The Barrier of Establishing Democracy in Bangladesh

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The Barrier of Establishing Democracy in Bangladesh


The term democracy is derived from the Greek words, demos and Kratos, the former meaning the people and the latter power. Democracy thus means power of the people. It is now regarded as a form of government in which the people rule themselves either directly or indirectly through their representatives. In the words of President Abraham Lincoln, “Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people”. According to Bryce, “Democracy is that form of government in which the ruling power of a state is legally vested, not in any particular class or classes but in the members of the community as a whole”.

But what is the present status of democracy in our country???..

We have passed about forty-one years since independence but our achievements in the spheres of democracy and development are not noteworthy. In Bangladesh every political leader or party, civil or military, popular or unpopular, big or small, in or out of power, talks about democratic incessantly. Even so the nation has failed to put it into practice. Parties voted into power to strengthen democracy have all failed to encourage its values. Taking advantage of this situation, military leaders intervened to practice their own version of democracy, which only exacerbated the crisis. The country today is riddle with numerous problems threatening the very development of democracy.

What is the reason for this???..

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The Barrier of Establishing Democracy in Bangladesh

  1. 1. The Barrier of Establishing Democracy in BangladeshThe term democracy is derived from the Greek words, demos and Kratos, theformer meaning the people and the latter power. Democracy thus means power ofthe people. It is now regarded as a form of government in which the people rulethemselves either directly or indirectly through their representatives. In the wordsof President Abraham Lincoln, “Democracy is a government of the people, by thepeople and for the people”. According to Bryce, “Democracy is that form ofgovernment in which the ruling power of a state is legally vested, not in anyparticular class or classes but in the members of the community as a whole”.But what is the present status of democracy in our country???..We have passed about forty-one years since independence but our achievements inthe spheres of democracy and development are not noteworthy. In Bangladeshevery political leader or party, civil or military, popular or unpopular, big or small,in or out of power, talks about democratic incessantly. Even so the nation hasfailed to put it into practice. Parties voted into power to strengthen democracy haveall failed to encourage its values. Taking advantage of this situation, militaryleaders intervened to practice their own version of democracy, which onlyexacerbated the crisis. The country today is riddle with numerous problemsthreatening the very development of democracy.What is the reason for this???...I think the main reason is the article 70 of the Constitution of Bangladesh. Now Iam showing the logic on my opinion.Article 70: “A person elected as a Member of Parliament at an election at whichhe was nominated as a candidate by a political party shall vacate his seat if heresigns from that party or votes in Parliament against the party”.For this provision many problems arises in establishing sovereign democracy inBangladesh, these are 1. Because of this provision, the Member of Parliament feels fear of voting independently as there has a threat to the M.P.
  2. 2. 2. It encourages the opposition party of the parliament to ignore the parliament and take part in various programs outside the parliament because they feel unimportant in the parliament and they think that their voice is useless as their voice can’t make more votes favor of their opinion from the member of other parties. 3. It centralizes the power in the parties which is threat for establishing democracy. 4. It ruins the environment of the parliament 5. In decision making or law making tasks, useless debates are seen for this provision because there is no right to vote after hearing the debate and they can’t use logic in decision making or law making task. 6. Bureaucracy gets more power in decision making or law making task rather than the Member of Parliament. 7. Since in the parliament the members of parliament have little contribution in decision making or law making task, expert or well educated persons are less nominated by the political parties rather than rich peoples or business men. 8. This provision is responsible for autocratic system in the political parties. 9. This provision is responsible for absence of strong civil society. Since where members of parliament act as dummy in the parliament then what will be the role of civil society outside the parliament. Their voice will be valueless in decision making or law making task in the parliament. 10. This provision causes the absence of strong political leadership. 11. In words, it destroys the democratic political culture.If this provision is abrogated then 1. Any member will vote independently and use logic before decision making or law making in the parliament. 2. Healthy environment will be created in the parliament. 3. Every member will be important for their voting power and every member will feel that their vote and opinion is very important for any decision making or law making. 4. Everyone will present his valuable speech in the parliament with the hope that the speech may play valuable role in decision making 5. Decentralize the power in the parties which is prerequisite for democracy 6. All opposition parties will be attracted to keep speech in decision making or law making in the parliament. 7. The difference among ruling party and all opposition parties will be reduced and for this reason a healthy environment in the politics of the country will be created.
  3. 3. 8. Well educated and expert or skilled or knowledgeable persons will be nominated for election by the political parties. 9. Strong civil society will be created. 10. Democratic political culture will be created. 11. And so on.We general people wait five years for election to vote with the hope of establishingdemocracy. We send our representative in the parliament for contributing indecision making or law making task or for keeping voice about our rights not foract as dummy in the parliament. So it is the time to abrogate this black law toestablish our democracy. Khairuzzaman Mamun Student of MBA Jahangirnagar University 

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