Basic Photography v4

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updated v4 1/15/2013

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Basic Photography v4

  1. 1. {or how to take better pictures} C:UsersmrichterDropboxPublicvidsbasicintro.avi You don’t take a picture… You make it
  2. 2. What you need to take this courseA Digital CameraThe Manual – Tip: Know your camera!A USB thumb drive (for the projects) You don’t take a picture… You make it
  3. 3. About this ClassClass is 4 meetings 2 hours each1st hour a review of last weeks projects2nd hour new materialClass 1 – The basics about Cameras, Types of Photos with Tips & LightClass 2 – Aperture, Shutter & ExposureClass 3 – Composition and ArtClass 4 – Review and Intro to Photo Editing Software You don’t take a picture… You make it
  4. 4. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  5. 5. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  6. 6. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  7. 7. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  8. 8. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  9. 9. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  10. 10. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  11. 11. Myths of PhotographyMyth #1- Photography records what we see.Myth #2- The Camera Knows Best.Myth #3- There is a right and wrong way.Myth #4- You need expensive equipment to take great photos.Myth #5- Megapixels Matter You don’t take a picture… You make it
  12. 12. What I saw....You don’t take a picture… You make it
  13. 13. ...What my camera saw.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  14. 14. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  15. 15. Professional Portrait SessionYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  16. 16. DSLR, Micro 4/3s and PnS You don’t take a picture… You make it
  17. 17. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  18. 18. Each has strengths and weaknesses Know the limitations Work within those limitsTrying to force the camera outside it’s limits usually results in poor images.Causing photographer FRUSTRATION You don’t take a picture… You make it
  19. 19. Which one is from a dSLR anddon’t take a picture… a PnS camera? You which is from You make it
  20. 20. The one on the left is from a PnS (Nikon p5100) You don’t take a picture… You make it
  21. 21. For now,,,,stay within yourcamera’s limits. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  22. 22. Megapixels how many dotsPixel - picture element Smallest element that carries color information 30086 megapixels 2000 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  23. 23. Useful Image Size ChartMegapixels Screen (72dpi) Print (300dpi) X by Y 0.5 5x3 NR 800x600 2 10x8 5x3 1600x1200 4 14x11 7x5 2300x1700 6 20x16 10x8 3000x2000 10 40x25 17x13 3888x2592 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  24. 24. Digital ZoomBlows up a portion of the image at the expense of quality You don’t take a picture… You make it
  25. 25. Optical ZoomThe lens ability to enlarge the subject and maintain image quality You don’t take a picture… You make it
  26. 26. Optical ZoomJust like taking a few steps toward the subject. Image size will not change. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  27. 27. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  28. 28. Exposure recording the lightCombining Quantity Duration Sensitivity You don’t take a picture… You make it
  29. 29. Choose a bright sunny daySeal the room from light with black plastic then cut a dime sized hole You don’t take a picture… You make it
  30. 30. First Class Project Photo a Day Bring any camera with you.Create a photo which uses any of the concepts presented in class Bring your best with you to class. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  31. 31. Day 2 Day 3 Day 1 Day 4Daily Photo Challenge - Example Day 5 Day 6 You don’t take a picture… You make it Day 7
  32. 32. How to hold the CameraReduce SHAKEHold close to your body.Elbows in…Don’t hold your breathUse a brace, any braceLow light…use a support. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  33. 33. Support Yourself Tip - Make use of anything that will help you be steady You don’t take a picture… You make it
  34. 34. The miss-understood On Camera FlashOften used as a primary light source… WHAT?RED-EYEHARD SHADOWSFLAT IMAGESWASHES OUT COLORSUSED as a FILL LIGHT You don’t take a picture… You make it
  35. 35. The miss-understood On Camera Flash1st- on camera flash is only good for about 5 meters You don’t take a picture… You make it
  36. 36. The miss-understood On Camera Flash2nd - on camera flash is not very flattering.It flattens out features and washes out skin tones. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  37. 37. The On-Camera Flash You don’t take a picture… You make it
  38. 38. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  39. 39. The On Camera FlashCan work well as a fill light with other light to reduce shadows. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  40. 40. The On Camera FlashAt reduced power, it can “pop” extra light into dark areas. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  41. 41. Automatic Modes You don’t take a picture… You make it
  42. 42. Help with Specific SituationsReduced Light IndoorsOutdoor LandscapePortraitSportsMacro – Close UpChild and PetFireworks You don’t take a picture… You make it
