Roya khalil biopolymers in packaging 2012


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This presentation is a snapshot of global innovations in the field of Bioplastics adopted by the packaging industry.

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Roya khalil biopolymers in packaging 2012

  1. 1. Bio-plastics in Packaging; Innovations, Opportunities and Challenges Dr Roya Khalil Australian Institute of Packaging Conference, 14-15 June 2012
  2. 2. Summary Background Terminology Test standards & certifications Innovations & applications Global capacity & prediction demand Challenges - Communication & Marketing - Disposal
  3. 3. Definition of Sustainability Sustainability is simply stated as: “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987, Our Common FutureSustainable strategy defined with +R Reduce Reuse Recycle Renewable
  4. 4. Sustainability and PackagingPackaging industry, the sustainability focal pointand primary benchmark for other industries - Resource intensive sector in an increasingly resource constrained world - Increased volume of packaging waste ending up in landfillsChallenge can also be an opportunity to gaincompetitive advantage through the developmentof an environmentally sustainable strategy - An option could be the use of bio-plastics
  5. 5. Terminology and Measurements Bio-based (renewable soured) - Focus is on the origin of the carbon building block - To be classified bio-based, material must be organic and contain some percentage of recently fixed (new) carbon found in biological resources or crops Biodegradable - Focus is on the end of life - To be classified biodegradable, a certain % of the material must convert to carbon dioxide, water and biomass via microbial assimilation within a time period of 180 days and less than 10 % of test material remains on a 2mm sieve - To be classified compostable, material must meet the biodegradation criteria and leave no impact on plants, using OECD Guide 208 and meet the regulation (heavy metals less than 50 % of EPA prescribed threshold) The two classes however are not mutually exclusive.
  6. 6. Standards & CertificationsHow to identify and distinguishbio-based or biodegradable? - Accredited testing laboratories - Certified by industry approved corporation
  7. 7. How “Green” is Green? Raw Material Extraction MaterialQuantitative and qualitative End of life Processingimpact measure Life Cycle Assessment  LCA - ISO 14040 ‘’Cradle to Grave‘’  Eco Profiling  PIQET Product Use Part Manufacturing Transport
  8. 8. Packaging Innovations (Rigids)
  9. 9. Packaging Innovations (Flexibles)bio-plastics – Packaging Innovations- flexibles
  10. 10. Legislative Initiatives JapanGovernment has set a goal that 20% of all plastics consumed in Japan will be renewably sourced by 2020 GermanyGermany banned on land filling solid waste with over 5% organic contentBiodegradable plastics exempt from the recycling directive until 2012 attributes to savings of 1.3 €/kg infavour of compostable bio-plastics NetherlandsNetherlands is Implementing a 40 € cents/kg tax on PET vs. tax on PLA of 8 € cents/kg USAUSA Federal Farm Bill - Energy Title 9, each federal agency must design a plan to purchase as many bio-based plastics as practically possible, procurement plan will be based on bio-based content, price andperformance
  11. 11. Global Capacity & Market Demand Global demand to triple toover 1m tonnes by 2015 Demand for bio-basedplastics will be the primarydriver due to increasedcommercial volume of bio-based PE Consumer preferences forenvironmentally sustainablematerials Improved performance ofbio-plastics when comparedwith traditional plastics
  12. 12. Leading Manufacturers Braskem - Green PE ( Natureworks – Ingeo® ( Purac – PURALACT® ( BASF – Ecovio® and Ecoflex® ( Novamont – Mater-bi® ( Innovia films – Cellophanes™ & Natureflex™ ( Cereplast – Cereplast Compostables® & Cereplast Sustainable® ( Plantic – HP1 ® and R® & Plantic eco Plastic™ ( Becasewecare – becausewecare™ ( Alesco - Bioshrink® ( Dow & Mitsui Chemicals – Green Plastics, PET & PP (
  13. 13. Rightful Marketing and Consumer CommunicationGap between consumers ethical attitude andpurchasing decisions concerning environmentallyfriendly products is important to the packagingindustry, driven by: Lack of communication and understanding ofsustainability Vague & misleading marketing and theabundance of "green-washed" products Misconception of increased cost and inferiorperformance “Recycling” remains widely accepted
  14. 14. Packaging Waste Management % Recycled % Land filled/ Disposed % Incineration % Energy Recovered USA 12 54 - -EUROPE 40 50 5 5 AUS 38 40 1 -  Up to 40% of plastics used is recycled  Recycling infrastructure mainly to collect beverage and milk bottles  Minimal infrastructure available for biodegradable plastics  Majority of packaging waste continue to be disposed in landfill
  15. 15. Lack of Bio-plastics Disposal Infrastructure EU (2008)
  16. 16. Bio-plastics & Current Disposal Routes Recycling – Contamination - Bio-based PET, PE & PP Landfill - Solid Waste and GHG - Methanisation plan excluded Incineration - lower calorific value Composting – home & Industrial - Logistics - collection for industrial compost • Green DOT collection tax exemmption for EN13432 to end by late 2012 as a result - Feasible volume - Consumer awareness for home compost
  17. 17. Sustainability: Shared Responsibility Incorporation/ Collaboration of bio-plastics in sustainabilitystrategies of local packaging councils and government - e.g. packaging council Australia Inc (PCA), Australian packaging covenant (APC), environmental protection agency (EPA) Leverage international counterpart technology & policy - e.g. waste reduction awards program (WRAP - UK)  £5m fund designed to support the development of new mixed plastics  Collection of rigid plastics guidelines  Compostable bio-plastics to be disposed off in food waste anaerobic digestion  Standardised labelling schemes
  18. 18. References