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    Environment health and_safety_supplement_to_the_toe_guidebook-arabic Environment health and_safety_supplement_to_the_toe_guidebook-arabic Document Transcript

    • Levi Strauss & Co. 1
    • ehshandbook@levi.com :2 2007 –
    • 3 ........................................................................................................................4 .................................................................................................................... :I6 ............................................................................................................................... .8 ............................................................................................................................ .10 ....................................................................................................................... .13 ....................................................................................................................... .16 ................................................................................................................................ .19 ........................................................................................................................ .22 ......................................................................................................................... .25 ................................................................................................... ( / ) .28 ..................................................................................................................... .31 ....................................................................................................................... .34 ...................................................................................................................36 ................................................................................................................. .40 ................................................................................................................................... .41 .................................................................................................................. .44 ................................................................................................................ .47 ................................................................................................................. . III51 ............................................................................................................................................. .153 ........................................................................................................................................ .260 .......................................................................................................................... .361 ............................................................................................................................. .462 ................................................................................................................. .563 ................................................................................................................ (Lock-out/Tag-out) / .665 .................................................................................................................................... .774 .................................................................................................................................. .875 ................................................................................................................................... .977 ............................................................................................................................... .1080 ............................................................................................................................... .11 :II84 ........................................................................................................ .85 ........................................................................................................................... .187 ............................................................................................................................ .289 ............................................................................................................ / .391 ................................................................................................................................... .493 ......................................................................................................................... .594 .......................................................................................................................... .6 1
    • :III 98 .......................................................................................................................... . 101 ............................................................................................................. . III 105 ................................................................................................................. .1 106 ...................................................................................................................... – .2 :IV 110 ................................................................................................. . 113 ........................................................................................................................ . 115 .......................................................................................................................... . 118 ..................................................................................................................... . 121 ......................................................................................................... . 124 ............................................................................................................ . III 127 .......................................................................................................................................... .1 129 ............................................................................................................... – .2 136 ....................................................................................... – .3 :V 144 .............................................................................................................. . III 149 .................................................................................................. (GEG) .1 150 .......................................................................................................................................... .2 151 .............................................................................................................................................. .3 152 ............................................................................................................................ .4 154 ..................................................................................................................................... .5 155 ........................................................................................................................................... .6 157 ................................................................................................................................... : .7 161 .......................................................................................................................... : .8 163 ..................................................................................................................... : .9 164 ................................................................................................................... : .10 165 ........................................................................................ (POTW) .11 166 ................................................................................................ .12 167 ........................................................................................................ .13 168 ........................................................................................................................................ .14 169 ........................................................................................................... : .15 171 ........................................................................................................... : .16 172 .............................................................. (POTW) / : .17 176 ................................................................................................................................................ .182 2007 –
    • (EHS) 12 11 . . . 800 . (EHS) . . " " . . LS&Co. ( ): 4. " " ." " " " . LS&CO . : . 3
    • (TOE) : ZT . / . ZT ZT . . ZT ) ZT . IA ZT ( : IA . / IA .IA IA .ZT 2 ( : ) . 2 IA .( ) : CI . / . 6 .CI . .. ( ) CI . ... PPE4 2007 –
    • :I 5
    • . . . . . .1 . .2 . .3 . 5 .4 : : : • . . . ( ) . . • . • . • ) • ( ( ) •. • • . : • http://europe.osha.eu.int/info : http://www.osha.gov/ : .6 2007 –
    • ‫. ﺏ. ﺗﻘﻴﻴـﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃـﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫• ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﳉﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﲔ‬ ‫ﺭﺅﺳﺎﺀ ﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺮﺅﺳﺎﺀ ﻳﻌﺪﻭﻥ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ.‬ ‫• ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺃﻥ ﲡﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ ﳌﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﺤﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻉ‬ ‫• ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻟﻼﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻖ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻟﻘﺮﺍﺋﺘﺔ.‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﺘﺘﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺘﻔﻆ ﺑﻬﺬﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻼﺕ ﳌﺪﺓ ﺧﻤﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﻟﺮﺩﻭﺩ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﺴﲔ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺀ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﻳﺘﺪﺭﺏ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻔﺘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﻋﻤﻞ ﲢﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ. ﺗﻘﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺑﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺩﺍﺭﺓ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﲟﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﳒﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﳉﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻭﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﻗﺘﺮﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﺍﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ:‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫7‬
