.:d3‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬(Top)‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬(Uppermost Protrusion)‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬.:d4‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:W،W~:‫ﺍﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺌﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺴﻁ‬(D2)،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬(D1)،‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻗﻠﺒﻬﺎ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 33. 30q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)VI(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﻨﺼﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D2:‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬(Uppermost).D3:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻴﻁ‬.D4:‫ﺒﻜﺎﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D5:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻅﻠل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬(Uppermost)‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(D5).:d2‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬.:d3‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀﺍﻥ‬.:d4‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬(D2)،‫ﺘﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻤﻔﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺠﻠﺩ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 34. 31q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)VII(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﻨﺼﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D2:‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D3:‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D4:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀﺍﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:d2‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬.:d3‫ﺍﻟﺭﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻭﺯ‬(‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻱ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(D1).PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 35. 32q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)VIII(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D2:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D3:‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻷﺯﺭﻕ‬.D4:‫ﺍﻷﺯﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D5:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻀﻠﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D6‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D7‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:D1:‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺭﻙ‬.)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬(P)‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻀﺎﻑ‬ ،.(PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 36. 33q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)IX(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D2:‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D3:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D4:‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬.D5:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻲ‬.:D6‫ﻨﺼﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻜل‬.:D7‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D8‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(D7).:D9‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬.:D,S‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬(D7).‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬::d1‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜل‬.:d2‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﺍﺀ‬.:d3‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻱ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(D2)‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺘﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 37. 34q‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)X(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:D1:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺯﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬.D2:‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬.D3:‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D4:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.D5:‫ﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D6‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬.:D7‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(D3).:D8‫ﺍﻷﺯﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D9‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D10‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﺼﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻲ‬.:D11‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D12‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D13‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D14‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬.:D15‫ﺍﻷﺼﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.:D16‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬.:D17‫ﺍﻷﺯﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬::D1‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﺭﻁﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬.:D2‫ﺨﻀﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬.:D7‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺂﺫﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬)‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬D2‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،S‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬O.(PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 38. 35PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 39. 36‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺘﻘ‬‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬Determinants of Response‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎ‬‫ﺥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻜل‬:q‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬)F(:‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻤﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬Form Responses‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻤﺯ‬(F)،‫ﻭﺘ‬‫ﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬Shape‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﻴﻁ‬،‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻤﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﺠﺭﻴﺩﻴﺎ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬(III)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(D1)"‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﺸﺔ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺘﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﺸﺔ؟‬".q‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)m,FM,M(:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬Movement Responses‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬،‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﻫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬‫ﻲ‬:•‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬Human Movement:‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻤﺯ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻤﺯ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬)M(‫ﻭﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(I)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(D2)"‫ﺘﺭﻗﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺤﺭﺘﺎﻥ‬".•‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬Animal Movement:‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻤﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻤﺯ‬)FM(،‫ﻭﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(I)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(W)"‫ﺨﻔﺎﺵ‬.)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻤﻤﺩﻭﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻨﺎﺤﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﺨﻔﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻜﺨﻔﺎﺵ؟‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬".•‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬Inanimate Movement:‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻤﺯ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻻ‬)m(،‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬‫ﻓﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬:PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 40. 371.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)Fm(:‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘ‬‫ﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬(II)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،)‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ‬("‫ﻗﻤﺔ‬‫ﺠﺒل‬‫ﺘﺩﻭﺭ‬."2.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)mF(:‫ﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬(X)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺴﺎﻗﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬.)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬.(‫ﺘﺘﺴﺎﻗﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؟‬‫ﺒﺒﻁﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺴﺎﻗﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺃﺸﻜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﺸﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺸﻜﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻴﺎﺡ‬".3.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)m(:‫ﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬(VII)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﺘﺘﻨﺎﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺇﺤﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻜﻬﺎ‬.‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ؟‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻥ‬".q‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬)k,K,c(:‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬Shading Responses‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻤﻕ‬(‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬:•‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬)c,cF,Fc(:‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬Surface Qualities‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬Fc:‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬:‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬‫ﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺴﻁﺢ‬Differentiated Surface‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺒﺭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﻜﺸﻜل‬‫ﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬)‫ﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬Hardness‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻭﻤﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺭﺨﺎﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻭﻨﺔ‬(Softness،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺸﻭﻨﺔ‬Roughness،‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺔ‬Smoothness‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬.‫ﺘﻌﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬.‫ﻤﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻀﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬.‫ﻜ‬‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 41. 38‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬(IV)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﺍﻟﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻤﺩﻓﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻕ‬.‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻷﻴﺩﻱ‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬(‫ﺴﻤﻴﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﻔﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﻴﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺏ؟‬ ‫ﻜﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬.‫ﺭﻜﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ilep.‫ﻴﺩﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﺘﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻌﺭ‬) ."‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺯﻴﺩ‬73-75‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬.(2.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)cF(:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻠﻤﺜﻴﺭ‬-Semidefinite‫ﺒﺎﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬(VII)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(W)"‫ﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺼﺨﻭﺭ؟‬.‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﺸﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ؟‬".3.‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬c:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻨﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﻭﺍﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬(V)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(W)"‫ﺸ‬‫ﻲﺀ‬‫ﺭﺨﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﺴﻔﻨﺠﻲ‬."•‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺴﻴﺩ‬ ،‫ﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬)K,KF,FK(:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬Vista‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺴﺘﺨﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻹﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻡ‬"‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬"،‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)FK(:‫ﻴ‬‫ﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻠﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﻥ‬‫ﺠﺯﺃﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬II‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،)‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬("‫ﺩﺍﺌﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻱ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺩﺭﺒﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.‫ﺒﺎﻻﻟﺘﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻁﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬".2.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)KF(:‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬‫ﻤﺠﺴﺩ‬)‫ﻋﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬-‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬.(‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺎﻗﺔ‬(II)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(W)"‫ﺩ‬‫ﺤﻠﺯﻭﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻜﺜﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻥ‬.‫ﺜﻘﻴل‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻻﺤﺘﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬."3.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)K(:‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬(VII)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﺤﺏ‬PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 42. 39‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻭﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﺤﺎﺏ؟‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﻀﻭﺀ‬."•‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬Two dimension- responses‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺤﻲ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻠﺸﻜل‬‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻪ‬‫ﻴﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬‫ﺒﺒﻌﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬ ،‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)Fk(:‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬‫ﻤﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻌﻤﻕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻌﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(IV)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،)‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬D2‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬d1‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬d2("‫ﺍﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬."2.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)kF(:‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬‫ﻤﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻌﻤﻕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻌﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(I)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(W)"‫ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ،‫ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬(“‫ﺘﺸﺒﻪ‬‫ﺍﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻌﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬.