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Ethics

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  • 1. DERIVATION • The term “ethics” is derived from the greek word “ETHOS” which refers to character or customs or accepted behaviour.
  • 2. DEFINITION • Ethics is: • The study of standards of conduct and moral judgment: moral philosophy. • A treatise on this study. • The study or code of morals of a particular person, religion, group, profession, etc.
  • 3. The first one refers to an academic concept. Philosopher, law professors, socialists, moralists and a whole host of other academics are engaged in the study of what is considered moral behaviour.
  • 4. MEANING • Ethics is a branch of philosophy that addresses questions about morality that is, concept such as good and bad, noble and ignoble, right and wrong, justice and virtue. • Ethics is the branch of study dealing with what is the proper course of action for man. It answer the question. “what do I do?” It is the study of right and wrong in human endeavors.
  • 5. • Ethical behaviour is generally considered behaviour that is in line with the accepted moral code and that is proper. • Ethics means the rules or principles that define right or wrong conduct. The term Ethics, refer to a code of conduct that guides an individual while dealing with others.
  • 6. NINE THEORIES OF ETHICS 1) Situational ethics: 2) Consequential ethics: 3) Value ethics: 4) utilitarian ethics: 5) Moralistic ethics: 6) Ethical realism: 7) Ethical hierarchies: 8) Principle ethics: 9) Moral development