  43. 43. Standard Frames vs. the Camera Most digital cameras capture at a ratio of 4:3. Most standard frames are at a ratio of 3:2. Therefore composing for prints requires a little extra attention to allow for cropping to fit the frame. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  44. 44. Portrait & LandscapeYour camera works just fine when tilted 90°Turn your camera to properly frame the subject. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  45. 45. Make the frame work for you! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  46. 46. Portrait Mode Smart cameras use facial recognition to set focus Red-eye Reduction Higher shutter speeds to reduce shake and wider apertures You don’t take a picture… You make it
  47. 47. Portraits Tip: Get light into the eyes and make sure they are in focus. Watch for reflections from glasses.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  48. 48. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  49. 49. Portraits Tip: Simplify the background. a “busy” background is distracting.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  50. 50. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  51. 51. Portraits Tip: Look for the “good side”. Humans, as a rule, lack symmetry.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  52. 52. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  53. 53. Portraits Tip: Don’t shoot from a low angle and avoid a wide lens setting.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  54. 54. Portraits Also, avoid extreme angles as they distort the rest of the bodyYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  55. 55. PLA You don’t take a picture… You make itY
  56. 56. Landscape Mode Higher aperture Flash off Higher saturation You don’t take a picture… You make it
  57. 57. Landscape Tips Successful landscapes often contain elements in the foreground, mid-ground, and background You don’t take a picture… You make it
  58. 58. Landscape Tips Elements in the foreground, mid-ground, and background create depth and dimensionality You don’t take a picture… You make it
  59. 59. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  60. 60. Sports/Action Mode Fast shutter speeds Reduce motion blur You don’t take a picture… You make it
  61. 61. Sports/Action Tips Find the best position for the action. Work within your gear’s limits. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  62. 62. Macro Mode Repositions lens elements for ultra close ups. High aperture for maximum DOF You don’t take a picture… You make it
  63. 63. Macro Tips Bring lots of light Use a support (tripod) Choose subjects that are stationary and fairly flat to start. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  64. 64. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  65. 65. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  66. 66. Let the camera help, Choose the right mode for the subject You don’t take a picture… You make it
  67. 67. Lets take a 5 minute break C:UsersmrichterDropboxPublicvidspeople2.wmv You don’t take a picture… You make it
  68. 68. Let’s Talk Light! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  69. 69. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  70. 70. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  71. 71. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  72. 72. The Color of LightWhat our eyes see as “white” is only a relative construct formed by our brain. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  73. 73. Light has it’s own Color You don’t take a picture… You make it
  74. 74. Tint Neutral You don’t take a picture… You make it
  75. 75. Color CorrectionAutomatic whitebalanceManual CalibrationBest guess – manualwhite balance settings You don’t take a picture… You make it
  76. 76. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  77. 77. Know the lightand use it to your advantage You don’t take a picture… You make it
  78. 78. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  79. 79. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  80. 80. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  81. 81. Different Light…. Different ResultsBright Sunlight can make photos look flat and washed out with harsh shadows.Evening Light creates highly saturated warm colors.Indoor Lighting can cause color casts. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  82. 82. Different Settings, Different Results Daylight Setting Full Sun Shade Cloudy Incandescent Setting Florescent Setting Daylight Balanced Florescent Automatic You don’t take a picture… You make it
  83. 83. Quality vs. Quantity of Light Its not just about there being enough light You don’t take a picture… You make it
  84. 84. Enough Light BUT Poor QualitySun directly overhead Harsh Shadows You don’t take a picture… You make it
  85. 85. Open shadeprovides enough light and Good quality light You don’t take a picture… You make it
  86. 86. C:UsersmrichterDropboxPublicvidsClass_3_changing_light.mp4 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  87. 87. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  88. 88. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  89. 89. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  90. 90. The Mechanics behind the CameraThe handout goes into nerd like detailIn class we will just touch the surface You don’t take a picture… You make it
  91. 91. The Exposure Triangle Aperture Shutter Speed ISO sensitivity You don’t take a picture… You make it
  92. 92. Zone 9 lightest Zone 4 mid gray Zone One 1 darkest You don’t take a picture… You make it
  93. 93. at f/5.6Shutter Speed 1/500 1/250 1/125 1/60 1/30 F/stop f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 at 1/125 sec. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  94. 94. at f/5.6Shutter Speed 1/500 1/250 1/125 1/60 1/30 F/stop f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 at 1/125 sec. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  95. 95. Shutter SpeedShort 1/500th sec Long 1/20th sec You don’t take a picture… You make it
