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Malaysia presentation

  1. 1. Malaysia 1
  2. 2. Layout of PresentationPre-independence HistoryPost-independence HistoryLife of Mahathir MohammadMahathir Mohammed as a LeaderAchievements of MahathirCurrent MalaysiaConclusionQuestions and Answers Session 2
  3. 3. PresentersSohail Maqbool Maira Rathore Hirra Pervaiz Khalid Shah Sadia Niazi 3
  4. 4. Mr. Sohail Maqbool 4
  5. 5. MALAYSIA “Important things happened not only centuries before, but also decades ago” 5
  6. 6. Pre-Independence History at a GlimpseAD 1400 S P Parameswara set up a trading base in Malacca1511 Portuguese took control1641 Dutch captured Malacca1786 British adventurer entered Penang Malay 6
  7. 7. Pre-Independence History at a Glimpse1824 Anglo-Dutch treaty signed, British controlled Malacca, Singapore and Penang Dutch controlled Sumatra1840s Influx of Chinese tin miners to the western coast1919 British colonial rule throughout the peninsula 7
  8. 8. Pre-Independence History at a Glimpse1941 Japanese invaded and took control of Malaya and ruled until 19451948 After the war, the British returned The Malays, Chinese and Indians joined forces to form an Alliance to fight for independence 8
  9. 9. 31st August 1957Independence Day 9
  10. 10. Post-Independence History1957 On August 31, Federation of Malaya became independent of Britain with Tunku Abdul Rahman as prime minister1963 Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak joined the Federation; Malaya became Malaysia1965 Singapore withdrew from the Federation 10
  11. 11. Post-Independence History1970 Abdul Rahmans resignation, Tun Abdul Razak became the 2nd prime minister and formed the political coalition 11
  12. 12. Ms. Maira Rathore 12
  13. 13. Emerging MalaysiaMalaysia grown rapidly into an important tradingpartner of both USA and EuropeA large Islamic nation with a diverse population ofMalays, Chinese and IndiansPreserves many traditional values while adaptingan increasingly international look 13
  14. 14. Secret Behind the Success There is only one topsecret behind the whole story i.e. 14
  15. 15. Mahathir Mohammad was born on December 20, 1925, inAlor Setar in Northern MalaysiaGraduated in 1953 from University of Malaya SingaporeAccording to Mahathir, “ This gave me a very good starting point in life: a strong family, a solid education and a good religious grounding”Elected to parliament in 1964 as a member of the UnitedMalays National Organization (UMNO) 15
  16. 16. Conti…In 1969 Mahathir was expelled from UMNO because ofconflict with Prime Minister Tunku Abdul RahmanRejoined UMNO in 1970Reelected to its Supreme Council in 1972 and toparliament in 1974Later in 1974 appointed minister of education.In 1976 he became deputy prime ministerIn June 1981 was elected president of UMNO. 16
  17. 17. Mahathir Mohammad as PMHe became prime Minister in July1981The first commoner to hold thatoffice 17
  18. 18. Mahathir as PM Transformed MalaysiaReformed the tax structure and reduced tradetariffsPrivatized numerous state-owned enterprisesAbridge Malaysia’s ethnic divisions by increasinggeneral prosperityThe NEP (New Economic Policy)has been replacedin 1991 by the NDP (New Development Policy) 18
  19. 19. Mahathir as PM Transformed MalaysiaMalaysia prospered economically, with growing manufacturing sector an expanding middle class rising literacy rates increased life expectanciesSignificant infrastructure project North-South Expressway, a highway that runs from the Thai border to Singapore 19
  20. 20. Mahathir says,“I inherited the strength of will and pragmatism from previous prime ministers. From the 1st I learnt how to handle race relations. From 2nd I learnt pragmatism. Iam less diplomatic. I feel something is right and should be done, I will do it and will say it. That’s really the difference. All these ideas were put in place by my predecessors, so I owe it to them.” 20
  21. 21. Ms. Hirra Pervaiz 21
  22. 22. Example of positive discrimination between Malays andChinese living in Malaysia Malays Chinese MALAYS (Bumiputras, the sons Chinese of the soil) Mostly businessmen Rice Cultivation- Common Healthy and influential occupation Developed and economically Live in Small Communities dominant Have Limited Social Contacts Socially effective Mostly Poor and Illiterate educated 22
  23. 23. Constructive protection was incorporated in NEP (New Economic Policy) by Abdul Razzak According to Mahathir,“ The principal purpose was to draw the Malays into the main stream of the country’s economic life. The idea isn’t to expropriate or redistribute the wealth of other ethnic groups, but to enrich the Malays through expanding ECONOMIC CAKE” 23
  24. 24. Quotas were set and Malays receive a highernumber of scholarships as per their deservingratiosMCS (Malaysian Civil Service)Reforms in Malays land Reserve LawsIssuance of more business contracts and licensesto Malays.Credits, office space and other benefits andeconomic advantages 24
  25. 25. Employment rate 4 million in 1970 4.8 million in 1980Unemployment decreased from 7.8% to 5.7%Average Annual Growth Rate 7.3% for 2nd plan period 8.6 for 3rd plan period 25