‫ﺨﻼﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻅﺎﻡ‬."3.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)k(:‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬‫ﻤﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻌﻤﻕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻌﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(IV)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(di)"‫ﺍﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬.‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬)di(."q‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)C(:‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻘﺴﻡ‬Color responses‫ﻟﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬Chromatic ColorResponses‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺼﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍ‬،‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬(C, CF, FC)‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺩﺭﺝ‬PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 43. 40‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬.‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﻟﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬Achromatic Color Response‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ‬.(•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬FC:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)FC(:‫ﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(IX)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(DW)"‫ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻫﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﻴﻭل‬.‫ﻭﻫ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺫﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺎ‬."2.‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺭﻭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)F C(:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬(VIII)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(D1)"‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬.)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺍﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬.‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬‫ﻭﺃﻗﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ،‫ﺸﻭﺍﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺫﻴل‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬.‫ﻜﺎﻟﻔﺄﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﺒﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺫﻨﺎﻥ‬) ."‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬" .(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻫل‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬‫؟‬‫ﻤﺜﻠﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﻤﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﺭﺍﻥ‬."3.‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻤﻴﺔ‬)C/F(:‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(VIII)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬)‫ﻜل‬‫ﻋﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬(D1)‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬(W~)"،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺼﺩﺭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺒﻪ‬،‫ﺍﻷﻀﻼﻉ‬…".4.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)sysFC(:‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯﻱ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(II)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(WD)"‫ﺸﺨﺼﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻌﻀﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﺎﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺭﺠﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻔﺭﺍﻥ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻴﺩﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺴﺎﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻔﺭﺍﻥ؟‬‫ﺍﻟﻨ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﻀﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻔﻭﺭ‬."•‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬CF‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬:PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 44. 411.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)CF(:‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(X)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﻤﺭﻋﻰ‬) .‫ﺍ‬‫ﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻋﻰ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬."2.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)C F(:‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬(IX)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(D2)"‫ﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬.(‫ﺒﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺼﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ؟‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬."3.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)F/C(:‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻭ‬(VIII)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺒﻪ‬.)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻫﻜﺫﺍ؟‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬‫ﻜﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩ‬.‫ﻜﺎﻟﻤﻌﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬."•‫ﻟﻠﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬C‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)C(:‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬‫ﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻠﺸﻜل‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(II)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬" (‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺒﻘﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬".2.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)nC(:‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬Color naming،‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺒﺄﻱ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(X)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﻴ‬‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﻗﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍﺯﺭﻕ‬ ،‫ﺍﺤﻤﺭ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫؟‬‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬."3.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)desC(:‫ﻴ‬‫ﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬Color description‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(IX)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﻴل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺭﻨﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺭﺘﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺘﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬.‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﺭﻴﺒﺎ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 45. 42)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺭﻜﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬‫؟‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺨﻔﻔﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﺘﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻁ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ‬."4.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)sysC(:‫ﺘﺠﺎﻫل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(X)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(W)"‫ﻫ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺴﺩ‬."•‫ﺍﻟﻼﻟﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)~FC(:‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(I)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(W)"‫ﻭﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬.)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬.(‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺎﻫﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ؟‬‫ﺎ‬".2.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)F~C(:‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(I)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(W)"‫ﺭﻋﺩ‬.)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬.(‫ﻜﺎﻟﺭﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻋﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬".3.‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬)~C(:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(V)‫ﺍﻟ‬ ،‫ﻤ‬‫ﻭﻗﻊ‬(W)"‫ﺭﻋﺩ‬ ،‫ﺴﺤﺎﺏ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬.‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬".q‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺍﻋﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬‫ﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬:•‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻀﻊ‬.•‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬.•‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﻴﻥ‬‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺒﻘ‬‫ﻟﻠﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺒﺘﺩﺌﺎ‬.‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬(FC, CF, C)‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ،‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 46. 43‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭﺠ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬Contents‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬:‫ﺭﻤﺯ‬‫ﺇﻴﻀﺎﺡ‬H‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬"‫ﻤﻀﻤﻭﻤﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩﻤﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻓﻭﻋﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺩﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬."(H)‫ﻜﺎﻟﻭﺤﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺤﺭﺓ‬.‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬"‫ﺨﺭﺍﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺴﺎﺤﺭﺓ‬…".Hd‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﺒﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬"‫ﻤﺭﻓﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬."(Hd)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻗﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬“‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺒﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬."(AH)‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬"‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺤﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺼﺎﻥ‬."Hobj‫ﺒﺎﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻥ‬.‫ﻤﺨﻠﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻨﺎﻥ‬."At‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ،‫ﻤﻌﺩﺓ‬ ،‫ﺃﻤﻌﺎﺀ‬ ،‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﻠﻭﻉ‬."Sex‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﻨﺎﺴﻠﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻤﺜل‬"‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬،‫ﺤﻭﺽ‬ ،‫ﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﺭﺤﻡ‬".A‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬"‫ﻜﻠﺏ‬ ،‫ﺨﻔﺎﺵ‬ ،‫ﺩﺏ‬"...(A)‫ﻟﻠﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬)‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﺴﺤﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬.(‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬"‫ﺘﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ،‫ﺘﻨﻴﻥ‬".Ad‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬.(‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬"‫ﺸﻭﺍﺭﺏ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺤﻤل‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ،‫ﻤﺨﺎﻟﺏ‬ ،‫ﻁ‬."PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 47. 44(Ad)‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺯﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬"‫ﺘﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬".Aobj‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬"‫ﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺩ‬."A.At‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬.‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬"‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺤﺸﺎﺀ‬."N‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﻭل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬"،‫ﺜﻠﺞ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺤﺩﻴﻘﺔ‬"....Geo‫ﺍﻟﺠﻐﺭﺍﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬.‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬"،‫ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬‫ﺠﺒل‬ ،‫ﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﻨﻬﺭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺤﻴﺭﺓ‬ ،‫ﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬."Pl‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺘﻴﺔ‬)‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬.(‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬"‫ﺸﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬."..Bot‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻜﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺭﺽ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺘﻭﻀﻴﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬.‫ﻗﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬"‫ﻟﻠﻨﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﺎﺫﺝ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﻤﻌﺭﺽ‬".Obj‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﻤﺼﻨﻭﻋ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬"‫ﺃﺤﺫﻴﺔ‬."Arch‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺩﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬"‫ﻤﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺭﺝ‬.....".Art‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬.(‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬"‫ﻓﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺤﻪ‬."Abs‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻓﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬"‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺤﻠل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻋﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬.".....‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬1:‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺠﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺒﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬(H)،(Hd)،(AH)،(A)،(Ad).‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬2:‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 48. 45‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬q‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻴﺭﺓ‬(Popular Response(P)‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻜﺭﺭ‬)‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﻨﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﻭﻋﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺒﺘﺕ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬.‫ﻴﻤﻜ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺤﺼﺎﺀ‬.‫ﻤﻭﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﺜل‬‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(P)I‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬)W(‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬)~W(:‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺤﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺌﻥ‬)1D(‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬(D2).‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻜﺎﻨ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺘﻁﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬)2D(‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ،)1D(،‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺸﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﻩ‬."II‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬)W(،‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬)D(:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬(d)‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻲ‬.‫ﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬texture‫ﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬‫ﺴﻜﺘﻠﻨﺩﻴﺔ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺍﻵﺫﺍﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬."III‫ﺒﻜﺎﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬:‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻼﺒﺱ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺸﺨﺼﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬.‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﻭﻴﻀﻌﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺼﻨﺩﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻤﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺠﻼﻥ‬."IV‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬)1D(:‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﻪ‬ ،‫ﺸﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻋﻨﻕ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻁﺔ‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﻭﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﻪ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬.‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬."PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 49. 46V‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬)W(‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،)~W(:‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬)2D(‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬(D1)‫ﺴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺸﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬:‫ﺨﻔﺎﺵ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺫﻨﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻤﺩﻭﺩﺓ‬.‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.VI‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬)W(‫ﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬)~W(‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬)2D(‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺠﻠﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻔﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻁﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻹﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻠﺩ‬.‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬( P)‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﻭﻅﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺒﺘﻪ‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﻌﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺠﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬.(‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻪ‬)1D(.‫ﻓﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻁﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻅﻠﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل؟‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬(‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬".VII‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻤﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)1D(:‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺭﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬"‫ﺒﺴﻤﻜ‬‫ﻋﺼﻔﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺔ‬"‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬( P).‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﻗﻨﺩﺴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬)Beavers) .(‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﻜﻠﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬.‫ﻴﺘﺴﻠﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬".VIII‫ﺍﻷﺯﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬)1D(:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺭﻁﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻟﻌﻨﺎﻜﺏ‬ ‫ﻜﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﺴﺭﻁﺎﻥ‬)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺭﺃﻴﺘﻬ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬‫ﺍﻷﻁﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺎ‬."IX‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬)2D(‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬:‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴل‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﺸﺠﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻗﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬).‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻭﺭﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﻜﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬".X‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻀﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﺔ‬)7D(:‫ﺨﺭﻁﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺂﺫﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬.‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬" :‫ﺃﺭﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻀﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬.‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺫﻨﺎﻥ‬."PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 50. 47q‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬:•‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬(O)‫ﻗﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺘﺘﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﻯ‬(1%)‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬.•‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺸﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺍﺀﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻜﺭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﻪ‬.•‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬(O)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬(II)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ،(D1)“‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﺩ‬‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﻘﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻘﺫﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬."•‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬،‫ﻤﻼﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬‫ﻟﻜﻭﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﺸﻭﻫﺔ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬(-O)‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬(VI)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(D1)"‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺤﻔﺎﺓ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺭﺅﻭﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺤﻔﺎﺓ‬.‫ﺼﺩﻓﺔ‬‫ﻤﻘﻠﻭﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺔ‬..."‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬q‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬:•‫ﺭﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻬﻡ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬،‫ﻗﺩﺭﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬ ،‫ﺘﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺒﺸﻜ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻌﺽ‬‫ل‬‫ﺁﺨﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺠﺯﻩ‬ ،‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬‫ﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺨﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﺠﺎﻫﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ،‫ﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺩﺭﺝ‬(-2)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(5).•‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻴﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬(-0.5)‫ﺇ‬‫ﻟﻰ‬(-2)‫ﻗﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻠﻴل‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬(0)‫ﻭ‬(0.5)‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻴﺩﺍ‬ ،.•‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬(0.5)‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬(0.5)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻭﻫﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬‫ل‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﺔ‬:‫ﺘﻌﺒﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﺔ‬Accuracy‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺀﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﻭﻁ‬:PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 51. 481.‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬Accurate response‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬Definite)‫ﻟﻠﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬1D‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬III.(2.‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬Semi-definite‫ﻨﺎﻗﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻤﺽ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬II‫ﺒﺎﻟﺴﺤﺏ‬.(3.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬Indefinite‫ﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻁ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬IVI‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻨﺯل‬.(•‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬Specification‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺴﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬:‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻼﺌﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺴﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬،‫ﻭﺍﻟﻅل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.2.‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻔﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﻭﻡ‬:‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬‫ﺘﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺘﺸﻭﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﺜﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻠﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬(II)‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﺔ‬"‫ﻴﻨﺤﻨﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺠﺎل‬"‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﻴﻀﻴﻑ‬"‫ﻤﻨﺤﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭﻫﻡ‬."3.‫ﺍﻟﺘ‬‫ﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻭﻫﺔ‬:‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬.‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺃﺭﺠل‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺕ‬(V).•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬:‫ﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬Organization"‫ﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻭﺤﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬".‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﺘﻠﻑ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬.‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬( I )‫ﺒﻘﻭﻟﻪ‬"‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻗﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺼﺎﻥ‬‫ﻤﺴﺒﺢ‬."‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺒﻁﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬:•‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﻤﻭﻗﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬‫ﺩﺭﺠ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺘﻭﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺸﻴﻭﻋ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺼﺎﻟﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬(-2)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(5).2.‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﻜﺄﺴﺎﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻭﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 52. 493.‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬.‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻗﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍ‬.4.‫ﻟﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬)‫ﻓﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬2.5)((2)+)‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬2.5(‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻭﻤﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬R.(‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬.5.‫ﻴﻌ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺩ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻭﻓﻕ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬‫ﺘﻲ‬:•‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬Basal Rating‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬‫ﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬‫ﻤﻼﺀﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺔ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺴﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬(-2, -1.5, -1, -0.5, 00, 0.5,1.5, 1):1.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬)1(:‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬‫ﻭﺘ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻱ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺸﻤل‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﻤﺎﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬.‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﻴﺭ‬(1)‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(d3)‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬(I)‫ﻜﻴﺩﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬(D1)‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬(II)‫ﻜﻔﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻲ‬(III)‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻜﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺴﺭﻁﺎﻨﺎﺕ‬(D1)‫ﻜﺭﺌﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻔﺱ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬(D1)‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬(IV)‫ﻜﺭﺃﺱ‬‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬(D2)‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻕ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺄﺤﺫﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬(d2)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬(V)‫ﻜﺄﺭﺠل‬)‫ﺴﺎﻗﻴﻥ‬(‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬(D2)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬(VI)‫ﻜﻔﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬(D3)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬(IX)‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﺃﺱ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬(D1)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬(X)‫ﻜﺤﻴﻭﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﻥ‬(D3)‫ﻜﺤﺸﺭﺘﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬"‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬"‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺴﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻤﺎﺜﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺴﻡ‬.‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬"‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬"‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻗﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬"‫ﺴﻤﻜﺔ‬"‫ﻀﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬"‫ﺸﺠﺭﺓ‬"‫ﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻤﺜﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺫﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻀﻴﻘﺔ‬.2.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬).51(:‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻜﺭ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﺅﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬"‫ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻅﻬﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻓﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺭﺃﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬."PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 53. 503.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬).50(:‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻡ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(F, mF , kF, cF, C~F, CF)‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬"‫ﺼﺨﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻁﻌﺔ‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺠﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺍﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﻘﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻔل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻅﺭﺕ‬."4.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬)00(:‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻀﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻁﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬(C, Cdes,Cn, Csys, C~, c, K, k, m)‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﻩ‬.‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺭﻗﻡ‬(II)"‫ﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﻤﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻊ‬.‫ﺘﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺘﻁﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻻ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻜل‬"(.5.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬).50-(:‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬(0.5, 1, 1.5)‫ﻴﻀﻌﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬.‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻠﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎل‬(VIII)"‫ﻏﺭﻭﺏ‬‫ﺸﻤﺱ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻤﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻜل‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬.‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ؟‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻴﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻑ‬(‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻌﻜﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﺤﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬."6.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬)1-(:‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻭﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻭﻓﻴﻕ‬‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(I)"‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺩﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﺭﺍﻋﻴﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻨﻁﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬."7.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬).51-(:‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻤﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬(IV)"‫ﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬.)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺒﻐﻤﻭﺽ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜل‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬.‫ﻜﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ؟‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺠﻌﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬(‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬) .(‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬.‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ‬ ‫ﻫل‬...‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺌﻴﺴﻲ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺜﻌﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬."8.‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬)2-(:‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻘﺩﻡ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺜﺎﻻ‬(IV)"‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺼﻌﺏ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬.‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎل‬‫ﺠﻨﻭﺍ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﺭﻴﺱ‬ ،‫ﺒﺭﻟﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻠﺩﺍﻥ‬..."PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 54. 51•‫ﺍﻹ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬‫ﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺫﻑ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬:1.‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﻀﺎﻑ‬(0.5)‫ﺩﺭﺠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬.2.‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺘﺅﺩﻱ‬)‫ﺘﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬(‫ﻏﺭﻴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﻌﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺒﺏ‬‫ﺤﺫﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(0.5)‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬.3.‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬(0.5)‫ﺃﻭ‬(00)‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﺭﺡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.4.‫ﻟﻠﺨﻔﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀﺓ‬.(q‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺜﻠﺔ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)F(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)I(:"‫ﺴﻠﺤﻔﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻴﺴﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻤﺘﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﻯ‬) .(‫ﺘﺼﻔﻪ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻫل‬(‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬.‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬."‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ddFAdO1.5‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬(dd)‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬.‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﻤﻁﺎﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺘﺎﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬(‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬(1.5).•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)F-(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬:‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)IV(:"‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺎ‬ ،‫ﻭﺴﻁ‬)‫ﻗﺭﻭﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺸﻌﺎﺭ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺴﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺒﻌﺙ‬ ،‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻠﺔ‬ ،) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺠﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬(‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬.‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻤﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺎ‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬.‫ﺠﻭﺍﻫﺭ؟‬(‫ﺘﻠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻋﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.‫ﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺸﻌﺭﺘﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.."PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 55. 52‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬WF, Fc, FC~A, JewelsP, O--0.5‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬(D)‫ﺃﺨﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺍﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺠﺯﺀ‬(W)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬(DW).‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(Fc)‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻊ‬"‫ﺘﻠﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﺠﻭﺍﻫﺭ‬."‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬(FC~)‫ﻟﻸﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬(O-)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬(-0.5)‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﻭﻴﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺨﺼﻴﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬"‫ﺍﻟﺭﺃﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺼﺨﻭﺭ‬."•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)M(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬‫ﺎﺒﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)II(" :‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﺒﺴﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﻴﺼﻔﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤﺘﻼﻤﺴ‬ ‫ﺭﻜﺒﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺩﻭﺍ‬ ،،‫ﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬‫ﺔ‬."‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬W~M,FC~H-3.5‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺃﻋﻁﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬(W~).‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻲ‬(1.5)‫ﺒﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻌﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬(0.5)‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬(0.5)‫ﻟﻔﻜﺭﺓ‬‫ﺒﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻭﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺀﺍﺕ‬(0.5)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻼﻤﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻜﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﻜﺭﺓ‬•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)FM(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)V(:"‫ﺘﻁﻴﺭ‬ ،‫ﺒﻨﻔﺴﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺸﻌﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺭﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺠﻨﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬.‫ﻭﺍﺼﻔﺭ؟‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻔﺴﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻁﺒﺎﻉ‬.(‫ﺍﻷﻟﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬.‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻼ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬."‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬WFMAP-1.5‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﺒﺎﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺯﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻨﻔﺴﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻥ‬.‫ﻤﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ،‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻭﺘﻭﻏﺭﺍﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻤﺜﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬(Fc).PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 56. 53•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)Fm,mF(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)IX(:"‫ﺸﺭﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﻁﺎﻨﺎﻥ‬)2D() .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(،‫ﻁﻭﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻌﺎﺕ‬ ،‫ﻤﻤﺩﻭﺩﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻥ‬‫ﻴﺎﻁﻴﻥ‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬.‫ﺸﺭﻴﺭ؟‬ ‫ﻤﻅﻬﺭ‬(‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﻁﺎﻨﻴﻥ‬ ،‫ﺤﺴﻨﺎ‬.‫ﻴﺒﺩﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬‫ﻜﻜﺎﺌﻨﻴﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬DFm, M, FC(H)-2.0‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬(Fm)‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬"‫ﺸﻴﻁﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻅﻬﺭ‬"‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺭﻤﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻌل‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬(M)‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬"‫ﻤﻤﺩﻭﺩﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﺍﻥ‬."‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(FC)‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﻥ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)cF,Fc(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)I(:"‫ﻋﻀﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬) .‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻜﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻨﻅﺭ‬.‫ﺇﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺒﻘﺎﻴﺎ‬)‫ﺭﻓﺎﺕ‬(‫ﻟﺤﻭﺽ‬:‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻭﺭﺓ‬.‫ﺍﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺜﺭ‬‫ﻨﻤﻭﺫﺠﻲ‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬(‫ﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬.‫ﻤﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬."‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬WFcAt-1.5‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻁﻰ‬(Fc)‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬"‫ﺃﺒﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻭﺭ‬."‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬(FK)‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻁﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺩﻡ‬.‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﺜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬‫ﺠﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬Sex.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 57. 54•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)KF,FK(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)I(" :‫ﻴﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﺯﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﺌﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬‫ﻀﺒﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻡ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬S,W) .(‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﺒﺤﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻀﺤﻠﺔ‬.‫ﺒﺤﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻏﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺨﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺠﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻼل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﺘﻀﺎﺭﻴﺱ‬."‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬W,SFKGeo-1.5‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﻠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺕ‬(FK)‫ﺒﺴﺒﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬"‫ﻜﺎﻟﺠﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻔﻊ‬."•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)C,CF,Fc(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)II(:"‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻻ‬.)2D()‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺤﻤﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬."‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬DCsysBlood-0>0‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﻟﻠﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﺒﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺭﺯ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)~C(‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬)II(" :‫ﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬:‫ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ‬(‫ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬.)‫ﺍﺴﺘﻘﺼﺎﺀ‬(‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬.‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﻻ‬) .‫ﺴﺅﺍل‬.‫ﻤﻀﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎﺫﺍ‬(‫ﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻷﻨﻬﺎ‬."‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬SFc~Obj-1.5‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﻟﻠﺘﻅﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻬﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻭﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬‫ل‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 58. 55‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺨﺎﻤﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺩﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺩﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬)‫ﻤﻠﺤﻕ‬1(‫ﻴﺸ‬ ،‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻤل‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺠﺎﻤﻴﻊ‬:‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻷﻭل‬‫ﺒﺎﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺭﺼﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﻤﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬)I, II, III(‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ،(1, 2, 3)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻷﺤﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﺘﻴﻨﻴﺔ‬(A, B, C).‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬‫ﻭﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻌل‬ ‫ﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﺼﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬Location.‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬Movement‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬ ،Depth‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ،Form‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻅﻬﺭ‬ ،‫ﺢ‬Surface/Texture‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬Color‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ،Additional scores‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬:‫ﺨﺼﺼ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺘﻤل‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻹﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬Popular Response‫ﺍﻷﺼﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬(Original Response.‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻭﺩﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻤل‬(FLR).‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬:‫ﺨﺼﺹ‬‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻊ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 59. 56‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻴﻜﻭﺠﺭﺍﻡ‬q‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻴﻜﻭﺠﺭﺍﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻴﻜﻭﺠﺭﺍﻡ‬Psychogram‫ﻟﻤﺠﺎﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺸﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬(M,FM,m,k,K,FK,F,FC,c,C~,FC,CF,C)‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤﺜﻴل‬‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺎﻤﻴﻊ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺠل‬‫ﻤﺘﺼل‬ ‫ﺨﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬.‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﻨﻘﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﻁﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠل‬.151014CCFFCC~.cFcFFKK.k.mFMMq‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻴﻤﺜل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬Basic Relations‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ΣR‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬.ΣT‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻭﺍﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻗﺎﺌﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬.ΣT/ R‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬.‫ﻜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﺍﺴﻭﺩ‬Σ(I+ IV+ V+ VI+ VII) / 5‫ﺍﻟﺒ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬(5).PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 60. 57‫ﻜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﻤﻠﻭﻥ‬Σ(II+ III+ VIII+IX+ X) / 5‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﻤﻠﻭﻨ‬‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻭﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬(5).‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ΣF %(Σ F / Σ R) (100)‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬(F)‫ﻤﻘﺴﻭﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬(R)‫ﻤﻀﺭﻭﺒ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬(100).(Σ FK +F+ Fc / Σ R) (100)Self Explanatory Ratio‫ﺫﺍﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬.(Σ A + Ad / Σ R) (100)‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺒﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬(A)‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬(Ad)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻭﻤﺔ‬( R)‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺭﻭﺏ‬(100).(Σ H+A): (Σ Hd+Ad)Self Explanatory Ratio‫ﺫﺍﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬.‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻜﺎﺌﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺌﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ΣP‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ΣO‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﺎﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬(.FC+ 2CF+ 3C / 2‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬C‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(C).M: sum C‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬(M)‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(C).)C~+(Fc +c:(FM+m)Self Explanatory Ratio‫ﺫﺍﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬.‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻤﻘﺴﻭﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬(R)‫ﻤﻀﺭﻭﺒ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬(100).‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬20%‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬(X)‫ﻓﺎﻨﻪ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬.Σ W: Σ M‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬(W)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(M).PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 61. 58q‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬:ΣM: ΣFM‫ﺫﺍﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬Self Explanatory Ratio.‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻲ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.ΣM: Σ (FM + m)‫ﺫﺍﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬.)‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬:‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.(Σ (FK + Fc) : ΣF‫ﺫﺍﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬(FK)‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬(Fc)‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(F).Σ (Fc+ cF + c+ C~+ C~F +FC~) : Σ (FC+CF+C)‫ﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻠﻭﻨ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬.Achromatic: ChromaticΣ (FK + Fc + Fk ) :Σ (K + KF + k +kF+ c+cF)‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﻼل‬ΣFC: Σ (CF + C )Self Explanatory Ratio‫ﺫﺍﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬(FC)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬(CF)‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬(C).q‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺒﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬Manner of Approach‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻼﻨﻲ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻌﺕ‬‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬(W%)‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 62. 59‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﺴﻭﻤﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺭﻭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬(100)‫ﺃﻱ‬(W/R) (100).‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻭﻴل‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻁﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬.•‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﺒﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﺸﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﻗﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬Dd + S %d%D%W%‫ﺠ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺨﻔﺽ‬‫ﺩﺍ‬< 30 %< 10 %‫ﻤﻨﺨﻔﺽ‬< 5 %30 - 44 %10 - 19 %‫ﻋﺎﺩﻱ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺘﻭﻗﻌ‬‫ﺔ‬(< 10 %5 - 15 %45 - 55 %20 - 30 %‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻭﻕ‬10- 19 %16 - 25 %56 - 65 %31 - 45 %‫ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‬20 - 29 %26 - 35 %66 - 80 %46 - 60 %‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‬30 - 40 %36 - 45 %> 80 %> 60 %‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‬> 40 %> 45 %•‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺼﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺠﻌﻴﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻌﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﺭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻌ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬W20-30%D45 - 55 %d5 - 15 %Dd+S< 10 %q‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬:‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬Estimate of Intellectual Level‫ﻋﺎﻤﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻫﻤ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬Capacity‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬Efficiency.‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬(W)‫ﻭﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(M)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬(O)‫ﻭﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬(FLR)،،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﻴﺏ‬Orderliness of Succession.‫ﺘﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻘﺩ‬PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 63. 60‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺙ‬.‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺨﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ل‬q‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬:‫ﻴﻘﺼﺩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬Succession‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻅﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬:•‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺼﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﻘل‬‫ﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬‫ﻜﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬(W-D-d-Dd-S)‫ﺃﻭ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺱ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻀﺭﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬.•‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺸﻭﺍﺌﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬(W)‫ﺜﻡ‬‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬(D)‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺜﻡ‬(W)‫ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬،‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻷﺼﻐﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻡ‬.‫ﺘﻌﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬(X).‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺄﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(W)‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(D).•‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺎ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬:1.‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬Rigid Succession:‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(10)‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.2.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬Orderly Succession:‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(7)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(9)‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬.3.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻜﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬Loose Succession:‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(6-3)‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬.4.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻀﻁﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺘﺎﺒﻊ‬Confused Succession.:‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(3)‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﺼﺭ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺘﻤل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬Form-Level Summary(FLR)‫ﻫﻤﺎ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬:‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬.)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬FLR/R.(PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 64. 61•‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬:‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬FLR‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓﻭﻕ‬2.5) (2+ ()‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬FLR‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎ‬‫ﺴﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬2.5(/)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬(.q‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬:‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬TheLocation Chart.‫ﻭ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻤل‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻭﻀﻭﺡ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺕ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬‫ﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻊ‬.‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻼﺤﻅﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 65. 62‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬‫ﻋﺎﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬•‫ﺘﺠﺭﻴﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻜﻠﻴﻨﻴﻜﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺩﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺜﺒﺘﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺭﺍﻀﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬.•‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.•‫ﺍﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬‫ﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻌﻤﺭ‬.•‫ﺍﻟﻨﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﺌﻲ‬‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﻟﻼﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺇﺫ‬ ،‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺯﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺩﺌﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻐﺎﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻤﻭﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﻴﻭﻋﻪ‬(W)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻻﻨﻌﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﻴﺩﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺎﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺒﺄﺠﺯﺍﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺭﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬‫ﺘﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺜل‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻅﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺠﻤﻴﻊ‬،‫ﻓﺭﺍﺸﺔ‬ ،‫ﺨﻔﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﺼﻔﻭﺭ‬….‫ﺍﻟﺦ‬.‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻜﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺼﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬(10)‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﺘﺞ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﻤﺘﺎﻋﻬﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻬﻡ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺩﺨﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻬﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻜﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 66. 63‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻨﻲ‬q‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻨﻲ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻟﻭﻻﺕ‬W%‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬20%)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬30%(‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬(W)‫ﻭ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺼﻭل‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻁﻤﻭﺡ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(W)‫ﺒﺎﻜﺘﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﺍﺴ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(W)‫ﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻤﻀﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(D)‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒﺎﺕ‬.W~ %‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(W~ )‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻤﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺩ‬)‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺫﺭ‬(‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬‫ﺘﺩﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺒﻪ‬‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻹﻟﻐﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤﻼﺌﻡ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻤﻌﻭﻗﺔ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻠﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬.DW%‫ﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜل‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(DW)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻠﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬.◙‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﻟﻠﻨﻅﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬.W%‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 67. 64•‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻨﻲ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬:(D%, d%‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ‬◙‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬5%)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(15%.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﺎﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬،‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﻜﻭﻥ‬.◙‫ﺇﻫﻤ‬‫ﺎل‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(D)‫ﻏﻤﻭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(W)‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻀﻁﺭﺍﺒ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬(d)‫ﻋﻥ‬(15%)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﻠﺩﻗﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻓﻴﺔ‬Pedantry.◙‫ﺍﻻﺴ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(d)‫ﻋﻥ‬(5%)‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬.Dd%‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬‫ﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬(S)‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬(10%).◙‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬.◙‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻰ‬.◙‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻼﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬.◙‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﻟﻼﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍ‬.dd%‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬.◙‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻬﺭﻱ‬ObsessiveBehavior‫ﺍﻟﺘﺩﻗﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻭﺴﺔ‬ ،Meticulous‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭ‬‫ﻓﻴﺔ‬Pedantic.de%‫ﻏﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺤﺩﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻕ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﻭﻑ‬‫ﺸﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻤﻕ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬.di%‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬‫ﺤﻴﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻭﻨﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﺩﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 68. 65dr%‫ﺼﻐﻴﺭﺓ‬‫ﻨﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻘﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻷﺩﺍﺀ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺒﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﻀﻌﻴﻑ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻁﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻀﺢ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻻﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬.S%‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬.(◙‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺍﻍ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻟﻘﻠﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩل‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻭﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺄﻜﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﺤﺎﺕ‬.q‫ﺜ‬‫ﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬:•‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬(F%):◙‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬(F)‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬20%)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(50%‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻤﻼ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻊ‬ ،‫ﻋﻼﻗ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬50%)‫ﺇﻟ‬‫ﻰ‬(80%‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬(F)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻀﺒﺎﻁ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻠﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﺕ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬50%)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(80%‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(F)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻴل‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﻜﻤﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬Constriction‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬50%)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(80%‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(F)‫ﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺴﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬.◙‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬(F)‫ﻋﻥ‬(80%)‫ﻤﺭﻀﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬،‫ﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻁﺕ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﻜﻤﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻓﺘﻘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻘﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺤﻴﺎﻨﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻬﺭﻱ‬.‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﺩل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼل‬)‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬(‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟﻠﺤﻘﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬.(PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 69. 66◙‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬(F)‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬)FC،Fc،(M‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻤﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻼﺤﺘﻔﺎﻅ‬‫ﺒﻘﺎﺌﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺴﺎﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴﺎ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(F)‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬)FC،Fc،(M‫ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﻲ‬.◙‫ﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬)‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬(‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬:‫ﺒﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﻭﻴﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬:‫ﺃ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬( F+)‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻬﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻠﺩﻗﺔ‬.‫ﺏ‬.‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬(F)‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻤﻔﺎﻫﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻘﺭﻴﺒ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬.‫ﺝ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﻔﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬(F-)،‫ﻟﻸ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻜﺎل‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬،‫ﻭﻗﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻀﺒﺎﻁ‬.1.‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:M%‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬.◙‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬(M)‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻘﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬.◙‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺘﻘﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺤﺎﻓﻅﺘﻪ‬ ،‫ﻭﺨﻴﺎﻻﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﻨﺩﻓﺎﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺒل‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺕ‬.‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻴﺠﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺘﻀﺎﻤﻨﺕ‬‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺒﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻹﺒﺩﺍﻋﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺼل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﻲ‬(3)‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(M)‫ﺍﻷﻗل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.FM%‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬.◙‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻜﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬(FM)‫ﺍﻟﻼﺸﻌﻭﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻏﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﺓ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺎﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻁﻠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬.◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﻭﻨﺯﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻓﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 70. 67M%‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬.◙‫ﺘ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺸﻤل‬‫ﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﺔ‬(Fm, mF, m).◙‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﻭﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ،‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﺭﺍﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺈﻤﻜﺎﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﺫﺍﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﻤﻌﻬﺎ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺎﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻁﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻓﻕ‬.(2.‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬.◙‫ﺤﺎﺠﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻭﺍﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺼل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻨﺘﻤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺏ‬.Fc%‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬‫ﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬(Fc)‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻟﻠﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﺠﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺩﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﻟﻠﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻭل‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺭﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﻁﻔﻭﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻌﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺫﻩ‬.cF‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬‫ﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘ‬‫ﺩﻴﺭ‬(cF)،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻀﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻡ‬.‫ﺤﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﻋﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺩل‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﻟﻼﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺴﻲ‬.c‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬( c )‫ﺇﻟ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬،‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﺯﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺒﺄﻨﻭﺍﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺘﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺎﻀﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 71. 68FK‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻌﻤﻕ‬‫ﺒﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬.◙‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬(FK)‫ﺘﻔﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻗﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻘﺒل‬.◙‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻓﻕ‬.◙‫ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺎﺏ‬.K ,KF‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻌﻤﻕ‬‫ﺒﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬.◙‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(K, KF)‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﻀﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺠﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻜﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻁﻔﻴﺔ‬.k, Fk, kF‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒﺒﻌﺩﻴﻥ‬.◙‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟ‬‫ﻘﻠﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺒﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﻤﻘﺒﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺎﻭل‬‫ﺘﺒﺭﻴﺭﻫﺎ‬.◙‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺩل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﻋﻘﻼﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.3.‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﻀﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺒﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺇﻗﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺒﺎﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬Interpersonal Relationships‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﺭ‬.FC‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻤﻀﺒﻭﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬Controlled‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻁﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺘﻤﺘﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﻑ‬‫ﺘﻭﺍﻓﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬.◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬(F C)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻗﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬.◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬(F/C)‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 72. 69CF‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬.◙‫ﻴﺩل‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(CF)،‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺒﻭﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺎﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺘﺩﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺎﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﺩﻓﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬.‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺇﻴﺠﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﻓ‬‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻘﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ،‫ﺃﺠ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬‫ﺯﺍﺀ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠل‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(FC, CF, C).◙‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺭﻭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬(C F)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺤﻜﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬(C/F)‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻓﺸل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭﻟﺘﻤﺭﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﻀﺞ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺯﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺘﻪ‬.C‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻠﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺇﻫﻤﺎل‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(C)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻀﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻔﺠﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(C n )‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻀﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﺤل‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﻗﻑ‬‫ﺔ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(Cdes )‫ﻴ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻼﻨﻲ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﻤﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(Csym)‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﺴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍ‬.FC~, C~FC~‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﻟﻭ‬‫ﻨﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﻟﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺴﺠل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻟﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬،‫ﻭﺍﻷﺒﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻨﻭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺜﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 73. 70q‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬:◙‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺴﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻯ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﻫﺫ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬.◙‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤ‬‫ﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬(A)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬20%‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬30%‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬25%‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬(A, Ad, H, Hd).◙‫ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﻜﻴﺯ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﺭﻴﺢ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺩ‬،‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬‫ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.q‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺼﻴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬(P%)◙‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺸﺎﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬‫ﻟﻸ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬.◙‫ﺍﻷﻗل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬(3)‫ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬(8)‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻤﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻠﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺄﻟﻭﻑ‬.◙‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬.◙‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺯ‬)‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻭﺩ‬(‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﺼﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻷﺼﻴﻠﺔ‬)‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬((O)◙‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(O)‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺌﻌﺔ‬(P)‫ﺃﻱ‬(O = 2P)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻔﻭﻕ‬‫ﺨﻤﺱ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬P‫ﺍﻷﻗل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.