  96. 96. You don’t take a picture…1/30 @ f/2.8 You make it
  97. 97. You don’t take a picture…30 sec @ f/8 You make it
  98. 98. 1/20 @ f/5.6 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  99. 99. 10 sec @ f/22 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  100. 100. You don’t take a picture…15 sec f/32 You make it
  101. 101. 1/20 @ f/4 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  102. 102. 1/625 @ f/8 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  103. 103. 1/2000 @ f/2.8 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  104. 104. 1/250 @ f/6.3 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  105. 105. Fast Shutter Speeds1/2000th will freeze rapidly moving water.1/650th will freeze most rapid motion like sports or birds.1/250th will freeze most casual human movement.1/60th will freeze most slow human movement. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  106. 106. Slow Shutter SpeedsBetween 1/60th and 1/10th seconds usually results inundesirable blurring. (BUT it can work for panning.)1/4th can give panning techniques an interesting look.1 second will allow fast movements to blur to colored.smears . Longer times can make movement disappear andturn flowing water in to soft cotton. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  107. 107. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  108. 108. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  109. 109. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  110. 110. Aperture Mechanical opening that regulates how much light enters the camera through the lens.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  111. 111. Aperture The physical opening of the camera lens Called F-Stop Higher the “F” number the smaller the opening F/22 small F/1.2 big You don’t take a picture… You make it
  112. 112. Depth of FieldShallowDOF You don’t take a picture… You make it
  113. 113. Depth of Field Long DOF You don’t take a picture… You make it
  114. 114. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  115. 115. Depth of Field MACRO Very Short DOF You don’t take a picture… You make it
  116. 116. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  117. 117. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  118. 118. Increasing the SensitivityISO more sensitivity at the expense of “noise” You don’t take a picture… You make it
  119. 119. ISO ISO 2500ISO 200 You don’t take a picture… You make it
  120. 120. Digital Noise You don’t take a picture… You make it
  121. 121. Changing any setting impacts the exposure value (or EV) EV=Shutter Speed+Aperture+ISOPLA You don’t take a picture… You make itY
  122. 122. When there’s not enough light…What can we do when there just isn’t enough light other than buy expensive equipmentMove to a brighter spotPush the ISO a noisy photo is better than nothingAdd light- Flash, lamps & reflectors ** Make the light work for you ** You don’t take a picture… You make it
  123. 123. Second Class ProjectTake a walk with your camera and take at least 50 photos. Remember you still have to take a photo a day! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  124. 124. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  125. 125. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  126. 126. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  127. 127. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  128. 128. Photography is Art You don’t take a picture… You make it
  129. 129. Photography is ArtTherefore many of the basic concepts of art and graphic design apply.Most strong images use many of these “rules” along with placing a subject in context with the environment or PURPOSLY removing the subject from the surroundings.Photos can tell a story without any words known as a Photo Essay( photo album?) You don’t take a picture… You make it
  130. 130. What do you want to achieve? Are you telling a story about an event or trip? Are you conveying emotion? Are you scratching an artistic itch? You don’t take a picture… You make it
  131. 131. Sense of PlaceSense of place canbe given throughmany hints Wide shots give an overview. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  132. 132. Out of Context, No Sense of Place The story is told in the details. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  133. 133. Rule of 3rds Offset the subject away from the center of the frame Using 3rd lines. Most dynamic points are at the intersections Square frames become an exception You don’t take a picture… You make it
  134. 134. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  135. 135. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  136. 136. Rule of 3rds You don’t take a picture… You make it
  137. 137. Rule of 3rds You don’t take a picture… You make it
  138. 138. Applied Rule of 3rds! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  139. 139. Beyond the Rule of Thirds You don’t take a picture… You make it
  140. 140. The Rule of ThreeOr the rule of odd numbersStates that odd numbers are more interesting than even quantitiesMostly for PortraitsCan be used with any clearly defined subjectsSubjects should relate to each other People Same Type of Animal or object You don’t take a picture… You make it
  141. 141. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  142. 142. Perspective Change your point of view to make your subject stand out. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  143. 143. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  144. 144. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  145. 145. Contrasts Contrasting Shapes Sizes Color Light to DarkYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  146. 146. Negative Space You don’t take a picture… You make it
