Modern Mindfulness April 3, 2009
Elders and Experts <ul><li>Thich Nhat Hanh </li></ul><ul><li>John Kabat-Zinn </li></ul><ul><li>Ken Wilber </li></ul><ul><l...
How To: <ul><li>Observe </li></ul><ul><li>Describe </li></ul><ul><li>Present Moment </li></ul><ul><li>Not Judging </li></ul>
Step One: <ul><li>Observe </li></ul>
Step Two: <ul><li>Describe </li></ul>
Step Three: <ul><li>Present Moment </li></ul>
Step Four: <ul><li>Not </li></ul><ul><li>Judging </li></ul>
What is to be the Object of Our Mindfulness? <ul><li>Breath </li></ul><ul><li>Body Sensations </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts <...
What happens over time? <ul><li>Greater ability to attend to things inwardly and outwardly </li></ul><ul><li>Increased viv...
Samhadi <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Sustain </li></ul>
Types of Attention AWARENESS OF AWARENESS ?- hypothesized to be prefrontal Meta-awareness SUSTAINING Right and middle pref...
Multi-tasking <ul><li>Peak=19 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability decreases with age, can be improved with practice </li></ul><...
Time Distortions  and Information Density <ul><li>Crisis - Time slow </li></ul><ul><li>Aging - Time speeds up </li></ul><u...
Mindfulness and Pain Suffering Aversion Pain Aversion
Brain vs. Mind <ul><li>BRAIN= </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>MIND= </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and information ...
Neural Plasticity <ul><li>MIND can use the BRAIN to create itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Strength training of neural firings a...
Review of Basic Brain Waves Anxious High Beta Asleep Delta  Creative Imaging Theta Alert Working Beta  Alert and Relax...
Brain Hemisphere Strengthening <ul><li>Example #1 </li></ul><ul><li>LEFT= </li></ul><ul><li>Body awareness </li></ul><ul><...
“ Handy” Brain Model <ul><li>Wrist= spinal cord </li></ul><ul><li>Fingers= cortex </li></ul><ul><li>Fingernails=face </li>...
“Handy” Brain Model <ul><li>Perception - 2 nd  knuckles back on top </li></ul><ul><li>Motor action and planning - between ...
Index Finger/Pinky First Segment <ul><li>PREFRONTAL REGION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short term memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Middle Fingers’ First Segment <ul><li>PREFRONTAL Region </li></ul><ul><li>Social communication and self-observation </li><...
Prefrontal Cortex: Neural Integration and Attunement <ul><li>Attachment </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Pain C...
Long-term Meditators <ul><li>Larger right insula cortex  </li></ul><ul><li>Thickening of the mid prefrontal areas  </li></...
Applications to Therapies <ul><li>Psycho-Neuro-Immunology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress and Pain Reduction </li></ul></ul><...
Applications to Therapies <ul><li>Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relapse prevention for chronic...
Applications to Therapies <ul><li>Dialectical Behavior Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Borderline Personality Disorder </li>...
Applications to Therapies <ul><li>Substance Abuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marlatt, 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acceptance an...
Long-term Demonic Attitudes <ul><li>Grasping </li></ul><ul><li>Aversion </li></ul><ul><li>Anger/Fear/Boredom/Judgment </li...
More Common Problems <ul><li>Idealizing the practice </li></ul><ul><li>Not wanting to do it </li></ul><ul><li>Watching bre...
Levels of Consciousness <ul><li>Ken Wilber </li></ul><ul><li>Author:  Integral Psychology  and  A Brief History of Everyth...
Development of Consciousness Uncovering Diff. Out the emotional Egocentric Pre-Operation Structure Building Diff. Out the ...
Development of Consciousness THERAPIES REVOLUTION IN CONSIOUS AWARENESS EGO ATTACHMENT STAGE Introspection Trans-Group Wor...
Development of Consciousness THERAPIES REVOLUTION IN CONSCIOUS AWARENESS EGO ATTACHMENT STAGE Nature Mysticism Trans-perso...
Howard Gardner: <ul><li>“ The whole of human development can be seen as a continuing decline in egocentrism.” </li></ul>
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Modern Mindfulness

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Psychology of mindfulness, neuroscience, transpersonal, applications to counseling

