Alicia Swenson and Kelly Hagen  CI 560 October 15, 2009
<ul><li>The opportunity to practice reading alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Texts used during independent reading vary  </li></ul...
<ul><li>The panel found little convincing evidence that traditional sustained silent  </li></ul><ul><li>reading (SSR) impr...
<ul><li>Free Reading </li></ul><ul><li>SSR s ustained  s ilent  r eading </li></ul><ul><li>SQUIRT s uper  qui et  r eading...
Why? <ul><li>To provide students with self selected reading time along with support . </li></ul><ul><li>Typically 30 minut...
<ul><li>According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) on Reading and Writing Assessments. </li></ul>...
Many boys view reading as an activity for girls and are there by less likely to read. The way many boys are taught to read...
<ul><li>“ From our experience we have seen that when boys value  reading they read more, achieve academically, do better o...
x <ul><li>Boys are more likely to enjoy reading: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nonfiction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
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Independent Reading Pp

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Independent Reading with a focus on Boys and reading.
Prepared for Literacy Instruction course

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Independent Reading Pp

  1. 1. Alicia Swenson and Kelly Hagen CI 560 October 15, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>The opportunity to practice reading alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Texts used during independent reading vary </li></ul><ul><li>from texts children have read in shared </li></ul><ul><li>reading lessons, books that they have read in </li></ul><ul><li>guided reading, individual choices, or writings </li></ul><ul><li>during interactive </li></ul><ul><li>writing lessons. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The panel found little convincing evidence that traditional sustained silent </li></ul><ul><li>reading (SSR) improves students’ reading comprehension in school. </li></ul><ul><li>Findings of the National Reading Panel (National Institute of Child Health and </li></ul><ul><li>Human Development, 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Research doesn’t show that encouraging reading improves reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Today , IRA President Timothy Shanahan (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Krashen (2005) argues that the NRP erred in its analysis of the research of SSR. </li></ul><ul><li>He and many other educators maintain that long-term studies are more likely to </li></ul><ul><li>show positive results. </li></ul><ul><li>Is in-school free reading good for children? Why the National Reading Panel </li></ul><ul><li>report is (still) wrong. Phi Delta Kappan, 86, 444 – 447. </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoyment reading is encouraged by many researchers and is a benchmark in the Minnesota State Standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Read from and respond to a variety of fiction, poetic and nonfiction texts of increasing complexity for personal enjoyment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Free Reading </li></ul><ul><li>SSR s ustained s ilent r eading </li></ul><ul><li>SQUIRT s uper qui et r eading t ime </li></ul><ul><li>DEAR d rop e verything a nd r ead </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Reading </li></ul><ul><li>USSR u ninterrupted s ustained s ilent r eading </li></ul><ul><li>Structured Independent Reading </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why? <ul><li>To provide students with self selected reading time along with support . </li></ul><ul><li>Typically 30 minutes in length. </li></ul><ul><li>Five key elements. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The teacher provides guidance in the students’ text selection. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students keep records of what they read. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both teacher and students participate in mini-lessons and discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from time to time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students reflect on what they read. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The teacher is not reading during the entire reading block. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) on Reading and Writing Assessments. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By fourth grade the average boy is two years behind the average girl in reading and writing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By the age of seventeen the average male score is 14 points below the average girl. </li></ul></ul>Boys around the world score less well than girls in reading and writing and have lower motivation to read and write. Between the ages of 5 and 12 boys are 60% more likely to be retained. They are three times more likely to be placed in reading and learning disability settings. X
  7. 7. Many boys view reading as an activity for girls and are there by less likely to read. The way many boys are taught to read goes against the way they love to be which is playful and active. Boys are lacking in good male role models as readers.
  8. 8. <ul><li>“ From our experience we have seen that when boys value reading they read more, achieve academically, do better on standardized tests, and have a richer more meaningful life.” </li></ul><ul><li>Zambo, D. and Brozo, W., Bright Beginnings For Boys: Engaging Young Boys in Active Literacy , </li></ul><ul><li>(2009) International Reading Association. </li></ul><ul><li>Boys will have great potential as active readers when they: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are viewed as a resource with unique imaginations. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have print encounters that capture their imaginations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and build strong literate identities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are exposed to books with positive male characters. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. x <ul><li>Boys are more likely to enjoy reading: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nonfiction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stories with action and adventure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stories with male protagonists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A wide variety of reading materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How-to manuals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web sites </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comic books </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic Novels </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Teachers can actively recruit male role models. </li></ul><ul><li>Fathers, grandfathers, and older boy students </li></ul>

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