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邱爾德教授 - Effective Oral Presentation
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邱爾德教授 - Effective Oral Presentation

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  • 1. Effective Oral Presentation: All You Need To Know To Become A Confident & Joyful Speaker Dr. Arthur Chiou Institute of Biophotonics Engineering National Yang-Ming University Tel:+886-2-2820-1091 Fax :+886-2-2820-1093
  • 2. Outline
    • Effective Presentation ?
    • Planning / Analysis
    • Preparation / Organizing (Tool & Techniques)
    • Practice
    • Delivery
    • Questions & Answers Session
    • Handout Material
  • 3. A Presentation is ……. a speech with an objective a purpose a goal
  • 4. An effective presentation is.. a speech that meets the objective reaches the goal hits the target
  • 5. Objective
    • To Inform
    • To Educate
    • To Convince
    • To Persuade
    • To Lead To Action
  • 6. Planning & Analysis What? Why? How? Who? Where? How Long?
  • 7. Audience
    • Background
    • Age
    • Hobby
    • Interest
    • Why are they here?
    • Captive audience?
  • 8. Time Control Prepare at least three versions:- short, medium, and long
  • 9. Selection of Materials Basic Criteria Objective Audience Time
  • 10. Organizing
    • Introduction
    • Main Body
    • Conclusion
  • 11.
    • Introduction
    • to hook
    • to preview
    • Body
    • to support
    • to convince
    • to bring along
    • Conclusion
    • to summarize
    • to package
  • 12. Techniques & Tools: (1)
    • Audience Trial Performance
    • Gimmicks
    • Jokes
    • Questions
    • Visual Aids
    • Reset:
    • Bringing your audience to a new starting point
  • 13. Techniques & Tools: (2)
    • Examples
    • Association / Exception
    • Repetition
    • Presenting Both Sides of a Controversial
    • Variation
    • Pure Telling
  • 14. Active Participation
  • 15. Gimmicks
  • 16. Joke To tell or not to tell?
  • 17. Visual Aids: How Many (Much) ?
    • Word Chart (Memory Aid)
    • Transparency vs. Slide
    • B&W vs. Color
    • Video (Multi-media)
    • 3-D
  • 18. Comprehension / Retention Read (Report) Hear (Lecture) See (Display) See & Hear (Presentation) Say (Question & Answer) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Do (Practice)
  • 19. Effective Practicing:
    • From Good Techniques to Good Habit
    • Using a tape recording
    • In front of a mirror
    • And with a tape recorder
    • Using a video-camera
    • Rehearsal (with critics)
  • 20. Effective Delivery (1)
    • Stage-Fright
    • Eye-Contact
    • Visual-Aids
    • Voice (Speed, Loudness, Tone, Pitch, Pause)
    • Pointer
    • Distraction To Be Avoided (Audio, Visual)
    • Gesture
  • 21. Effective Delivery (2)
    • Handout Materials or Samples
    • Putting Your Audience Down
    • Putting Yourself Down
    • Responsiveness to Audience
    Be sincere, interested, enthusiastic, warm, and friendly! Be yourself!
  • 22. Stage Fright
    • Well-Prepared
    • Well-Practice
    • Good Begining
    What if people walk out in the middle of my talk?
  • 23. Question & Answer Session
    • Analyzing the CONTENT as well as the INTENT
    • Repeating (or rephrasing) the question
    • Address the answer to all
    • “ KISS” (Keep It Simple & Short)
    • Anticipation
    • Prepare a few questions for yourself
  • 24. Nine Basic Steps (1)
    • Goal: What do you want to accomplish?
    • What does your audience want?
    • Key Points: What do you want your audience to remember?
    • Scope: How much can you cover?
            • Objective Constraint
            • Audience Constrsint
            • Time Constraint
    • Outline:
    • Introduction – to hook
    • Body – to support (your points)
    • - to bring along (your audience)
    • Conclusion – to package (your key points)
    Be Positive!
  • 25. Nine Basic Steps (2)
    • Visual Aids : Keep them legible & simple
    • Rehearsal : Polish & gain confidence
    • Delivery : Project, be warm, be sincere, be yourself
    • Q/A : Be brief, be honest, answer to the whole audience, answer ONLY the question
    • Self-Evaluation
    Relax: Your audience want you to do well!
  • 26. Effective Presentation
    • Informative
    • Educational
    • Convincing
    • Persuasive
    • Entertaining
    • Impressive
    The speaker gets what he wants & All the listeners thought they got what they wanted
  • 27. Know Your…..
    • Subject
    • Objective
    • Audience
    • Techniques
    • Time
    Practice! Practice! Practice!
  • 28. Handout Materials
    • Hardcopy of Veiwgraphs
    • Planning / Preparation Worksheet
    • Speech Evaluation Sheet
  • 29. Speech Preparation Worksheet: 1. General Information
    • Contact Person / Organization:
    • Phone:
    • Title:
    • Date / Time:
    • Place:
    • Duration:
    • Audience Analysis:
    • Age
    • Background
    • Interest
    • Gender
    • Number
    • Stakeholder (Decidion Maker)
    • Trouble Maker
  • 30. Speech Preparation Worksheet: 1. General Information (continued)
    • Occasion:
    • Purpose:
    • Setting:
    • Audiovisual:
    • Objective (Yours vs. Audience’s):
    • Goal (Yours vs. Audience’s ):
    • Key Message:
  • 31. Speech Preparation Worksheet: 2. Organizing Your Talk
    • Introduction: Techniques Applied
      • to hook (First 1 to 3 minutes)
      • Benefit (WIFM)
      • to preview (road -map)
    • Body: Techniques Applied
      • to support, to bring along
      • Comprehensiveness
      • Terminology & Level of Sophistication
    • Conclusion:
      • Key Message
      • Benefit to Audience
    • Script for First 1 to 3 minutes:
    • Script for the last 1 to 3 minutes:
    • Anticipated Questions:
  • 32. Speech Preparation Worksheet: 3. Practicing
    • Tape Recorder:
    • Video Recorder:
    • Friends & Colleagues (Critique):
  • 33. Speech Evaluation Sheet (1):
    • Speaker:
    • Title:
    • Date / time:
    • Purpose / Objective:
    • Effectiveness Comment / Suggestion
    • Introduction:
    • Hook
    • Preview
    • Body:
    • Relevancy
    • Interest
    • Logical Flow
    • Connection to Audience
    • Conclusion:
    • Key Message
    • Audience’s Benefit
  • 34. Speech Evaluation Sheet (2):
    • Effectiveness: Comment / Suggestion
    • Delivery (any distraction ?):
    • Loudness
    • Clarity
    • Vocal Variation
    • Speed
    • Enthusiasm
    • Projection
    • Eye Contact
    • Gesture
    • Posture
    • Audio Visual
    • Time (over-run / under-run)
  • 35. Speech Evaluation Sheet (3):
    • Effectiveness Comment / Suggestion
    • Question & Answer:
    • Rephrase the Question
    • Address to all
    • Right to the point
    • Overall Score:
    • Additional Comment:

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