Written Report in
Submitted To: Mrs. GlecerineBlancaflor
Marisa Ann Flores
Karla May Lodripas
Patricia Ann Gorimo
The term folklore was invented by an English scholar by the
name of William James Thomas in 1864.
He use the word to denote traditions,customs and superstition of
the uncultured people in a civilized country.
Folklore is a science that embraces observances and customs,
notions ,beliefs,tradition,superstition and prejudices of the
Importance of Folklore
1.Folklore is important in explaining history of a kind.
2.Folkloreishelpfulin study of comparativemythologe and science
3.Folklore helps in understanding of the relationships between
races and on the development of religion,beliefs and ceremony.
4.Folklore is a great assistance to the
ethnologist,sociologist,historian,and student of comparative
mythology and science of religion.
Kinds Of Folkflore
1.Traditional Literature in N arrative Form
c.Ballad and Songs
d.Legends of Places
d. superstitious beliefs and fancies
a. popular saying
The earliest form of literature were called Folk Literature they are traditional narratives that
originate directly from the people.Folk literature has no fixed author and no fixed original
form.Some of the earliest traditional literature werw narrative form.
There are certain qualities common to all folk literature. They are :
1.concerned more with action rather than reflection.
2.concerned with physical heroism.
3.concerned with mysterious and powerful influences gods,giants,heroes,fairies,animals and
other supernatural beings
The term folktale refers to a traditional narrative of unknown authorship
that has been handed down from generation to generation regardless of
its content. These old stories are often called fairytales because many of
them deal with fairies or magic or any supernatural elements. Some of
contents or characters were animals, mysterious, and powerful influences
like god, giants, heroes who overcome incredible obstacles and win
awards and other supernatural beings. There are hundreds of such stories
known in every country and most of these stories were known long
before books were made.
Origin of Folk Tales
There are two theories concerning the origin and transmission of
1. That all folktales originated in India in the Sacred Books of Buddhism
and were transmitted by migrations of peoples, by crusaders and Hebrew
2. That many of the tales arose independently among people widely
separated geographically and historically.
Studies have shown the similarity in the plots of the stories that were
handed down from generations to generation in different countries. This
proves that human experience, human nature and human emotions are
VALUES OF FOLKTALES
Give pleasure and enjoyment to children.
Stirs the imagination.
Gives insight into life.
Used for dramatization.
Used for illustration.
Develops ear training.
Plays a role in the emotional development of children.
Develops confidence and courage in children against fear of the unknown.
TYPES OF FOLKTALES
1. Accumulative or Repetitional tale is the simplest type of tale. It has a simple plot and rhythmical pattern. Its
episodes follow each other neatly and logically in a pattern of cadenced repetition.
Ex. American – “Gingerbread Boy”, English – “Johnny Cake”, Norse – “Pancake”, Russian – “The Bun”.
2. Talking beast stories are stories in which the animals talk. The animals not only talk with other animals but
with human beings. Often the animals are exaggerated characterizations of human beings. The animal tales
generally teach a lesson of courage, ingenuity and self-reliance.
Ex. “Puss in Boots”, “The Three Little Pigs”, “The Three Billy Goats Gruff”, “The tale of Peter Rabbit”.
3. Drolls or Humorous Stories are stories about sillies and numbskulls. They are meant for fun and nonsense.
Ex. “Lazy Jack” and “Epaminondas”
HISTORY OF FOLKTALES
The history of folktales begins at the point at which a storyteller, folklorist or anthropologist set it down in
writing. It has been the convention to credit the origin of a folk story to the country in which it was published.
Most often a story which has been thought of as having originated in the country in which it was first
published had been known in other countries for a long time.
In 1697, a collection of tales Comtes de Ma Mere L „Oye or Tales of My Mother Goose appeared bearing the
name of a Frenchman, Charles Perrault. However, Perrault. However, Perrault claimed that the stories were
written by his little son who learned from his peasant nurse. The frontispiece of the book showed three
children listening to a story told by an old woman named Mother Goose while she was spinning. The name
Mother Goose was later associated more with nursery rhymes than with tales. A translation of Perrault’s tales
was published in England in 1719. The eight tales became very popular to English-speaking children. The
“Little Red Riding Hood”
“Sleeping Beauty “
“Hop O My Thumb”
“Puss in Boots”
“Riquet and the Tuft”
“Toads and Diamonds”
The first real collection of old tales was made by two German brothers, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. They
gathered the tales they heard from the old folks throughout their travels in Germany and published them later,
between 1812 to 1815. Their purpose was to preserve the folk literature that they heard orally. The first
English translation of the Grimm’s Hausmarchenwas made by Edgar Taylor. It was called Grimm‟s Fairy
Tales. It became so popular that other scholars began collecting tales too.
One of the best known nursery tales was the “The Three Bears” by Robert Southey, 1744-1843, the poet
laureate of England and the author of many books, both poetry and prose.
Introduction of Folklore
Importance of Folklore
Reporter By: Karla May Lodripas