◙‫ﺍﺴﺘ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(O)‫ﻜﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺔ‬(O)‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺭﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 74. 71q‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬:FLR‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬(FLR)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﺀﺓ‬.◙‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﺍﻓﻀل‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺒﺎﻴﻥ‬.◙‫ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﺨﻔﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬.q‫ﺴﺎﺩﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬)‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬(‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬AdditionalScore.◙‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺘﺩل‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ResourcesInner‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬.◙‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺘﺠﺎﻫﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻡ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻜﺎﻓﺌﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻁﻰ‬‫ﻤﻨﻁﻘﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬.◙‫ﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺠﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺠﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 75. 72‫ﺍﻟﻜﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻨﻲ‬q‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﻴﺯﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺏ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ΣM : ΣMF‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬.◙‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬(M)‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻭﻋﻥ‬‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(MF)‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﻭﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺭﻭﻁ‬‫ﺼﻔﺭ‬(ΣM > 2 > Σ MF > 0 )‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻨﻀﺞ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻤﻴﻠﻪ‬‫ﻭﻀﻊ‬‫ﺇﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬‫ﻟﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺭﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻨﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺯﺍﺌﺩﺓ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺴﺎﻭﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(ΣM) > (2) = (ΣMF)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺒل‬‫ﻭﺩﻭﺍﻓﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﻨﺩﻓﺎﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬.◙‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺯﺍﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬‫ﻨﺼﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺃﻱ‬(ΣMF) > (2) < (Σ M)‫ﻨﻀﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻗﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ‬‫ﺘﻪ‬‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻹﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬‫ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺴﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬CF > ΣFC)(Σ‫ﻴﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ‬ ،‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬(ΣMF > 2ΣM)‫ﺍﻟﻨﻀﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﻴﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﻀﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻭﻙ‬.◙‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺯﺍﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﻴﻥ‬‫ﻭﺴﺎﻭﺕ‬‫ﻨﺼﻑ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺃﻱ‬(ΣM) > 2 = (0.5 ΣMF)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺇﺸﺒﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺘﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺘل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺍﻓﻊ‬.◙‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬(M)‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬(MF)‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺕ‬(F)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺕ‬‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁﺕ‬‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﺍﻷﻨﺎ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 76. 73Σ M : (ΣFM+m)‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬.◙‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(MF + m)‫ﺃﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻨﺼﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺓ‬‫ﻟﻺﻨﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(M)‫ﺒﺎﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﺭ‬(Σ MF + m) > (1.5 Σ M)‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺘﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﻁﺎﻗﺘﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(M)‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(MF + m)‫ﺃﻱ‬(Σ M) = (ΣMF+m)،‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬(M)‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺘﺘﻌﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻠﻴﻼ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(m)،‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻘﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻓﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.q‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ‬:‫ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺏ‬:‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬C.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬(C)‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬.◙‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬‫ﺄﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬(C)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬(C)‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﺍﻻ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.FC: (CF+C)‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠ‬‫ﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬FC‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬CF‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬C.◙‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬(FC)‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬(CF + C)‫ﺒﺎﻟﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺒﺭ‬(Σ FC) > (Σ CF + C)‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻟﺒﻴﺌﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺍﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻨﻔﻌﺎﻻﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻨﺯﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻴﺩ‬(CF + C)‫ﻭﺍﺤﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬.◙‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(CF + C)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺸﺩﺓ‬‫ﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻌﺎﻴﻴﺭ‬)‫ﺴﻁﺤﻴﺘ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺭﻏﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻬﺎ‬.(‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻀﻴﺔ‬‫ﺘﻌﺩل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻜل‬‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺼﺎﺌﺹ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬(C/F, F/C, F C)‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬.◙‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬(FC + C)‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬(FC)‫ﺃﻱ‬(Σ FC + C > Σ FC)‫ﻨﺯﻋﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺴﻴﻁﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 77. 74‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻜﺭﻭﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺜﺔ‬(VIII, IX, X).◙‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺒﻬﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬(40%)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺒﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺨﻀﻭﻉ‬.◙‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻰ‬(30%)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺒﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﺎ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺭﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬.‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺒﺯﻤﻥ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬.◙‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬‫ﻴﺴﺎﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺒﺯﻤﻥ‬10)‫ﺜﻭﺍﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬(‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺤﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﺎﺓ‬.◙‫ﺒﺎﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻁﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬(VII, VI, IV)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﻠﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻠﻤﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺤﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.◙‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭ‬‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬‫ﺒﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺇﺫ‬‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬.q‫ﺜﺎﻟﺜﺎ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺏ‬:‫ﺘﺼﻨﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺠﺭﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻨﻁﻭﺍﺌﻴﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬Introverted‫ﻭﺍﻨﺒﺴﺎﻁﻴﻴ‬‫ﻥ‬Extraverted‫ﻟﻬ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻁﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺩﺍﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺒﻌﺩ‬،‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺕ‬Introversive‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺘﻤﺘﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬‫ﺒﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺨﻴﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﻴﺎل‬Fantasy‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺯﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻭﺍﺠﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺸﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺭﺠﻊ‬،‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒ‬ ‫ﺘﻘل‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺘﻪ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻠﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬extroversive‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻴل‬‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺨﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻁﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻑﺀ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺭ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻨﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﻷﻓﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻴﻌﻤل‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫ﺘ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺸﻜﻴل‬‫ﻤﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻜﻴﻑ‬ ‫ﺒل‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﺠﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻡ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺭﺸﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬:PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 78. 75M : Σ CΣ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬M‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬C.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬(M)‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻅﻴﻑ‬(C)‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺜﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺩﻯ‬.◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬(M)‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺘﻴﻥ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬(C)‫ﺃﻱ‬> (0)(Σ M) > 2 > (Σ C)‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﺘﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺼﻔﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﻨﻁﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻴل‬‫ﻟﻠﺭﺍﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬)‫ﻟﻠﺤﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ‬(‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺜﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬،‫ﺘﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻜﺱ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(C)‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬(M).‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬MF+m‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻼﻟﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬FC+c+C~.◙‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(FM + m)‫ﺘﺩل‬‫ﻟﻤﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬.◙‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(Fc + c + C~)‫ﺘ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩل‬‫ﻟﻤﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻭل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻨﺤﻭ‬.◙‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬‫ﺍﺘ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺠﺎﻩ‬M : Σ C)(Σ،‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﺴﺒﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺄﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬(Σ FM + m) >2 > (Σ FC + c + C~)،‫ﺘﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺨﺫ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺭﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﻟﺘﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬M: C.‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺭﺤﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴل‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﻠﻔﺕ‬.◙‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺭﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﻭﻗﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻜﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺒل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺩﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬ ،(m)‫ﺃﻭ‬(c)‫ﺴﺒﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ،‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬(C˜)‫ﺍﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﺴﺤﺎﺏ‬.‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬(VIII, XI X)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺨﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬M : Σ C)(Σ‫ﺃﻴﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬( Σ FM + m ) : ( Σ Fc + c + C~)‫ﻴﺅﻜﺩ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻀﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 79. 76q‫ﺭﺍﺒﻌﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻁﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﻨﻅﻴﻡ‬:Σ FK + Fc : Σ F‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬FK+ Fc‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬F◙‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬(25%)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(75%)‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﺒﺎﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺤﺴﺎﺴﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺩﺍل‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ،.◙‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬(75%)‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺃﻱ‬(Σ FK+Fc) > (0.75 F)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬‫ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺠﻭﺍﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻀﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻋﺘﺭﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺏ‬.◙‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻁﺢ‬(25%)‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬‫ﺃﻱ‬(Σ FK+ Σ Fc) < (0.25F)‫ﻓﺈﻨﻬﺎ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟﻠﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﻤﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﻜﺎﺭ‬)‫ﺍﻟﻭﺠﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬(،‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻜﺒﻴﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻴﺅﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬)‫ﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬(‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬)‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺸﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬‫ﻤﺤﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬(◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻅﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯ‬(Σ Fc + Fk + FK)>(Σ K + KF + k + kF + c + cF)‫ﺘﺴﺘﺩﺨل‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﻜﺎﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬Integrated‫ﺒﺸﻜل‬‫ﺼﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﻤﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺨﻁﺭ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬.‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻠﻭﻨﺔ‬.(Σ Fc+ cF+ c~):FC+CF+C)(Σ =◙‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬> 2 (Σ FC+CF+C)(Σ Fc+ cF+ c~) = or‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺎﻨﺎﺓ‬‫ﻤﺅﻟ‬ ‫ﺨﺒﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻤﺔ‬‫ﺘﺩﻓﻌﻪ‬‫ﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﺴﺤﺎﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻷﺫﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺨﻭﻑ‬.◙‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬(Σ FC +CF + C) = or > 2 (Σ Fc + cF+ c~)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺎﻋل‬ ‫ﻤﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 80. 77◙‫ﻤﻼﺤﻅﺔ‬:‫ﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺅﻟﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻀﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬Achromatic‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﺸﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻭﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬q‫ﺨﺎﻤﺴﺎ‬:‫ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻤﻭﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺏ‬:‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬(R).◙‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺸﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬(20)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬(45)‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻴﺸﻴﺭ‬(R)‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻭﻴﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﺒﺎﻟﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﻟﻠﻜﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻬﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺎﺠﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻨﺘﺎﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻨﻔﺴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬.‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ΣW: ΣM.◙‫ﺃﺼﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻴﺭ‬‫ﻟﻠﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻤﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬(W)‫ﺒﻤﻘﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬(M)‫ﺃﻱ‬(ΣW = 2 Σ M)‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻠﻰ‬‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬‫ﻤﺸﺭﻭﻁﺎ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻨﺠﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻕ‬‫ﺜﻼﺙ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺩ‬‫ﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(M)‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬.◙‫ﻋﻨﺩﻤﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻜﻭﻥ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(W)‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬(M)‫ﺃﻱ‬( ΣW) > (2 Σ M)‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻁﻤﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻀﻭﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﺩل‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺤﺎل‬ ‫ﺃﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬.◙‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬(W)‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(M)‫ﺃﻱ‬(ΣW < 2 Σ M)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻤﺸﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﻤﺨﺭﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬.)‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬: ()‫ﺍﻷﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺭﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬((ΣH+A) :(ΣHd + Ad).◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﺌﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬‫ﻭﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺇﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺠﺯﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺘﻤﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬(ΣH+A) : (ΣHd +Σ Ad)‫ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬.◙‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻴﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(H + A)‫ﻀﻌﻑ‬‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(Hd + Ad)،‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻤﺎ‬ ،‫ﻻﻋﺘﺩﺍل‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺩﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗل‬‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻕ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 81. 78‫ﻨ‬‫ﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬‫ﺒﺎﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬A%.◙‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﻭﺍﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬(A)‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻤﻭﺩ‬.◙‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬20%‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬35%.◙‫ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤ‬ ‫ﻀﻴﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺎﺕ‬.◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺓ‬(A)‫ﻋﻥ‬50%‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻟﺴ‬‫ﻭﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﻓﻕ‬.‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.◙‫ﻭﻴﻘﻅﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺭﺍﻙ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬.◙‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ‬30‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﻊ‬ ‫ﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬30‫ﺍﻹﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺕ‬ ‫ﺼﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻁﺀ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺯﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﻟﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻔﺴﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻁﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻁﻭل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻜﺘﺌﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻀﻌﻑ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻁﺀ‬.q‫ﺴﺎﺩﺴﺎ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺘﺒﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬Constrictive Control:◙‫ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺤﺩﺩ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬ ‫ﺎﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻭ‬‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬(Σ FK +F + Fc).◙‫ﻟﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻅل‬(Σ FK + F + Fc)‫ﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻊ‬50%)‫ﻭ‬(75%.◙‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻴﺎﺩﺘﻬﺎ‬(75%)‫ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺎﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻜﻤﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻘﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻌﺩﺍﻡ‬.◙‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬(F)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺤﻭﻟﻲ‬50%‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬(Σ FK + F + Fc)‫ﻋﻥ‬75%‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺨﻀﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺯﺍل‬ ‫ﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺒﺢ‬ ‫ﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻵﺨﺭﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺍ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 82. 79‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬،‫ﻭﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺯﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﺨﻼل‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ‬‫ﺘﻘﻭﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺒﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﻀﻴﺎﺕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺩﺍﺨﻠﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬‫ﻟﻪ‬Control, Inner Resources, Intellectual Approach and Intellectual Level‫ﻭﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺘﻔﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻲ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬:◙‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻤﺜل‬‫ﺍﻷﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺩﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺸﻜل‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺼﺭ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬The Psychogram.◙‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻭﺩﻭﺍﻓﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺤﺎﺠﺎﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺘﺨﻴﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﺴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺭﺠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﻨﺒﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺘﺄﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻴﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻨﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬.◙‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻴل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﺍﺘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻌﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻨﻁﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺍﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬‫ﻗﺎﺕ‬.q‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬:‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬Manner ofApproach.◙‫ﺘﺭﺘﺒﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻁﺒﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻤﺸﻜﻼﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺤل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬.‫ﺤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ‬‫ﻴﺭﻜﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺸﺨﺹ‬(D, d)‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻓﻀﺎ‬‫ﺇﺠﻤﺎﻟﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺔ‬(W)،‫ﻴﻤﻴل‬‫ﺁﺨﺭ‬‫ﺒﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺩﺀ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻭﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻭﻗﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺢ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬(W)‫ﺠﺯﺌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺘﻘل‬(D, d)‫ﻭ‬ ،‫ﻴﻘﺩﻡ‬‫ﻭﻀﻌﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﻨﺘﺎﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬(W).‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻌﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬‫ﺘﻨﺎﻭﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﻠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﺼﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻤﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 83. 80q‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬:‫ﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﻹﻨﺠﺎﺯ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬Estimate of Intellectual Level‫ﻻﺒﺩ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻠﻔﺎﺤﺹ‬‫ﻤﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭﺍﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺭ‬:)1(‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻜل‬(FLR).◙‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻜل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬،‫ﺒﻴﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺨﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺯﻭﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻭﺍﻤل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻴﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﺠﻤﺎﻻ‬‫ﺒﺎﻵﺘﻲ‬:‫ﺃ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(4)‫ﺠﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬.‫ﺏ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(3)‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬.‫ﺝ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(2)‫ﻋﺎﺩﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬.‫ﺩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺩﻴﺭ‬(1)‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬.‫ﻩ‬.‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺼﺎﻋﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺠﺎﺕ‬.)2(‫ﻭﻋﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ‬(M).◙‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻨﺴﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬(M)‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺔ‬(M)‫ﻴﻠﻐﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺴﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻭﻓﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻴﺯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬(W)‫ﺍﻟﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬.)3(‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬(W).◙‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻘﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬(W)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﺒﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬.◙‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺘﻔﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬(W)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻤﺎﻴﺯﺓ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻅﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻨﻔﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬.◙‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬(W)‫ﺘﻔﺎﺼﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴﺔ‬(D)‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺨﻔﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺩﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺫﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com
  • 84. 81)4(‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬(O).◙‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬(O)‫ﺇﻀﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺎﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺴﻭﺍﺀ‬‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺠﻴﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺩﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬.◙‫ﺘﻘﻴﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺠﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺘﻘﻠل‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺭﻴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺔ‬‫ﺴﻠﺒﻴﺎ‬،‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻌﺘﺒﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻀﻁﺭﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻨﻌﺩﺍﻤﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬.◙‫ﺍﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴل‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴل‬ ‫ﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‬(O)‫ﺘﻜﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻴﻤﻜﻥ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺴﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻜﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻤﺅﺸﺭ‬‫ﺍﻻﺒﺘﻜﺎﺭ‬‫ﻴﺔ‬.)5(‫ﺘﻨﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻯ‬.◙‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻹﻀﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﻤﺤﺘﻭﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻨﻭﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻻﺴﺘﺠﺎﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻔﺤﻭﺹ‬ ‫ﺘ