    • . . . . .1 • • • . (MSDS) • . . : . ( ) () . • .( ) . .( ) • . . • . . •8 2007 –
    • ‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫• ﲢﻀﻴﺮ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻴﲔ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﺀ ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻻﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﻤﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺗﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﺧﻄﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﺗﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻘﺘﺮﺣﺎﺕ ﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﻭﲢﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﻀﻴﺮ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ.‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺩﺍ.‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﻮﻟﺔ ﺗﻔﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﺎﻃﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺍﻭ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺙ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ.‬ ‫• ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺗﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻛﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺗﻘﺘﺮﺡ ﺗﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﺰﻭﻡ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• _‪EU: http://agency.osha.eu.int/good_practice/sector/agriculture/faq_agriculture/faq‬‬ ‫‪entry.2005-09-19.3015163534/view?searchterm=risk%20assessments‬‬ ‫• ‪UK: http://www.eihms.surrey.ac.uk/robens/erg/Test%20area/GRA_revised_doc.pdf‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫9‬
    • . . . . . . .1 .( ) .2 . . .3 . .4 . .5 . .6 : • .. . • . . • : ) . • : ) .( ( . " " " " " " • ) ( .... ) • .(10 2007 –
    • : • .( ). . • . . ( ) . 3 • .( ) • ( 50) 15 . • .( ) ( 75) 23 • . :.( ) ( ) • : • . . . . • . ( ) • : : . . " " • .( ) • .( ) • 11
    • ‫ﺕ. ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫• ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺍﶈﺘﻤﻠﺔ ﻓﻰ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ:‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻼﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺑﺄﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ,‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﺍ‪‬ﺒﺄ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ )ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ(,‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻹﺧﻼﺀ,‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫«‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ.‬ ‫«‬ ‫• ﻋﲔ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﺪﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻟﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﻣﺴﺆﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ﰎ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻃﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﻭ ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ﰎ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﻼﺀ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ.‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺭ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺬﻳﺮ ﻭﻃﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻻﻧﺬﺍﺭﻭﺍﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﲤﺎﺭﻳﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﺧﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ.‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺮ ﺍﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=emergency+preparedness‬‬ ‫• ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ‬ ‫‪http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/emergencypreparedness/index.html‬‬ ‫• ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﻃﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﻖ )ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻗﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ(‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v12 2.0 April‬‬
    • . . . : .1 .( ) 2 150 •61 .( ) 3 150 . ( 200) . 4 1000 • • . . . .2 . ( ) .3 . .4 ( 32) 81 • ( 36) 91 • ( 36) 91 • ( 36) 91 • . .5 .( ) 13
    • . .6 ( 100) 30 • . ( 6) 15 . • ." " • . .7 " " : . .8 ) • .( . • . • .( ) •14 2007 –
    • ‫ﺙ. ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﻭﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ. ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﳌﻮﺍﻓﺎﺓ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ﻭﺃﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻭﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﺆﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻳﻔﻰ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ.‬ ‫• ﺃﺿﻒ ﻣﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺍﺣﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﻭﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﻖ ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﺎﺓ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻕ.ﺩ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ )ﻣﺜﻼ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ(.‬ ‫• ﻭﺿﺢ ﳑﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﻼﺀ ﻭﺣﺪﺩ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﳌﺒﻨﻰ.‬ ‫• ﺣﺎﻓﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﺬﺍﺭ ﻭﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﻼﺀ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﺪﻋﻰ‬ ‫• ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻼﺕ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺒﻨﻰ ﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺨﺎﺭﺝ ﻭﺍﳌﻤﺮﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﺍﻧﺤﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﺬﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺧﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫51‬
    • . . . . . .1 : (Lux) .2 (Lux) 50 ( ) 200 500 750 1995 :16 2007 –
    • : : • ( 1) 10 ( 1) 10 .. 10 ( ) ( 0.1) 1 • . : . 30 30 • .( ) • . . • : . • . • .( ) • 17
    • ‫ﺟـ. ﺍﻹﺿـــﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻷﺿﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫• ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺑﺎﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﺭﺩﻳﺔ ﻟﻴﻞ ﻭ/ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﺿﻌﻴﻔﺔ ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﻷﺿﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺃﺧﺬﺍ ﺑﺎﻷﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍ‪‬ﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ )ﻣﺜﻼ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻭﺻﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ( ﻋﲔ ﺷﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻝ ﻟﻠﺤﻔﻆ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ ﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻯ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻻ ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺃﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺍﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﺮﺕ‬ ‫• ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ.‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺇﺧﺘﺒﺮ ﺇﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﻛﻞ ٠٣ ﻳﻮﻡ.‬ ‫•‬ ‫• ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺇﻋﻤﻞ ﲤﺮﻳﻦ ﺃﺧﻼﺀ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﻓﻘﻂ.‬ ‫• ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺮ ﺃﺿﺎﺀﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﺭﺉ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻄﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻔﻰ ﲟﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ:‬ ‫• ﺇﳒﻠﺘﺮﺍ: ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ ﻭﺍﻹﺿﺎﺀﺓ:‬ ‫11=‪http://www.cibse.org/index.cfm?go=home.show&PageID=68&TopSecID‬‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v18 2.0 April‬‬
    • . . : . . . • .( ) • . •. • . . .1 . .2 ( ) .3 . . .4 . ( ) .5 . .6 .( 25) 7.5 .7 . .8 . : 19
    • . . • .( ) • . . • . .( ) • : • . . . .20 2007 –
    • ‫ﺣـ. ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓــﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫• ﺇﻋﻤﻞ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ. ﺣﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺆﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ ﻭﻣﺴﺆﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻒ‬ ‫• ﻧﻈﻒ ﻭﺃﺻﻠﺢ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﺒﻨﻲ ﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ. ﺃﻋﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻒ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ.‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﻦ‬ ‫• ﺧﺰﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺠﺐ.‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺃﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﻧﻈﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﻓﻮﺭﺍ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺔ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﺍﻓﺤﺺ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=housekeeping‬‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ )ﻛﻨﺪﺍ، ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ(‬ ‫‪http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/house.html‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫12‬
    • . . . . . . .1 . ( ) .2 . . .3 .(Hard wired connection) .4 . • . • . • . • . • . .( " " "LOTO" ) .(Tag-out, Lock-out). .. 120 . • . . • .( ). ( ) • .22 2007 –
    • . • . . . .(.. 480 V, 380 V, 220 V) • .( ) • ( 3 1) • . ( ) • .. • . . . • 23
