AUDIOLINGUAL METHODKEYLA CASTRO/CAROLINA MARISCALMETHODOLOGY IUNIVERSIDAD DE LAS AMÉRICAS
Language is speech, not writing… language is a set of habits… teach the language, not about the language… a language is what its native speaker say, not what someone thinks they ought to say… languages are different” William Moulton, 1961.
The entry of the U.S intoWorld War II had asignificant effect onlanguage teaching inamerica.
The U.S Government needed people whith fluency in other languages to work as a translators or interpreters. The Goverment ask to Universities to create a program for military personnel. ASTP, army specialized training program. By Leronard Bloomdield at Yale.Dr. Charles Fries (1939 );Michigan University.Depeloped the first EnglishLanguage Institute in the U.S.Teaching English as a 2ndforeign language.
Theory of Language Structuralism:- Grammatical rules- Structural Level (phonetic, phonemic, morphological, syntax.- Behaviour
Theory of learning Known as behavioral phycology Study of human behavior Stimulus, encourage the repetition. Learner’s reaction to the stimulus Reinforcement, extrinsic aproval and intrinsicself-satisfaction
Design Objectives:- Short-range; training comprehention- Long-range; used by the native speaker Syllabus:- Contains the key items of phonology, morphology and sintax.- In order to listening, speaking, reading and writing. Types of learning and teaching activities:- Dialogue and drills are essential to classroom practices.
The role of instructionalmaterials Books Tape recorders Audiovisual Language laboratory
Procedure Oral instruction Target language use Model dialogue; repetition, correction, pronunciation, memoriza tion Dialogue adapted Structure; used for pattern drills Textbook Follow-up activities; language laboratory
Repetion of a model dialogue. Teacher correct mistakes. Adapted to the student’s interest. Key structures selected from the dialogue. Textbooks reference. Follow-up activities (4 skills) Follow-up activities at language laboratory
The decline of audiolingualism Reached its period of most widespread use in 1960. Attaqued as being unsound in language and learning terms. Professionals had short expectations in results. Unable to transfer skills Boring and unsatisfying Chomsky’s theory, Transformational theroy based on behaviour : “Language is not an habit structure, is creative and generated.”