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  • 1. Honey value Chain Development Project Beekeeping Trainings Progress Report July to October 2013 Date of submission: 11, December, 2013 Submitted by Kashif Khan Community Master Trainer and Stake Holder Under the USAID Pakistan Entrepreneur Submitted to: Ma’am Humera Shah HUJRA Village Support Organization Near Allah-o- Akbar Masjid, Saidu Sharif, Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan Phone: +92-946-726799, Fax: +92-946-729016 Email: hujraswat@yahoo.com, Info@hujra.org Website: www.hujra.org Page |1
  • 2. Acknowledgment: I have taken efforts in progress report. However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help of many individuals and organizations. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all of them. I am highly grateful to HUJRA (VSO) for their guidance and constant supervision as well as for providing necessary information regarding the project & also for their support in completing the progress report of the Honey Value Chain Development Project. I would like to express my gratitude towards my parents and member of Hujra organization for their kind co-operation and encouragement which help me in completion of this progress report. I would like to express my special gratitude and thanks to organization persons for giving me such attention and time. My thanks and appreciations also go to my colleague in developing the report and people who have willingly helped me out with their abilities. A special thanks to Ma’am Humera Shah who give me this opportunity for making the progress report of Honey Value Chain Development Project. Page |2
  • 3. Table of Contents Summary………………………………………………………………………….……… 4 Introduction………………………………………………………………………….... 5 Objectives of training……………………………………………………..………. 6 Methodology…………………………………………………………………..……… 7 I)Pre-evaluation………………………………….……………….………. 7 II)Post-evaluation………………………………………………….……… 7 Process of techniques………………………………………………………..……. 8 Day 1…………………………………………………………………….……… 8 Day 2………………………………………………………….………………… 8 Day 3………………………………………………………….………………… 9 Feedback Summary…………………………………………………..……………. 10 Conclusion………………………………………………………………..……………. 10 Recommendations…………………………………………….…………………. 10 Annexes ……………………………………………….……………….. 11 (A) Detail of UC’s List (B) ToRs (C &D) Detail Lists Trainees (E) Selected Picture of Training Biblography …………………………………………………………..………………. 16 Glossary ……………………………………………………………….……………….. 17 Page |3
  • 4. Summary: The HUJRA Organization is implementing the Honey Value Chain project in Distract Swat under the USAID Pakistan Entrepreneur program. The aim of the project is to increase the income of Beekeepers, in ten Union Councils of Distract Swat through the introduction of advance beekeeping techniques and market linkages and to enable males beekeepers to generate income and sustained their economic development. The purpose of the modern beekeeping training to increase the productivity of the beekeepers and to improve their production efficiency. Mostly the project focuses on the Cerana beekeepers which is known is Swati bee. The trainings are conducting for three days. The trainings aware the people about the decrease of the production of honey and build the capacity of the beekeepers. Eleven trainings are cover in six Union Councils and two hundred thirteen (213) male beekeepers are trained during July to October 2013. Page |4
  • 5. Introduction: The word “HUJRA” is taken from Pakhton traditional space, which means a traditional common space of a Pakhton Society, which is an important traditional social institution for collective decision-making, conflict resolution, information sharing and social development. Hujra organization is non-profit able, non-political, non-ethnic and development oriented local organization working in KPK and FATA of Pakistan. Honey value Chain Development Project is of the project of HJARA organization, seeking to substantially raise incomes of Beekeepers of ten Union Council of Swat (Shin, Ser Teligram, Janu Chamtali, Miandam, Fatehpur, Darmai, Sakhra, Gualerai, Beha and Beshigram). Beekeeping, the practice of artificially maintaining honey Bee colonies is one of the older forms of food production. Formally known as apiculture, beekeeping is thought to have been practiced as early as 13,000 BC. The ancient Egyptians were particularly skilled in the art of beekeeping. Although most people associated with beekeeping exclusively with collection of honey, there are many other ways modern beekeepers can earn an income from the colonies for beeswax, propullus, royal jelly, pollens, which are of immense importance. The importance of honey as medicine is also clear from Holly Quraan and Hadith. In Pakistan beekeeping is also popular buisness. In Swat, beekeeping is also practicining from years but due to lack of eduaction and skill the production of beekeeping is not very fruitful. Mostly men used traditional mud hives which are not useful and cause low production. Honey value chain development project is one of the main projects of the HUJRA organization which work for local beekeepers for the purpose to build their capacities regrading modern beekeeping to increase honey production and to develop their marketing linkages. The report covers eleven trainings imported during July to October 2013 shown in the annex (A). Page |5
