TOPIC 11 What items on the balance sheet are considered to be sources for financing economic resources (assets)? A) liabilities and contributed capital, only B) liabilities only C) contributed capital and retained earnings, only D) liabilities and stockholders equity2 Which of the following items would be shown as part of the Stockholders Equity on the balance sheet? A) Cash B) Notes Payable C) Retained Earnings D) Accounts Receivable3 Assets total $450,000, liabilities total $120,000, and contributed capital totals $200,000. What is the dollar amount of retained earnings? A) $80,000 B) $330,000 C) $320,000 D) $130,0004 A company sold $400,000 of merchandise for cash and $120,000 of merchandise to credit customers who will pay for the merchandise in a later time period. How much revenue should be reported on the income statement of the current time period? A) $280,000 B) $520,000 C) $400,000 D) $120,0005 The beginning balance of retained earnings was $7,500. The dividends paid to stockholders were $1,500. The ending balance of retained earnings is $5,000. What was the net income or net loss for the accounting period? A) net loss of $1,000 B) net income of $1,000 C) net loss of $2,000 D) net income of $2,5006 Which cash flow activity is related to borrowing money on a long-term basis? A) operating activities B) investing activities C) financing activities D) investing and financing activities7 Which of the following transactions would be considered an investing activity on a Statement of Cash Flows? A) Purchased equipment for cash B) Sold stock for cash to stockholders C) Borrowed $200,000 on a long-term note D) Paid $45,000 for inventory for resale8 Liabilities are listed on the balance sheet in A) order of their relative dollar size. B) order of their maturity or due date. C) no particular order D) alphabetical order9 Which organization has primary responsibility for developing United States generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP)? A) American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) B) Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) C) Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) D) Internal Revenue Service (IRS)10 The primary purpose of an audit (examination) of the financial reports of a company is to A) uncover fraud. B) determine who is guilty of malpractice. C) determine whether the financial reports conform to GAAP. D) examine every document and transaction to verify it was accurately reported.TOPIC 21 The major objective of financial reporting is to provide: A) essential information to internal users of financial reports. B) useful economic information about the business to help external parties make sound financial decisions. C) information to internal users about the cash position of the business. D) information to the IRS and the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC).2 German companies prepare their financial reports in terms of euros whereas Japanese companies report results in yen. This practice is an example of the: A) Historical cost principle B) Materiality constraint
C) Full disclosure principle D) Unit-of-Measure Assumption3 A company purchased a computer, office furniture, and office supplies by issuing a check for $5,000 and a note payable for $19,500. The market value of the items was $26,300. The total recorded value of the items is A) $26,300 B) $19,500 C) $24,500 D) $31,3004 Unearned Revenue is classified as which type of account? A) asset B) liability C) stockholders equity D) revenue5 Cost of Goods Sold is classified as which type of account? A) asset B) liability C) revenue D) expense6 Retained Earnings is classified as which type of account? A) asset B) liability C) stockholders equity D) expense7 A company purchased office supplies on credit. What two accounts are affected by the transaction? A) Supplies and Cash B) Supplies and Accounts Payable C) Equipment and Accounts Payable D) Stockholders Equity and Accounts Payable8 A company sold 10,000 shares of its common stock for a total of $45,000. What two accounts are affected by the transaction? A) Cash and Retained Earnings B) Cash and Revenue C) Cash and Contributed Capital D) Cash and Accounts Receivable9 A company purchased office equipment by issuing a short-term note payable. What two accounts were affected by the transaction? A) Equipment and Cash B) Equipment and Accounts Payable C) Equipment and Notes Payable D) Equipment and Stockholders Equity10 A company declares a cash dividend to be paid to its stockholders next month. The effect of the transaction is to: A) Decrease assets and liabilities. B) Increase assets and stockholders equity. C) Decrease assets and stockholders equity. D) Increase liabilities and decrease stockholders equity.TOPIC 31 Although income is earned continuously, companies measure income for a specific period of time. Accountants refer to this practice as: A) unit of measure assumption. B) time period assumption. C) matching principle. D) continuity assumption.2 Consider the following totals: Revenues $100,000 Cost and expenses 45,000 Other revenues 5,000 Income taxes 18,000 Net income $42,000 What was the total of operating income? A) $42,000 B) $55,000 C) $60,000 D) $37,0003 Which of the following is a peripheral transaction? A) income tax expense
