Adrian Markelov
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Adrian Markelov






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Adrian Markelov Adrian Markelov Presentation Transcript

  • Adrian Markleov B Block 11/15/11
    • Blood diamonds: are illegal uncut diamonds used to finance rebel forces in war torn countries in Africa
    • Quote: “diamonds are forever it is often said. But lives are not we must spare people the ordeal of war, mutilation and death for the sake of blood diamonds,” Martin Changong.
    • Statistic: 4 percent of all Diamonds are conflict diamonds.
    • A. War torn countries in Africa
    • 1. Sierra Leon
    • 2. C.A.R
    • 3. Liberia
    • 4. Democratic Republic of Congo
    • 5. Ivory Coast
    • 6. Angola
    • 7. Zimbabwe
    • a. Marange Field Zimbabwe is the biggest blood diamond field in the world.
    • b. Musodhi Hasha Zimbabwe is where the rebel forces have enslaved Africans to work their field.
    • B. Rebel controlled areas that have lots of diamonds.
    • 1. Al Qaeda has land in the Ivory Coast and uses their diamonds for arms.
    • 2. A group called the R.U.F. (Revolutionary United Front) created a civil war in Sierra Leon against government.
    • War lords want to rebel.
    • 1. They gather an army of rebels.
    • 2. They need weapons.
    • a. They harvest diamonds to pay for arms.
    • b. They used enslaved Africans to sift for diamonds on their property.
    • B. Civil Wars in Africa
    • C. The demand for diamonds is so high
    • 1. They own property that is loaded with diamonds
    • 2. Rebels can charge diamonds for high price and easily pay for arms.
    • The Kimberly Process ( a group started January 17 2001 and is used to check if traded diamonds are legitimate) is not 100% efficient.
    • By being sent secretly to a diamond trusted country.
    • Zimbabwe diamonds are wrapped as cookies and sent to Surat India where they are mixed with clean diamonds (not blood diamonds)
    • They are also driven to neighboring countries more easily that are trusted like Republic of Congo
    • In the late 1980’s and 1990’s.
    • Start in Angola in 1992 to finance UNITA rebels in their civil war.
    • Started in Sierra Leone to finance RUF rebels in their civil war.
    • After the diamond industry boomed in the early 1900’s.
    • The first diamond, The Sedafe. Found in Sierra Leone was in 1930.
    • In 1927 the first diamonds where found in the Ivory Coast.
    • A. Government by coasting the money and makes them look bad.
    • It coast millions to pay to pay for the Kimberly Process to have to check diamonds.
    • Cost money to fight rebels and their arms.
    • In liberia the government was being blamed for not putting any effort into stopping the rebels.
    • People by raising taxes and being raided.
    • Raises taxes to help support military.
    • The rebels forces occasional come into villages and slaughter the people in defiance of the government .
    • When rebel forces come raid villages for slaves they would chop of the hands of children.
    • African slaves are used to sift diamonds.
    • There is a relation between an ambassador and blood diamonds because an ambassadors job is to represent a country and help solve issues between countries and blood diamonds are an issue between countries.
      • - salary : 150,000
      • - trends : a country always will need a representative
      • - advancement : impossible ambassador is the highest ranking diplomat
      • Related careers : president, lawyer, journalist, and military general
    • Atholton high school
    • Career Academy: Business and Management
    • I have picked this academy because it suits my interests in organizing my self and anything I have my mind on.
    • Location: Orange Town NJ
    • Tuition: $34,000
    • Requirement for admission: 1.8 GPA
    • School Mascot: Pirates
    • Number of students: 9,592 students
    • Volunteered at Days End Horse Farm
    • Volunteered at Columbia Horse Center
    • Participated in Food on the 15 th
    • Participated in Harvest Fest
    • Helped in an adopt a road program
    • I have done these good deeds because I love horses and always want to help my community to be healthy and clean.
      • Worked at post office Columbia MD 2015
      • Ambitiously captained a soccer team for S.A.C. 2010-2011 Columbia MD
      • Won dozens of horse jumping and posture competitions 2006-2010
      • Worked at the national archives D.C. 2014
      • Performs in Piano recitals 2005-2016
      • Worked as a New York Tour guide
    • US Aid. gov.  Blood Diamonds  . N.d. US Aid gov.  geology . Web. 5 Dec. 2011.       <>.
    • US Aid. gov.  Blood Diamonds  . N.d. US Aid gov.  geology . Web. 5 Dec. 2011.       <>.