Chapter 11 developing library research and information literacy skills
Developing Library, Research,and Information Literacy Skills
Information Literacy• What is information literacy? • Computer literacy • Media literacy • Cultural literacy• Learning to be information literate • Know how to find the information you need • Learn how to interpret the information you find • Have a purpose• What’s research—and what’s not?• Employing information literacy skills
Your TurnWhy do you think the book states that“information literacy is the premiersurvival skill for the modern world”? Doyou agree? Why or why not?
Choosing, Narrowing, and Researching a Topic• Before starting your research, have an idea of what you are looking for • Choose a topic • Narrow it down to a particular aspect that interests you • Figure out what aspects of the subject you will pursue
Using the Library• Taking advantage of everything your library has to offer • More than a document warehouse • Use the library’s home page as an electronic gateway to its services• Asking a librarian • Information experts who are trained to assist and guide you to the resources you need
Your TurnIs the library a necessary resource forlearning in college? Why or why not?
Electronic Resources• Library catalogs • Tell you what books, magazines, newspapers, videos, and other materials are available in a particular library• Periodical databases • Let you hunt down articles published in hundreds (even thousands) of newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals• The World Wide Web • Googling is an aggregation of information, opinion, and sales pitches from servers around the globe• Guidelines for effective searches
Your TurnTalk to a faculty member, a parent, oran older friend who went to college.Ask this person how he or sheconducted research before theInternet. Write a short review of thestrategies used by former generationsto access and use information.
Evaluating Sources• Relevance • How well does it fit your needs?• Authority • Was it created by somebody who has the qualifications to write or speak on the subject?• Bias • Some signs of bias indicate that you should avoid using a source• A note on Internet sources • Be cautious of material you find online • Difficult to tell where it came from or who wrote it
Your TurnHow do you find sources for animportant paper? Do you go to the firstseveral hits on Google, or do you usea more deliberate process? Whatstrategies can you use to make sureyour Internet or library research resultsin valid information?
Your TurnIn your opinion, what newspapers,magazines, or TV networks arebiased? Does a biased point of viewmake you more or less likely to read orwatch? Why do you think many peopleexpose themselves only to opinions orviewpoints like their own?
Your TurnOne of the most frequently visited siteson the Web is Wikipedia, acollaborative reference work writtenand maintained by thousands ofvolunteers. Most of its articles can be(and have been) edited by anyone withInternet access. What are the pros andcons of using such a site as a sourcefor a research project?
Making Use of What You Find• Synthesizing information and ideas • Accept some ideas, reject others, combine related concepts, assess implications, and put it all together • Can help create new information and ideas• Citing your sources • If you use somebody else’s exact words, you must give that person credit • If you use somebody else’s ideas, even in your own words, you must give that person credit• About plagiarism • Be aware that “I didn’t know” is not a valid excuse
Tech Tip: Check Your EngineOnline research in an academic setting• Use peer-reviewed academic journals, government Web sites, or newspaper Web sites• Use tricks to refine your search • Key words separated by a space or plus sign • Key words separated by the word OR • Key words plus words in brackets • Key words and a minus sign • Framing key words in asterisks • Using asterisks for a wildcard search