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Disability Research and Design Foundation                                               “Disability Research and Design   ...
Realms of Action                                 Range of services for inclusion          Universal         Access        ...
Methodology                                     Social                                    Research                        ...
Team Composition                                           Design                                        Professionals    ...
Teamwork        Abhishek Ray- Founder Member, Architect        NileshSingit-Disability Rights Activist (PWD)        Ank...
Alliances and Collaborations     • Policy makers: Government and Non government, municipal     • Subject experts: Disabili...
Projects             Access Audit projects     1.   Mumbai Domestic and          International Airport     2.   Railway St...
Projects     Inclusive tourism projects     Provided accessible design and assistive devices for     Monetary Museum, unde...
Inclusive School Design                    Architects and                      Designers                                  ...
Policies impacting inclusive education in India                             • Rehabilitation Council of India Act (1992): ...
Ministry of Human Resource Development                                • Revised Integrated Education for Disabled         ...
Flexible planning• Alternative educational schemes: Education  Guarantee Scheme/Alternative and Innovative  Education (EGS...
“SSA will ensure that every child with special        needs, irrespective of the kind, category and        degree of disab...
Design of Inclusive Schools                                             •Importance of Universal Design and               ...
Pilot project       Inclusive design project for NMMC school no. 28 in VashiMinistry of Human Resource and Development   D...
PROCESS 4                                Preliminary    Planning and                                 Research         Desi...
Preliminary research      Our interdisciplinary team of      architects, therapists and researchers      conduct a site an...
Preliminary research   Meetings with special educators to discuss issues, needs and    requirements   Observations- base...
Conceptual Design Proposal      Based on the extensive study carried out      by the members of DRDF a conceptual      des...
Conceptual Design Proposal     •Innovative Colour     Concepts     •Building as a learning     tool/ aid     • Built in ta...
Conceptual Design Proposal        Along with occupational and physiotherapy, the need for speech        therapy, sensory i...
DRDF approach towards inclusive                  school designs       Sustainable approach       Use local resources and...
Source: BaLA (Building as Learning Aid)
Source: BaLA (Building as Learning Aid)
Methods for creating self-                 sustainability•Economical, cost- effectiveavailable tools for implementation•Ta...
Short- term plans      Region- wise survey and design      Implementation through pilot projects at urban and       rura...
Mid- term plans      Use post- implementation       research findings from pilot       projects to progressively       im...
Long- term plans      Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA)       Opportunity to expand scope to design at the second...
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Mhrd presentation 291110

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  1. 1. Disability Research and Design Foundation “Disability Research and Design Foundation is an organisation working towards inclusion for all in India. Our aim is to bring together the creative, technical and legal expertise of individuals/ or professional backgrounds to formulate solutions for an inclusive society. Our approach is thus an interdisciplinary one with a team consisting of architects, engineers, activists, therapis ts and social researchers.” Advocacy Multidisciplinary Design Audit ResearchMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  2. 2. Realms of Action Range of services for inclusion Universal Access Assistive Awareness Research Design Audits DevicesMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  3. 3. Methodology Social Research Advocacy DesignMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  4. 4. Team Composition Design Professionals Social Engineers Researchers Legal Advisors Experts Therapists ActivistsMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  5. 5. Teamwork  Abhishek Ray- Founder Member, Architect  NileshSingit-Disability Rights Activist (PWD)  Ankia Shrivastava: Architect  Irina Dalal: Architect  Alok Choudhury: Mechanical Engineer  Amarjit Singh Saini- Financial Advisor  Prabeen Bebarta- (Social Worker) ProgrammeOfficer  Rohini Ramkrishnan- Programme Researcher  Tallin Banerjee- Financial Consultant  Atul Jaiswal- Occupational Therapist  Santosh Sonar-Field Supervisor  Amrita Sabnavis: Advisory Board Member  Kedar Ghorpade: Advisory Board MemberMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  6. 6. Alliances and Collaborations • Policy makers: Government and Non government, municipal • Subject experts: Disability, Design, Educational, Human Resource Professionals, Therapists, Counselors • Institutions : Educational, Sports and Recreational • Culture and tourism bodies • Disability rights activists • Executive Bodies: Urban and rural planning authorities • Implementation Bodies: Municipal Authorities, Public Works Department, nodal and grass root level agenciesMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  7. 7. Projects Access Audit projects 1. Mumbai Domestic and International Airport 2. Railway Stations: Mumbai 3. Inorbit Mall Malad 4. Bal Kalyan SansthaPune 5. Welingkar School of Management, Mumbai 6. General Post Office 7. High Court of Justice, Mumbai Social awareness programmes 1. Inclusive Design Workshops 2. Sensitisation workshops 3. Workshops on media representations of disabilityMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  8. 8. Projects Inclusive tourism projects Provided accessible design and assistive devices for Monetary Museum, under the Reserve Bank of India. Acted as accessible design consultants for the Miniature Painting Gallery, Museum, Mumbai Proposed inclusive tourism model to Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Karnataka for Badami, Aihole, PattadakalMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  9. 