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Ideology/ Barbour & Wright Chap. 1

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  • 1. Ideology Barbour & Wright Chapter 1 Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 2. Political Culture Refers to the shared values or beliefs about the nature of the political world Gives us a common language to use to discuss or debate Ideals or principles that most agree are important even if they disagree on a precise definition Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 3. Political Culture “Political culture is handed down from generation to generation, through families, schools, communities, literature, churches and synagogues, and so on, helping to provide stability for the nation by ensuring that a majority of citizens are well grounded in and committed to the basic values that sustain it.” Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 4. Political Values Individualism Fair processes Democracy Freedom Equality Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 5. Ideologies The sets of beliefs and opinions about politics, the economy, and society that help people make sense of their world Points of view that divide people into opposing political camps In U.S. range of debate is How are ideologies formed? fairly narrow Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 6. Ideology Continuum Simplest way of demonstrating American ideology Moderate/ Independent Liberal Conservative Often associated Often associated with Democratic with Republican Party Party Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 7. Red-State/Blue-State Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 8. Purple States Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 9. X+Y ideology Grid Less government control of social/moral Ex. Liberals Ex. Libertarians More Less Most government government Americans control of control of economy economy Ex. Religious Ex. Populists & Right Communitarians More government control of social/moral Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 10. Policy Preferences Questionnaire Indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with each statement (0=strongly disagree, 4=strongly agree). When you finish each group, total the five numbers that you have written in the far right-hand column. ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Group A A1. Wages should be determined by the free market and not governmental standards like a minimum wage (even if that means low wages). Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ A2. Trade restrictions should be lifted on imports to reduce prices even if that means lower profits for American businesses. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ A3. U.S. businesses should be allowed to provide jobs to employees in foreign countries even if that means Americans losing their jobs. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ A4. Price supports on farm products should be eliminated even if that leads to farmers going out of business. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ A Total: ______ Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 11. Group B B1. Owners of private businesses, larger than a convenience store, should be required to pay for most of the health insurance costs of their employees even if that reduces business profits. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ B2. Government should be active in setting health and safety standards for consumer products produced by private businesses even if that leads to higher prices for consumers. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ B3. The minimum hourly wage should be increased by a significant percentage even if that leads to increased prices for consumer goods. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ B4. Stricter environmental regulations should be enacted to prevent air, land, and water pollution created by businesses even if that leads to higher prices for consumer goods. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ B Total: ______ Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 12. Group C C1. Sexual activities between consenting adults (regardless of gender) should be legal. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ C2. Marijuana should be made legal for adults over the age of 21 subject to regulations such as no driving under the influence. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ C3. People who have terminal diseases should have the right to end their own lives with the assistance of doctors. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ C4. Television should be free from government regulation when it comes to language, nudity, etc. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ C Total: ______ Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 13. Group D D1. All students attending public K-12 should be subject to spanking or paddling by school authorities when they violate school rules. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ D2. Non-religious or religious alcohol use should be illegal. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ D3. If a married person engages in sex with somebody other than their spouse both persons should be subjected to punishment by the state. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ D4. Communities should have the right to keep local businesses from selling Playboy and Penthouse magazines. Strongly Disagree Neutral Agree Strongly Disagree Agree 0-------------1-------------2----------3----------4 ______ D Total: ______ Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 14. Ideology Quiz Scoring Subtract your total on section B from your total on section A A-B = x-axis score (horizontal) Subtract your total on section D from your total on section C C-D = y-axis score (vertical) Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 15. Less government control of social/moral 16 Liberal Libertarian 8 More Less -16 -8 8 16 government government control of control of 0 economy economy -8 Social Populist Conservative -16 More government control of social/moral Monday, February 2, 2009
  • 16. More on Ideology Pew Research Center on People and the Press http://typology.people-press.org/typology/ Monday, February 2, 2009