?O The term Democracy comes from the Greek word “dēmokratía” meaning, "rule by the people" which was coined from “demos” meaning "people" and “Kratos” meaning “power“. Thus democracy is a form of government in which all people have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives.
Why we prefer democracyWe felt that democracy is better because it Promotes equality among citizens; Enhances the dignity of the individual; Improves the quality of decision making; Provides a method to resolve conflicts; and Allow room to correct mistakes.
In order to present before you the Mesopotamianmodel of democracy Thorkild Jacobson havestudied the pre-Babylonian mesopotamia usingsumerian myth, epic and historical records.Critics said that mesopotamian democracy hasa limited meaning having power strugglebetween the primitive monarchs and the nobles.The common people had the status of pawn inthe hands of armed personnel.
For our country INDIA historian dates back to 6th centuryBC as evidence of democratic rulers. They have shownco-existence of monarchs, rajas as well as varnas organas in the so said democratic patern. Scholar againdiffered over this aforesaid view . Some facts arerevealed by going through Kautilyas, Arthasastra whichincludes injunctions on manipulating the noble leaders,yet it does not mention how to influence the mass of thecitizens – a surprising omission if democratic bodies,not the aristocratic families, actively controlled therepublican governments.
I n Spar t an gover nm , t he pol i t i cal pow w di vi ded ent er asbet ween f our bodi es: t w Spar t an K ngs (m o i onar chy),ger ousi a (C ounsi l of G ont es (El der s), i ncl udi ng t he t w er oki ngs), t he ephor s (r epr esent at i ves w ho over saw t heK ngs) and t he apel l a (assem y of Spar t ans).The t w i bl oki ngs ser ved as t he head of t he gover nm . They r ul ed entsi m t aneousl y but cam f r om t w separ at e l i nes. A l a, ul e o pelt he m ost dem at i c el em , w ocr ent as t he assem y w e bl herSpar t ans above t he age of 30 el ect ed t he m ber s of t he emger ousi a and t he ephor s, and accept ed or r ej ect edger ousi as pr oposal s.
Pre-eighteenth century milestones Rise of democratic parliaments in England and Scotland The idea of the political party with factions took form in Britain around the time of the English Civil Wars of the 1640s and 1650s. Simon de Montfort in 1265 introduced the idea that powerholders are responsible to an electorate Renaissance humanism was a cultural movement in Europe beginning in central Italy (particularly Florence) in the last decades of the 14th century. The humanist philosophers looked for secular principles on which society could be organized, as opposed to the concentration of political power in the hands of the Church Norman Davies notes that Golden Liberty, the Nobles Democracy (Rzeczpospolita Szlachecka) arose in the Kingdom of Poland and Polish- Lithuanian Commonwealth
A f ar as dem at i c m ent i n nepal i s s ocr omconcer n, t he em gence of w ch w i n 1990 as er hi asJA A A D LA agai nst t he r oyal f am l y of t he N NA N icount r y. A pol i t i cal shape i n t he f or mofdem at i c m ent agi t at i ng agai nst t he ki ng ocr omG yanendr a f l our i shed i n 2006 cal l ed JA ANA D LA 2. R NA N esul t of w ch t he w l d has seen hi orl i ve t el i cast by t he ki ng up cal l i ng upon 7par t y al l i ance t o enshoul der m t y par t y uldem acy on 24t h A i l 2006. ocr pr
While we talk about democratic moment in Libyawe can go back up to the year 1969 where ColonelGaddafy and his 12 fellow army officer steered,combined the completely overhauled Libyenpolitical system and economy from then to early2011 the politics of libya has been determined byGaddafy who had been in power scince his coupagainst the king. Today the country is in the phaseof assassination of Gaddafi on 20th oct,2011 atSIRTE Libya.
The C nese dem acy m hi ocr ovem ent r ef er s t o a ser i es ofl oosel y or gani zed pol i t i cal m ovem s i n C na agai nst ent hit he cont i nued one-par t y r ul e by t he C m st Par t y. O om uni nesuch m ovem ent began dur i ng t he Bei j i ng Spr i ng i n 1978 andw t aken up agai n i n t he Ti ananm Squar e pr ot est s of as en1989. I n r esponse t o t he gr ow ng cor r upt i on, t he econom c i idi sl ocat i on, and t he sense t hat r ef or m i n t he Sovi et sU on and East er n Eur ope w e l eavi ng C na behi nd, ni er hit he Ti ananm Squar e pr ot est s er upt ed i n 1989.I n t he en1990s, C nese dem acy m hi ocr ovem s under w ent ent a decl i nebot h w t hi n t he Peopl es R i epubl i c of C na and over seas, hiand ar e f r agm ed and not consi der ed by m ent ost anal yst s t obe a ser i ous t hr eat t o pow t o t he gover nm er ent t i l l dat e.
The freedom which we enjoy in ourgovernment extends also to our ordinary life.But one factor of liberty is to govern and begoverned in turn. the popular principle ofjustice is to have equality according tonumber, not worth, and if this is the principleof justice prevailing, the multitude must ofnecessity be sovereign and the decision ofthe majority must be final and must constitutejustice.Each of the citizens ought to have an