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Accuracy vs fluency

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  • 1. ACCURACY VSFLUENCYDAYANG, ROSE, HASANAH, FIY, FAI,SHEYR
  • 2. DEFINITION Refers to the use of correctforms where utterances donot contain errors affectingthephonological, syntactic, semantic or discourse featuresof a language (Bryne, 1988) Accuracy refers to thecorrectness of the languagebeing produced by thespeaker. Ability to producegrammatically correctsentences.DEFINITION Fluency is derived from theLatin word fluens whichmeans “to flow”. May be defined as theability to get acrosscommunicative intentwithout too much hesitationand too many pauses tocause barriers or abreakdown incommunication (Crystal,1977; Bryne, 1986; Nation,1991)Freedom from wordidentification problemsACCURACY FLUENCY
  • 3.  Decoding andcomprehendingsimultaneously. The speaker iscomfortable using thelanguage and can bereasonably understoodby other speakers ofthe TL. The ability toread/speakaccurately, quickly andwith appropriateintonation andexpression. (Put Reading First2001, p. 21)
  • 4.  Clear and articulatespeaking or writing. Language free fromgrammar mistakes. Words spelledand/or pronouncedcorrectly. Languageappropriate to thesituation and/orcontext. The ability to producewritten and / or spokenlanguage with ease. Speak with a good butnot necessarily perfectcommand ofintonation, vocabularyand grammar. Communicate ideaseffectively. Produce continuousspeech without causingcomprehensiondifficulties or abreakdown incommunication.ACCURACY FLUENCY
  • 5. ACTIVITIESPurpose:to help students achieveaccurate perceptionandproduction of a targetitem which can besound,a word, or a sentencestructure.ACTIVITIESPurpose:to help studentspracticelanguage in listening,speaking, reading,and/orwriting activities to sodevelop fluencyin using the language inspontaneouscommunication.ACCURACY FLUENCY
  • 6. MATERIALSa) texts are usuallycomposed of separate("discrete") items:sentences or words.b) texts may be used inany mode (skill),regardless of how theyare used in real life .c) the target items areusually practiced out ofcontext or situation.MATERIALSa) texts are usually wholepieces of discourses:conversation, stories,etc.b) texts are usually usedas they would be in reallife: dialogues arespoken, articles andwritten stories are read.c) authentic materials fromreal life are used.ACCURACY FLUENCY
  • 7. ACTIVITIESa) students attention isfocused on a particulartarget item.b) their output is usuallypredictable.c) their performance isassessed on how fewlanguage mistakesare maded) errors are correctede) tasks do not usuallysimulate real-lifesituations.ACTIVITIESa) students attention isfocused on communicatinginformation and expressingideas.b) their output may notalways be predictable.c) their performance isassessed on how wellideas are expressed orunderstood.d) students errors are notcorrected unless itinterferes withcommunicatione) tasks often simulate real-lifesituations.ACCURACY FLUENCY
  • 8.  Fluency task should:-build students’confidence.-be a chance for studentsto recycle language andvocabulary-allow students to talkabout what they wish totalk about.-need to listen to eachother-be good for diagnosis:students canexperiment withlanguage-give students space sothey can personalise-have a positive effect onclassroom dynamics
  • 9. -if they have anauthentic task whichworks in real time,then the languagewill have a directeffect on theoutcome of the task.-in life, communicationin paramount andrequires a genuineuse of language.-fluency is a processnot a product.
  • 10.  correction of errorsthat are providedinadvertently maydiscourage learnersfrom speaking. Fossilizationerrors that havebecome a permanentpart in the way alearner speaks(Nation 1989) communication in atarget language isnot always the mosteffective way todevelop speakingskills.ACCURACY (ISSUES) FLUENCY (ISSUES)
  • 11. References http://www.auburn.edu/~nunnath/engl6240/accuracy.html (Brown, 2001, p. 268) http://www.geocities.co.jp/collegeLife/9546/papers/paper2.htm http://miguelbengoa.com/elt/?p=693

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