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The conflict of architectural intelligence

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The Conflict of Architectural

The Conflict of Architectural
Intelligence:

Towards an Integrated Profile of Intelligent Architecture

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    The conflict of architectural intelligence The conflict of architectural intelligence Presentation Transcript

    • The Conflict of Architectural g Intelligence:Towards an Integrated Profile of Intelligent Architecture Khaled Ali Youssef, M.Sc. Associate Lecturer Dept. Of Architectural Engineering, Assiut University IACA 6 Assiut, March 15th - 17th, 2005
    • Introduction In the early 1980s, trade magazines began writing stories on Intelligent Architecture (IA), initiating pressure on architects to build Intelligent Buildings (IBs) despite there was no standard definition of IBs. In the 1990s the shift into the informational mode 1990s, as a paradigm was promotes, placing new demands on architecture before it can be termed intelligent. With the rise of global hazards, the footprint of architecture on the environment became a matter for concern, the fact that promoted the concept of IA to pay attention to the environmental quality and hazards prevention.The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 02 of 15
    • Motivations In investigating what IA is, dozens of definitions, proposals and viewpoints announced themselves, Motivations showing the term to be one of those words which are easy t use b t h d t d fi to but hard to define. The Wide Use What can be considered of greater importance is the of the Term IA conflict between these definitions, proposals and viewpoints, and consequently the powerful impacts The Conflict on architecture, especially when imitating takes Of IA the i it th priority over understanding th i li ti d t di the implications. Impacts on The wide use of the term, the conflict between its , Architecture proposals and the powerful impacts on architecture all highlighted the demand for an Integrated Demand for Profile of Intelligent Architecture (IPIA) to be an an IPIA issue of this work.The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 03 of 15
    • Aim, Objectives and Paper OrganizationPaper Organization The aim of the paper is to investigate the possibility of drawing the outline of an IPIA, taking the local context and varying standards into consideration. For the aim to be attained, a number of objectives was to be accomplished, and six issues were to be investigated, formulating the body of the paper:1- Introduction Recognizing what Definitions of Human IntelligenceHuman Intelligence intelligence is Components of Intelligence2- The Conflict Realizing Introducing the wide range of knowledge,of Arch. Intelligence the conflict of IA and oppositions between viewpoints3- Classification Better understanding ClassificationBetter understand IA IA viewpoints4- Implications Understanding the The offered opportunities and the imposedof IA perspectives implications of IA p challenges g5- Discussion: Identifying the IPIA Aim, objectives, scope and limitationsbefore sketching IPIA inputs and outputs of integration in the light of the local context6- Proposed IPIA Integrating IA Exploring alternatives, developing the winningand how to apply it viewpoints alternative, and sketching the demanded IPIA The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 04 of 15
    • The 1st issue Introduction: What is intelligence? According to the British Encyclopedia, intelligence is the ability to adapt effectively to the environment by making a change in oneself, changing the environment or finding a new one. James Putnam argues that intelligence enables us to ‘tell’ our conscious tell minds the ‘observed’ events, ‘analyze’ facts, ‘interpret’ knowledge, ‘evaluate’ processes, ‘accompany’ thoughts by feelings and finally reach ‘conclusions’. Therefore, to be termed intelligent is to be able to1- IntroductionHuman IntelligenceHuman Intelligence observe, tell, analyze, interpret, evaluate, accompany, and conclude. b t ll l i t t l t d l d2- The Conflict The cognitive psychologist R. Sternberg proposes that intelligence isof Arch. Intelligence made of three integrated and interdependent aspects: the internal world3- Classification ( (cognition), th relationship t th external world ( ti ) and iti ) the l ti hi to the t l ld (action) dBetter understand IA experiences (integration).4- Implicationsof IA perspectives Summing up..5- Discussion: Intelligence is not a single mentalbefore sketching IPIA process; it is a combination of many6- Proposed IPIA mental processes directed towardand how to apply it effective adaptation to the environment. The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 05 of 15
    • The 2nd issue The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence In the 1980s the term IA was prompted 1980s, Kerckhove, 2001 as a marketing tool to attract users, Bringing Zijlstra, 2000 Vink & together three promoting buildings to be equipped with main spatial Green, 2001 Eger, and automation systems and high-tech environments: mind, environmentally oriented installations. WTA, 2000 world, and networks. Information technology, economic development, Atkin, 1988 quality of Promoting broadband and job growth, and telecommunications In the 1990s, the term IA was used to Morrow, 1995 life Self-knowing, deciding technologies1- Introduction embrace creating architecture in an anti- anti and respondingHuman Intelligence Christiansson, 2000 Productivity and personal spatial context, being accessed via environmental control2- The Conflict Leung (IBI), 2000 A part of the worldwide2- The Conflict networks. With the rise of globalof Arch. Intelligenceof Arch. Intelligence telecommunication hazards, the footprint of architecture on Cornick, 1988 Building within a network built sustainable3- Classification the natural environment has increasingly Fox, 2001 Sensory-motor adaptation environmentBetter understand IA to support life become a matter for concern, promoting Nordx Sustainability,4- Implications the environmental quality and hazards automation, andof IA perspectives Wong et al, to responsiveness 2001 Network cabling p prevention to be an integral part of IA IA. solutions, and changes environmental selection An appropriate5- Discussion: environmental of Quality Environmentalbefore sketching IPIA At all times, architectural intelligence adaptabilityachieve long Modules to6- Proposed IPIA was accompanied by a wide range of term building valuesand how to apply it knowledge; definitions and proposals. etc. The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 06 of 15
