Why does the employer have more accountabilities than the employee? Is that fair? What’s with that?
Before pointing the finger of blame, make sure management all obligations to the employee have been fulfilled. How are employees held accountable in your workplace? When is a supervisor justified in disciplining?
ELEMENT 3 - EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT
Group exercise: Discuss ways your employer uses (or could use) to increase involvement in the safety committee and other activities.
Choose one of the above ideas and discuss those methods and procedures that help ensure its success.
What is the purpose of your safety committee?
Our safety committee intends to…
What role does your safety committee play?
My safety committee performs the role of a/an…
Involvement in the Safety Committee
What can the safety committee do to increase employee involvement in safety?
What can the safety committee do to help the employer manage safety programs?
ELEMENT 4 – HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL
What is a "hazard?" nsafe ondition ractice njury llness mployee reventable
Hazard analysis is smart business! What are the advantages of conducting hazard analysis vs. accident investigation ?
M E E P What are the four categories of hazards in the workplace? aterials nvironment eople quipment
Hazardous conditions or unsafe work practices: Which results in more accidents?
Any hazards or unsafe behaviors here?
Engineering Controls Management Controls Personal Protective Equipment Hierarchy of Controls
What control measures might work to correct these hazardous conditions and unsafe behaviors.
ELEMENT 5 - INCIDENT/ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION
What is an “accident?” Why do we “investigate” accidents?
How does your perception of a particular hazard change with daily exposure to that hazard?
Why are some accident reports ineffective? Why might it be dangerous to assume someone has "common sense"?
Be ready when accidents happen
Write a clear policy statement.
Identify those authorized to notify outside agencies (fire, police, etc.)
Designate those responsible to investigate accidents.
Train all accident investigators.
Establish timetables for conducting the investigation and taking corrective action.
Identify those who will receive the report and take corrective action.
Dig up the root causes of injuries and illnesses Conditions Behaviors Surface Causes Root Causes Direct Causes of Injury
The causes of Injury, Illness and Accidents
1. Direct Cause of Injury
2. Surface Causes of the Accident
3. Root Causes of the Accident
The six-step process Step 1 . Secure the accident scene Step 2. Collect facts about what happened Step 3. Develop the sequence of events Step 4. Determine the causes Step 5. Recommend improvements Step 6. Write the report
Three phases of analysis
ELEMENT 6 - EDUCATION AND TRAINING
Education tells Why
Training shows How
Experience improves skills
Accountability sustains behavior
Give examples of effective safety training.
How do you know safety training is effective? Training is worthless without accountability
Safety training steps
ELEMENT 7 - PLAN EVALUATION
Last and first phase of planning cycle
Assess, analyze, evaluate, both labor and management
Use outside experts
Not a one person job - delegate monitoring responsibilities