    • ‫ﺧـ. ﺳﻼﻣــﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‪Y‬‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳﻼﻙ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺍﻥ ﺗﺒﻘﻰ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﲢﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﻌﺮﺿﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﳋﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ.‬ ‫• ﲢﺪﺩ ﺍﳋﻄﺔ ﺍﻳﻀﺎ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺆﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻰ ﺧﻄﺮ ﻛﻬﺮﺑﺎﺉ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﺍﻻﺭﺿﻰ ﺑﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﻳﺠﺐ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻻﻣﻨﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻴﲔ ﻭ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻓﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺍﻥ ﻳﺘﺪﺭﺑﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻣﻨﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ،‬ ‫• ﺭﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻑ ﺍﻻﺭﺿﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳊﺎﺟﺔ.‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺭﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻃﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﺰﻭﻡ.‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﻄﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻌﺪﺓ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﻋﺰﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻬﻞ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻓﺤﺺ ﺍﻻﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﻼﻙ‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻴﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺿﺨﺔ.‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﻞ )ﺍﳌﺸﺘﺮﻙ(‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﻭﻻ ﲤﺜﻞ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻖ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻲ.‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺨﺪﻡ ﺑﺄﻣﺎﻥ.‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺳﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻭﺣﺪﺩ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ )ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ، ‪ ،OSHA‬ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ(:‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://www.osha-slc.gov/dts/osta/lototraining/index.htm‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ )ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ(:‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=lockout+tagout‬‬ ‫‪+http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=electrical‬‬ ‫‪http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/elec_sfy.html‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺧﻄﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﻴﺔ:‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3075.pdf‬‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻷﺭﺿﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3007.pdf‬‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v24 2.0 April‬‬
    • / . . " " (Lock out / Tog out) . . . " / " .1 . . .2 . " / " .3 Lock out • . . • .. Lock out / Tog out / • 3 • . : • .( ) .( ) .( ) Tag out / Lock out . Lock out • 25
    • . Lock out/ Tag • . Tag out Lock out • . / / • . . • . .Lock out/ Tag out / ( ) . . "Off" .1 . .2 . .3 .( ) .4 . ( ) .5 . .6 . "On" .7 . .1 . .2 . ( ) .3 "Off" .4 .( ) .5 . .6 . .7 . .8 . .9 . .10 . .11 : .12 . • . • . • . • ."On" • . • . .1326 2007 –
    • ‫ﺩ. ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ / ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﻋﺰﻝ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﲢﺪﻳﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻌﺪﺓ ﲢﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻣﺘﺪﺭﺑﲔ ﻭﻣﺼﺮﺡ‬ ‫• ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﻢ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻋﺰﻝ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻱ ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﺣﺴﻦ ﺑﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺼﻴﺎﻧﺘﻬﺎ. ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ‬ ‫• ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺼﺮﺡ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﻭﻓﺮ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺼﺮﺡ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺍﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﻗﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻛﻤﻞ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻭﻗﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻭ ﺇﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﺰﻝ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺮﻳﺢ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻻﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺪﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﺰﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ )ﺑﺪﻝ ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ(.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ.‬ ‫• ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻗﻢ ﲟﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻠﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫• ‪Lock-out Tag-out‬‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=lockout+tagout‬‬ ‫• ‪[Lock-out Tag-out [U.S. OSHA, linked from EU‬‬ ‫‪http://www.osha-slc.gov/dts/osta/lototraining/index.htm‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫72‬
    • . . . . . . .1 . .2 .3 . . .4 • .( ) . • . ( ) • . . • . • ( ) . • .( ) • . • . • . •28 2007 –
    • : . • : . • . • . • . • . ( 2) 5 • . • . •. • . • .( ) • .. • . • 29
    • ‫ﺫ. ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﻣﺘﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﻣﻜﺸﻮﻓﺔ ﻗﺪ ﰎ‬ ‫ﺗﺰﻭﺩﻳﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﻔﻆ ﺑﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﻗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ.‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺃﻇﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﺑﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﻭﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺸﻐﻠﻮﻫﺎ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻬﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺒﻄﻠﻮﻥ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺠﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ.‬ ‫• ﺇﻓﺤﺺ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﳌﺎﻛﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﺒﻄﻴﻠﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v30 2.0 April‬‬
    • . . . . . . : . .1 : .2 . • . • . .3. . .4 : .5 . • . • . .6 .7 . 31
    • . • : . • .( ) .( ) . . • . • : . • . ( ) : . • . . . . . 3 • . . . • . • . •32 2007 –
    • ‫ﺭ. ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺃﻭ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺠﺰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ. ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﺘﺪﺭﺏ ﻭﻳﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﺄﻫﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﻔﺘﻴﺶ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻟﻢ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺠﺤﻮﺍ ﻓﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻫﻴﻞ،‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺃﻭ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺑﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺗﺘﺪﺭﺏ ﻭﻳﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﺄﻫﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻫﻴﻞ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺩﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺑﺼﻔﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮﺓ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻬﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﻮﺍﻗﺔ ﺷﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ.‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺤﺼﻮﻥ ﺷﺎﺣﻨﺎﺗﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺑﻠﻎ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻭﻟﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﲟﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻣﻨﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻌﺪﺓ ﻓﻰ‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻭﺭﺩﻳﺔ.‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺗﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ.‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺄﻫﻴﻞ ﺳﺎﺋﻘﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﻭﺗﺼﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ.‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫33‬
    • . . . : . 85 .1 . . ( ) . . .2 . 85 .3 . 85 .4 : . 85 • . 4000 3000 2000 ." " ( ) 85 • . • . 85 • . • .20 85 • . : 85 • . . . . . . 140 •34 2007 –
    • ‫ﺯ. ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ ﻓﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻧﺤﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﺘﻌﺪﻯ ٥٨ ﺩﻳﺴﻴﺒﻞ.‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻓﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﺪﻱ ٥٨ ﺩﻳﺴﻴﺒﻞ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ. ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻷﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺳﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ٥٨ ﺩﻳﺴﺒﻴﻞ.‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻖ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﲢﺬﻳﺮﻳﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ ﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ٥٨‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺴﻴﺒﻞ.‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻫﺬﺑﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺮ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻓﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﻮ ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ )ﺳﺪﺍﺩﺓ ﺃﺫﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻛﺎﰎ ﺻﻮﺕ(‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ.‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺧﻔﺾ ﺻﻮﺕ ٠٢.‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺿﻊ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺏ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ ﻭﺃﺧﻄﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ. ﺗﺄﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺪﺳﻴﺎ، ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﻢ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ )ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻤﻊ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ ﻭﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﺔ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ(.‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﳉﻴﺪﺓ ﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﺾ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺍﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﻗﺐ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻀﺠﻴﺞ ﻓﻰ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ٥٨ ﺩﻳﺴﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻨﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺍﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻳﻌﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻓﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫‪http://www.ascc.gov.au/ascc/HealthSafety/HazardsSafetyIssues/NoiseHearing/NoiseControl.htm‬‬ ‫‪http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pdfs/79-117.pdf‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫53‬
    • . : . : ( : ) : . . . .( ) 85 . ... .1 . ( ) .( ) ." " . .2 . .3 ... ( ) .4. (ANSI Z87.1-1989) . . .5 . ( ) .6 . . .736 2007 –
    • : . – • ) . • .( .( ) 85 – • . – • . . – • . . . • . – • . . – • . . ( ) • . : • . . . . . . • :.( ) • – . • . ( ) • ... • . • 37
