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open educational resources concepts courseware textbooks

open educational resources concepts courseware textbooks

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  • 1. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (OER) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 2. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (OER) 1 Concepts 12:00 2 Background 3 Licensing Break 4 Open Courseware 5 Open Textbooks 6 Open Educational Practices (OEP) 3:00 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 3. 1 CONCEPT This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 4. HUMAN KNOWLEDGE IS DIGITIZED HUMANS ARE CONNECTED This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 5. Educational Resources Available on the Internet • Whole courses • Lecture notes • Science • Presentation slides 466848443 sites Dec 2011 • Lecture hand-outs • Engineering • Lecture recordings • Art • Assignments • Math • Tests or Exams • Reading lists • IT • Images • Etc. • Videos • • Simulations Text books INCREASING • • Students’ work etc. DAILY This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 6. What are Open Educational ResourcesHigh quality digital educational content and tools“Freely” available from the internet,anytime with an open licenseAvailable in multiple languagesand in huge increasing quantitySharableUsable and re-usable This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 7. “OPEN” means Wiley 4RsA resource can be considered “OPEN”if it is licensed ina way that allows you touse it ( USE IT= access it-copy it- change it-redistribute it) without asking permission (Wiley, 2007) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 8. Open Educational Resources(OER) are digital materials that canbe re-used for teaching, learning,research and more, madeavailable free through openlicenses, which allow uses of thematerials that would not be easilypermitted under copyright alone This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 9. Open Educational Resources (OER) OER OCW Open Courseware (OCW) •Syllabus •Lectures notes •Presentations •Assignments •Exams, QuizzesTools •Simulations OT •Etc……….. Open Textbooks
  • 10. Sharing The Best Resources “Imagine if the same course is created by a team of educators in each of nearly 200 countries around the world, what duplication of effort must exist. Would decision makers be pleased to hear that the best available learning content had been adapted freely and contextualized to local conditions, saving huge amount of money across all subjects and levels of study?” Paul G. West Lorraine Victor 2 May 2011 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 11. Saving Preaches TimeOpen educational resources allowacademics NOT to reinvent the wheel butto reuse and improve materials that havebeen produced by other academics This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 12. …sharing beyond the classroom Traditional sharing of Sharing educational teaching materials resources as OER Additional considerations: • Clearing of copyright issues • Formatting for web and accessibility for reuse • Addition of metadataEducator • Publishing in repository or refractory Creates Learning activity or resource Publishes as Shares OER on web Available to other with students faculties, students and and other institutions. faculty Other educators can now discover and reuse. Adapted from Conole, G., McAndrew, P. & Dimitriadis, Y., 2010 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 13. Open Educational Resources (OER) MOTIVATION The primary motivation for the OER movement is the “powerful idea that the World’s knowledge is a public good. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 14. 2 BACKGROUND This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 15. IN The BeginningLet there be light This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 16. The Big Bang of OER: MIT Open CoursewareIn 1999, MIT Faculty considered how to use the Internet in pursuit of MITsmission—to advance knowledge and educate students—and in 2000 proposedOCW. MIT published the first proof-of-concept site in 2002, containing 50courses. By August 2012, MIT completed the initial publication of virtually theentire curriculum, over 2150 courses in 33 academic disciplines. Going forward,the OCW team is updating existing courses and adding new content and servicesto the site. Nobel Prize Winners 77 # 1 world wide Acceptance Rate 8% This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 17. Open Educational Resources (OER) UNESCO is taking a leading role in “making countries aware of the potential of OER”. UNESCO also champions OER as a means of promoting access, equity and quality in the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.The term was first used at a UNESCO conference in 2002, although OERs were beingproduced and used before that time. For instance, the MIT OpenCourseWare project,which began in 2001, was one of the first major initiatives of the OER movement This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 18. Examples of countries involved in OERs across the world? ParisTech MIT Open China Open OER Africa OCW Project Courseware Res. for Educ. with 11 UNESCO Project consortium. member Uni. virtual Uni. RICE Univ. MORIL Project 222 Uni. Connexions A Pan-Europe Members AEShareNEt Project OERs initiative Japanese in Australia Utah State including OCW Uni, USA OCW Russia and Consortium Turkey from its 19 member universities This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 19. Advantages of OER This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 20. 