Hist 140 theme 3 part 2

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Hist 140 theme 3 part 2

  1. 1. The Spanish Empire<br />Katelyn Gauthier<br />
  2. 2. The House of Habsburgs<br />Charles I<br /><ul><li>Lineage: Grandson of Isabella and Ferdinand
  3. 3. Title: King of Rome, Italy, Spain; Archduke of Austria; Duke of Burgundy
  4. 4. Rule: 1516 - 1556</li></ul>Charles II<br /><ul><li>Lineage: Son of Philip IV
  5. 5. Title: King of Spain and Spanish Netherlands
  6. 6. Rule: 1665 - 1700</li></ul>Philip II<br /><ul><li>Lineage: Son of Charles I
  7. 7. Title: King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, England, Ireland, and Spanish Netherlands; Duke of Milan
  8. 8. Rule: 1556 - 1598</li></ul>Philip IV<br /><ul><li>Lineage: Son of Philip III
  9. 9. Title: King of Spain and Portugal
  10. 10. Rule: 1621 - 1665
  11. 11. Philip III
  12. 12. Lineage: Son of Philip II
  13. 13. Title: King of Spain and Portugal
  14. 14. Rule: 1598 - 1621</li></li></ul><li>The House of Bourbon<br />Philip V<br />Lineage: Great grandson of Philip IV<br />Title: King of Spain<br />Rule: 1700 - 1724<br />Charles III<br /><ul><li>Lineage: Son of Philip V
  15. 15. Title: King of Spain, Naples, and Sicily; Duke of Parma
  16. 16. Rule: 1759 - 1788</li></ul>Louis I<br />Lineage: Son of Philip V<br />Title: King of Spain<br />Rule: 1724 - 1724<br />Charles IV<br /><ul><li>Lineage: Son of Charles III
  17. 17. Title: King of Spain
  18. 18. Rule: 1788 - 1808</li></ul>Philip V<br />Lineage: Father of Louis I<br />Title: King of Spain <br />Rule: 1724 - 1746<br />Ferdinand VI<br />Lineage: Son of Philip V<br />Title: King of Spain <br />Rule: 1746 - 1759<br />
  19. 19. Spain: 15th-16thCentury Conquests and Battles <br /> <br /><ul><li>1476 Santa Cruz de Mar Pequeña
  20. 20. 1479 Won Portuguese Canary Islands
  21. 21. 1483 gain islands of Gran Canaria
  22. 22. 1493 gain La Palma
  23. 23. 1496 gain Tenerife
  24. 24. 1497 conquer Melilla
  25. 25. Early 16th century - Panama, Cuba, Puerto Rico claimed in America
  26. 26. 1505 gain Mazalquivi
  27. 27. 1508 Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
  28. 28. 1509 gain Oran
  29. 29. 1509 Battle of Agnadello
  30. 30. Allied with France against Venice
  31. 31. 1510 gain Algiers
  32. 32. 1510 gain Bugia
  33. 33. 1511 gain Tripoli
  34. 34. 1509 Battle of Agnadello
  35. 35. Allied with France against Venice
  36. 36. 1516 Truce with France gained Spanish control of Navarre
  37. 37. Panama, Cuba, Puerto Rico claimed in America
  38. 38. 1519 – 1521 Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
  39. 39. Later became New Spain, or as we know it today, Mexico
  40. 40. Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire
  41. 41. 1529 Spanish won Milan from France
  42. 42. Settlements:
  43. 43. 1530s New Granada
  44. 44. 1535 Lima
  45. 45. 1536 Buenos Aires
  46. 46. 1541 Santiago
  47. 47. 1565 Florida
  48. 48. 1604 Chile
  49. 49. Possessions in Africa lost:
  50. 50. 1535 La Goleta
  51. 51. 1522 Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
  52. 52. 1524 Santa Cruz de Mar Pequeña
  53. 53. 1529Algiers
  54. 54. 1551Tripoli
  55. 55. 1554 Bujia
  56. 56. 1569 La Goleta and Tunis
  57. 57. 1547 Battle of Mühlberg against Germany
  58. 58. Defeated by Protestants
  59. 59. England allied to Spain upon Phillip marriage to Mary Tudor
  60. 60. 1558 Battle of St. Quentin in Picardy & Battle of Gravelines against France
  61. 61. Resulted in recognition by France of Spain’s claims to Italy
  62. 62. 1571 Battle of Lepanto
  63. 63. Defeated Ottomans and marked the end of Ottoman naval supremacy
  64. 64. 1574 Siege of Leiden
  65. 65. Lost to Dutch
  66. 66. 1580 Inherited Portuguese throne
  67. 67. 1590 Invaded France
  68. 68. 1599 Battle of Curalaba
  69. 69. Mapuches defeat Spanish in Chile and kill governor MartínGarcíaÓñez de Loyola
  70. 70. Led to the Destruction of the Seven Cities
  71. 71. Led to War of Arauco</li></li></ul><li>Spain: 17th-19thCentury Conquests and Battles <br /><ul><li> 1618 Spain enters into Thirty Years’ War
  72. 72. 1625 Netherlands’ Breda surrenders
  73. 73. 1625 Salvador da Bahia in Brazil is taken from Dutch