    • – . • . • . . • – . .. / • . • .(MSDS) ( ) • – . • . •38 2007 –
    • ‫ﺱ. ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻢ ﻣﻨﻄﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﺘﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ.‬ ‫)ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ(.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺗﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻟﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻧﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﻋﲔ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ ﻛﻔﺎﺀﺗﻪ.‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬﻫﺎ.‬ ‫• ﺑﻠﻎ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺎﻭﻟﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺭﺩﻳﻦ‬ ‫• ﺍﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺃﻭ/ﻭ ﺗﻬﺬﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺭ ﲟﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻷﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ..‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﺑﺈﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ ﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ‪:U.S. OSHA, linked from EU‬‬ ‫‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/data/products/oshinfo_2871/view?searchterm=ppe‬‬ ‫• ‪:ANSI Standards‬‬ ‫9891-1.78‪Eyewear: ANSI Z‬‬ ‫9891-1.78‪Face Shields: ANSI Z‬‬ ‫6891-1.98‪Head Protection: ANSI Z‬‬ ‫1991-1.14‪Foot Protection: ANSI Z‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫93‬
    • . : . : . . .1 . .2 . • ( ) • . ). • .( . • . • " ": • : •http://www.osha.gov/dts/osta/otm/otm_iii/otm_iii_3.html40 2007 –
    • . : . : .( : ) .. . .1 . 10 .2. ( ) .3 . .4 . .5 . (MSDS) .6 . • . . . (MSDS) • . • : . • . • . 41
    • ) ( 100) 200 • . %110 .( .( .. ) • .(MSDS) . . • . • :42 2007 –
    • ‫ﺹ. ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﺘﻮﺍﻓﻰ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺋﺮ ﺍﶈﻠﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻭﺍ‪‬ﺰﻧﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ ﻳﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ ﺻﺤﻴﺤﺔ ﻭﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ ﻋﺒﻮﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻭﻣﺨﺰﻧﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ. ﺩﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺓ ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ ﻓﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺎﺩﺓ )‪ (MSDS‬ﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺨﺰﻧﺔ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ.‬ ‫• ﻋﲔ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﲟﺴﺆﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻭﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺭﺷﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﺠﻨﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻣﺲ ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﺴﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﲔ ﻭﺩﺵ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ.‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺩﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺸﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﻠﻤﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺑﻜﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ ﻟﻪ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺛﺎﻧﻮﻳﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻬﻮﺍﺓ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪﺍ ﻭﻣﺰﻭﺩﺓ ﲟﺼﺎﺑﻴﺢ ﻭﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ ﻛﻬﺮﺑﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺍﻓﺤﺺ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺿﺪ ﺍﻻﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ: ﻣﻌﻠﻤﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺍ، ﻣﻌﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪﺍ، ﺍﻟﻌﻠﺐ ﻣﻐﻠﻘﺔ، ﻭﻻ ﺗﺘﺴﺮﺏ. ﺗﺄﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺰﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ. ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫• ‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=chemical+storage‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫34‬
    • . . . . . . . .1 .( ) .2 . .3 ) • .( . • . . . • . • ( ) • . • . •44 2007 –
    • . • . ( ) •. 5 • ( ) • . . ( 1) • ( ) • . : 45
    • ‫ﺽ. ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻟﻠﻘﺼﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻮﻱ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﻻﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﺑﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﺩﺓ ﻗﺼﻮﻯ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﺻﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﺢ ﻟﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻰ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺩﺓ ﻗﺼﻮﻯ ﻭﺍﻧﻬﻢ ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻣﺎﻥ.‬ ‫• ﻋﲔ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﲟﺴﺆﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻭﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﰎ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻋﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺆﻫﻠﲔ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﳌﻦ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻻﻋﺮﺍﺽ.‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻱ.‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﻘﻴﺲ ﻭﺗﺘﺤﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﺭﺓ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﻭﻓﺮ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺮﻭﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻮﻯ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﻔﺎﺋﺘﺔ ﻓﻰ ﻣﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﳊﺮﺍﺭﺓ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫• ‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/search?SearchableText=temperature‬‬ ‫• ‪http://agency.osha.eu.int/publications/reports/405/index_23.htm/view?searchterm=temperature‬‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v46 2.0 April‬‬
    • . . . . . . .... . .1 . 8 3 . . .2 : : .3 . . . . . . . .4 . .5 .6 . . .7 . ( ) .8 . 47
    • . • . • . • . ( ) • . " . • ." . • . • . • . •48 2007 –
    • ‫ﻁ. ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﳉــﺰﺀ ‪ : I‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤــﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻻﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ‬ ‫• ﻃﻮﺭ ﺧﻄﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﻓﺤﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻻﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻬﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﺍﳉﻴﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺨﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ.‬ ‫• ﺩﺭﺏ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻓﺤﺺ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ ﻭﺍﻋﻤﻞ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ‬ ‫• ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ.‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺪﻫﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻦ ﲟﻘﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﺆﻫﻞ )ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪ( ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﻻﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ ﻭﺣﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﻭﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﺮﻑ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ.‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺄﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ.‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﹰ ﻟﻠﻔﺤﻮﺻﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﺰﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ.‬ ‫• ﺗﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ ﻃﺒﻘﺎ ﹰ ﻟﻠﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻧﲔ ﺍﶈﻠﻴﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺍﳌﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﻻ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻓﺤﺺ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﹰ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺒﺴﺘﻮﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ ﻭﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﻳﺘﻢ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫• ‪/http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/asbestos‬‬ ‫• ‪http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/compliance_assistance/spanish/spanish_publications.html‬‬ ‫• ‪http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/asbestos/checklist.html‬‬ ‫• ‪=http://osha.eu.int/good_practice/risks/dangerous_substances/index_topic?topicpath‬‬ ‫/‪good_practice/risks/dangerous_substances/asbestos#BE‬‬ ‫• 52/‪http://europe.osha.eu.int/data/legislation‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫94‬
    • :I50 2007 –
    • .1 . ( ) ( ) . . . ( ) ( ) : . . . . . . . ( ) . . . . . . . . . . .. . 51
    • . . .1 .( ) .2 .( ) .3 . .4 .( ) : . . .5 . .6 : . . .52 2007 –
    • .2 .1 .2 .3 .1. ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . : : • . • . • . • . • . ( ) • 53
    • : . • • . • . . • •. . . . . . . : : . . A .1 . B .2 . C .3 . D .4 . : . . .54 2007 –
    • . .( 3) 1 . : . . : . . . D A .( 75) 23 C ( 50) 15 B .B A : ( ) . : ( ) . . ( ) . : . .." " " " " " . 50 . 55
    • : . . . • . • : : . ( ) : – . ( ) . : . : : . .1 . .2 : .1 .2 .3 . .4 . .5 : . .1 . .2 . .3 . .4 . .5 : . .1 . .2 . .3 . .456 2007 –
    • . ( ) ( ) . ( ) . . ( ) ( ) . .. . . . ( 200) 60 . . . . . . .( ... ) 57
    • .2 : . : 72 . .1 . .2 . .3 . .4 .flashlight .5 . .6 . .7 . .8 : : . . . . . . . – . : . . . . : . . . . . . . .58 2007 –
    • .3 :: . . . . . . : .. . . . 59
    • .3 1.3 ) . (( 2/ 1) . 90 .( 36) 91 .( ) . ( 46) 122 ( 34) 86 . 1 . 67 . . . .( ) ( 30) 76 . ( 42) 107 .( 7.5 4) 19 10 ( 44) 112 30) 76 . .( 38) 96 ( 34) 86 ( .( 2) 5 ( 1 4/1) 3.2 . ( 2 4/1) 5.7 . . ( 200) 61 . ( 250) 76 .( 50) 15 . 10.7 . 1.5 . 10.7 . . : 160 2007 –
    • .4 . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 61
    • .5 . . . . .62 2007 –
    • .6 . : . . : . .off . . . . . . . . . . : . . . ." ". :. :. : 63
    • .( ) ( ) . . 1 . 2 . . 3 . 4 . : . : :64 2007 –
    • .7 . . : . : . . : . ( ) : .. : . . : . . : . . : . .1 . .2 . .3 .( ) . .4 .( ) .5 . . 65
    • : . : . . : . : (stock) . .66 2007 –
    • :. : . . . : . . . . : . . : ) . . ( . : . . 67
    • . : . . : . : . : (clutch) . . ( ) . : . . : . .68 2007 –
    • : . . • • ( ) • . . . . • . • • . . • . • . • • . . . • • . . . / • • . . • . . • . • . • . • . . • . • . • . • . • .. • . • • . . • 69
    • • . • . . . • . • . . . • . • . • . . • . • . • . • . • . : • • . • . • • . • . • . • • • . . • . . • . • • .. . • . • . . . • . • . • . • . • • . • . .70 2007 –
