Presentation water use civil

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Presentation water use civil

  1. 1. Water Use By, Donovan Pines “ By 2025, it could be two-thirds of the world population will be living under water stress that will undermine and impede social economic development. ” (Hilary Clinton)
  2. 2. Fresh Water <ul><li>Fresh water has the capacity to enhance life </li></ul><ul><li>Its absence can make life miserable </li></ul><ul><li>Earths surface is 70% water </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh water is a precious resource </li></ul><ul><li>Without it we can not survive </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fresh water is scarce <ul><li>expensive because there is not enough for everybody </li></ul><ul><li>people do not have access to fresh water </li></ul><ul><li>water under the earths surface is more important now </li></ul><ul><li>underground resources represent 96% of the planets fresh water </li></ul>
  4. 4. Example <ul><li>Nearly two-fifths of the United States' 25,000 sewer systems illegally discharged raw sewage of other nasty stuff into rivers or lakes in 2007-09, and over 40% of the country's waters are considered dangerously polluted.&quot; ~a special report on water: Enough is Not Enough, May 22, 2010. </li></ul>
  5. 5. People are running short <ul><li>More than 800 million people have no access to an improved water source </li></ul><ul><li>As many as 2.5 billion people have no access to sanitation services </li></ul><ul><li>Two-thirds of the worlds population will face water shortages in 2025 </li></ul>
  6. 6. More information <ul><li>Half a billion people in Africa have no access to adequate water sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The big deal is that its water, and everybody needs it,&quot; said Cletus Springer, Director of the (O.A.S) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Many effects of lack of fresh water/diseases <ul><li>Thousands of people die each day from diarrheal disease </li></ul><ul><li>By washing hands with soap and water, people could block one of the main transmission routes for the spread of diarrheal diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Many citizens use water as if the supply is infinite </li></ul>
  8. 8. Example <ul><li>The biggest issue is that they will drink water from anywhere, so waterborne diseases are a threat, especially diarrhea and cholera,” says Sami Malik, a spokesperson for the U.N. Children’s fund. </li></ul><ul><li>Dirty water and poor sanitation kill's 5,000 children a day </li></ul>
  9. 9. More Examples of effects/Diseases <ul><li>“ In Africa, where access to water can be a daily struggle, the management of shared aquifers is an urgent issue,” said Charles Ngangou, chairman of African ministers council on water </li></ul><ul><li>Aid workers are worried about possible out breaks in disease </li></ul>
  10. 10. Additional Evidence <ul><li>In Montreal, concerns are fresh water waste inherent filtering water, which is lost through leaky old pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Aid workers are worried about possible out breaks in disease </li></ul>
  11. 11. We Can Help <ul><li>World bank provide more than $5 billion a year in water engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Have to save and use water wisely </li></ul><ul><li>Look for other water sources and not take water for granted </li></ul>
  12. 12. More Information <ul><li>Salt can be removed from water using three kinds of distillation </li></ul><ul><li>S ewage water can be converted to drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Governments are expected to adopt a convention on aquifers in 2011 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Water Scarcity Statistics
  14. 14. Who is A Civil Engineer <ul><li>Oversee construction and maintenance building structures and facilities </li></ul><ul><li>They also oversee roads, airports, irrigation projects and water and sewage systems </li></ul>
  15. 15. Education Required <ul><li>4 year Bachelor degree in science/mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>2 years Masters degree </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral or professional Degree </li></ul>
  16. 16. Salary: entry, average, potential <ul><li>Entry level: at 10% $50,560 </li></ul><ul><li>Other 25% $61,59 </li></ul><ul><li>Average salary: 50% $77,560 </li></ul><ul><li>Other 75% $97,990 </li></ul><ul><li>Potential: $119,320 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Future Demand For Position <ul><li>By 2008-2018 this occupation will increase 20% or higher </li></ul><ul><li>Job openings approximately 114,600 </li></ul>
  18. 18. High School/ Academy <ul><li>Attending River Hill High school from 2012-2016 </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture Design Academy, 2012-2016 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take two years of world Language and a Development I class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-requisite is foundations of technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final grade of a &quot;B&quot; or better </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earn up to 6 credits </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. College <ul><li>University of Cambridge </li></ul><ul><li>Tuition: 9,000 British Pounds for a year or scholarship 6,000 pounds </li></ul><ul><li>Great Engineering program </li></ul><ul><li>First two years the students will be taught about mechanical and structural engineering as well as materials, electrical and information engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Students can choose from 9 majors in their third year </li></ul>
  20. 20. COMMUNITY SERVICE/ PAST EMPLOYMENT <ul><li>Cleaned up Patapsco River </li></ul><ul><li>Provided food homeless people every Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>Donated many things to the Salvation army </li></ul><ul><li>Student Intern at Robinson Nature Center </li></ul><ul><li>Intern at Clark construction </li></ul>

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