    • The 2nd issue The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence Kerckhove, 2001 In analyzing the wide range of definitions, one cannot fail to notice the Bringing Zijlstra, 2000 Vink & together three main spatial conflict of IA. Green, 2001 Eger, and environments: mind, environmentally oriented For F example, exploiting th i f l l iti the informational ti l WTA, 2000 world, and networks. Information technology, mode as a paradigm putting an end to the economic development, Atkin, 1988 quality of Promoting broadband and job growth, and dominance of the physical seems to telecommunications Morrow, 1995 life Self-knowing, deciding technologies1- Introduction interfere with p providing g spatial p and respondingHuman Intelligence environments with high-tech installations Christiansson, 2000 Productivity and personal environmental control2- The Conflict to shift into a place of more value and Leung (IBI), 2000 A part of the worldwide2- The Conflictof Arch. Intelligenceof Arch. Intelligence power. telecommunication Cornick, 1988 Building within a network built sustainable3- Classification Spatial versus Anti-spatial Fox, 2001 Sensory-motor adaptation environmentBetter understand IA to support life Nordx Sustainability,4- Implications Higher Setting limits automation, andof IA perspectives Wong et al, to responsiveness 2001 Network cabling p utilization of tili ti f versus for tili i f utilizing solutions, and changes environmental selection An appropriate5- Discussion: technology technology environmental of Quality Environmentalbefore sketching IPIA adaptabilityachieve long Modules to6- Proposed IPIA term building valuesand how to apply it Globalization versus Localization etc. etc. The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 07 of 15
    • The 3rd issue Classification: to better understand IA + = Creating Exploiting free Sustainable microclimate energy energy Anti-spatial Greenness Simplicity Environmentally environments oriented design Durability Self-generating Scarcity Symbiosis The quality Energy With nature of life Promoting Information Economic Tele- Emergency Tele-serving broadband technology development communications management architecture1- IntroductionHuman Intelligence Environmental Users’ comfort Self-know, Cost Cabling responsibility and productivity decide respond awareness solutions2- The Conflictof Arch. Intelligence Environmental Improving Users’ Automation Responsiveness E-activities quality performance participation to changes3- Classification3- Classification Flexibility Integration with Energy Recycling RenewableBetter understand IABetter understand IA networks efficiency energy4- Implications Life Installing Soft built- Installing high-of IA perspectives safety the four-Cs environments tech devices5- Discussion: Responding to Connectivity to E-agentbefore sketching IPIA internal demands global networks support6- Proposed IPIAand how to apply it Perspective (1) Perspective (2) Perspective (3) The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 08 of 15
    • The 3rd issue Classification: to better understand IA Perspective (1) Perspective (2) Perspective (3) Exploiting Inf. Technology (IT) Physical architecture in promoted Creating durable, green, and and the connectivity to broad to self-know, decide and respond environmentally oriented band networks to create anti- to external changes and internal architecture that exploits free, spatial, Tele-served, soft demands, saving energy, passive, sustainable, renewable, architecture, promoting improving performance, bio-degradable and recyclable physically built environments to minimizing cost, and supporting energy resources, to guarantee be supplanted by e-activities, users comfort and productivity, the environmental quality, the supported by e-agents, and via means of technical intergenerational equality, the closely integrated with networks installations, cabling solutions, quality of life and the intended1- Introduction in a global context context. and automation systems systems. symbiosis with nature nature.Human Intelligence Based on the definition of Improving performance, Attributes meet the2- The Conflict VR as “the simulated self-responding, saving standards of sustainabilityof Arch. Intelligence reality” and “computer energy, minimizing cost and that was defined as “utilizing screen 3D-simulated world”, supporting users’ comfort resources in ways that allow and the d fi i i d h definitions of Vi f Virtual l and productivity, via means d d i i i3- Classification3- Classification Architecture as “the of high-tech installations and them to renew themselves”,Better understand IABetter understand IA electronic representation of automation systems. “not to eliminate or degrade renewable resources”, and architecture serving two Further, the group supports “meeting the need of the4- Implications purposes: simulating the drive for higher present withoutof IA perspectives physical architecture and utilization of technology to compromising the abilities of providing functional virtual prevail, the fact that future generations”, to be5- Discussion: places” the first group of promotes this group to be entitled ‘Sustanable attributes is entitled ‘Virtual entitled ‘Automatedbefore sketching IPIA Architecture’ Architecture’ Architecture’6- Proposed IPIAand how to apply it Virtual Automated Sustainable Architecture – VA Architecture - AA Architecture - SA The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 09 of 15