    • ‫آ ت‬ ‫ةا‬ ‫تا ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ((in) ‫وا ﺹ‬ ) ‫زا‬ ‫ﺡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫أ‬‫أ ﺕ ى‬ ‫ی ی‬ ‫زا‬ ‫ا و و‬ ‫ی أو‬ ‫زا‬ (B) ‫نا‬ ‫ی ﺕ وي‬ ‫زا‬ ‫إ‬ ‫( ﻡ ا‬A) ‫ا‬ ‫إذا آ‬0.64 cm (¼ in) 1.27 – 3.81 cm (½ to 1 ½ in)0.95 cm (⅜ in) 3.81 – 6.35 cm (1 ½ to 2 ½ in)1.27 cm (½ in) 6.35 – 8.89 cm (2 ½ to 3 ½ in)1.59 cm (⅝ in) 8.89 – 13.97 cm (3 ½ to 5 ½ in)1.91 cm (¾ in) 13.97 – 16.51 cm (5 ½ to 6 ½ in)2.22 cm (⅞ in) 16.51 – 19.05 cm (6 ½ to 7 ½ in)3.18 cm (1 ¼ in) 19.05 – 31.75 cm (7 ½ to 12 ½ in)3.81 cm (1 ½ in) 31.75 – 39.37 cm (12 ½ to 15 ½ in)4.76 cm (1 ⅞ in) 39.37 – 44.45 cm (15 ½ to 17 ½ in)5.40 cm (2 ⅛in) 44.45 – 80.01 cm (17 ½ to 31 ½ in)15.24 cm (6 in) Over 80.01 cm (Over 31 ½ in) : 71
    • . .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .1 .1 .1 .2 . .3 .4 .572 2007 –
    • .1 .2 .3 .4 .1 .2( : ) .3 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 73
    • ‫8.‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت )‪ (dBA‬د ا‬ ‫ىا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫(‬ ‫ا م)‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ةا‬ ‫09‬ ‫8‬ ‫29‬ ‫6‬ ‫59‬ ‫4‬ ‫79‬ ‫3‬ ‫001‬ ‫2‬ ‫201‬ ‫½1‬ ‫501‬ ‫1‬ ‫011‬ ‫½‬ ‫511‬ ‫¼ أو أ‬‫47‬ ‫7002‬ ‫–‬
    • .9 : : .http://www.uos.harvard.edu/ehs/enviro/EPAChemicalCompatibilityChart.pdf .(MSDS) . • . • . • . • • . . • ) . • . • ( . • . • . • • . • . "D" " " • 75
    • :1 . 2.1 2.2 / 2.3 4.1 4.2 4.3 5.1 5.2 : . 3 :Keep Apart . :Segregate . :Isolate76 2007 –
    • .10 .1 : .2 : : ) : ( )( 77
    • : : . : . .1 . .2 . .3 : .4 • • • • • . .1 . • . • . • ( ) .2 .3 • • • • • • • • .1 • • • .2 .3 / .4 (. ... ) .5 ( ) .6 .778 2007 –
    • .8 • • • •. .9 • • • • . .10 • • 79
    • .11 .1 : . : . . • . .1 .2 .3 .4 ( ) .5 .6 • . .1 . .2 . .3 . .4 . .5 . .6 • . .1 . .2 . .3 . .4 . .5 . . . 180 2007 –
    • . • . • . • . . . . • . . . . . . " " " ". %1 . 81
    • 82 2007 –
    • :II 83
    • . : . : ) ( ) : .( . : . : • . : • . . : • . : • .( ) . . ( ) : • . . : • . : • : . : . .( .. )84 2007 –
    • .1 __________________________ ______________________ : _____________________ _______________________: . . .. : . . . . . . . . .dBA 85 • . • . N95 ‡ • . • . • . • . • . • . • : . . . N ‡ 85
    • . . . . . . . . (MSDS) .(MSDS) . : .N* . N *86 2007 –
    • .2 __________________________ ______________________ : _____________________ _______________________. . : . . . . Robotics ( ) . " " " " " " . . . ) – . ( ... . .A, B, C . • ) • .( .85 dBA • : . N95* . N * 87
    • . (Class D) . .(AB) . . (A ) . (A) . (B ) . (B) . .. (C) ) .( (C ) . (C) (C) . . (D ) . (D) .88 2007 –
    • / .3 __________________________ ______________________ : _____________________ _______________________ . .( ).. . : . . . • . • . • . • . . . (MSDS) . : . 89
    • : . . : . . . A, . .B, C, . . . : . .90 2007 –
    • .4 __________________________ ______________________ : _____________________ _______________________. ( ) : . .( (Sio2) ) .cristobalite tridymite %1 . . . . .( ) . . . .85 dBA • . • * . (N95 ) • ( ) . • . . N * 91
    • :( ) . . . .85 dBA • . :( ) . . .85 dBA • . • * . (N95 ) • ( ) . • : . . . N *92 2007 –
    • .5 __________________________ ______________________ : _____________________ _______________________ . : . . . . . .(MSDS) .(MSDS) . • . • . • . • . • . • . :. . 93
    • .6 __________________________ ______________________ : _____________________ _______________________ . .(PP) (KMnO4) . . : . KMno4 . . KMno4 .KMno4 • . • * .KMno4 (N95 ) • .KMno4 • .KMno4 • . . : KMno4 • • • • • • : . .N . N *94 2007 –
    • : . : . . . • . • * . (N95 ) • . . . . : .N .. N * 95
    • ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻭﺗﻌﻴﲔ ﺃﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﲔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻳﻮﺍﻓﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻓﺤﺺ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﻬﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﺔ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﻨﺎﺀﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻬﺮ.‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﺤﻮﺻﺎﺕ ﻭﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻭﺗﺼﺤﻴﺦ ﺃﻱ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ.‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻤﺎﺷﻰ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ.‬ ‫• ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺇﲤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺤﺺ ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﻱ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺗﺼﺨﻴﺨﻴﺔ ﻗﺪ ﲤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﻌﻤﻞ ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻱ ﻟﻠﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻜﻴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻄﺎﻳﺮﺓ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺴﻤﻮﺣﺔ‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v96 2.0 April‬‬
    • :III 97
    • . . . . . . . 100 .1 . . : .2 1 ( 4) 10 ( 32) 84 16 ( 3 X 1) 7.5X2.5 1 ( 5) 460 10 ( 0.14) 0.5 6 ( 0.14) 0.5 4 ( 3 X 3) 7.5X7.5 1 ( 56 X 40 X 40) 140 X100 X100 1 2 . .3 %1 500 5 500 . . . .4 . . . .5 .( 10 ) .6 .( )98 2007 –
    • : ( ). • . . . • ) • .( . • . • . . . • . 10 B • . B .. • 99
    • ‫ﺃ. ﺍﻻﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ‪ :III‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻟﻼﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻳﺤﺪﺩ ﺍﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻻﺳﻌﺎﻑ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺑﲔ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﺴﻌﻔﲔ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﺍﻻﺻﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻐﺴﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﺤﻤﺎﻡ ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻧﺤﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﺩﺭﺏ ﻭﺭﺧﺺ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﰎ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺴﻌﻔﲔ. ﺍﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ.‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻃﺒﻰ ﻭﺗﻄﻌﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﺑﺎﺋﻰ ‪B‬‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺧﻼﻝ 01‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺟﺮﺍﺀﺗﺔ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ‬ ‫• ﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺠﻞ ﻣﻜﺘﻮﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺍﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻯ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻟﺰﻡ ﺍﻻﻣﺮ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻠﺒﺖ ﺍﻻﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ.‬ ‫• ﻓﺤﺺ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ ﺍﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﺎ )ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ( ﻭﺍﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻧﻬﺎ ﲢﺘﻮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﻻﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻻﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﺎﺓ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ. ﻭﺳﺠﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻹﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ:‬ ‫•‬ ‫8651=‪http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=DIRECTIVES&p_id‬‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻣﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻌﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ:‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/FirstAidIndex/FirstAidIndex‬‬ ‫‪http://www.parasolemt.com.au/manual/drabc.asp‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪“.ANSI Z308.1-1998 “Minimum Requirements for Workplace First Aid Kits‬‬ ‫•‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v100 2.0 April‬‬
    • . . . AIDS . . . . .1 . .2 .3 . HIV . .4 . .5 . .6 : . • • . . : • • ( ) • • %10 • ( ) • . • . . ) • . 10 (. . 101
    • : : • : • ( ) . . . ": • " . " " " " • . • • " " • %10 .( ) • . . ). • %10 ( ). 5 (. : . • . • . • . • ( ) • : ( ) • . • . . • . • . . • .102 2007 –
    • ‫ﺏ. ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ‪ :III‬ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻣﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫• ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﻯ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﲟﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻠﺪﻡ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺋﻞ ﺍﳉﺴﻢ‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺧﻄﺔ ﻟﻠﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﺪﻡ ﺍﻭ ﺳﻮﺍﺋﻞ ﺍﳉﺴﻢ.‬ ‫• ﻋﲔ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﺴﺆﻟﻴﻴﺔ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﻭﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﻯ ﻓﻰ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﺍﺫﺍ ﺍﺛﺒﺘﺖ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺘﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﻋﺪﻝ ﺧﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫• ﻭﻓﺮ ﻟﻠﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺻﻨﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻠﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﻯ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﺰﻭﻡ ﺣﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻯ‬ ‫• ﺧﺰﻥ ﺭﺻﻴﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻔﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻄﻬﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﺻﻨﺎﺩﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻻﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫• ﻭﻓﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﻃﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﻄﻌﻴﻢ ﺿﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺑﺎﺋﻰ ‪ B‬ﻟﻜﻞ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻠﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻮﺍﺋﻞ ﺍﳉﺴﻢ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻭﺧﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﻯ ﻭﺣﺪﺩ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻊ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﻯ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫301‬
    • : III104 2007 –
    • .1)( ( / ) 105
    • : .2 . . 2003 . . H5N1 . : ( 38 ) . . . 20 , . . . : . . . . 7 ( 3 ( ) ) . . . . 74 : . . . . . . 20 . . . . .106 2007 –
    • ( ) 5 . . . 5 . 74 . . H5N1 . 15. 15 74 24 . ( ) . . 15 68 . 60 . . . . . 7 . 107
    • 108 2007 –
    • :IV 109
    • . . ( ) . . . . () (GEG) 1 . ( ) ( ) . . 2 . • . . • : • ( ) • ) .110 2007 –
    • . • . • . •. • . * : . * . . . . .( ) . . . . . . . 111
