Political environment


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Political environment

  1. 2. Political system should be <ul><li>Stable </li></ul><ul><li>Honest </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient </li></ul><ul><li>dynamic </li></ul>
  2. 3. Factors affecting political instability <ul><li>Civil war </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of emergency in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in the form or structure of administration of Govt </li></ul>
  3. 4. State and Government <ul><li>State, in its wider sense, refers to a set of institutions that possess the means of legitimate coercion, exercised over a defined territory and its population referred to as society. </li></ul><ul><li>The term government refers to the process of governing, to the exercise of power. It also means the people who fill the positions of authority in a state. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Political institutions <ul><li>Legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Executive </li></ul><ul><li>judiciary </li></ul>
  5. 6. Legislature <ul><li>Most powerful institution </li></ul><ul><li>Role is to make the law </li></ul><ul><li>Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Policy making </li></ul><ul><li>Law making </li></ul><ul><li>Approval of budgets </li></ul>
  6. 7. Executive <ul><li>Referred to as government </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for implementing the law </li></ul><ul><li>To shape, direct and control the business activities </li></ul>
  7. 8. Judiciary <ul><li>Responsible for interpreting and applying law </li></ul><ul><li>It has to look into the exercise of authority by the executives is according to the general rules laid down by the legislature. </li></ul><ul><li>To settle legal disputes that affects business considerably. </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes between employers and employees </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes between two companies </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes between employees </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes between employers and the public </li></ul><ul><li>Disputes between employers and the government </li></ul>
  8. 9. Relationship between business and government <ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Duty </li></ul>
  9. 10. Responsibilities of business towards government <ul><li>Regular payment of taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary programmes </li></ul><ul><li>- Sponsoring social welfare programmes </li></ul><ul><li>- Environmental preservation </li></ul><ul><li>- Promoting education </li></ul><ul><li>- Assistance in drought, flood etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing Feed back information </li></ul><ul><li>Government contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Providing service to the government through becoming member in advisory boards </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate contributions to the political activities </li></ul>
  10. 11. Responsibilities of Government towards business <ul><li>Political institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of peaceful atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of a system of money and credit </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced development and growth </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of basic infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of information </li></ul><ul><li>To assist small scale industries </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Competition with private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing and inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from foreign competition </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Constitution of India <ul><li>Most significant document which is fundamental to the governance of the State. </li></ul><ul><li>The constitution of Indian Republic is the product of not political revolution, but of the research and deliberations of a body of eminent representatives. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Three parts of the constitution <ul><li>The Preamble </li></ul><ul><li>The Fundamental Rights </li></ul><ul><li>The Directive Principles of State Policy </li></ul>
  13. 14. The Preamble <ul><li>An introduction to the Constitution and contains its basic philosophy. It states that </li></ul><ul><li>“ We the people of India having solemnly resolved to constitute ourselves into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and to secure to all citizens………..adopt, enact and give to ourselves this Constitution. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Fundamental Rights <ul><li>Right to equality </li></ul><ul><li>Right to freedom </li></ul><ul><li>- Freedom of speech and expression </li></ul><ul><li>- Freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms </li></ul><ul><li>- Freedom to form associations or unions </li></ul><ul><li>- Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India </li></ul><ul><li>- Freedom to reside and settle anywhere in India </li></ul><ul><li>- Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on trade or business </li></ul><ul><li>Right against exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>Right to freedom of religion </li></ul><ul><li>Right to cultural and educational freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Right to constitutional remedies </li></ul>
  15. 16. Directive principles of state policy <ul><li>A unique feature of our Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>Instruments of instructions to the legislature and the executive. </li></ul>