  26. 26. Mahathir as a LeaderConstructive protection (Positive Discrimination)Peaceful coexistenceTolerance but not at the cost of principlesTrustSocial justiceDesire to excelVisionary and committedDiscourage hegemonyEffective role in regional, Islamic and Int’l Politics 26
  27. 27. Lessons We Can Learn From His LeadershipWilling to learnDare to take the challengeCommunication skillsPassion for beliefMake a correct decision & work it out to achievethe goalsUnderstand the requirements of the market placeSensitive to the fast changing worldProfessionally handle the Diversity at work placeConfident, responsible & visionary 27
  28. 28. Achievements1989 Communist Party of Malaysia signed peace accord to abandon its armed struggle1990 Sarawak Communist insurgent signed a peace accord with the governmentVision 2020 through NDP1993 4 Constitutional amendments to avoid delaying legislation1998 Kuala Lumpur become the first Asian city to host the Common Wealth Games 28
  29. 29. Achievements1999 Mahathir expelled Anwar his Deputy Prime Minister from the party, United Malays National Organization (UMNO), found guilty and sentenced to nine years in prison2001 Government decided to proceed with construction of the huge Bakun hydroelectric power project in Sarawak2002 Aug new laws against illegal immigrants came into effect Modernization and rapid infrastructure development 29
  30. 30. Mr. Khalid Shah 30
  31. 31. Malaysia After Mahathir’s Reign 31
  32. 32. Current Malaysia Datuk Seri Najib Tun Prime Minister of Malaysia 32
  33. 33. Current MalaysiaFloating Mosque of Malaysia 33
  34. 34. Current MalaysiaOfficial Languages Bahasa MelayuOther Languages Chinese , English, Tamil, indigenousWork force (10.89 million, 2007) Services: 57% Industry: 28% (manufacturing-19%, mining and construction-9%) Agriculture-15% 34
  35. 35. Current MalaysiaArea: 329,847 sq. kmCapital: Kuala LumpurPopulation 29,179,952 (July 2011 est.)Annual population growth rate 1.542% (2011 est.)2.0%, (2010)Ethnic groups: (2012) Malay and Indigenous61.4%, Chinese 23.7%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8%Religions: (2012) Islam 60.4%, Buddhist19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Other 5% 35
  36. 36. ECONOMY 36
  37. 37. ECONOMYNominal GDP:$247.6 billion (2011 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$9204Natural resourcesAgricultural productsIndustry 37
  38. 38. ECONOMYTrade Marchandise Exports: $212.7 billion (2011est.), $197billion(2010) Electronic products, machinery, liquid natural gas, petroleum and petroleum products, telecom equipment.Major markets China , Singapore, Japan, U.S. , Thailand 38
  39. 39. Import and Export Exports: $212.7 billionImports: $168 billion (2011 (2011 est.), est.), Electronics Electronic Equipment Machinery Petroleum and Liquefied Natural gas Petroleum Products Wood and its Products Plastics Palm Oil Vehicles Rubber Iron and Steel Products Textile 39
  40. 40. EducationEducation expenditures: 4.1% of GDP (2008)Budget: RM30 billion (USD10 billion)Literacy (2000 census) Total Population: 88.7% Male: 92% Female: 85.4% (2000 census)Literacy (2009 census) Total Population: 95% 40
  41. 41. Ms. Sadia Niazi 41
  42. 42. Government 42
  43. 43. GOVERNMENTFederal parliamentary democracy with aconstitutional monarchConstitution: 1957 Subdivisions: 13 states and three federal territories (Kuala Lumpur, Labuan Island, Putrajaya federal administrative territory).Each state has an assembly and governmentheaded by a chief minister 43
  44. 44. Branches of GovernmentExecutiveLegislativeJudicial 44
  45. 45. Malaysian Military StrengthLAND ARMY (2011) Total Land Weapons: 2,465 Tanks: 74 Towed Artillery: 54 Mortars: 200 AT Weapons: 1,124 AA Weapons: 733 Logistical Vehicles: 3,200 45
  46. 46. Malaysian Military StrengthNAVAL POWER (2011) Total Navy Ships: 65 Merchant Marine Strength: 321 Major Ports & Terminals: 5 Submarines: 2 Frigates: 4 Patrol Craft: 37 Mine Warfare Craft: 4 Amphibious Assault Craft: 1 46
  47. 47. Malaysian Military StrengthAIR POWER (2011) Total Aircraft: 258 Helicopters: 103 Serviceable Airports: 118 47
  48. 48. Transport of MalaysiaOne of the world’s best transport system is in Malaysia 48
  49. 49. Some quotes by Mahathir Mohammad 49
  50. 50. “Im a fundamentalist in the true sense. That is to say, I follow the fundamentals of religion... But for over 1,400 years people have been interpreting and re-interpreting the religion to suit their own purpose! ... These [extremist and terrorist acts] are not Islamic fundamentals any more than the Christians who burned people at the stake are fundamentalist. They are actually deviating from the teachings of the religion!” 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. “The financial turmoil has underscored themany challenges inherent in globalization, ... Even as we embrace it, we must be wary of the dangers which accompany it.” 52
  53. 53. “If that is everybodys desire we will have to consider it”“I have promised not to interfere in politics and I have not said anything about many things which were done wrong” 53
  54. 54. 54
  55. 55. Conclusion 55
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  57. 57. 57
  58. 58. 58