    • ‫ﺃ. ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ‪ :IV‬ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﻘﻲ ﲟﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ ﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﻱ.‬ ‫• ﲢﻀﻴﺮ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﲡﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ )ﺇﺫﺍ ﲤﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﻗﻊ(.‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺘﺼﲔ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫• ﺇﺫﺍ ﲤﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﻣﺆﻫﻠﺔ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺇﺫﺍ ﰎ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﺇﻗﻢ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﺎﺕ‬‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ.‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻭﻣﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ ﳌﻮﺍﻓﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻀﻮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﻭ ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫• ﺣﺪﺩ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺭﻱ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺧﻴﺺ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫• ﺍﺣﺘﻔﻆ ﺑﺴﺠﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﲟﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺻﻮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺧﻴﺺ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﳌﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻨﺸﺄﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻬﻢ ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻣﻠﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺑﺈﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻧﺒﻌﺎﺛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﻣﻠﺤﻖ ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻧﺒﻌﺎﺛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ )ﻣﻊ ﳕﻮﺫﺝ ﻓﺤﺺ ﻭﺣﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ(‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v112 2.0 April‬‬
    • . . . . : . 1 2 . . 3 . ( ) • . . • . . • . •. .. .( ) • • . . • 113
    • ‫ﺏ. ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ‪ :IV‬ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫• ﲢﻀﻴﺮ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﺑﺄﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﺇﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﻭﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻡ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺇﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺷﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻔﻲ ﲟﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺑﻨﺎﺀﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﺍﻵﻣﻦ.‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺣﻘﻢ ﺑﺘﻮﺯﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ )ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺩﺙ(.‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻝ ﺧﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﻨﻘﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻳﺔ ﻷﺩﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v114 2.0 April‬‬
    • . . . . . : . . . . (PCB) (Pcb + Non Pcb Ballasts) . . 1 . 2 . 3 : . • . • . • . . 4 .( ) 5 .( ) 6 . ) ( ) 7. .( Polychlorinated biphenyis (PCBs) 8 .(PCBs) 115
    • : . • . .( ) • . . • ( ) . . : . . • . • . • . • ) • . .( .( ) ( ) " " • .( ) • : .( ) . ." – " . . • . • . • . ( ) • : • . . . .116 2007 –
    • ‫ﺕ. ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ‪ :IV‬ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫• ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﲢﻀﻴﺮ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﳌﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫)ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﺧﺘﻮﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺴﻜﺎﺑﺎﺕ(.‬ ‫• ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ، ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘﻴﺶ،‬ ‫ﺷﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫• ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﺔ ﻭﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳌﻨﺸﺂﺕ ﺍﳌﺆﻫﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺨﻠﺺ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ.‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻝ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻨﺸﺄﺓ‬ ‫• ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺒﻮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻭﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﻭﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﻳﺘﺒﻌﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ.‬ ‫ﺍ‪‬ﺼﺼﺔ.‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻬﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫• ﲢﻀﻴﺮ ﻭﺧﻔﻆ ﺳﺠﻼﺕ ﺷﺨﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﻳﻠﺘﺰﻣﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ.‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺷﺨﻨﻬﺎ ﳌﻨﺸﺂﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺇﻓﺤﺺ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺗﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻉ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﺭﺳﻠﺖ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻭﰎ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻤﺔ )ﲤﺖ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﻬﺎ، ﺣﺮﻗﺖ،‬ ‫ﺃﻭ ﰎ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ(.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬ ‫‪PCBs: http://agency.osha.eu.int/OSHA/search?SearchableText=PCBs‬‬ ‫75/‪/PCBs: http://agency.osha.eu.int/data/legislation‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫711‬
    • . . . . . 1 . 2 . 3 ( ) 4 . . • ." " • . . • . . Polychlorinated biphenyis (PCBs) . ( ) : . . . . .118 2007 –
    • (LDPE) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .( ) . . . . . : . 119
    • ‫ﺙ. ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ‪ :IV‬ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫• ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺑﺄﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻣﺤﺪﺩﺓ ﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺩ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ )ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺟﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﳌﻠﺤﻖ(.‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻣﻠﺘﺰﻣﲔ‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻨﺎﺀﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﻳﺔ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻱ.‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ.‬ ‫• ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺈﺩﺍﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ. ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺤﻮ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻤﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ.‬‫ﻛﺘﻴـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤـﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣــﺔ 7002 ‪v120 2.0 April‬‬
    • . . ... . . . 1 . . . 2 . . • . ( " " ) • . ( ) • . .. • . . ." " • 121
    • .( ) • .(. ... ) • .(. .. ) • .(. ... ) • .( ) • . • .(. .. ) • .(. .. ) • .( ) •122 2007 –
    • ‫ﺟـ. ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻮﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ‪ :IV‬ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺍﳊﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻮﺙ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫• ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻂ ﲟﻴﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻠﻮﺛﻬﺎ.‬ ‫• ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺚ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ.‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ "ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ" ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻛﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺠﻨﺐ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺚ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺆﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻬﻢ ﻟﺘﻠﻮﻳﺚ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺭﺑﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ.‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ ‫• ﺇﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﳌﻘﺎﻭﻟﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺑﻨﺎﺀﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻘﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻱ.‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺇﻟﻘﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻠﻮﺛﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫• ﺃﻋﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻬﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻑ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ.‬‫ﻻ ﻳﻠﺘﺰﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﻭ/ﺃﻭ ﻳﻠﻮﺛﻮﺍ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﺇﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﺪ.‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺚ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻄﺎﺭ )ﻣﺜﻼ:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺎﻥ، ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﺋﻴﺔ،.. ﺇﻟﺦ(‬ ‫• ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﻭﺭﻳﺎ، ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺍﶈﻴﻄﺔ ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺗﺘﻄﺒﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻔﺎﺀﺓ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫321‬
    • . . . . 1 . . : . • . • . • . • . • . • . • 30 . 2 . . . ( ) 3 . 4 . ( ... ) • . . . %110 . • . . •124 2007 –
    • ‫ﺣـ. ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ ﲢﺖ ﻭﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ‪ :IV‬ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﳋﺰﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻭﲢﺖ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻄﺔ ﳌﻨﻊ ﺗﺴﺮﺏ ﻭﺍﻧﺴﻜﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﻄﺮﺓ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺰﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﲢﺖ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ، ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﺍﳋﻄﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ:‬ ‫« ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﺎﳋﺰﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﶈﺘﻮﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺮﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺧﻄﺮﺓ‬ ‫« ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺴﻜﺎﺏ، ﺃﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ،‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺮﺏ، ﻭ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ )ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ(.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﲔ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫• ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﻹﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺃﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﳋﺰﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺪﺭﺑﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ‬‫ﻟﺘﺤﺴﲔ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺃﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ 03 ﻳﻮﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻴﲔ ﺛﻢ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺑﻨﺎﺀﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭﻱ ﻭﺃﻱ ﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﺗﺴﺮﺏ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﻜﺎﺏ.‬ ‫• ﻣﻸ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺙ ﺍﻧﺴﻜﺎﺏ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺴﺮﺏ،‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺤﻴﺤﻴﺔ ﳌﻨﻌﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ.‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﺩﻭﺭﻱ ﻷﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻼﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻛﻔﺎﺋﺘﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫• ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫521‬