  147. 147. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  148. 148. Repetition Similar shapes and lines help to tie a composition togetherYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  149. 149. Repetition of Shapes You don’t take a picture… You make it
  150. 150. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  151. 151. Leading Lines Look for the leading lines that lead your eye through the picture. Converging lines create depth. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  152. 152. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  153. 153. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  154. 154. Framing Use your surroundings to help display your subject.You don’t take a picture… You make it
  155. 155. Quality of LightAs we discussed in class #1,Make the Light work for you! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  156. 156. Copy those who are successfulEventually you will create your own style after all you’ll learn more from the successful than from the mediocre! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  157. 157. The Masters Henri Cartier-BressonFrom this image we learn about leading lines You don’t take a picture… You make it
  158. 158. The Masters A master of capturing personality warts and all You don’t take a picture… You make it
  159. 159. The MastersFrom this work we learn about shape and form You don’t take a picture… You make it
  160. 160. The MastersElliot Erwitt Here we see repetition You don’t take a picture… You make it
  161. 161. The MastersSee with the Photographer’s Eye You don’t take a picture… You make it
  162. 162. The MastersFrom RC we learn to develop a “Style” You don’t take a picture… You make it
  163. 163. The MastersJan Groover This image shows us contrasts You don’t take a picture… You make it
  164. 164. The Masters Philippe HalsmanLearn to think out of the box, be creative! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  165. 165. The MastersClyde Butcherfrom Clyde’s workwe learn patience.Sometimes we justhave to wait for theright moment You don’t take a picture… You make it
  166. 166. Practice! Practice! Practice! The more you shoot the better you will get! You don’t take a picture… You make it
  167. 167. Review – 11 TipsKnow Your Camera!Watch for interesting lightChoose a clear subjectSupport the subject include that which makes the subject stronger and remove the excess.Look for bad things in the backgroundLook for odd things sticking into the frame You don’t take a picture… You make it
  168. 168. Review – 11 TipsUse light to your advantageSupport the cameraUse the self-timerUse the correct modeLook for new and interesting perspectives You don’t take a picture… You make it
  169. 169. Final Class Project Can you take an every day object and make it art?Use perspective, lighting and location to create an interesting “artsy” imageBring your favorite in for class You don’t take a picture… You make it
  170. 170. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  171. 171. Next week Software How to “tweak” an image How to fix common problemsGimp, Photoshop, Photoshop Elements And Picasa You don’t take a picture… You make it
  172. 172. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  173. 173. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it
  174. 174. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  175. 175. SoftwareThe combination of digital cameras and image editing software gives the photographer almost limitless control of the final image. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  176. 176. Software Can make your photos “POP”You don’t take a picture… You make it
  177. 177. Can be just correctiveYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  178. 178. Or artisticYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  179. 179. Or black & whiteYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  180. 180. Better than in-cameraYou don’t take a picture… You make it
  181. 181. What Computer Should I Use? Powerful enough to run your software Operating system supports your software How to fix a computer. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  182. 182. What software do I use?Whats your budget?What features do you really need? How are your photos to be used?How serious do you plan on becoming? Amateur Serious hobbyist (pro skills but not for pay) Professional Photographer You don’t take a picture… You make it
  183. 183. Whats available? Plus many others You don’t take a picture… You make it
  184. 184. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  185. 185. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  186. 186. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  187. 187. You don’t take a picture… You make it
  188. 188. Links Learn Stuff: http://www.michaelsrichter.com/class/ http://www.edigitalphoto.com/ http://strobist.blogspot.com/ http://www.morguefile.com/http://www.adorama.com/alc/category/AdoramaTV http://www.picturecorrect.com/ http://www.learnfoodphotography.com/ You don’t take a picture… You make it
  189. 189. Links Share Stuff: http://www.flickr.com/http://www.meetup.com/St-Petersburg-Photography- Group/ Buy Stuff: http://www.pepperlu.com/ http://www.bhphotovideo.com/ http://www.adorama.com/ You don’t take a picture… You make it
  190. 190. Links Free Stuff: http://freephotoshop.org/ http://www.gimp.org/http://www.andreaplanet.com/ Other Stuff:http://www.colourlovers.com/http://www.featureshoot.com/ You don’t take a picture… You make it
  191. 191. {or how to take better pictures} You don’t take a picture… You make it

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