Sun presentation to Oracle sales teams covering Midwest accounts.
Sun and Oracle: Two Decades of Visionary Alignment Oracle and Sun have worked together for more than 20 years to deliver the ultimate in secure, reliable, and scalable enterprise-class data centers to hundreds of thousands of customers around the world. With a shared commitment to open, standards-based computing and market-leading innovations such as Java™ technology, Grid computing, and the Solaris™ Operating System (OS), Sun is one of the market share platform leaders for Oracle Database and Applications.
Today’s IT Challenges Do more with less has become a bit of an adage, and nowhere is it put more to the test than in IT organizations. Finding new ways to get ahead of business demands is tough enough, but it is much harder when you consider all of the demands being placed on the IT organization. Every IT organization seems pressed to provide a greater variety of services with fewer resources. This is pushing them to look for better ways to deploy reliable, high performance database solutions. One way to address these challenges is to use a horizontally scaled architecture. Such architectures have risen in popularity, and many IT organizations expect them to maintain or increase application availability, reliability, and performance while supporting service levels. That’s a tall order in and of itself. It’s even tougher when IT is budget constrained. What’s needed is an integrated approach that is less complex to design, implement, and maintain, and costs less to run.
The Sun Server Family As I mentioned earlier, business needs can change in an instant. These rapid changes often translate to increased system demands. The Sun Oracle 10g Grid Reference Architecture is designed to accommodate these demands. Therefore, it is not tied to a specific Sun hardware platform. By using Sun servers, you can increase system capacity and throughput by scaling up or scaling out. You can deploy larger servers, add increasing numbers of small servers, or both. Sun systems are available with UltraSPARC or AMD Opteron processors, giving you a choice in platforms and the ability to select the one that meets your needs in each tier. Sun servers scale from entry-level servers and development platforms, to energy-efficient x64 systems, to large-scale, high-end servers for mission-critical applications such as server consolidation, mainframe reshosting, decision support, and data warehousing. Let’s take a look at these platforms in a bit more detail.
The Right Platform for the Right Workload We’ve talked a little bit about the variety of Sun servers available to you when deploying a grid infrastructure. So how do you know which one to use where? This graph provides one way to view how the different Sun server architectures can be best put to use in Oracle deployments. While there is significant overlap, Sun’s processor and server architectures are best suited to different workload profiles. In general, heavy batch processing database components that are predominantly single threaded, or those that are single process driven, are highly suited to a server incorporating AMD Opteron processors. On the other hand, multithreaded, network-centric applications, or those with many independent processes, can benefit from the highly threaded nature of Sun servers with CoolThreads technology and UltraSPARC T1 processors. Large databases that experience both batch processing and online queries can benefit from the large memory capacity, high I/O throughput, and workhorse processor capabilities of servers utilizing the UltraSPARC processor family. The great news is that all of these servers can be used within the context of the Sun Oracle 10g Grid Reference Architecture. In fact, more than one platform may be used within a given deployment, depending on the needs of each tier and the environment as a whole.
What flexibility do you require from an architecture Primary Message: Extensive support across many platforms, channels and deployment configurations – modular architecture minimizes support requirements while delivering high-value, incremental roll-outs Siebel 7 can be deployed in many ways, across many platforms and delivering services across many channels. Enterprise installation backup and recovery Environment Validation Tools Application Deployment Manager Enhanced Mobile Client Deployment End-to-End SSL Standards-based Data Encryption Common Authentication Framework Enhanced Mobile Client Security HTTP Load Balancer support for Siebel Servers Cluster Support Enhanced Documentation
We've talked about the power of CMT. Today 75% (or more) of cycles for single threaded designs are being wasted waiting for memory, so the utilization of the processor is, at best, 25%. The processor runs the compute instructions very, very quickly when it has the data, but it spends an enormous amount of time waiting for the data so it can compute. In processors with very high clock speeds, the utilization can be as low as 15%.
In the cores we use for Niagara, we have put in four separate set of registers so the core can switch very quickly between four separate threads. Because of this, when the core encounters a block on one thread and has to wait for memory, it can switch very quickly to a different thread that is ready to execute. Because of this, the cores in the Niagara processor run at 75% processor utilization – up to five the utilization of a “standard” processor, so a Niagara processor can achieve the same throughput as “standard” processor at a fraction of the clock speed.
But we have taken this idea one giant step further with Niagara: we have taken eight of these cores and put them in a single processor, with an extremely fast crossbar interconnect between the cores, a shared on-chip cache, and a fast, direct path to DDR2 memory. The result is a processor that has unheard-of throughput performance, but dissipates less than 80 watts of power. Niagara is also the first instance of a real “system on a chip” - it requires very few additional parts to create a high-performance system with excellent MTBF for high reliability.