  74. 74. 1626 Dessau Bridge & Lutter
  75. 75. Both victories against Danes
  76. 76. 1634 Battle of Nördlingen
  77. 77. Spanish victory over Swedes
  78. 78. 1639 Battle of Downs
  79. 79. Spanish fleet is destroyed by the Dutch
  80. 80. 1643 Battle of Rocroi
  81. 81. Spanish lose to French
  82. 82. Because Spain’s finest soldiery, The Army of Flanders, was defeated, this battle is symbolic of the loss of Spain’s grandeur
  83. 83. Battle of Lens
  84. 84. Spanish recognize Dutch independence
  85. 85. 1648 Spain takes Naples
  86. 86. 1652 Spain takes Catalonia
  87. 87. 1658 Battle of Dunes
  88. 88. Spanish army in Netherlands defeated by the French
  89. 89. 1668 recognize independence of Portugal after defeat by Portuguese at the Battle of Ameixial in 1663 and the Battle of Monte Claros in 1665
  90. 90. 1668 War of Devolution
  91. 91. Defeat of Spanish Netherlands by France
  92. 92. Resulted in loss of Lille and Charleroi.
  93. 93. 1672-1679 Franco-Dutch War
  94. 94. Loss of Spanish territory in the Netherlands
  95. 95. 1690 Battle of Fleurus
  96. 96. Spanish defeated by French
  97. 97. 1734 War of the Polish Succession
  98. 98. Spanish retake Naples and Sicily from Austrians
  99. 99. 1739 – 1742 War of Jenkins' Ear
  100. 100. Prevented British seizure of Cartagena de Indias and Cuba
  101. 101. 1741 Battle of Cartagena de Indias.
  102. 102. Spanish defeat British fleet in present day Colombia</li></ul> <br />
  103. 103. Spain: 15th - – 16th Century Treaties<br /><ul><li>Treaty of Alcáçovas - September 4, 1479
  104. 104. Portuguese keep claims to Madeira, Azores, and the Cape Verde islands but hand the remainder of the Canary Islands over to Spain,
  105. 105. Confirmed by Pope Sixtus IV in 1481
  106. 106. Treaty of Tordesillas June 7, 1494
  107. 107. Divided the globe into two hemispheres between the Spanish and the Portuguese, giving the New World (excluding Brazil) and eastern Asia to the Spanish
  108. 108. Treaty of Cintra – September 8, 1509
  109. 109. Established limits under the Kingdom of Fez
  110. 110. Treaty of Zaragoza – 1525
  111. 111. Settled the antimeridian of Tordesillas
  112. 112. Peace of Augsburg - 1555
  113. 113. Signed with Protestant states following the Battle of Muhlberg in 1547
  114. 114. restored stability in Germany under Charles V’s principle “cuius regio, eius religio”
  115. 115. Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, - 1559
  116. 116. Recognized Spanish claims in Italy
  117. 117. Followed Spanish victory (under Philip II) at Battle of Gravelines
  118. 118. Celebration of treaty led to death of Henry II of France by stray splinter
  119. 119. Treaty of Vervins – 1598
  120. 120. Spain officially recognizes Henry IV as king of France</li></li></ul><li>Spain: 17th - – 19th Century Treaties<br /><ul><li>Treaty of London -1604
  121. 121. Between England and Spain after a series of losses at sea for the British
  122. 122. Twelve Years' Truce – 1609
  123. 123. After Spain declared bankruptcy, Spanish make truce with the United Provinces of the Netherlands
  124. 124. Peace of Westphalia – 1648
  125. 125. Peace made between Spanish and Dutch by recognition of the United Provinces of the Netherlands by Spain
  126. 126. Marked an end Eighty Years’ War and Thirty Years’ War
  127. 127. Peace of the Pyrenees - 1659
  128. 128. In consequence of the Battle of Dunes, Spain surrenders Roussillon and Artois back to France
  129. 129. Treaties of Utrecht - April 11, 1713
  130. 130. Redistribution of territories
  131. 131. Spain: retains overseas empire
  132. 132. Austria: Spanish Netherlands, Naples, Milan, and Sardinia
  133. 133. Duchy of Savoy: Sicily, parts of Milan
  134. 134. Great Britain: Gibraltar and Minorca
  135. 135. Philip V: right to slave trading in Spanish America for thirty years, asiento, licensed voyages to Spanish ports
  136. 136. Treaty of Madrid – 1750
  137. 137. Amazon basin and surrounding areas given to Portugal
  138. 138. Treaty of Paris - 1783
  139. 139. After Battle of Pensacola, Florida is returned to Spain and the Bahamas is returned to the British</li>

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