Hist 140 theme 3 part 2

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  • 1. The Spanish Empire
    Katelyn Gauthier
  • 2. The House of Habsburgs
    Charles I
    • Lineage: Grandson of Isabella and Ferdinand
    • 3. Title: King of Rome, Italy, Spain; Archduke of Austria; Duke of Burgundy
    • 4. Rule: 1516 - 1556
    Charles II
    • Lineage: Son of Philip IV
    • 5. Title: King of Spain and Spanish Netherlands
    • 6. Rule: 1665 - 1700
    Philip II
    • Lineage: Son of Charles I
    • 7. Title: King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, England, Ireland, and Spanish Netherlands; Duke of Milan
    • 8. Rule: 1556 - 1598
    Philip IV
    • Lineage: Son of Philip III
    • 9. Title: King of Spain and Portugal
    • 10. Rule: 1621 - 1665
    • 11. Philip III
    • 12. Lineage: Son of Philip II
    • 13. Title: King of Spain and Portugal
    • 14. Rule: 1598 - 1621
  • The House of Bourbon
    Philip V
    Lineage: Great grandson of Philip IV
    Title: King of Spain
    Rule: 1700 - 1724
    Charles III
    • Lineage: Son of Philip V
    • 15. Title: King of Spain, Naples, and Sicily; Duke of Parma
    • 16. Rule: 1759 - 1788
    Louis I
    Lineage: Son of Philip V
    Title: King of Spain
    Rule: 1724 - 1724
    Charles IV
    • Lineage: Son of Charles III
    • 17. Title: King of Spain
    • 18. Rule: 1788 - 1808
    Philip V
    Lineage: Father of Louis I
    Title: King of Spain
    Rule: 1724 - 1746
    Ferdinand VI
    Lineage: Son of Philip V
    Title: King of Spain
    Rule: 1746 - 1759
  • 19. Spain: 15th-16thCentury Conquests and Battles
     
    • 1476 Santa Cruz de Mar Pequeña
    • 20. 1479 Won Portuguese Canary Islands
    • 21. 1483 gain islands of Gran Canaria
    • 22. 1493 gain La Palma
    • 23. 1496 gain Tenerife
    • 24. 1497 conquer Melilla
    • 25. Early 16th century - Panama, Cuba, Puerto Rico claimed in America
    • 26. 1505 gain Mazalquivi
    • 27. 1508 Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
    • 28. 1509 gain Oran
    • 29. 1509 Battle of Agnadello
    • 30. Allied with France against Venice
    • 31. 1510 gain Algiers
    • 32. 1510 gain Bugia
    • 33. 1511 gain Tripoli
    • 34. 1509 Battle of Agnadello
    • 35. Allied with France against Venice
    • 36. 1516 Truce with France gained Spanish control of Navarre
    • 37. Panama, Cuba, Puerto Rico claimed in America
    • 38. 1519 – 1521 Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
    • 39. Later became New Spain, or as we know it today, Mexico
    • 40. Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire
    • 41. 1529 Spanish won Milan from France
    • 42. Settlements:
    • 43. 1530s New Granada
    • 44. 1535 Lima
    • 45. 1536 Buenos Aires
    • 46. 1541 Santiago
    • 47. 1565 Florida
    • 48. 1604 Chile
    • 49. Possessions in Africa lost:
    • 50. 1535 La Goleta
    • 51. 1522 Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
    • 52. 1524 Santa Cruz de Mar Pequeña
    • 53. 1529Algiers
    • 54. 1551Tripoli
    • 55. 1554 Bujia
    • 56. 1569 La Goleta and Tunis
    • 57. 1547 Battle of Mühlberg against Germany
    • 58. Defeated by Protestants
    • 59. England allied to Spain upon Phillip marriage to Mary Tudor
    • 60. 1558 Battle of St. Quentin in Picardy & Battle of Gravelines against France
    • 61. Resulted in recognition by France of Spain’s claims to Italy
    • 62. 1571 Battle of Lepanto
    • 63. Defeated Ottomans and marked the end of Ottoman naval supremacy
    • 64. 1574 Siege of Leiden
    • 65. Lost to Dutch
    • 66. 1580 Inherited Portuguese throne
    • 67. 1590 Invaded France
    • 68. 1599 Battle of Curalaba
    • 69. Mapuches defeat Spanish in Chile and kill governor MartínGarcíaÓñez de Loyola
    • 70. Led to the Destruction of the Seven Cities
    • 71. Led to War of Arauco
  • Spain: 17th-19thCentury Conquests and Battles
    •  1618 Spain enters into Thirty Years’ War
    • 72. 1625 Netherlands’ Breda surrenders
    • 73. 1625 Salvador da Bahia in Brazil is taken from Dutch
    • 74. 1626 Dessau Bridge & Lutter
    • 75. Both victories against Danes
    • 76. 1634 Battle of Nördlingen
    • 77. Spanish victory over Swedes
    • 78. 1639 Battle of Downs
    • 79. Spanish fleet is destroyed by the Dutch
    • 80. 1643 Battle of Rocroi
    • 81. Spanish lose to French
    • 82. Because Spain’s finest soldiery, The Army of Flanders, was defeated, this battle is symbolic of the loss of Spain’s grandeur
    • 83. Battle of Lens
    • 84. Spanish recognize Dutch independence
    • 85. 1648 Spain takes Naples
    • 86. 1652 Spain takes Catalonia
    • 87. 1658 Battle of Dunes
    • 88. Spanish army in Netherlands defeated by the French
    • 89. 1668 recognize independence of Portugal after defeat by Portuguese at the Battle of Ameixial in 1663 and the Battle of Monte Claros in 1665
    • 90. 1668 War of Devolution
    • 91. Defeat of Spanish Netherlands by France
    • 92. Resulted in loss of Lille and Charleroi.
    • 93. 1672-1679 Franco-Dutch War
    • 94. Loss of Spanish territory in the Netherlands
    • 95. 1690 Battle of Fleurus
    • 96. Spanish defeated by French
    • 97. 1734 War of the Polish Succession
    • 98. Spanish retake Naples and Sicily from Austrians
    • 99. 1739 – 1742 War of Jenkins' Ear
    • 100. Prevented British seizure of Cartagena de Indias and Cuba
    • 101. 1741 Battle of Cartagena de Indias.
    • 102. Spanish defeat British fleet in present day Colombia
     