B) interest expense C) general and administrative expenses D) depreciation expense4 Current year sales revenues total $1,250,000. The total assets at the end of the previous year totaled $900,000. Total assets at the end of the current year totaled $980,000. What is the asset turnover ratio? A) 1.330 B) 1.389 C) 1.276 D) 1.1565 When delivery of goods and services for $25,000 results in a cash receipt of $15,000 and the balance of $10,000 on account, the reported revenues for the time period are A) $15,000 B) $25,000 C) $10,000 D) $5,0006 Which of the following accounts would be increased with a debit? A) Contributed Capital B) Retained Earnings C) Revenues D) Expenses7 Langhurst Company sold hardware for $12,000 cash and $18,000 of hardware to credit customers. Which of the following is the correct journal entry to record this transaction? A) Cash, debit, $12,000; Accounts Receivable, credit, $18,000; Unearned Revenues, credit, $30,000 B) Cash, debit, $12,000; Accounts Receivable, debit, $18,000, Hardware Revenues, credit, $30,000 C) Cash, debit, $12,000; Unearned Revenues, debit, $18,000; Hardware Revenues, $30,000 D) Cash, debit, $30,000; Hardware Revenues, credit, $30,0008 At the beginning of January, Langhurst Company paid $6,000 for insurance for the next four months beginning January 1, $3,000 for advertising to be run from February 1 to March 15, and $8,000 for rent over the next two months beginning January 1. What is the correct journal entry for recording a summary of these transactions? A) General and Administrative Expenses 17,000 Cash 17,000 B) General and Administrative Expenses 17,000 Accounts Payable 17,000 C) Prepaid Expenses 17,000 Cash 17,000 D) Prepaid Expenses 14,000 Advertising Expense 3,000 Cash 17,0009 In January, Langhurst Company paid $9,000 for utilities, repairs, and maintenance of delivery vehicles. Which of the following is the correct journal entry for recording this transaction? A) Other Expenses and Losses 9,000 Cash 9,000 B) General and Administrative Expenses 9,000 Accounts Payable 9,000 C) General and Administrative Expenses 9,000 Cash 9,000 D) Prepaid Expenses 9,000 Cash 9,00010 Consider the following information provided in no particular order: Lumber Revenues $120,000 General and Administrative Expenses 45,000 Rent Expense 6,000 Depreciation Expense 3,000 Loss on Sale of Land 2,000 Hardware Revenues 85,000 Interest Expense 4,000 Income Taxes 11,000 Cost of sales 115,000 What is the dollar amount of the operating income? A) $36,000 B) $15,000 C) $17,000 D) $205,000
TOPIC 131 A cash equivalent is a short-term, highly liquid investment with an original maturity date of less than A) six months. B) five months. C) four months. D) three months.2 The statement of cash flows prepared under the indirect method starts with A) cash receipts and cash expenditures to compute net cash inflow or outflow from operating activities. B) the net income determined using the accrual method of accounting and adjusts it to the cash flow from operating activities. C) the net income determined using the cash basis of accounting and adjusts it to an accrual basis. D) cash receipts and cash expenditures to compute net cash inflow or outflow from investing activities.3 Which of the following is reported as an investing activity on the statement of cash flows? A) sale of common stock B) purchase of office equipment C) collection of accounts receivable D) purchase of treasury stock4 Consider the following: Activity Amount Purchased production equipment $150,000 Sold common stock, at par $250,000 Sold office equipment at book value $12,000 Sold merchandise on accounts receivable $560,000 Paid cash dividends $45,000 What was the net cash inflow (outflow) from investing activities? A) ($138,000) B) ($12,000) C) ($183,000) D) $103,0005 Consider the following: Net cash inflows from operating activities $450,000 Net cash outflows from investing activities ($230,000) Net cash inflows from financing activities$200,000 What was the net increase or decrease in cash during the period? A) The cash increase or decrease for the period cannot be determined. B) $880,000 C) $420,000 D) $220,0006 Equipment with an original cost of $140,000 and accumulated depreciation of $130,000 was sold for $12,000 cash . What amount of this transaction will be reported as an investing activity on the statement of cash flows? A) $10,000 B) $12,000 C) $2,000 D) $128,0007 When property, plant, or equipment are sold at price that is in excess of book value, the sales should be reported as an inflow of cash from an investing activity equal to the A) book value of the asset. B) cash selling price of the asset. C) cash selling price of the asset minus any gain on the asset. D) cash selling price of the asset minus the book value.8 Consider the following transactions: Cash purchase of second hand delivery van $40,000 Cash sale of an investment $12,000 Paid cash dividends $120,000 Retired bonds prior to maturity $450,000 Sold used equipment for cash $13,000 What was the net cash flow from investing activities? A) $27,000 inflow B) $330,000 outflow C) $15,000 outflow D) $585,000 outflow9 Consider the following transactions: Paid interest with cash $4,000 Paid cash dividends $45,000 Sold common stock for cash $1,200,000 Purchased treasury stock for cash $360,000 Sold bonds for cash $800,000 What was the net cash inflow from financing activities?