The UltraSPARC T1 is the first in a new generation of network-focused, Sun SPARC processors. In parallel, we're also developing high-power processors that address the traditional, large application and database markets. Those will appear in the first “APL” products (Code name for the products from the joint Sun-Fujitsu alliance). Those products will, in turn, be succeed by our Rock-based systems which scale our CMT innovations to the traditional, high-end server market. With the UltraSPARC T1, we're at eight cores and 32 threads. We're already working on next generation products that extend that technology, so expect to see even higher thread counts in our products in the future.
These are standard configurations and pricing for the Sun Fire T1000 and T2000 servers. Prices are based on hardware purchased with a 3-year Full Protection Plan.
Sun Oracle 10g Grid Reference Architecture The result of thousands of hours of engineering and testing, the Sun Oracle 10g Grid Reference Architecture provides a high performance, highly available database infrastructure in a cost-effective grid environment. The architecture utilizes Sun servers running the Solaris 10 Operating System, and powerful software from Sun and Oracle. Together, these hardware and software components create a robust, scalable database platform that maintains or increases customer service levels with a low TCO. As you can see from the diagram, redundancy is an important component of this architecture, and it is one of the ways that we ensure your environment stays up and running. By utilizing this reference architecture, you gain an optimal combination of cost savings, superb performance, and high availability with the comfort of knowing all the individual elements have been synthesized into an integrated architecture by industry experts. Indeed, one of the great things about this architecture is the fact that it was designed to ensure your systems stay up and running no matter what happens. But that’s only one of its benefits. Let’s take a look at what the architecture can do for you.
Components from Sun and Oracle Let’s spend a few minutes discussing the components that make up this powerful architecture. These components include Sun servers and the Solaris Operating System, Sun storage solutions, and Oracle software.
Sun Fire Servers with UltraSPARC Technology Sun’s family of Sun Fire servers with UltraSPARC processors supports industrial strength computing workloads and provides the right balance of performance, scalability, reliability, cost, and power consumption. These systems scale from blades, to low cost servers, to large-way, massively scalable symmetric multiprocessing systems. Multiple design points address specific application requirements. General purpose, entry-level servers are optimized for price/performance and deliver up to four UltraSPARC III or UltraSPARC IIi processors in a system. Designed for compute density, mid-range Sun Fire servers take advantage of four to 24 UltraSPARC IV or UltraSPARC IV+ processors, providing eight to 48 threads. These powerful mid-range systems deliver more performance than UltraSPARC III systems. High-end Sun Fire server designs support large-way, massively scalable, symmetric multiprocessing environments with support for over 70 UltraSPARC IV or UltraSPARC IV+ processors that provide up to 144 threads in a single system. Historically, high-end Sun Fire servers have provided the reliable, available, and scalable platform of choice of large for mission-critical Oracle database deployments.
Sun Fire Servers with CoolThreads Technology Sun Fire servers with CoolThreads technology are designed for Web, application tier, and multithreaded workloads like the Oracle Application Server and Oracle E-Business Suite Applications. These systems incorporate the UltraSPARC T1 processor. This new processor uses an innovative design that provides massive amounts of thread-level parallelism and increased application throughput via chip multithreading (CMT) technology. With up to eight cores per processor, and four threads per core, the UltraSPARC T1 processor provides up to 32 simultaneous threads in a low power, low heat processor. These technologies work together to deliver breakthrough performance and dramatic space and power efficiency.
Sun Fire Servers x64 Servers The Sun Fire x64 server family provides industry-leading price/performance in a set of modular systems ranging from very low cost single rackmount servers to integrated solutions. These servers feature up to 16 single- or dual-core Next-Generation AMD Opteron processors, and the ability to run the Solaris OS, Linux, Windows, or VMware environments. Sun Fire x64 servers combine Sun’s network computing expertise with the performance per watt advantages of the AMD Opteron processor. The result is a family of servers with extreme performance and a new level of energy efficiency. Additional features include high rack density, redundant power and cooling, RAID storage to help ensure continued server operation, and Lights Out Management for remote system monitoring, control, and easy firmware upgrades. These performance throughput advancements, in conjunction with strong reliability features, make the Sun Fire x64 server family ideal for application, database, and data servers. Sun Fire x64 servers deliver exceptional versatility in a small footprint, making them an ideal platform for Oracle RAC deployments.
