Parallelism

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Parallelism

  1. 1. Balance is key!
  2. 2. For effective writing, it is important that components of your sentences have balance. This balanced arrangement is called parallelism, or parallel structure.
  3. 3. In other words, you want this:Not this:
  4. 4.  FAULTY: At the garden store, Larissa bought plastic flamingos, ceramic gnomes, and a mermaid. PARALLEL: At the garden store, Larissa bought plastic flamingos, ceramic gnomes, and a concrete mermaid.
  5. 5. Once you discover a non-parallel item ina sentence, you have two solutions:A. Make the non-parallel item conform tomatch the other item(s).  FAULTY: The giraffe has traits that seem contradictory; it is gangly, graceful, and has dignity.  PARALLEL: The giraffe has traits that seem contradictory; it is gangly, graceful, and dignified.
  6. 6. Once you discover a non-parallel item ina sentence, you have two solutions:A. Change the other item(s) to match theoriginal non-parallel one.  FAULTY: We spent the hour in the waiting room reading old magazines, eating stale cookies, and we wiggled on the hard plastic chairs.  PARALLEL: In the waiting room, we read old magazines, ate stale cookies, and wiggled on the hard plastic chairs.
  7. 7. I bought three items at the store: a huge watermelon, a frozen pizza,and a magazine.
  8. 8. When Tony couldn’t find his jeans, he looked in the closet, under the stairs,and the
  9. 9. To prepare for the dinner, Mary chopped vegetables boiled pasta,and
  10. 10.  If a sentence is parallel, draw a star, rainbow, or unicorn by it. If a sentence is NOT parallel, write an “FP” (FAULTY PARALLELISM) by the sentence, then use editing marks to make it right.

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