A) $1,685,000 B) $1,595,000 C) $1,560,000 D) $840,00010 A building was acquired in exchange for 20,000 shares of the companys $10 par common stock. This transaction is reported on a statement of cash flows as A) a financing activity. B) an operating activity. C) a noncash investing and financing activity. D) an investing activity.TOPIC 141 Businesses can earn a high rate of return by following two fundamental strategies, which are A) product differentiation and cost advantage. B) product differentiation and cash management. C) cost advantage and efficient markets. D) cost advantage and industry factors.2 Tests of profitability usually include which one of the following in the measurement? A) owners equity B) average total assets C) income D) cash flows from operating activities3 Consider the following information: Net sales revenue $1,850,000 Income $180,000 Interest expense $12,000 Income tax expense $30,000 Beginning common shares outstanding 450,000 Ending common shares outstanding 470,000 Income before extraordinary items $340,000 Compute the earnings per share to the nearest cent. A) $0.48 B) $0.39 C) $0.25 D) $0.744 The return on equity is 16.8%. The return on total assets is 12.5%. The earnings per share is $0.50. The profit margin is 6.8%. What is the financial leverage percentage? A) 10.0% B) 4.3% C) 5.7% D) 1.5%5 Consider the following information: Cash $45,000 Cash equivalents $60,000 Cash flows from operating activities $970,000 Current assets $480,000 Current liabilities $230,000 Net credit sales $890,000 Average net receivables $62,000 Compute the cash ratio to the nearest hundredth. A) 0.46 to 1 B) 0.19 to 1 C) 2.08 to 1 D) 1.73 to 16 Consider the following information: Cash $15,000 Beginning net receivables $55,000 Ending net receivables $57,000 Net sales $640,000 Net credit sales $480,000 Cost of goods sold $390,000 Average inventory $62,000 Compute the receivable turnover to the nearest hundredth. A) 11.43 B) 8.57 C) 11.23 D) 8.427 The equation of Cash + Cash Equivalents/Current Liabilities is used to compute which ratio?
A) quick (or acid test) ratio B) cash ratio C) current ratio D) quality of income8 Consider the following information: Total current liabilities $120,000 Total long-term liabilities $890,000 Ending balance of owners equity $1,500,000 Ending balance of retained earnings $420,000 Ending balance of fixed assets $1,560,000 Compute the debt-to-equity ratio to the nearest hundredth. A) 0.53 B) 0.57 C) 0.46 D) 0.679 Consider the following information: Income $130,000 Beginning shares outstanding 250,000 Ending shares outstanding 270,000 Current price per share $7.50 Dividend per share $1.20 Compute the market test of price/earnings ratio to the nearest tenth. A) 6.3 B) 15.0 C) 17.3 D) 5.010 Consider the following information: Income $130,000 Beginning shares outstanding 250,000 Ending shares outstanding 270,000 Current price per share $7.50 Dividend per share $1.20 Compute the market test of dividend yield to the nearest tenth. A) 1.5% B) 41.7% C) 16.0% D) 6.3%