Nations assignment egypt


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Nations assignment egypt

  1. 1. By: <br />Kaitlyn Glenn<br />Egypt:A Central Nation<br />
  2. 2. Geography – Statistics & Facts<br />World’s 38th largest country<br /> 1,001,450 square ft<br />Nile Valley and Delta contain <br /> 99% of population <br />Borders:<br />Libya – West<br />Sudan – South<br />Gaza Strip & Israel – East<br />The Nile – <br />World’s second-longest river<br />Flows south to north <br />The Nile<br />
  3. 3. Rainfall: <br />Averages 2 – 5 mm per year (south of Cairo)<br />Up to 410 mm per year on small strip of northern coast<br />Snow:<br />Sinai mountains<br />Some northern cities (such as Damietta, Baltim…etc)<br />Temperature:<br />80 °F – 90 °F in summer (up to 109 °F on Red Sea Coast)<br /> 55 °F – 70 °F in winter<br />The Khamaseen (wind blowing from the south) can raise the temperature in the desert to above 100 °F in the spring<br />Geography - Climate<br />
  4. 4. People – Demographics <br />Most populated country in the Middle East<br />78,866,635 people (July 2009 est.)<br />Religion:<br />90% Islam<br />The rest are mostly Christian (Coptic Orthodox)<br />Ethnicity:<br />91% Egyptian<br />Minorities include:<br />Abazas, Turks, Greeks, Bedouin Arab tribes of Sinai Peninsula, the Siwis of the Siwa Oasis, Nubian communities that live along the Nile, and the tribal communities of Beja<br />
  5. 5. People - Economy <br />Depends on:<br />Agriculture<br />Media<br />Petroleum exports<br />Tourism<br />Energy production:<br />Coal<br />Oil<br />Natural gas<br />Hydro power<br />Third largest receiver of post-Iraq war funds given by United States<br />Cairo – The Capital of Egypt <br />
  6. 6. Among the earliest civilizations<br />Influenced European, Middle Eastern, and some African cultures<br />One of the first Arab-speaking nations<br />Egypt’s ancient culture influenced:<br />Modern Western culture<br />Arab culture <br />Literature<br />Music<br />Film<br />Television<br />Egyptian civilization is renowned for its architecture:<br />The Temples of Abu Simbel<br />Valley of the Kings<br />The Great Sphinx of Giza<br />…etc<br />Ancient Culture<br />
  7. 7. Cairo (“Hollywood of the Middle East”)<br />Cairo Opera House:<br />Main performing arts venue in Cairo<br />Cairo International Film Festival<br />One of eleven festivals with a top class rating<br />Literature<br />Egyptian novelists & poets were among the first to use the modern styles of Arabic literature<br />Vernacular poetry is most popular genre<br />Music<br />Mixture of indigenous, Mediterranean, African, and Western elements<br />Modern Culture<br />
  8. 8. History – Ancient Egypt<br />6,000 years of recorded history<br />Old Kingdom<br />2700-2200 BC<br />Famous for pyramids<br />Pyramid of Djoser<br />Giza Pyramids<br />Middle Kingdom<br />2040 BC<br />Stronger Nile floods and stabilization of government<br />New Kingdom<br />1550-1070 BC<br />Began with Eighteenth Dynasty<br />Marked the rise of Egypt as an international power<br />Noted for well-known Pharaoh's:<br />Hatshepsut<br />Thutmose III<br />Akhenaten& Nefertiti<br />Tutankhamun (King Tut)<br />Ramesses II<br />
  9. 9. History – Modern History <br />Invaded by Napoleon in 1798<br />Invaded by Ottoman, Mamluk, and British forces in 1801<br />Muhammad Ali became the Sultan in Istanbul’s viceroy of Egypt in 1805<br />Military focus<br />“Modernizer of Egypt”<br />Built a system of canals for irrigation & transport<br />In 1820, Egypt was introduced to long-staple cotton (‘Egyptian’ cotton)<br />Agriculture became a cash-crop monoculture<br />Muhammad succeeded by:<br />Ibrahim (September 1848)<br />Abbas I (November 1848)<br />Said (1854)<br />Isma’il (1863)<br />Dissatisfaction of people led to formation of first nationalist groupings in 1879<br />
  10. 10. Sources<br />Wikipedia: Egypt<br /><br />Wikipedia: Geography of Egypt<br /><br />Wikipedia: Demographics of Egypt<br /><br />Wikipedia: Economy of Egypt<br /><br />Wikipedia: Culture of Egypt<br /><br />Wikipedia: History of Egypt<br /><br />Book: The Second World<br />Khanna, Parag. The Second World. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2008<br />