Dreams
REM
Dreams <ul><li>A sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person’s mind. </li></ul>Manifest C...
Manifest Content
Latent Content
Three Theories
Freud’s wish-fulfillment Theory <ul><li>Dreams are the key to understanding our inner conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas a...
Information-Processing Theory <ul><li>Dreams act to sort out and understand the memories that you experience that day. </l...
Physiological Function Theories <ul><li>Activation-Synthesis Theory :  </li></ul><ul><li>during the night our brainstem re...
REM Rebound <ul><li>The tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation. </li></ul><ul><li>What will ha...
Lucid Dreams <ul><li>Lucid Dreams:   are dreams in which you become aware that you are dreaming and you can control aspect...
What do we dream about?   <ul><li>Sex- 1 in 30 for women;1 in 10 for men  </li></ul><ul><li>Women dream about men and wome...
Have you ever dreamed of…..?  <ul><li>Falling 83% </li></ul><ul><li>Being attacked 77% </li></ul><ul><li>School,teacher, s...
Have you ever dreamed of…..? <ul><li>Finding money 56% </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming 52% </li></ul><ul><li>Snakes  49% </li><...
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Dreams

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Dreams

  1. 1. Dreams
  2. 2. REM
  3. 3. Dreams <ul><li>A sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person’s mind. </li></ul>Manifest Content: the remembered storyline of a dream. Latent Content: the underlying meaning of a dream.
  4. 4. Manifest Content
  5. 5. Latent Content
  6. 6. Three Theories
  7. 7. Freud’s wish-fulfillment Theory <ul><li>Dreams are the key to understanding our inner conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas and thoughts that are hidden in our unconscious. </li></ul><ul><li>Manifest and latent content </li></ul>
  8. 8. Information-Processing Theory <ul><li>Dreams act to sort out and understand the memories that you experience that day. </li></ul><ul><li>REM sleep does increase after stressful events. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Physiological Function Theories <ul><li>Activation-Synthesis Theory : </li></ul><ul><li>during the night our brainstem releases random neural activity, dreams may be a way to make sense of that activity. </li></ul>
  10. 10. REM Rebound <ul><li>The tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation. </li></ul><ul><li>What will happen if you don’t get a good nights sleep for a week, and then sleep for 10 hours? </li></ul>You will dream a lot.
  11. 11. Lucid Dreams <ul><li>Lucid Dreams: are dreams in which you become aware that you are dreaming and you can control aspects of your environment in the dream. </li></ul>
  12. 12. What do we dream about? <ul><li>Sex- 1 in 30 for women;1 in 10 for men </li></ul><ul><li>Women dream about men and women; 65% of men's dreams are about men </li></ul><ul><li>Most dreams are about events in our daily lives </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Previous day’s experiences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Forget things that happen 5 minute before we fall asleep </li></ul><ul><li>Do not remember “taped info” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Have you ever dreamed of…..? <ul><li>Falling 83% </li></ul><ul><li>Being attacked 77% </li></ul><ul><li>School,teacher, studying 71% </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual experiences 66% </li></ul><ul><li>Arriving late 64% </li></ul><ul><li>Eating 62% </li></ul><ul><li>A loved person dying 57% </li></ul><ul><li>Being locked up 56% </li></ul>
  14. 14. Have you ever dreamed of…..? <ul><li>Finding money 56% </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming 52% </li></ul><ul><li>Snakes 49% </li></ul><ul><li>Being inappropriately dressed 46% </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to breathe 44% </li></ul><ul><li>Being nude 43% </li></ul><ul><li>Fire 41% </li></ul><ul><li>Failing an Exam 39% </li></ul><ul><li>Killing Someone 26% </li></ul>
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