Developing street network in the gebd 2007

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Developing Street Network according to the principles of sustainable transportation

Developing Street Network according to the principles of sustainable transportation

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  • 1. Developing Street Network in
    Gharb El-Balad District, Assiut City:
    Towards Sustainable Transportation
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    3-6 January 2010 – College of Architecture and Planning
    King Saud University, Riyadh , KSA
  • 2. Motivation, Aim & Objectives
    and Methods
    Definitions, Guiding Principles,
    Checklists and Rating Systems
    Key-Attributes, In-Depth Analysis and
    Strategic Directions
    Urban Analysis, Street Network SWOT Analysis and
    An Integrated Profile to Develop the Street Network
    Results and Research Attainments
    Conclusions of the work
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 2of 28
    Paper Organization
    For the aim of the work to be attained, the paper, as well as the presentation, is divided into 6 parts:
    PaperOrganization
    Introduction
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    Sustainable Transportation:
    Theoretical Background
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    Towards Sustainable
    Transportation
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    Case Study: Gharb El-Balad
    District (GEBD)
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    Discussion
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
    Conclusion
  • 3. 1-1 Motivation:
    Why Sustainable Transportation?
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 3of 28
    1- Introduction
    • Transportation..energy consumption..pollution
    • 4. Growing unsustainable transportation trends (dominance of car-based and mono-drivingmovement).
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    • The rise of sustainable transportation (ST), as an integral part of the sustainabledevelopment movement.
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 5. 1-1 Motivation:
    Why Sustainable Transportation?
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 4of 28
    1- Introduction
    • The concept is no longer conceptual; effortsare initiated: i.e. drafts, guidingprinciples, checklists, rating systems and assessment methods.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    • Efforts vary in nature, scope and influence due to the varying conditions between and within countries; diversifying the way ST can be achieved.
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    • Responsible bodies are promoted to take appropriateactions and opening the door on ST in a broader context.
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 6. 1-1 Motivation:
    Why Gharb El-Balad District?
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 5of 28
    1- Introduction
    • The historical, social and culturalvalues as the nucleus of Assiut City and one of its ancient parts.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 7. 1-1 Motivation:
    Why Gharb El-Balad District?
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 6of 28
    1- Introduction
    • Recent developments were oriented toward newerdistricts, while the GEBD lacked awareness.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    • The district is overpopulated and overcrowded, being marked by the shortage in major services and facilities.
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 8. 1-1 Motivation:
    Why Gharb El-Balad District?
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 7of 28
    1- Introduction
    Despite the deteriorated profile of the GEBD, its compacturban form, well inter-connected street network and the adjacency to Assiut City future extensions represented positive indicators.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 9. 1-2 Aim and Objectives:
    What does the paper aim?
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 8of 28
    1- Introduction
    The aim was to explore the potential of ST to develop the GEBDstreetnetwork; giving it the chance to experience a level of sustainabilityin relation to transportation.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    For the aim to be attained the following objectives were to be accomplished:
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    • Investigating the complexity of ST; deriving its key-attributes.
    • 10. Identifying the strategicdirections to ST.
    • 11. Studying the possibility to apply these directions to the casestudy.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 12. 1-3 Research Methodology:
    How to do it?
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 9of 28
    1- Introduction
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    To achieve the stated objectives, a seven-step research methodology was proposed.
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 13. 2-1 Definitions and Guiding Principles:
    dology:
    Theoretical Background
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 10of 28
    2- Sustainable Transportation
    • The 1987 report of the World Commission on EnvironmentandDevelopment.
    • 14. The literaleconomist’s, environmental and comprehensive definitions of the OECD.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    • The 9 guiding principles proposed by Canada's National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy (NRTEE) in the OECD Conference in Vancouver. ('Towards Sustainable Transportation', 1996).
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    • The OECD 4 scenarios to achieve sustainable transportation for 2030.
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 15. 2-2 Checklists and Rating systems :
    dology:
    A Step Towards Application
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 11of 28
    2- Sustainable Transportation
    • Sustainable Transport Masterplanning Checklist (2008);
    8 key issues to achieve sustainable transportation.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    • The pilot version of the LEED rating system for Neighborhood Development (LEED-ND): assigning a full Credit for 'Alternative Transportation'.
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    • The LEED rating system for New Constructions (LEED-NC); assigning two groups of credits to support sustainability in relation to transportation: 'Smart Location and Linkage' and 'Neighborhood Pattern and Design'.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 16. 3-1 Key-Attributes:
    Investigating the Complexity and Richness of ST
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 12of 28
    3- Towards Sustainable Transportation:
    27 ST attributes were derived, put under one roof, analyzed and categorized to fall into 11interrelatedgroups;
    11
    key-attributes
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 17. 3-2 Interrelationships of ST Attributes:
    In-Depth Analysis
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 13of 28
    3- Towards Sustainable Transportation:
    Seven types of relationships among the attributes assigned values from +4 to -3; referring to the strength and type of the relationship.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 18. 3-2 Interrelationships of ST Attributes:
    In-Depth Analysis
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 14of 28
    3- Towards Sustainable Transportation:
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
    Correlation Values of ST Attributes
  • 19. 3-3 Strategic Directions to ST:
    How to do it?
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 15of 28
    3- Towards Sustainable Transportation:
    24 strategicdirections are proposed to achieve the 11keyattributes of ST.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    Each direction seems to support morethanone single key-attribute.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 20. 4-1 Urban Analysis:
    Location
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 16of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    Location of Gharb El-Balad District
    (GEBD)
    in Assiut City
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 21. 4-1 Urban Analysis:
    Image, Land-use, Heights, Cases, Spaces & Street Network
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 17of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 22. 4-1 Urban Analysis:
    Image, Land-use, Heights, Cases, Spaces & Street Network
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 18of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    • Compact urban form.
    • 23. Well inter-connectedstreet network.
    • 24. High percentage of publicspaces (26% mostly streets).
    • 25. Over-populated and over-crowded context.
    • 26. Mixed land use and dominance of commercial activities.
    • 27. Shortage in services and facilities.
    • 28. High percentage of deteriorated buildings (28%).
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 29. 4-2 Street Network:
    SWOT Analysis
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 19of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 30. 4-3 A Profile to Develop Street Network:
    4-3-1 Proposed Actions:
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 20of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    1
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 31. 4-3 A Profile to Develop Street Network:
    4-3-1 Proposed Actions:
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 21of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    2
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 32. 4-3 A Profile to Develop Street Network:
    4-3-1 Proposed Actions:
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 22of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    3
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 33. 4-3 A Profile to Develop Street Network:
    4-3-1 Proposed Actions:
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 23of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    4
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 34. 4-3 A Profile to Develop Street Network:
    4-3-1 Proposed Actions:
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 24of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    5
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    6
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 35. 4-3 A Profile to Develop Street Network:
    4-3-2 Development Plan:
    Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 25of 28
    4- Case Study: The GEBD Street Network
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    Strategic
    Plan
    of the
    GEBD
    StreetNetwork
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 36. Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 26of 28
    5- Discussion: Results and Research Attainments
    In this paper, it was argued that there would be no single best way to achieve ST due to the varyingconditions(adopting the concept of 'thinkgloballyandactlocally‘).
     The paper managed to induce a taxonomy of ST attributes, as they were derived from the literature, to fall into 11 key-attributes.
     The paper argued that achieving one attribute of ST would influence and be influenced by achieving otherattributes.
    The in-depth analysis showed ST attributes to have various relativeweights due to the various correlation values (from +78 to -21) they have.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 37. Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 27of 28
    5- Discussion: Results and Research Attainments
    The analysis showed that more dependence on publictransportation together with the restrictedcarmovement can be considered the most influential strategic direction to support achieving ST.
    On the contrary, the excessiveparking areas is to maximizetransportationdemand; negatively influencing the achievement of ST.
    The paper managed to issue 24strategicdirections to achieve ST.
    After analyzing the GBED profile, strategicdirectionsto ST were integrated with the local context providing the research with a solid ground on which appropriateactions were proposed and a strategicplan was developed.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 38. Technology and Sustainability in the Built Environment
    Dr. Khaled Ali Youssef Arch. Moataz Mohamed Tarshan
    KAU, Jeddah, KSA Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
    3-6 January 2010 , Riyadh , KSA
    Slide 28of 28
    6- Conclusion:
    • In this paper, the GEBD was given the opportunity to experience a level of sustainability in transportation, based on an overall urban analysis as well as a SWOT analysis of its street network.
    • 39. ST theoretical perspectives and guiding principles were closely integrated together with the pressinglocalcontext of the GEBD.
    • 40. As a result, a development strategicplan was proposed based on studying the application possibilities of 24STstrategicdirections.
    • 41. In conclusion, the research appeared to bridge the gap between theory and practice in terms of investigating the potentials of ST as a theoretical issue, to develop an existing district with a relatively pressing local profile.
    1- Introduction
    Motivation - Methods
    2- Sustainable Trans.
    Theoretical Background
    3- Towards
    Sustainable Trans.
    4- Case Study:
    Gharb El-Balad Dist.
    5- Discussion:
    Results-Attainments
    6- Conclusion
    Of the Work
  • 42. Thanks for Attention !!