    • IV126 2007 –
    • : .1 : -1 . . . . -2 . . -3 . . . -4 . " " . : . ..( ) ) .( . . . : . . . . . 127
    • : . . . . . : . . ( ) . . : . . . . . / ( ) . . . : . . . .128 2007 –
    • : : .2 ( ) .( ... ) : . :.( ) . . . . . . . . .. : . . ( ) . / / . . 129
    • . . . : . . . ) .( . . . . . . ( ) : . . . . .130 2007 –
    • . . : ( ) .. . . . . .. 131
    • (Q ) : " " . . " " . ( / / ) ( / ) (Q) ( / ) Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4132 2007 –
    • 3 . . : 1. . 133
    • : : : : : :N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A ) ( .. N/A . .1 . . .2 . .2 .3134 2007 –
    • : :( ):( ) 135
    • : .3 : . . . . ) . . ( .( ) . . . . : . .1 . .2 . .3 . .4 . .5 . .6 . .7136 2007 –
    • . – . . : : . : : .( ) . .( ) .( ) . : : . . . : : . . : : . : . :. . . : . : : . 137
    • : .( 5) 20 . . : : . . %95 :(Manway Sumps) . . . : : : . . : . ( ) : : . . :. ( 75) 23 2-A: 20-B:C .( ) 12 : . . : : : " " " " " " . 1 . 2 ............................................................................. : ....................................................................................... :138 2007 –
    • . ( ) :( ) 6 ( .. ) 1 . 36 : 2 . : . 1 2 (5spi) 0.34 . . . 3 : ). .( . 4 . 5 . . . ( ) 6 . . 7 : . 1 . 2 139
    • : : : . . . 30 : . . . . .140 2007 –
    • T-2 T-1 ( ) ( ) : 141
    • : : : : : : : : : : / : :( ) .1 : .2 : .3 : .4 : .5 : .6 : .7 : .8 / : : .9 : .10 : :142 2007 –
    • V 143
    • . . .( ) . (POTW) . . . : . (3 ) : . . :(GEG) ( ) ( V ) : 1 . • . (GEG) • : ( ) 2 . • . • .( ) ) . ( . • . •144 2007 –
    • : 3 . • . • ) • .( .: 4 9.00 – 6.00 (PH) 37 °C ≥ 30 mg/l ≥ (TSS) 30 mg/l ≥ (BOD5) ( 5) (COD) ( ) 2 (ADMI) 1: (spectrophotometry) (nm620) (525nm) (436nm) 0.01 mg/l ≥ (Hg) 0.01 mg/l ≥ (Cd) 0.10 mg/l ≥ (Pb) 0.01 mg/l ≥ (As) 0.20 mg/l ≥ (Cn) 0.25 mg/l ≥ (Cu) 0.20 mg/l ≥ (Ni) 0.10 mg/l ≥ (Cr) 1.00 mg/l ≥ (Zn) . : (Sb) . : . : (Co) .0.02 mg/l ≥ : (POTW) . : • .( ). • . • 145
    • : . ( ) • . ) • .( . • . . • . • ) . • . ( : .(8 ) . • .(9 ) • . • . . . • . • . . • . . • . . . . • . • . .(18 1 ) •146 2007 –
    • ‫ﺍﳌﻠﺤﻖ ‪ :V‬ﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ ﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻧﻔﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﶈﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﺇﺭﺷﺎﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺒﻌﺎﺛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻄﺒﻘﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻊ.‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻄﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻔﺎﺀ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ، ﲟﺎ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ: ﺃ.‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺧﻴﺺ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ. ﺏ. ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻲ. ﺝ. ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ ﻭﻣﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﻫﻞ ﻷﺧﺬ ﻭﲢﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺎﺕ. ﺩ. ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻭﻧﺎﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺧﺼﲔ ﻟﻨﻘﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ )ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ(.‬ ‫• ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻄﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﻴﻔﺎﺀ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ، ﲟﺎ ﻳﺸﻤﻞ: ﺃ.‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺧﻴﺺ ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ. ﺏ. ﺗﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﻛﻔﺎﺀﺓ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ )ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ‪(POTW‬‬‫• ﲢﺴﲔ ﺃﻧﻈﻤﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ‬ ‫• ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﳊﻔﺎﻅ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺧﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﳊﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻴﺔ.‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻤﻄﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﺻﻔﺎﺕ )ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ(.‬ ‫• ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﺮﻳﻦ، ﺍﳌﻮﻇﻔﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﳌﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺳﺐ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻣﻊ ﳑﺜﻞ ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﻭﺇﺟﺮﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ.‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻘﻴﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺍﺋﻞ ﺃﺫﺍ ﻓﺸﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺬ‬ ‫ﺇﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻋﻄﺎﺀ‬ ‫• ﺇﻗﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﻈﻤﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ )ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ )ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ ﻓﻘﻂ(.‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ‪.(POTW‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻘﺪ‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﺘﺤﻠﺺ ﻣﻦ‬‫• ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﻭﺗﻬﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻮﻇﻔﲔ ﺇﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺒﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳊﻤﺄﺓ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﻳﺘﺒﻌﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺧﻴﺺ ﺳﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫• ﺃﺧﺬ ﻋﻴﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ ﻭﲢﻠﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺗﲔ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻛﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻔﺎﺀﻫﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻄﻠﺒﺎﺕ،‬ ‫ﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﻟﻠﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ )ﻓﻲ ﺧﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ(.‬ ‫• ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﳉﻬﺪ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻟﻠﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻔﺎﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ )ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻭﺣﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺎﳉﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ‪(POTW‬‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻔﺎﻳﺲ ﺷﺘﺮﺍﻭﺱ ﻭﺷﺮﻛﺎﻩ‬ ‫741‬
    • :V148 2007 –
    • .1: . . . 9.00 – 6.00 (PH) 37 °C ≥ 2 : 30 mg/l ≥ (TSS) 30 mg/l ≥ (BOD5) ( 5) . (COD) ( ) 2 : . 0.01 mg/l ≥ (Hg) 0.01 mg/l ≥ (Cd) 0.10 mg/l ≥ (Pb) 0.01 mg/l ≥ (As) 0.20 mg/l ≥ (Cn) 0.25 mg/l ≥ (Cu) 0.20 mg/l ≥ (Ni) 0.10 mg/l ≥ (Cr) 1.00 mg/l ≥ (Zn) . : (Sb) . : . : (Co) .0.02 mg/l ≥ : (POTW) . 149
    • .2 : : "CI" • . "IA" • 9.00 – 6.00 (PH) 37 °C ≥ ) : (40°C . 45 mg/l 30 mg/l ≥ (TSS) 45 mg/l 30 mg/l ≥ 5) (BOD5) ( (COD) . ( ) . : . . "CI" ( ) ."CI" ."IA" . (POTW) . 0.015 mg/l ≥ 0.01 mg/l ≥ (Hg) 0.015 mg/l ≥ 0.01 mg/l ≥ (Cd) 0.15 mg/l ≥ 0.10 mg/l ≥ (Pb) 0.015 mg/l ≥ 0.01 mg/l ≥ (As) 0.3 mg/l ≥ 0.20 mg/l ≥ (Cn) 0.375 mg/l ≥ 0.25 mg/l ≥ (Cu) 0.3 mg/l ≥ 0.20 mg/l ≥ (Ni) 0.15 mg/l ≥ 0.10 mg/l ≥ (Cr) 1.5 mg/l ≥ 1.00 mg/l ≥ (Zn) . : (Sb) . : : . : (Co) 0.03 mg/l .≤ 0.02 mg/l :150 2007 –
    • .3 . • . / • .( ) • .( ) • .( ) • .(Master Supply Agreement) (LSE) • : .( ) • . / • /(POTW) .. . . . .* • . • . • .(LSA & ASO/APD) • . • : " " * / . ** . . . .. 500 5 . ** . . 151
    • .4 . . • . • • . . . 15 : . 5 • . • . 5 .152 2007 –
    • . : . . . / (3) (2 ) (1) : . . . ( ) 1000 25 (PH) 24 4 500 4 50 (TSS) 48 1000 (BOD) 28 PH 50 4 2 (COD) 6 2 PH 100 ( ) 28 2 PH 500( ) 13 . . . : . 153
    • .5 .(6 )" " . 0.1 . (PH) .(6 )" " .: ISO : EN) (EN ISO 7887 ) :( . . . 1 .( .. ) . " " " " . ADMI . .154 2007 –
    • .6 . . ISO US EPADIN 38402-A 11 ff ISO 5667-1 ffDIN 38404-C 4 USEPA 170.1 or ≤37°C SM 2550 : 2 ISO 10523 USEPA 150.1 or 6.0-9.0 (PH) SM 4500HDIN EN 872 ISO 11923 USEPA 160.2 or ≤30.0mg/l SM 2540D (TSS)DIN EN 1899-1 ISO 5815-1, -2 USEPA 405.1 or ≤30.0mg/l SM 5210 (BOD)DIN 38409-H 41 ISO 6060:1989 USEPA 410.4 or SM 5220B or HACH Method ) (COD) ( USEPA 204.2 or ≤0.01 mg/l SM 3500DIN EN ISO 11885* ISO 11885* USEPA 206.2 or ≤0.01 mg/l SM 3500DIN EN ISO 11885* ISO 5961**, USEPA 213.2 or ≤0.01 mg/l ISO 11885* SM 3500 155
    • ISO US EPA DIN EN 1233**, ISO 9174**, USEPA 218.2 or ≤0.1 mg/l DIN EN ISO 11885* ISO 11885* SM 3500 DIN EN ISO 11885* ISO 8288**, USEPA 219.2 or ≤0.02 mg/l ISO 11885* SM 3500 DIN 38406**, ISO 8288**, USEPA 220.1 or ≤0.25 mg/l DIN EN ISO 11885* ISO 11885* SM 3500 DIN 38405-D 13-1 ISO 6703-1, USEPA 335.2 or ≤0.2 mg/l -2, -3 SM 4500CNE DIN 38406**, ISO 8288**, USEPA 239.2 or ≤0.1 mg/l DIN EN ISO 11885* ISO 11885* SM 3500 DIN EN 1483 ISO 5666 USEPA 245.1 or ≤0.01 mg/l SM 3112 DIN 38406**, ISO 8288**, USEPA 249.1 or ≤0.2 mg/l DIN EN ISO 11885* ISO 11885* SM 3500 DIN EN ISO 11885* ISO 8288**, USEPA 289.1 or ≤1.00 mg/l ISO 11885* SM 3500 ISO 7887 (for visible appreciation) DIN EN ISO 7887 ISO 7887 USEPA 110.1 or SM ≤150 ADMI units Target: 2120E or 436 nm: ≤7m -1 For ADMI 436 nm: ≤7m -1 ( ) -1 -1 525 nm: ≤5m 525 nm: ≤5m -1 -1 620 nm: ≤3m 620 nm: ≤3m . : . . : Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) * Atomic adsorption spectrometry (AAS) ** ADMI DIN EN . ISOhttp://www.iso.org/iso/en/stdsdevelopment/tc/tclist/TechnicalCommitteeStandardsListPage.Technical TC147CommitteeStandardsList?COMMID=3666&INCLUDESC=YES SM USEPA : 19 . :SM (+202 789 5600 : ) .1995 .1983 EPA-600/4-79-020 (EPA-600/4-79-020) :USEPA (http:/www.synectics.net/resources/ +703 487 4600 : ) +41 22 : +41 22 749 0111 : ) (ISO) :ISO (733 3430156 2007 –