  • 6. Objectives of Trainings: To motivate male beekeepers for the use of modern techniques regarding beekeeping to get more benefits. To enable males beekeepers to generate income and sustained their economic development. To facilitate male beekeepers to adopt modern Langstroth boxes instead of traditional mud hive to get more honey production. To build capacity of the community for understaking socio-economic development in honey bee with the conservation of their natural resources. Page |6
  • 7. Methodalogy: Local language, Pashto was used for the delivery of training session. Training approach method was intercative with the paritcipants. Topics were thought with the help of charts, multimedia and practical demonstraion. Group exercies and dicussions were also followed. (I) Pre-evaluation: In pre-evaluation, trainers appered totally unaware about modern beekeeping. They were not aware about honeybee diseases, pests, parasites and their control measures, even few of them also did not known about Honey Bee Colony Organization like Queen, Workers and Drones. They were using traditonal mud hives and did not know regarding other beekeeping products likee Pollens, bee wax, propolus, royal jelly etc. They also did not know about the reasons of swarming and absconding. (II) Post evaluation: During post evaluation, trainers came to know a lot of knowledge regarding modern Beekeeping, honey bees diseases, parasites, pests and their control. Seasonal management of beekeeping, control of bees swarming, absconding. They have also know about beekeeping products and their benefits. They were willing to make modern lingstroth boxes for the purpose to get more production. Page |7
  • 8. Process and techniques: Each training was completed in three days. Day 1 On first day the following topics thought in detail. Registration of the participations. Recitation of the Holly Quran. Introduction, Objectives and expectation of training. Introduction to beekeeping in rural areas and its effects on agricultural site, importance, status and challenges of beekeeping. Bee types (Apis cerana, Apis mallifra, Apis dorsata) characteristics, colony organization(Queen, Drones, Workers) Life cycle ( Egg, larva, pupa, complete bee) morphology ( head , neck, abdomen) and work division ( internal bees, nurse bees, house bees, external bees). Modern beekeeping equipments (lings troth box, bee veil, hive tool, queen cage, gloves, uniform, smoker, uncapping tool etc). Bee flora in Pakistan with special reference in SWAT (cannabis sativa, hibiscus cannabinus, corissa opeca, mantha langifolia, eucalyptus spp, barberis, plectranthus rugosus etc. Day 2 Recitation of the Holy Quran. Review of the previous day work. Honey bees diseases (American faual brood, European faual brood, Sac broad, Chalk brood, nosema apis, paralysis of bees, dysentery, death from cold, and warm season, death from pesticides, diagnosis symptoms and control. Bee parasites, pests, predators and their management. Seasonal management of honey colonies (spring, summer, off summer, autumn, winter). Honey and its type’s compositions and uses. Page |8
  • 9. Day 3 Recitation of the Holy Quran. Review of the previous day work. Beekeeping products (bee wax, royal jelly, pollen, propolis, bee venum). Transfer of Apis cerana from traditional bee hives to modern bee hives because of that we examine easily the bee hives and its medication and giving food. Extraction and labeling of honey. Honey value chain and market management. Action plan evaluation and certificates distribution. Page |9
  • 10. Feedback Summary: Participants were satisfied with the trainings, trainers and the prevailing environment of the training. They shared that during this training they got a lot of information about modern beekeeping especially honey bee diseases and their control measurement. Few of trainers also asked for provide him pollen trap for the collection of pollen and asked another training of Queen rearing, collection of royal jelly and the uses of royal jelly and modern bee boxes to adopt Cerana bee to modern bee hive and some participant asked that to provide him bee comb sheet for Cerana. Conclusion: The series of three days capacity building on beekeeping proved very productive the participants were made realized how beekeeping play major role in income generating. The extra economic contribution of bee keeping was made brighten in the mind of participants. The trainers took great interest in attending the training and in acquiring the skills and knowledge about modern beekeeping. It is hoped that these training will give positive result in future. Recommendations:  The three day trainings are too much less which are not covers the all training agenda we may have to increase the days for the trainings  Need national exposure visits to different bee forms  Stakeholder meetings for coordination with each others  Need modern training for beekeepers with the help of PhD’s Apiculture Consultants  Need monitoring and evaluation visits to inspect the project activities and implementation mechanism  Sales and marketing activates  Training for quality standards, storage techniques, grading, packaging types and marketing of honey P a g e | 10