9. Inclusive School Design Architects and Designers Process Deliverables • Intersectional Research based Design approach Social • Post Implementation Facilitators Researchers analyses. • Development of best practice model with Engineers Therapists contextual variables.Ministry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  10. 10. Policies impacting inclusive education in India • Rehabilitation Council of India Act (1992): states that CWSN will be taught by a trained teacher. • Persons with Disabilities Act (1995): educational entitlement for all CWSN up to 18 years in an appropriate environment. • National Trust Act (1999): provide services and support to severely disabled children. • India becomes a signatory of the UN Salamanca Statement, 2004 • The 86th Constitutional Amendment (2007): free and compulsory education to children, up to 14 years.Ministry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  11. 11. Ministry of Human Resource Development • Revised Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) scheme (MHRD, 1992) • Shift begins from special schools approach to inclusion • National Action Plan for Inclusion in Education of the Children and Persons with Disabilities (MHRD, 2005) • Sarva Siksha Abhiyan scheme (SSA) launched in 2007Ministry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  12. 12. Flexible planning• Alternative educational schemes: Education Guarantee Scheme/Alternative and Innovative Education (EGS/AIE) and Home Based Education (HBE)• SSA policies imply a flexible approach• Focus on creating optimum learning environment• Dependant on number of students, available resources• 1/3rd of funds allocated to infrastructure
  13. 13. “SSA will ensure that every child with special needs, irrespective of the kind, category and degree of disability, is provided education in an appropriate environment. SSA will adopt ‘zero rejection’ policy so that no child is left out of the education system. (SSA, 2007:1)Ministry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  14. 14. Design of Inclusive Schools •Importance of Universal Design and accessibility •Design is not separate from social processes •Participatory planning with therapists, special educators, children and researchers. •Contextual Development: Affordable and cost effective building technology •Design- based inclusion as a step towards non- discriminatory practicesMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  15. 15. Pilot project Inclusive design project for NMMC school no. 28 in VashiMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  16. 16. PROCESS 4 Preliminary Planning and Research Design Post Design Implementation Implementation AnalysisMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  17. 17. Preliminary research Our interdisciplinary team of architects, therapists and researchers conduct a site analysis.Ministry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  18. 18. Preliminary research Meetings with special educators to discuss issues, needs and requirements Observations- based field research of activities in the existing school- classroom sessions, recreational activities, etc. Study of existing rehabilitation centres for CWSN Combine multidisciplinary research findings to create an optimum design planMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  19. 19. Conceptual Design Proposal Based on the extensive study carried out by the members of DRDF a conceptual design was arrived at . This design addressed accessibility and inclusive physical environment options.Ministry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  20. 20. Conceptual Design Proposal •Innovative Colour Concepts •Building as a learning tool/ aid • Built in tactile experiencesMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  21. 21. Conceptual Design Proposal Along with occupational and physiotherapy, the need for speech therapy, sensory integration and low vision was also envisaged and provisions made for the same.Ministry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  22. 22. DRDF approach towards inclusive school designs  Sustainable approach  Use local resources and skills  Provide required training to locals  Environmentally friendly, affordable building methods  Renewable energy sources  Contextual model, takes into account local issues and needs  Child friendly spaces  Vibrant learning environment  Incorporate learning aids into the designMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  23. 23. Source: BaLA (Building as Learning Aid)
  24. 24. Source: BaLA (Building as Learning Aid)
  25. 25. Methods for creating self- sustainability•Economical, cost- effectiveavailable tools for implementation•Takes into account rural, urbancontext•Environmental factors•Solar panels for harnessing solarenergy in hot, arid regions•Rain- water harvesting methods•Locally available, affordablebuilding materials- eg.stone, bamboo, cob construction
  26. 26. Short- term plans  Region- wise survey and design  Implementation through pilot projects at urban and rural levels  Create the Best Contextual Design Models for inclusive schools  Initiate project- based discussions and consultations with central, regional and nodal agencies under MHRD (SSA)Ministry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  27. 27. Mid- term plans  Use post- implementation research findings from pilot projects to progressively improve the Best Practice Model to suit the national scale.  Scaling up of operations and domain of influence by the development of resource teams across the country to provide similar solutions  Work with local organisations and individualsMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
  28. 28. Long- term plans  Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA) Opportunity to expand scope to design at the secondary school level  Develop design based training modules for MHRD and other associated agencies  Document research findings on implemented design projects and make the information free and accessible to allMinistry of Human Resource and Development Disability Research and Design Foundation
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