  • 103. Spain: 15th - – 16th Century Treaties
    • Treaty of Alcáçovas - September 4, 1479
    • 104. Portuguese keep claims to Madeira, Azores, and the Cape Verde islands but hand the remainder of the Canary Islands over to Spain,
    • 105. Confirmed by Pope Sixtus IV in 1481
    • 106. Treaty of Tordesillas June 7, 1494
    • 107. Divided the globe into two hemispheres between the Spanish and the Portuguese, giving the New World (excluding Brazil) and eastern Asia to the Spanish
    • 108. Treaty of Cintra – September 8, 1509
    • 109. Established limits under the Kingdom of Fez
    • 110. Treaty of Zaragoza – 1525
    • 111. Settled the antimeridian of Tordesillas
    • 112. Peace of Augsburg - 1555
    • 113. Signed with Protestant states following the Battle of Muhlberg in 1547
    • 114. restored stability in Germany under Charles V’s principle “cuius regio, eius religio”
    • 115. Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, - 1559
    • 116. Recognized Spanish claims in Italy
    • 117. Followed Spanish victory (under Philip II) at Battle of Gravelines
    • 118. Celebration of treaty led to death of Henry II of France by stray splinter
    • 119. Treaty of Vervins – 1598
    • 120. Spain officially recognizes Henry IV as king of France
  • Spain: 17th - – 19th Century Treaties
    • Treaty of London -1604
    • 121. Between England and Spain after a series of losses at sea for the British
    • 122. Twelve Years' Truce – 1609
    • 123. After Spain declared bankruptcy, Spanish make truce with the United Provinces of the Netherlands
    • 124. Peace of Westphalia – 1648
    • 125. Peace made between Spanish and Dutch by recognition of the United Provinces of the Netherlands by Spain
    • 126. Marked an end Eighty Years’ War and Thirty Years’ War
    • 127. Peace of the Pyrenees - 1659
    • 128. In consequence of the Battle of Dunes, Spain surrenders Roussillon and Artois back to France
    • 129. Treaties of Utrecht - April 11, 1713
    • 130. Redistribution of territories
    • 131. Spain: retains overseas empire
    • 132. Austria: Spanish Netherlands, Naples, Milan, and Sardinia
    • 133. Duchy of Savoy: Sicily, parts of Milan
    • 134. Great Britain: Gibraltar and Minorca
    • 135. Philip V: right to slave trading in Spanish America for thirty years, asiento, licensed voyages to Spanish ports
    • 136. Treaty of Madrid – 1750
    • 137. Amazon basin and surrounding areas given to Portugal
    • 138. Treaty of Paris - 1783
    • 139. After Battle of Pensacola, Florida is returned to Spain and the Bahamas is returned to the British