3 LICENCE This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 21. COPYRIGHTIn the digital environment – the Internet world – an enormous amount of thematerial we wish to access will be subject to copyright lawCopyright law provides that you cannot reproduce/copy orcommunicate/transmit to the public copyright material(literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works, films andsound recordings) without the permission of the copyrightownerIn most countries, copyright is automatic;creators do not need to register or even marktheir work with the © symbol to be grantedcopyright. photobucket.com/images/devil%20gif This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 22. COPYRIGHT LICENCE -STANDEREDOnly the copyrightholder/owner can grantpermission (known as a‘license’) to others to use,print, copy, display,distribute, perform, modifyor sell the work. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 23. COPYRIGHT C pd Full Knowledge is Locked Public Copyright: Domain:all rights reserved no rights reserved This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 24. CREATIVE COMMONSAn organization that has defined an alternative to copyrights byfilling in the gap between full copyright, in which no use ispermitted without permission, and public domain, wherepermission is not required at all. Creative Commons licenses letpeople copy and distribute the work under specific conditions,and general descriptions, legal clauses and HTML tags for searchengines are provided for several license options.Founded in 2001 by James Boyle, Michael Carroll, LawrenceLessig, Hal Abelson, Eric Saltzman and Eric Eldred, CreativeCommons was started at Harvard Law School and later moved toStanford Law School. http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Creative+Commons
  • 25. Creative Commons Knowledge is Opened For Any OneCreative Commons licensesIn December 2002, Creative Commons released its first set of copyrightlicenses for free to the public This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 26. The Possibilities C cc pd Full Creative Commons: Copyright: Public Domain: some rights reserved no rights reservedall rights reserved This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 27. Openness & Creative Commons Conditions Symbols Explanation You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work - and derivative works based upon it – but only if they give creditAttribution (BY) the way you request it. You allow others to distribute derivative works only under a licenseShare Alike (SA) identical to the license that governs your work You let others copy, distribute and perform your work – and derivativeNon-Commercial (NC) works based upon it – but for non commercial purposes only.No Derivative You let others copy, distribute and perform only verbatim copies of yourWorks (ND) work, not derivative works based upon it
  • 28. The Possibilities C pd Full Creative Commons: Copyright: Public Domain: some rights reserved no rights reservedall rights reserved This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 29. What are open licenses?
  • 30. The Six Main CC Licenses cc More Accommodating cc cc cc cc More restrictive This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 31. Licensing Your Work By A Click This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 32. OER LicenseOER is licensed under conditions that permit theiruse, reuse, redistribution and/or adaptation.• CC BY• CC BY-SA• CC BY-ND• CC BY-NC• CC BY-NC-SA• CC BY-NC-ND
  • 33. CC ExamplesThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 34. Changes In EducationA massive and growing body of online content is now available under CreativeCommons which means teachers anywhere in the world can discover, adapt, mix itwith other resources, improve it and use it for teaching their students.Open educational resources are materials which can be discovered online byteachers, and legally downloaded and used for teaching. This is because of theopen license, typically Creative Commons, which enables the creators of content todesignate it for reuse. Conole, G. (2011). Towards Open Educational Practices. e4innovation Blog posted Friday, January 7th, 2011. Accessed online: http://e4innovation.com/?p=406 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 35. 4 OPEN COURSEWARE This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 36. Delivering Any Course in The 21st CenturyCourseware Textbooks Syllabus Calendre Lecture Notes Assignements Exams Video Lectures Roles Transformation This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 37. Delivering Any Course NOW PAST webpages.scu.eduhttp://masseyblogs.ac.nz/talk/2012/06/05/launch-of-video-linked-teaching-rooms/
  • 38. Delivering Any Course
  • 39. Delivering Any CourseTeachers Learners http://hafismuaddab.wordpress.com/
  • 40. Open Courseware Samples http://opencourselibrary.wi kispaces.com/OER+Matrix http://ocw.korea .edu/ocw/busine ss- school/operation -management This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 41. Open Video Lectures Samples1 2 3 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 42. Salman Amin "Sal" Khan[2] (born October 11,1976) is a Bengali American educator,entrepreneur, and former hedge fund analyst.He is the founder of the Khan Academy, a freeonline education platform and nonprofitorganization. From a small office in his home,Khan has produced over 3,500 video lessonsteaching a wide spectrum of academicsubjects, mainly focusing on mathematics andthe sciences. As of January 2013, the KhanAcademy channel on YouTube attracted530,000 subscribers.[3] In 2012, Time namedSalman Khan in its annual list of the 100 mostinfluential people in the world.[4] Forbesmagazine put Salman Khan on its cover withthe story "$1 Trillion Opportunity".[