    • The 4th issue Implications of IA Perspectives To better understand the implications the concept of IA the three IA, perspectives were criticized, investigating the offered opportunities and the imposed challenges, from various points of view; environmental, functional, structural, economic, political, social and aesthetical.1- Introduction Opportunities ChallengesHuman Intelligence2- The Conflict • Environmental quality • Digital divideof Arch. Intelligence • Societal equality • Gap between abilities and • Minimizing commutes demands3- Classification • Reducing waste & pollution • Concentration of wealth andBetter understand IA • Better communicating with power users • Shrinkage of mass4- Implications • Minimizing presence cost employmentof IA perspectivesof IA perspectives • Money-making opportunities y g pp • Loosing collective identity g y • More freedom and active • Societal inequality5- Discussion: participation • The rise of invented needsbefore sketching IPIA • Job creation opportunities • Involvement of computer • Rescuing societies form the scientists and programmers6- Proposed IPIA idiocy of rural life yand how to apply it ……. etc. ……. etc. The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 10 of 15
    • The 5th issue Discussion: Before Integrating IA Perspectives In this part, the ground, on which the demanded IPIA can be built, is gained systematically through answering a number of questions: (a) How important and significant is the integration of the IA three perspectives?1- Introduction Absence of IntegrationHuman Intelligence (b) Would one perspective be2- The Conflict sufficient for architecture toof Arch. Intelligence be termed intelligent? Absence of a perspective (s)3- ClassificationBetter understand IA (c) Is IA restricted within the boundary of the 3 perspectives?4- Implicationsof IA perspectives Examples before 1980s +ddeveloping countries l i t i5- Discussion:before sketching IPIAbefore sketching IPIA (d) Is there a standard profile of IA? and, what might it be affected by?6- Proposed IPIA 3 Key factors: IA opportunities, y pp ,and how to apply it challeges and the local context Smart M d i of the hot- S Moderation f h h Buffer zones + insulation and-humid tropical climate, Smart Cooling: via the thermal stability From -35C to +3C Bangladish of the earth, Costozza villas The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 11 of 15
    • The 6th issue An Integrated Profile of Intelligent Architecture 1- Exploring d Analyzing Alternatives of I 1 E l i and A l i Al i f Integration i (a) Reasonability of the relationship Alternative Al i An Integrated between the three A + B + C = Profile of IA (1) perspectives1- Introduction Alternative A An Integrated A I t t dHuman Intelligence (b) Appropriateness to B + C = Profile of IA (2) the local context2- The Conflictof Arch. Intelligence Alternative A An Integrated B3- Classification (3) C = Profile of IABetter understand IA4- Implications Theof IA perspectives Alternative A An Integrated An winning inning B + C = Profile of IA (4) Integrated5- Discussion: alternative Profile of IAbefore sketching IPIA A6- Proposed IPIA Alternative An Integratedand how to apply itand how to apply it (5) = Profile of IA B C The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 12 of 15
    • The 6th issue An Integrated Profile of Intelligent Architecture 2- Developing the Winning Alternative: IPIA 2 D l i th Wi i Alt ti A An Integrated A B + C = Profile of IA1- Introduction Global boundary Architecture Local boundaryHuman Intelligence of sustainability of sustainability2- The Conflictof Arch. Intelligence3- ClassificationBetter understand IA Physical Virtual Architecture Architecture4- Implicationsof IA perspectives In addition to the i th viewpoints i t Automated that would5- Discussion: Architecture contribute to thebefore sketching IPIA profile; Others6- Proposed IPIAand how to apply itand how to apply it Another local boundary of sustainability The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 13 of 15
    • The 6th issue An Integrated Profile of Intelligent Architecture 3- How to Apply the 3 H t A l th IPIA t S lid A li ti to Solid Applications Comparative Analysis (in the light The Winning Compromise Architecture VA AA SA Others of IPIA and Alternative Final the 2 level (s) Solution1- Introduction strategy)Human Intelligence Aims Aims2- The Conflictof Arch. Intelligence Objectives Objectives3- Classification Built SpacesBetter understand IA Built Spaces Activities4- Implications Activitiesof IA perspectives People People5- Discussion: Etc.before sketching IPIA Etc.6- Proposed IPIAand how to apply itand how to apply it The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 14 of 15
    • Results, Conclusions and Future Work In this paper, the complexity of IA and the conflict between its proposals were investigated, highlighting the need for a coherent profile to integrate the wide range of knowledge taking the knowledge, local context into account. First, IA definitions, proposals and viewpoints were introduced to be categorized into three broad perspectives: VA, AA and SA. To b d better understand the i li i d d h implications of f IA perspectives, the offered opportunities and imposed challenges were investigated. After that, alternatives of integration were explored, the winning alternative was developed and the IPIA was sketched, proposing a method for application. In a future work the worked out IPIA is to be work, applied to solid applications, investigating its ability to develop existing built environments.The Conflict of Architectural Intelligence: Towards an Integrated Profile of IACA 6 – March 15-17, 2005 Intelligent Architecture Slide 15 of 15
    • Thank you !!