from Fight ClubNarrator: If you could fight any celebrity,who would you fight?Tyler: Alive or dead?Narrator: Doesnt matter, whod be tough?Tyler: Hemingway. You?Narrator: Shatner. Id fight WilliamShatner.
Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois. He was a journalist (1917), then a volunteerambulance driver and active duty soldier(1918) during WWI. In 1921, he married the first of his fourwives and left the U.S. to join the growingband of artists and writers who weregathering in Paris. Loves: African safaris, heavy drinking, cockfighting, deep sea fishing, other macho stuff He won the Noble Prize for Literature in1954. He committed suicide in 1961.
The Lost Generation This name was given to a group ofauthors and artists who came of ageduring WWI. The phrase was coined by writer GertrudeStein. She told Ernest Hemingway, “That iswhat you are. That is what you all are. Youare a lost generation.” This group included The Great Gatsbyauthor F. Scott Fitzgerald and T.S. Eliot,the author of “The Love Song of J. AlfredPrufrock.
The Iceberg Principle“I always try to writeon the principle of theiceberg. There is seven-eighths of it underwater for every partthat shows. Anythingyou know you caneliminate and it onlystrengthens youriceberg. It is the partthat doesn‟t show.”
“This Is Just To Say”I have eatenthe plumsthat were inthe iceboxand whichyou were probablysavingfor breakfastForgive methey were deliciousso sweetand so cold
“Hills Like White Elephants” The story takes place at a train stationin the Ebro River valley of Spain. The two main characters are a man (onlyreferred to as “the American” and hisfemale companion (referred to as “Jig.”)
Allusion: White Elephant A white elephant is an idiom for avaluable but burdensome possession ofwhich its owner cannot dispose andwhose cost (particularly cost of upkeep)is out of proportion to its usefulness orworth.
“Hills” Close Reading1. Put yourself into a partnership, preferably aboy-girl pair. Each person should grab a marker.2. Highlight/underline the second-to-last sentencein the first paragraph: “It was very hot and theexpress from Barcelona would come in fortyminutes” (Hemingway 211).3. Highlight/underline: “„That the train is comingin five minutes‟” on p. 214.4. Do now: Assign parts. Boys are the American;girls are Jig. Read this story out loud, as if itwere a play. Think carefully about how eachcharacter would say his/her lines; considertone.5. THINK-PAIR-SHARE: What have these twobeen doing for thirty-five minutes???
The Iceberg PrincipleWhat doesHemingwaykeepunderwaterin this story?(#3)
Hemingway‟s Code Hero Hemingway defined the Code Hero as "aman who lives correctly, following theideals of honor, courage and endurancein a world that is sometimeschaotic, often stressful, and alwayspainful."
Code Hero Attributes1. He is disciplined. He chooses to live a verystructured life amidst achaotic world.2. He acts without emotion.He is a doer, not a talker. He doesn’t brag about hisaccomplishments.3. He desires women andalcohol. These indulges especiallyoccur at night to counteractthe fear of the dark.
Code Hero Attributes4. He is often afraid of thedark. The dark reminds him ofdeath.5. He faces deathvaliantly. He faces death with dignitybecause that is the onlyguarantee a hero can hopefor.6. He does not believe inan afterlife. He believes in Nada, theSpanish word for“nothing.”
Apprentice Heroes In Hemingway stories, code heroes arethose characters who have recognizedand accepted the reality of nada andwho live in compliance with the code. Apprentice heroes are those characterswho are either struggling with thefear, anxiety, and loss of control whichthe recognition of nada brings, or whoare in the process of learning therequirements of the code.
“Indian Camp”Characters:◦ Nick Adams◦ Uncle George◦ Nick‟s father/the doctor◦ Indian Man◦ Indian Woman
Hemingway vs.FitzgeraldStyle Cage Match With a partner, take a look at the excerpts on“Being at a Party.” THINK-PAIR-SHARE:1. Read each excerpt.2. Evaluate the writing style of each author bydiscussing with your partner. Considerdialect, slang, figurative language, sentencestructure, adjective use, etc. You are focused onword choice only. Annotate your paper bycircling specific examples of your findings.3. Whose artistic style do you like better? Why?
Hemingway vs. TwainStyle Cage Match Now, let‟s take a look at the excerpts on“Being on a Body of Water.” THINK-PAIR-SHARE:1. Read each excerpt.2. Evaluate the writing style of each author bydiscussing with your partner. Considerdialect, slang, figurative language, sentencestructure, adjective use, etc. You are focusedon word choice only. Annotate your paper bycircling specific examples of your findings.3. Whose artistic style do you like better? Why?
Hemingway‟s StyleHemingway’s style consists of:1. simplicity – His sentences and vocabulary areshort and sparse, even though they deal withimportant issues.2. reporting – He presents sensory details to thereader as facts, just as a newspaper reports thefacts in a story.3. understating – He employs the “icebergprinciple” by revealing only 1/8 of the storyand leaving readers to uncover what‟sunderwater.4. stream of consciousness - He presents thethoughts and feelings of a character right asthey occur.
“A Clean, Well-Lighted Place” This story was publishedin 1933. Characters:◦ old, deaf man who isdrinking at the café◦ young waiter who hatesworking late, waiting forthe old, deaf man to leave◦ old waiter who defendsthe old, deaf man (becausehe sees himself in the oldman)
“A Clean, Well-Lighted Place” Your task:1. Read this short story independently.2. While you read, annotate (mark andlabel) your story for the following items:a) The 6 Attributes of Hemingway‟sCode Herob) The 4 Attributes of Hemingway‟sWriting Style3. Turn in your packet of stories when youare finished with your name on it.