  • 43. Open Labs Simulations Samples This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 44. BENIFITS• Recognized institution world wide!• Standardization of Delivery• Usage of Quality Material from top universities in the World.• Continuous and instant feed back and update of materials.• Continuous Improvement• Decreasing Cost• 24/7 Accessibility This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 45. 5 OPEN TEXTBOOKS This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 46. High Prices Books VS Money ValueUSACOMMUNITY COLLEGES Just $238.952003 New Editions used 5th $14.94-$81.78 6th edition $213.95 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 47. Open Textbooks: The College Student Speaks Out This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 48. Open TextbooksThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 49. OPEN TEXTBOOKS Open Text book This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 50. Open Quality Textbooks Textbooks Are: Professional Quality Collaborative Statistics Barbara Illowsky & Susan Open Textbooks Are: Dean Professional Quality Used at: Introduction to Economic Analysis Emory, San Francisco State,Online: Free Syracuse , SUNY Purchase, R. Preston McAfee, CaltechPDF/Word: Free Colorado, Virginia Tech . . .Hard copy: $31.98 . Used at: Harvard, NYU, Cal Poly, UC-Santa Barbara, Caltech, Oregon State…. Online: Free PDF/Word: Free Hard copy: $15.20 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 51. Open Textbooks & E-Textbooks• E-texts (publisher online • Open Textbooks: textbooks): 1. Can be 1. Have restrictive licenses (e.g. no modifications) modified/customized 2. Still costly 2. Can be viewed/read for no cost online 3. Accessible for a limited time period (semester) 3. Are permanently 4. Usually have restrictions on available in a repository the amount of material or as a download students can print 4. Can be fully downloaded This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 52. Compares the Capabilities of Open and Traditional Textbooks. Open Textbooks Traditional textbooks dynamic static modifiable/customizable non-customizable targeted in-depth material generic material timely dated personalized for local standardized content conditions addresses multiple learning assumes a uniform learning styles style free costly This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 53. Open Text ReviewThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 54. http://www.ck12.org/student/http://www.intechopen.com/books/show/title/electric-machines-and-drives Open Text book
  • 55. Some Benefits of Open Textbooks1. Higher efficiency - use/reuse/remix modules2. Support inquiry-based, interactive learning and pedagogy3. More adaptable to learning styles, cultures, geographies, and usage of simple English.4. Use only needed content : saves paper, toner, and weight – may also avoid some confusion for students.5. More feedback from teachers and students to the creators , and continuous improvement of content.6. Solve the problem of new editions.7. Align the Colleges with International Standards8. Savings huge amount of money. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 56. TOOLSThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 57. Some of Search enginesA number of search engines exist to search Open Educational Resources. These include: DiscoverEd XPERT Jorum UNESCO OER OER OER Toolkit Commons Dynamic OER Glue JISC Digital OCWFinder Media JISC Digital Temoa Media This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 58. OPEN6 EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES(OEP) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 59. OER MAP Implementation Tools CONTENT Open source software for development resources and delivery of resourcesLicensing tools Learning  Creative Content Commons Best practice resources Management Development CMU (Design tools  GNU free (CMS) Principles) Courseware Connecxions documentati Reference  EduCommons on license MIT OCW Collections ParisTech  Internet Archive Japan OCW Consortium  Google Scholar  Library of Congress Learning objects  MIT OER Learning MERLOT  WIKIS Social Software management Interoperability Connexions ARIADNE  Wikis systems  SCORM  OSLO research  Moodle  Sakai
  • 60. Open Educational Practices(OEP) (Implementations)Open educational practices (OEP) is defined as:The use of openly licensed OER and onlineresources to raise the quality of education andtraining and innovate educational practices oninstitutional, professional and individual level(Conole, 2011) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 61. Introducing OER REQUIRMENTS:• Platform for storing and accessing materials• Tools for producing educational content• Academic staff to compile course materials• Administrative staff to manage the platform• Informational platform for all users(FAQs)• Printing and distribution service This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 62. OER IMPLEMENTATION Type of License OER Policy Collaborations OER Incentives Strategy Technology Funding PlatformsMission and Vision Type ofLevel Digital Lecturer ContentsAudience and StakeholderOER Publication FormatsOER Champions Awareness QA Training Needs
  • 63. Functions for operating an open courseware• Executive leadership and overall project management• Faculty/Department coordination.• Course content production and publication.• Intellectual property clearance and licensing.• Information technology setup and operation.• Communications and outreach.• Evaluation and assessment.
  • 64. Proposed Project Timeline Proposed Project Timeline Proposed Project Timeline1 Awareness1.1 Head Departments Awareness1.2 Lecturers Awareness1.3 Administrators Awareness1.4 IT Staff Awareness1.5 Student Awareness 2 Training2.1 Staff Training2.2 Technical Training3 Preparation Phase (OCW+TB)3.1 OCW3.2 TB4 Testing Phase5 Evaluations Software & Hardware6 Preparation7 Deployment This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.This License is registered for Dr. Khalaf Al-Tell
  • 65. THANK YOU ‫شكرا‬