    • : .7 . 6 .http://www.bureauveritas.com Bureau Veritashttp://www.intertek-cb.com/newsitetest/whoweare/labservicesolutions.shtml Intertek-Caleb Bretthttp://www.sgs.com/environmental_laboratories?serviceId=8608&lobId=5548 SGS .(GEG) (2006 ) . 157
    • GEG VI (2006) Laboratories ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ / ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ SGS Chile Ltda. Ignacio Valdivieso 2409 Orquidea Laboratory ‫ا ر‬ San Joaquin, Santiago, Chile +56 02 5558478 1606 +56 02 556 2412 www.sgs.com Rueda Chief orquidea.rueda@sgs.com BUET Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Department of Civil Engineering Bangladesh University of Engineering & +880 9665650 Dr. M.‫دش‬ Technology Ext 7226, 7753 +880 2 966 3695 Ashraf Ali ashraf@ce.buet.ac.bd SGS do Brazil Rua São Januário, 187 Vãnia São Cristóvão-RJ Cristina A. Environmental ‫ا ازی‬ CEP 20921 000 021 2580 8686 www.sgs.com Cardoso Coordinator vania.cardoso@sgs.com Vodocanalproject-Metalproject Engineering Mr. AD. 24, Kamen Andreev Str. Alexander ‫ری‬ 1606 Sofia, Bulgaria +3592 9520092 +3592 9516879 Vassilev marketing@vodocanalengineering.bg SGS Vietnam Laboratory 141 LY Chinh Thang, District 3, Ho Chi Minh +848 935 1920 Linh Laboratory ‫دی‬ ‫آ‬ City, Vietnam Ext 125 +848 935 1923 www.sgs.com Hoang Technician linh.hoang@sgs.com SGS Chile Ltda. Ignacio Valdivieso 2409 Orquidea Laboratory San Joaquin, Santiago, Chile +56 02 5558478 1606 +56 02 556 2412 www.sgs.com Rueda Chief orquidea.rueda@sgs.com SGS-CSTC Standards Technical Services Co. Ltd. Shanghai Branch 10/F, 3rd Building No. 889, Yishan Road, Portia Sales ‫ا‬ Xuhui District, Shanghai, China 200233 +(8621) 61402666 +(8621)61152164 www.cn.sgs.com Xiao Supervisor portia.xiao@sgs.com SGS Chile Ltda. Ignacio Valdivieso 2409 Orquidea Laboratory ‫ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ San Joaquin, Santiago, Chile +56 02 5558478 1606 +56 02 556 2412 www.sgs.com Rueda Chief orquidea.rueda@sgs.com SGS Chile Ltda. Ignacio Valdivieso 2409 Orquidea Laboratory ‫ری‬ ‫آ‬ San Joaquin, Santiago, Chile +56 02 5558478 1606 +56 02 556 2412 www.sgs.com Rueda Chief orquidea.rueda@sgs.com SGS Chile Ltda. ‫ری‬ Ignacio Valdivieso 2409 Orquidea Laboratory‫ا وﻡ ن‬ San Joaquin, Santiago, Chile +56 02 5558478 1606 +56 02 556 2412 www.sgs.com Rueda Chief orquidea.rueda@sgs.com158 2007 –
    • GEG VI (2006) Laboratories ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ / ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ SGS Egypt Laboratory Service Unit Laboratory/Te 1 Osman Road, El Mariouteya, El Harraneya, Mahmoud chnical ‫ﻡ‬ Haram, Giza, Egypt +202 384 2811 +202 382 3537 www.eg.sgs.com Hanafy Manager mahmoud.hanafy@sgs.com SGS Greece SA 10, P. Tsaldari & Thisvis St., PO Box 42020 Mr. Athens 12132 Apostolis Environmental‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ Greece +30 210572077 +30 2105750065 www.sgs.com Korkolis Assessor Apostolis.Korkolis@sgs.com SGS India Pvt. Ltd., 1/509 A, Old Mahabalipuram Road, Opp. To A. Government School, Thoraipakkam, Chennai +91 (44) 24962933, Dhananja dhananjaya rao@sgs.com ‫ا‬ 600 096, India 24963095 +99 (44) 24963075 www.sgs.com ya Rao Executive mariappan meena@sgs.com Suzanna O. R. Business PT. ALS Indonesia Lumme Manager JI. Raya Puncak Km. 72.6 www.alsenviro.c Reg de Technical suzanna.lumme@alsindonesia.com; ‫أ و‬ Cibogo, Bogor 16750 +62 251 253 813 +62 251 253 814 om Wit Manager reg.dewit@alsindonesia.com Sumika Chemical Analysis Service Ryumeikan Honten Building 8F Ms Laboratory‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ 4-3 Surugadai Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan +81 3 3257 7201 +81 3 3257 7220 www.scas.co.jp Yakushiji Technician yakushiji@scas.co.jp SGS Jordan PSC Mr. PO Box 930388 Ayman Amman 1193 Majdoube Inspection‫ا ردن‬ Jordan +962 6 568 5881 +962 6 568 5898 www.sgs.com h Manager Ayman.Majdoubeh@sgs.com SGS South Africa (Pty) Ltd., Mr. Johan Industrial and Halfway House 1685 PO Box 572 Vermeule Environmental ‫ﺕ‬ South Africa +27 11 652 1400 +27 11 652 1525 www.sgs.com n Manager johan.vermeulen@sgs.com SGS South Africa (Pty) Ltd., Mr. Johan Industrial and Halfway House 1685 PO Box 572 Vermeule Environmental ‫ﻡ‬ South Africa +27 11 652 1400 +27 11 652 1525 www.sgs.com n Manager johan.vermeulen@sgs.com Laboratory ALS Technichem (M) SDN. BHD Manager/Che No. 9, Jalan Astaka U8/84 Dr Koh mist Seksyen U8, Bukit Jelutong Yew Ming Client 40150 Shah Alam www.alsenviro.c Mr Gan Servises ymkoh@alsmalaysia.com;‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ Selangor +603 7845 8257 +603 7845 8258 om Kok Tong Division gankt@alsmalaysia.com 159
    • GEG VI (2006) Laboratories ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ / ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا آ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ SGS de México, SA de C.C Ingenieros Militares #85 5º Piso +52 (55) 53 87 21 00 +52 (55) 53 87 21 00 Jose Col. Argentina Pte, CP 11230 Ext. 153, 318, 319, Ext. 153, 318, 319, www.mx.sgs.co Manuel ‫ا‬ México, D.F. 323, 346 323, 346 m Sura Director OGC jose.manuel.sura@sgs.com Ms SGS Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd. H.O: 22/D Tasneem Divisional tasneem_ilyas@sgs.com;syed_faseeh@‫آ ن‬ Block - 6, PECHS, Karachi +92 21 4540260-5 +92 21 4523491 www.sgs.com Ilyas Manager sgs.com;mahboob_ali@sgs.com Central SGS Philippines, Inc. Division- 2nd Floor Alegria Bldg. Chino Roces Avenue, Mr. Leo Environmental ‫ا‬ Makati City, Philippines +632 817 5656 +633 750 2946 or 47 www.sgs.com Rubico Services leo.rubico@sgs.com SGS Testing Korea Co., Ltd The O Valley Bldg. #322 555-9 Hogye-dong, Dongan-gu Anyang, Mr. Allen Project ‫آ ری ا‬ Gyeonggi, Korea 431-082 +82 31 460 8000 +82 31 460 8029 www.sgs.com Lee Manager Allen.Lee@sgs.com SGS Sri Lanka (Pvt) Ltd., H.A. P. ‫ی‬ 141/7 Vauxhall Street, Colombo 2, Sri Lanka +94 11 537 6289 +94 11 230 0890 www.sgs.com Indrajith priyantha_indrajith@sgs.com Sales Executive, SGS (Thailand) Co. Ltd Khun Minerals, 100 Nanglinchee Road Nattiya Environmental Chongnonsee Yannawa +66 (0) 2678 1813 ext Santhanat and Industrial ‫ﺕی‬ Bangkok 10120 Thailand 1433 +66 (0) 2678 1545 www.sgs.com anon Services Nattiya.Santhanatanon@sgs.com DOKAY Muhendislik ve Danismanlik Ltd Sti. Ovecler 4. cad. 140/A www.dokay.info.t Coskun Director ‫ﺕ آ‬ Dikmen Ankara +90 312 475 71 31 +90 312 475 71 30 r Yurteri General cyurteri@dokay.info.tr SGS Vietnam Laboratory 141 LY Chinh Thang, District 3, Ho Chi Minh Linh Laboratory‫م‬ City, Vietnam +848 935 1920 Ext 125 +848 935 1923 www.sgs.com Hoang Technician linh.hoang@sgs.com ehshandbook@levi.com : ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ ا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫إ‬ ‫له ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫إ ء ﺉ‬ ‫ءﻡ‬ : ‫ﻡ ﺡ‬160 2007 –
    • : .8 . . . / (ISO) . EN ) .ISO9002 ISO9001 EN ISO/IEC 17025 . (ISO/IEC 17025.DIN EN 45001 EN ISO/IEC 17025 . EN ISO/IEC 17025 . 6 . (ISO) . EN ) .ISO9002 ISO9001 EN ISO/IEC 17025 . (ISO/IEC 17025.DIN EN 45001 EN ISO/IEC 17025 . EN ISO/IEC 17025 . 6 . "Directory" . Intrnational Laboratory Accreditation Cooperative (ILAC) " ."(http://www.ilac.org/) . .1986 : . ."http://enfor.nic.ne/legis/env/so728e.htm" : /. . (SOPs) : . • .( ) • . • . • . • . • . • 161
    • . • . • . • . • . • . • . • . •162 2007 –
    • : .9 . . 150 : . (1 . (2 : (3 . . . . . ( ) : . .6 ..( GEG ) . .( ) . : . (4 . . . / . .( ) : . .6 . . . . . . . . 163
    • : .10 : : ) : 30 • .( ( ) • . : ) : 30 • .( . : • . ( 30 ) . . . • . • • . . • . .164 2007 –
    • (POTW) .11 ( ) 17 . .) . (.. 165
    • .12 . (Counter-Current) . .( ) (1 . (2 . (1 ) (2 .(.. . (3 . (4166 2007 –
    • .13 . ( ) (1 .. (2 167
    • .14 . : . ) (POTW) • ." " 17 ( ) • . – .( ) • . . . • . . .168 2007 –
    • : .15 . :. . ( ) . . 169
    • ºC ºC ) ( 37 pH – ) ( ) ( : _______________________________________________________________________ : ___________________________________________________________________________ :170 2007 –
    • ‫:‬ ‫61.‬ ‫.‬ ‫.‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه ﺕ ﻡ‬ ‫؟‬ ‫ا‬ ‫؟‬ ‫أی ﺕ ا‬ ‫ی ا‬ ‫ﺡةا‬ ‫ﺡ ﺕ ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫فا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫(‬ ‫رج ا‬ ‫عا‬ ‫ﻡ )إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ ﻡتإ‬ ‫ات ا‬ ‫)ﻡ ا‬ ‫ول زﻡ (‬‫: _______________________________________________________________________‬‫: ___________________________________________________________________________‬ ‫171‬
    • (POTW) / : .17 . " ". . . . . . . .172 2007 –
    • / ( ) .. . .( ) . .( ) . . 173
    • ‫/‬ ‫(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫)ه ا‬ ‫إﺱ ا‬ ‫(‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫)ه ا‬ ‫ان ا‬ ‫(‬ ‫أو ا‬ ‫ی وﺡ ة ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫،ﺕ ﺕ ةا‬ ‫)إ اءا ﻡ ه ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫إﺱ وﺡ ة ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ان وﺡ ة ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫(‬ ‫ا ﻡ )ﻡ ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺙ ی‬ ‫ا ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫تا‬ ‫ﺉ‬ ‫ﺉ‬ ‫فا‬ ‫دة ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ﺉ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫)%57>(‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا ﺡة‬ ‫تا‬ ‫أآ ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫فإ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ ﺡ تإ‬‫471‬ ‫7002‬ ‫–‬
    • CONFIDENTIAL POTW INFORMATIONFor LS&CO.’s internal use onlyPublicly-Owned Treatment Works / Municipal Wastewater Treatment Facility SurveyPlease complete information in empty fields, otherwise tick where appropriate.Factory Name {To be completed by Factory}Factory Address {To be completed by Factory}Name of Municipal TreatmentWorksAddress of MunicipalTreatment WorksCountryDaily Treatment Capacity (m3)Treatment Categories Primary Secondary TertiaryList Treatment ProcessesFinal Effluent Quality Good Average BadFinal Effluent Appearance Yellow Pale Floating matter Red Dark Foam Green Clear Brown Cloudy Colorless OpaqueTreatment process performs At all times Most of the times (>75%) Seasonallyas designedMajor operating challenges Industrial user effluent out of specifications Technical know-how Process overload Funding Environmentally sensitive receiving waters Community relationsReceiving Waters Stream Lake Underground water River SeaAdditional Comments 175
    • .18 :(Adequately Equipped) . :(Analytical Method or Test Method) . :(Analytical Report) . :(BOD5 – Biochemical Oxygen Demand) . :(Composite Sample) )" " ( )" " . .( %99 :(Detection Limit) . :(Engineering Report) . . :(Grap Sample) . :(Industrial Wastewater) . :(Local Limits) . :(Standard) 7 pH . :(PH) . :(Pre-Treatment) . :(Quality assurance) . . :(Quality Control) . :(Total Suspended Solids - TSS)176 2007 –
    • 177
    • 178 2007 –