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Population report

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  • 1. The Philippine's Population
  • 2. People are one of the important elements of a nation, and are called the human resources. Human resources are skillful, knowledgeable, and talented people who will be productive members of the economy.
  • 3. It is the human resources who will use and develop the natural resources to the fullest and is beneficial to our economic development. Human resources should be composed of people who diligently perform their responsibilities for the development of the country.
  • 4. POPULATION – refers to a number of persons living in a particular area.
  • 5. DEMOGRAPHER – the person who studies the structure of population.
  • 6. DEMOGRAPHY – is the science that deals with age, size, distribution, and number of births and deaths of human population.
  • 7. Aspects 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (projected) Male 42,887,300 43,742,100 44,608,300 45,483,100 46,368,90 0 47,263,600 Female 42,373,700 43,230,400 44,098,00 44,974,100 45,857,700 46,749,600 Both Sex 85,261,000 86,972,500 88,706,300 90,457,200 92,226,600 94,013,200 Philippine Population by Sex: 2005 - 2010  As the population increases, problem multiplies such as problems about food, housing, employment, peace and order, health, and others.
  • 8. POPULATION DENSITY – refers to the number of persons living per square kilometer which can be computed as:
  • 9. In densely populated areas, there are things to be considered and must be addressed like sufficient food, decent housing, healthy environment, and available employment for the people living in the area. The bigger the population, the bigger the responsibilities of the working individuals.
  • 10. Based on the 2000 census, the Philippines has a young population. The population than comprises the labor force is still higher than those supposedly dependent on their parents. With the number of labor force that we have at the moment, with the other elements of the nation properly supported, Filipinos should not experience poverty.
  • 11. According to National Statistics Office (NSO); The three provinces with the largest population: 1. Cavite 2. Bulacan 3. Pangasinan The three provinces with the least population: 1. Batanes 2. Camiguin 3. Siquijor
  • 12. Theories on Population: - There are concepts, ideas and principles which explain how the rapid population growth can be controlled.
  • 13. Microeconomic Theory of Fertility
  • 14.  a) Modern Technology – it is a provision for recreational gadgets and facilities for couples to rest and to relax.  b) Increased Family Income – it is to improve the income distribution in the country.  c) Education for Women – it is to educate the women regarding responsible parenthood.
  • 15. Every individual has the responsibility in controlling the rapid increase in population. To control and to prevent the rapid increase in population, the government must provide the following:
  • 16.  d) Decrease Infant Mortality – health and sanitation, nutrition, and medical attention must be improved.  e) Job Opportunity – it is to provide job opportunities to the parents particularyly in the rural areas.
  • 17. DEMOGRAPHI C TRANSITION THEORY
  • 18.  The theory describes the birth and death rate. Birth rate refers to the number of children who are born, while death rate is the number of persons who died.
  • 19. First Stage: The birth rate and death rate are high and Gross National Product (GNP) per capital is low. There is a continuous but gradual increase in population. Death rate is slowly going down because of improved sanitation, and maintenance of cleanliness in the environment. New medicine and hospital facilities to cure different kinds of diseases were discovered and used.
  • 20. Second Stage: Development continues with the use of new technology and modernization set in. The results are the improvement of health sanitation, sufficiency of food, high income, and increasing employment of women. This phase is called the stage of demographic transition due to gradual decrease in population growth and improved economic condition of the people.
  • 21. MALTHUSIAN THEORY
  • 22. Thomas Robert Malthus  Was an English demographer and political economist. He is best known for his highly influential views on population growth.  Principle of Population (Malthusian) In An Essay on the Principle of Population first published in 1798, Malthus made the famous prediction that population would outrun food supply, leading to a decrease in food per person.
  • 23.  Thomas Robert Malthus said: “The power of population is so superior to the power of the earth to produce subsistence for man, that premature death must in some shape or other visit the human race. The vices of mankind are active and able ministers of depopulation. They are the precursors in the great army of destruction, and often finish the dreadful work themselves. But should they fail in this war of extermination, sickly seasons, epidemics, pestilence, and plague advance in terrific array, and sweep off their thousand and tens of thousand. Should success be still incomplete, gigantic inevitable famine stalks in the rear, and with one mighty blow level the population with the food of the world.”
  • 24. Malthusian theory serves as an eye- opener to all the people that they must join hands to face the problems and find solution to the problem. Discoveries and researches contribute to the improvement of medicine, technology and even the industries.
  • 25. Two suggestions given by Malthus that can prevent the rapid increase in population: 1) Preventive check – the youth should avoid early marriages, as well as engaging in pre-martial sex. 2) Positive check - it is to underscore the epidemic, famine, war, calamity, illnesses, poverty, and high death rate and low birth rate.
  • 26. Population as a Factor to Economic Development
  • 27. Having big population is not always detrimental to an economy. There are things that big population provides and is beneficial to a country. Somehow a big population is an advantage in a sense that economy has a steady source of labor, which is considered as one of the most factors for production/
  • 28. Simon Kuznets  He is an economist who received 1971 Nobel Prize in economics.  He said that the young population is the key towards the development of the economy.
  • 29. Population as a Threat to Limited Resources
  • 30. Large population can pose a threat to diminishing natural resources because of the negative practice of man towards nature. In general, the increase in population can lead to poverty, low standard of living, malnutrition, environmental degradation, peace and order problems, and underemployment, which are considered the primary predicaments of underdeveloped countries.
  • 31. To maximize the usefulness of the populace, the government should provide measures to develop their potential for the betterment of our economy.

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