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  • Modern Mindfulness

    1. 1. Modern Mindfulness April 3, 2009
    2. 2. Elders and Experts <ul><li>Thich Nhat Hanh </li></ul><ul><li>John Kabat-Zinn </li></ul><ul><li>Ken Wilber </li></ul><ul><li>Pema Chodron </li></ul><ul><li>Jack Kornfield </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Segel </li></ul>
    3. 3. How To: <ul><li>Observe </li></ul><ul><li>Describe </li></ul><ul><li>Present Moment </li></ul><ul><li>Not Judging </li></ul>
    4. 4. Step One: <ul><li>Observe </li></ul>
    5. 5. Step Two: <ul><li>Describe </li></ul>
    6. 6. Step Three: <ul><li>Present Moment </li></ul>
    7. 7. Step Four: <ul><li>Not </li></ul><ul><li>Judging </li></ul>
    8. 8. What is to be the Object of Our Mindfulness? <ul><li>Breath </li></ul><ul><li>Body Sensations </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Environs </li></ul><ul><li>Relations </li></ul><ul><li>All Inside and Outside </li></ul>
    9. 9. What happens over time? <ul><li>Greater ability to attend to things inwardly and outwardly </li></ul><ul><li>Increased vividness of perceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Increased calm in the observing self </li></ul><ul><li>Increased clarity, insight, intuition into nature of self and others </li></ul><ul><li>Increased wisdom, compassion and clarity </li></ul>
    10. 10. Samhadi <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Sustain </li></ul>
    11. 11. Types of Attention AWARENESS OF AWARENESS ?- hypothesized to be prefrontal Meta-awareness SUSTAINING Right and middle prefrontal cortex Alerting AIMING Lateral posterior cortex Orienting INTENTION Frontal Cortex Executive
    12. 12. Multi-tasking <ul><li>Peak=19 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability decreases with age, can be improved with practice </li></ul><ul><li>Men and women = ability </li></ul><ul><li>You remember what you attend to </li></ul><ul><li>David Strayers, Univ. Utah </li></ul>
    13. 13. Time Distortions and Information Density <ul><li>Crisis - Time slow </li></ul><ul><li>Aging - Time speeds up </li></ul><ul><li>Brain “helps” by filling in experiences with prior learning, assumptions and expectations which inhibits sensory experiences and deadens feeling alive. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Mindfulness and Pain Suffering Aversion Pain Aversion
    15. 15. Brain vs. Mind <ul><li>BRAIN= </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>MIND= </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and information flow within the brain and between relationships </li></ul>
    16. 16. Neural Plasticity <ul><li>MIND can use the BRAIN to create itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Strength training of neural firings at the synapses </li></ul><ul><li>States can become Traits through this brain plasticity, over time </li></ul>
    17. 17. Review of Basic Brain Waves Anxious High Beta Asleep Delta  Creative Imaging Theta Alert Working Beta  Alert and Relaxed Alpha
    18. 18. Brain Hemisphere Strengthening <ul><li>Example #1 </li></ul><ul><li>LEFT= </li></ul><ul><li>Body awareness </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT= </li></ul><ul><li>Describing </li></ul><ul><li>Example #2 </li></ul><ul><li>LEFT= Autobiographical fact memory </li></ul><ul><li>RIGHT= </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative that makes sense of the memory </li></ul>
    19. 19. “ Handy” Brain Model <ul><li>Wrist= spinal cord </li></ul><ul><li>Fingers= cortex </li></ul><ul><li>Fingernails=face </li></ul><ul><li>Palm= brainstem </li></ul><ul><li>Thumb= Limbic System, Hypothalamus </li></ul>
    20. 20. “Handy” Brain Model <ul><li>Perception - 2 nd knuckles back on top </li></ul><ul><li>Motor action and planning - between first and second knuckle </li></ul><ul><li>Prefrontal Cortex - up to finger’s first segment . </li></ul>
    21. 21. Index Finger/Pinky First Segment <ul><li>PREFRONTAL REGION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short term memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flow of attention </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Middle Fingers’ First Segment <ul><li>PREFRONTAL Region </li></ul><ul><li>Social communication and self-observation </li></ul><ul><li>Connects all parts of brain via physical proximity, aiding brain self communication </li></ul>
    23. 23. Prefrontal Cortex: Neural Integration and Attunement <ul><li>Attachment </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Pain Control </li></ul><ul><li>Placebo Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Mindfulness </li></ul>
    24. 24. Long-term Meditators <ul><li>Larger right insula cortex </li></ul><ul><li>Thickening of the mid prefrontal areas </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease of reaction of amygdala and insula </li></ul><ul><li>Mid prefrontal areas use insula cortex data about emotions and body states to create representations of other’s minds as well as self-observation= empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases cortisol stress reaction (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis) </li></ul>
    25. 25. Applications to Therapies <ul><li>Psycho-Neuro-Immunology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress and Pain Reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Massachusettes Medical Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Kabat-Zinn </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Applications to Therapies <ul><li>Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relapse prevention for chronic depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Segel, Williams, Teasdale, 2002 </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Applications to Therapies <ul><li>Dialectical Behavior Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Borderline Personality Disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marsha Linehan, Harvard U. </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Applications to Therapies <ul><li>Substance Abuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marlatt, 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acceptance and Commitment Therapy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hayes, 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OCD and Eating Disorders </li></ul>
    29. 29. Long-term Demonic Attitudes <ul><li>Grasping </li></ul><ul><li>Aversion </li></ul><ul><li>Anger/Fear/Boredom/Judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepiness </li></ul><ul><li>Restlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Doubt </li></ul>
    30. 30. More Common Problems <ul><li>Idealizing the practice </li></ul><ul><li>Not wanting to do it </li></ul><ul><li>Watching breath vs. thinking about breath </li></ul><ul><li>Censoring or judging thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking you’re getting somewhere </li></ul>
    31. 31. Levels of Consciousness <ul><li>Ken Wilber </li></ul><ul><li>Author: Integral Psychology and A Brief History of Everything </li></ul>
    32. 32. Development of Consciousness Uncovering Diff. Out the emotional Egocentric Pre-Operation Structure Building Diff. Out the physical Egocentric Emotional Fused Egocentric Sensory-Physical Rebirthing, Regressive Undiff. Egocentric Perinatal THERAPIES REVOLUTION IN CONSCIOUS AWARENESS EGO ATTACHMENT STAGE
    33. 33. Development of Consciousness THERAPIES REVOLUTION IN CONSIOUS AWARENESS EGO ATTACHMENT STAGE Introspection Trans-Group World-centric Formal Operations Cog-Beh, TA, Family, Narrative, Script Trans- Body Sociocentric/ Ethnocentric Concrete operations
    34. 34. Development of Consciousness THERAPIES REVOLUTION IN CONSCIOUS AWARENESS EGO ATTACHMENT STAGE Nature Mysticism Trans-personal World-centric Psychic Existential Diff. Out Observing Self: Trans-personal World-centric Vision-Logic
    35. 35. Howard Gardner: <ul><li>“ The whole of human development can be seen as a continuing decline in egocentrism.” </li></ul>

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