Diet

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Diet

  1. 1. Diet and diabetes done by: Hilal (messi205)
  2. 2. Reasons for diet <ul><li>Weight control </li></ul><ul><li>Blood glucose control </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dietary recommendations for diabetes <ul><li>Eat starchy foods regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Eat more fruit and vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce animal or saturated fat </li></ul><ul><li>Cut down on sugar </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce salt </li></ul>
  4. 4. Balancing food choices
  5. 5. Eat starchy foods regularly <ul><li>Bread </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul><ul><li>Pasta </li></ul><ul><li>Cereals </li></ul><ul><li>Plantain </li></ul><ul><li>Chapatis </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Fresh </li></ul><ul><li>Frozen </li></ul><ul><li>Tinned </li></ul><ul><li>Dried </li></ul><ul><li>Juice </li></ul>Eat more fruit and vegetables
  7. 7. Choose more high fibre foods <ul><li>To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Pulses </li></ul><ul><li>Oats </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to maintain a healthy gut </li></ul><ul><li>Wholegrain cereals </li></ul><ul><li>Wholemeal bread </li></ul><ul><li>Whole wheat pasta </li></ul><ul><li>Brown rice </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reduce animal or saturated fat intake <ul><li>Use low fat milk </li></ul><ul><li>Use low fat spread instead of butter </li></ul><ul><li>Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil </li></ul>
  9. 9. Use less fat in cooking <ul><li>Grill </li></ul><ul><li>Dry-roast </li></ul><ul><li>Microwave </li></ul><ul><li>Steam </li></ul>
  10. 10. Choose the right sort of fat <ul><li>SATURATED </li></ul><ul><li>Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk) </li></ul><ul><li>Pies </li></ul><ul><li>Biscuits </li></ul><ul><li>Savoury snacks </li></ul><ul><li>Lard </li></ul><ul><li>Hard vegetable fat </li></ul><ul><li>MONO- UNSATURATED </li></ul><ul><li>Olive oil </li></ul><ul><li>Rapeseed oil </li></ul><ul><li>Groundnut oil </li></ul><ul><li>POLY- UNSATURATED </li></ul><ul><li>Sunflower oil (products) </li></ul><ul><li>Oily fish </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cut down on sugary foods <ul><li>Not a sugar free diet </li></ul><ul><li>Cut out sweets </li></ul><ul><li>Cut out sugary drinks </li></ul>
  12. 12. Choose low sugar products <ul><li>Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks </li></ul>
  13. 13. Intense sweeteners <ul><li>Tablet </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid </li></ul><ul><li>Granulated </li></ul>
  14. 14. Avoid diabetic products <ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Laxative effects </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on ‘sugar free’ </li></ul><ul><li>Still raise blood glucose levels </li></ul><ul><li>Still contain same calories </li></ul>
  15. 15. Reduce salt intake <ul><li>Cut down on added salt </li></ul><ul><li>Use alternative seasonings </li></ul><ul><li>Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid salt substitutes </li></ul>
  16. 16. Eat regular meals based on carbohydrate: Breakfast
  17. 17. Lunch or snack meal
  18. 18. Main meal
  19. 19. Weight management and diabetes
  20. 20. Be more active
  21. 21. Slimming tips <ul><li>Be realistic about your target weight </li></ul><ul><li>Aim to lose weight gradually </li></ul><ul><li>Eat regular meals </li></ul><ul><li>Make small changes you can stick to </li></ul>
  22. 22. Drink alcohol in moderation That’s 2 units a day for women 3 units a day for men
  23. 23. How many units in your drink? <ul><li>units </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint premium strength lager or cider 3 </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint average strength lager 2.8 </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint average strength cider 2.6 </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint bitter 2.3 </li></ul><ul><li>1 pint stout 2.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine 2.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Large glass (250mls) white or red wine 3.3 </li></ul><ul><li>Pub measure (25mls) spirit 1 </li></ul>
  24. 24. The End

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