CORE PERIPHERY
The core/periphery relationship and its effect
on national development within a named
LEDC or MEDC (excludi...
Malaysia
• 1) Core-periphery is to DESCRIBE the relationship
between two countries / places, not to explain why
there is u...
CORE PERIPHERY
• For one named LEDC or MEDC:
· identify and describe the characteristics
of the core and periphery e.g., p...
CORE PERIPHERY
•
Name and describe national government po
CORE PERIPHERY
Europe
ITALY
CORE PERIPHERY
• core-periphery models
• are based on the observation that within
many spatial systems sharp territorial
c...
CORE PERIPHERY
The development of new industry in parts of the inner city encourage the concentration of further
industria...
CORE PERIPHERY
• AQA Mod 4 June 2005 Mark Scheme:
• “Core region" was defined as the
focus of the national market and
seed...
CORE PERIPHERY
• “Periphery region” was defined as
regions with unfavourable
locations and resource bases,
characterized b...
CORE PERIPHERY
MALAYSIA
WHAT DO YOU ALREADY
KNOW ABOUT MALAYSIA?
CORE PERIPHERY
WHAT ARE THE DEFINITIONS OF CORE AND
PERIPHERY?
CORE PERIPHERY
• The Core Periphery relationship is the
negative side of the Malaysian model of
economic development,
indu...
CORE PERIPHERY
• Result of deliberate government policy to
promote rapid industrialisation through growth of
the secondary...
CORE PERIPHERY
• Core Periphery situation has created
divisions in Malaysia that the
government now has to face up to
uneq...
CORE PERIPHERY
• Population structure:
• CORE
• Inward migration of people from Malaysia and abroad.
• Concentration of hi...
CORE PERIPHERY
• Population structure:
• PERIPHERY
• Falling numbers of educated, skilled
young people. Falling numbers of...
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2 Core Periphery

  1. 1. CORE PERIPHERY The core/periphery relationship and its effect on national development within a named LEDC or MEDC (excluding the UK).
  2. 2. Malaysia • 1) Core-periphery is to DESCRIBE the relationship between two countries / places, not to explain why there is uneven development 2) Cumulative causation is the PROCESS that leads to the uneven development between core-periphery In summary, cumulative causation is the process in which the core becomes more developed than the periphery, by draining resources and labour from the periphery. Hence, the process explains why core and periphery, starts from being equally developed, to the core becoming more developed than the periphery. THEREFORE It will be inaccurate to say, one place BECAME more developed than the other because of core-periphery relationship.
  3. 3. CORE PERIPHERY • For one named LEDC or MEDC: · identify and describe the characteristics of the core and periphery e.g., population structure, economic resources, economic structure, level of development, population movement, infrastructure; · discuss how the core and periphery effect the national development.
  4. 4. CORE PERIPHERY • Name and describe national government po
  5. 5. CORE PERIPHERY Europe ITALY
  6. 6. CORE PERIPHERY • core-periphery models • are based on the observation that within many spatial systems sharp territorial contrasts exist in wealth, economic advancement, and growth-"development"- between economic heartlands and outlying subordinate zones.
  7. 7. CORE PERIPHERY The development of new industry in parts of the inner city encourage the concentration of further industrial activity via 'cumulative causation' or multiplier effect as shown in the model below:
  8. 8. CORE PERIPHERY • AQA Mod 4 June 2005 Mark Scheme: • “Core region" was defined as the focus of the national market and seedbed of new industry and innovations. Usually the centre of new industry and in migration.
  9. 9. CORE PERIPHERY • “Periphery region” was defined as regions with unfavourable locations and resource bases, characterized by outward migration of people and investment. Living standards tend to be low. Decline may be irreversible, with the region locked in a downward spiral.
  10. 10. CORE PERIPHERY MALAYSIA WHAT DO YOU ALREADY KNOW ABOUT MALAYSIA?
  11. 11. CORE PERIPHERY WHAT ARE THE DEFINITIONS OF CORE AND PERIPHERY?
  12. 12. CORE PERIPHERY • The Core Periphery relationship is the negative side of the Malaysian model of economic development, industrialisation and prosperity in the period 1970 to date.
  13. 13. CORE PERIPHERY • Result of deliberate government policy to promote rapid industrialisation through growth of the secondary manufacturing sector from simple, TNC controlled, raw material processing (e.g. rubber) for export, to TNC driven electronics consumer goods manufacturing for export. Guided and controlled by Malaysian government agencies and driven by negotiated joint ventures e.g. With Japanese TNCs
  14. 14. CORE PERIPHERY • Core Periphery situation has created divisions in Malaysia that the government now has to face up to unequal prosperity and internal social and economic division. • Current policies do appear to simply extend and evolve the Core zones.
  15. 15. CORE PERIPHERY • Population structure: • CORE • Inward migration of people from Malaysia and abroad. • Concentration of higher levels of: • % completed secondary education • % degree education • Salaried wages with benefits • Employed by TNC • Larger component of mobile educated people aged 20-40 • Larger component of young single people including young female for assembly industry. • Shortage of labour, both skilled and educated AND for services and construction e.g. low wage low skill foreign workers recruited from Indonesia. Characteristics of the Core and Periphery in Malaysia
  16. 16. CORE PERIPHERY • Population structure: • PERIPHERY • Falling numbers of educated, skilled young people. Falling numbers of agricultural workers due to higher wages in “Core” service jobs and falling demand for local produce as urban consumers tastes change. e.g. domestic rice production. • Possible collapse of indigenous village culture. Characteristics of the Core and Periphery in Malaysia

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