Solaris 10 Operating System The Solaris 10 OS is the latest version of Sun’s industry-leading operating system. It provides over 600 exciting new features that support relentless availability, extreme performance, and unparalleled security. Some of these new features are: Solaris Containers technology, enabling you to host multiple databases and applications on a single platform, keep them isolated from one another, and independently manage system resources and control database access. Solaris Dynamic Tracing (DTrace), providing a comprehensive and advanced tool for troubleshooting systemic problems in real time. Using DTrace, you can reveal insights into performance gains without taking systems out of production or disrupting database operations. Predictive Self-Healing technology, enabling Sun systems to accurately predict CPU, memory, and application failures and take them offline without requiring your database to go offline as well. Solaris ZFS, providing an innovative new approach that integrates file system and volume management capabilities and facilitates storage virtualization. Capable of vertical or horizontal scaling, the Solaris 10 OS can help businesses leverage the benefits of low cost hardware, yet standardize on a single operating system. In addition, the Solaris 10 OS offers broad hardware platform support and expanding interoperability with Linux and Windows, making it the ideal operating system for grid deployments.
Optimizing Oracle/Siebel Apps for the Sun Microsystems CMT platform
Sun and Oracle: Two Decades of Visionary Alignment 1980 Oracle Project Fusion apps to be Java-based Oracle selects Solaris 10 as its preferred 64-bit App Development Environment New Oracle pricing structure for multi-core based systems Sun's X64 Enterprise Systems Network File System (NFS) 1980 Sun Work Station First SPARC Server Oracle 5.0 and 5.1 for Client/Server Oracle Massively Parallel Processing (MPP) Oracle Java Development Tools Oracle Internet-Centric Business Vision; Business Components for Java Oracle 8i with JVM Oracle 9i with J2EE Oracle eBus Suite Cert. Configs on Sun Oracle 9i RAC Certified Configs 1985 1990 1995 2000 2002 2004 Solaris on x86 Oracle on AMD 64/ Solaris x86 Liberty Alliance Project Oracle 10g 2006 Sun StorageTek Sun x64 Servers Sun UltraSPARC T1 Processor and Servers Oracle reduces multi-core pricing 2005 2003
Consolidate several servers into few Sun Fire T2000's
Consolidate multiple Siebel Enterprises into a single Enterprise.
Improve availability and scalability of the setup
Deployment flexibility and higher utilization – since Siebel and Oracle are certified with Solaris 10 Containers
UltraSPARC IV+ 1.8ghz provides the power required for backend Oracle db
Siebel Architecture best fit for Sun Fire T2000 (Niagara)
Siebel CRM application is a multi-threaded, multi-process and multi-instance commercial application.
Sun's New processor UltraSPARC T1 can run upto 32 threads in parallel with improved memory capabilities
Siebel's highly threaded architecture scales very well, taking advantage of these characteristics of the chip.
The Sun Server Family Horizontal Scaling Vertical Scaling Diagonal Scaling Sun Fire™ Servers with UltraSPARC® Processors Sun Fire Servers with UltraSPARC or AMD Opteron™ Processors Sun Fire Servers with UltraSPARC T1 or AMD Opteron Processors
The Right Platform for the Right Workload High Throughput, More Multithreaded More Data More Network High Frequency, Clock Speed Sun Servers with UltraSPARC Processors Sun Servers with AMD Opteron Processors Sun Servers with UltraSPARC T1 Processors
Multi-Channel Optimized Architecture Siebel Repository EAI Siebel Application Server Business Logic Layer and Core Service Data Layer Services User Interface Services Siebel Teller Applications Multiple Client Device Support Local DB Siebel Mobile Applications Siebel Portal Framework Federated Data Sources Development Environment Siebel Tools SAP Oracle PSFT Legacy JD Edwards OLTP UAN Sync Siebel Business Analytics Server Data Access Services - BI Modeling & Calculation Services - BI Presentation Services - BI ETL Relationship Management / Customer Enterprise Warehouse 3 rd Party Open Integration ETL Web Server Siebel Universal Customer Master OLTP Siebel On Premise Applications Bus. Process
Topolo gy Diagram for 8000 Oracle - Siebel Users Loadrunner Generators SF V65x /V40z Web servers SF V240 Siebel Gateway SF V24 0 Siebel App servers SF E2900 SF V490 SF V890 Panther SF T 2000 Niagara Sun StorEdge SE 3510 SF V440 Database Servers
Topology Diagram for 12,500 concur rent Siebel users Loadrunner Generators SF V65x /V40z Web servers SF V240 Siebel Gateway SF V240 Siebel App servers Oracle DB server SF 890 (Panther) SF E2900 SF V490 SF E2900 SF T2000 Niagara Sun StorEdge SE 3510 SF V440