  • 11. Annexure: Annex (A) The report covers eleven trainings imported during July to October 2013 The following is the list of Training and beekeepers trainied in different UC’s of distract SWAT: S.No Village UC Name Groups Trained Date 1 Ichkanay Skahra Male 16 24- 26 Jully 2 Babu Jano Chamtaly Male 22 20-22 August 3 New Chail Bashigram Male 28 29-31 August 4 Charray Sakhra Male 17 04-06 September 5 Shin Shin Male 16 09-11 September 6 Bar Lalko Sakhra Male 16 19-21 September 7 Sahn Koo Bashigram Male 26 23-25 September 8 Kolakarin Miandam Male 16 26-28 September 9 Darmai Darmai Male 20 07-09 October 10 Bati Band Bashigram Male 21 10-12 October 11 Miandam Ado Miandam Male 15 20-22 November Total 11 06 11 213 July to November P a g e | 11
  • 12. Annex (B) TERMS OF REFRENCE (TOR) Mr. Kashif Khan is the Stakeholder and Master trainer for Capacity building of beekeepers under USAID Pakistan Entrepreneurs funded Honey Value Chain Development Project. The community Master Trainer has to fulfill the following obligations: General ToRs for Beekeeping Training Community Master Trainer Impart training on advance beekeeping covering three days with the following topics covered. i) Scientific/ Modern beekeeping ii) Honeybees and their biology iii) Orientation to Modern beekeeping equipments iv) Seasonal management of honey bee colonies ( swarming and its control) v) Diseases, parasitic mites, pests and predators of honey bees diagnosis and their integrated management vi) Supplement feeding vii) Beekeeping as income generation activity viii) Bee products of beekeeping ix) Wax processing techniques x) Types of honey and its composition Prepare training handouts for the participants Write and submit training report along with attendance sheet and feedback forms P a g e | 12
  • 13. Annex (C) Detail Lists of Trainees Village Ichkany UC Sakhra S.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Name Khalid Khan Khurshed Iqbal Saeed Mrgan Momen Khan Amjad Ali Razal Rahim Ayaz Khan Sardar Ali Pervez Bacha Mian saeed Gull Zada Fazal Zada Fazal Subhan Jahan Baz Tausif Umar Khitab Ahmad Zada Usman Ali P a g e | 13 Village Baboo Village Charry UC Jano Chamtaly S.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Name Amal Khan Akhtar Ali Ali Dost Rasool Khan Razi Mand Bakht Sher SheerMuhammad Sultaneroom Aurang Zeb Ajab Khan Raham Dal M.tahir Hakam Afzal M. kamal Khona gul Abdurraoof Aqal Zahir Saba Khan Bakht gull Umar Gull Mehboob Khan UC Sakhra S.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Name Saeedullah Fateh Khan Fazal Karim Khan Zada Habibullah Abdullah M. Nisar Zain Ahmad Khan Bacha Zada Ziaullah Abdurashed Barkht sheer Peer zada Itbar Khan Anayat Qareeb-urrehman
  • 14. Annex (D) Detail Lists of Trainees Village Shin Village Bar-Lalko UC Shin S.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Name M. Ahmad Rahman Gull Habibullah M. Shereen Gauhar Ali Toor Khan Bahar Malk Bakht Zamin Usman Ali Saeed Mehmood P a g e | 14 Village New Chail UC Sakhra S.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Name Noor Muhammad Mubarak Khan Abdulhaq Fazal Khitab Zafar ali Tahirullah M. Hallem Khan Zada Khair Muhammad M. Hayat Abdul Ghapoor Sultanroom Ihsanullah Mubarak Shah Bashigram S.no 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Name Bakht biland Qasim Jan Kareem Bacha Sadullah Gul Biland Sarfaraz M. Saleem Gull Khan Jamsheed Noor Khan Bakht Taj M. Quresh
  • 15. Annex (E): Selected Picture of Trainings P a g e | 15
  • 16. Bibliography: 1) The format is taken from the HUJRA Organization Office. 2) Training agenda is given by the Project Manger Tanveer Hussain. 3) Information about history of bees and beekeeping is taken from Noor Islam Apiculture expert. 4) Picture is taken from Sikindar photographer. 5) Feedback is taken from the training participants. 6) Lists of trained beekeeper are taken from Safiullah Social-mobilizer. P a g e | 16
  • 17. Glossary: Entrepreneur: Capitalist, Industrialist Sustained: continual, nonstop Cerana: A type of bee, which is known SWATI Bees Beeswax, propullus, royal jelly, pollens: types of production of honeybees Immense: huge, vast Langstroth boxes: A type of box for bees Conservation: protection, management Drones: male in bee colony Absconding: run away, disapperance Swarming: spilling over, abundant Diagnosis: identification P a g e | 17
  • 18. Assignment has been submitted to fulfill the requirements of subject “Business report writing skills” Institute of Economics, Social and Development Studies University of Swat P a g e | 18